Can't get past 2542 Threads in Java on 4GB iMac OSX 10.6.3 Snow Leopard (32bit)

Posted by fuzzy lollipop on Stack Overflow See other posts from Stack Overflow or by fuzzy lollipop
Published on 2010-05-18T20:29:28Z Indexed on 2010/05/18 20:40 UTC
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I am running the following program trying to figure out how to configure my JVM to get the maximum number of threads my machine can support. For those that might not know, Snow Leopard ships with Java 6.

I tried starting it with defaults, and the following command lines, I always get the Out of Memory Error at Thread 2542 no matter what the JVM options are set to.

java TestThreadStackSizes 100000
java -Xss1024 TestThreadStackSizes 100000
java -Xmx128m -Xss1024 TestThreadStackSizes 100000
java -Xmx2048m -Xss1024 TestThreadStackSizes 100000
java -Xmx2048m -Xms2048m -Xss1024 TestThreadStackSizes 100000

no matter what I pass it, I get the same results, Out of Memory Error at 2542

public class TestThreadStackSizes
{
    public static void main(final String[] args)
    {
        Thread.currentThread().setUncaughtExceptionHandler(new Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler() {
            public void uncaughtException(final Thread t, final Throwable e)
            {
                System.err.println(e.getMessage());
                System.exit(1);
            }
        });
        int numThreads = 1000;
        if (args.length == 1)
        {
            numThreads = Integer.parseInt(args[0]);
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < numThreads; i++)
        {
            try
            {
                Thread t = new Thread(new SleeperThread(i));
                t.start();
            }
            catch (final OutOfMemoryError e)
            {
                throw new RuntimeException(String.format("Out of Memory Error on Thread %d", i), e);
            }
        }
    }

    private static class SleeperThread implements Runnable
    {
        private final int i;

        private SleeperThread(final int i)
        {
            this.i = i;
        }

        public void run()
        {
            try
            {
                System.out.format("Thread %d about to sleep\n", this.i);
                Thread.sleep(1000 * 60 * 60);
            }
            catch (final InterruptedException e)
            {
                throw new RuntimeException(e);
            }
        }
    }
}

Any ideas on now I can affect these results?

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