How do I construct a more complex single LINQ to XML query?

Posted by Cyberherbalist on Stack Overflow See other posts from Stack Overflow or by Cyberherbalist
Published on 2010-06-02T12:08:53Z Indexed on 2010/06/02 12:14 UTC
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I'm a LINQ newbie, so the following might turn out to be very simple and obvious once it's answered, but I have to admit that the question is kicking my arse.

Given this XML:

  <measuresystem name="SI" attitude="proud">
    <dimension name="mass" dim="M" degree="1">
      <unit name="kilogram" symbol="kg">
        <factor name="hundredweight" foreignsystem="US" value="45.359237" />
        <factor name="hundredweight" foreignsystem="Imperial" value="50.80234544" />

I can query for the value of the conversion factor between kilogram and US hundredweight using the following LINQ to XML, but surely there is a way to condense the four successive queries into a single complex query?

XElement mss = XElement.Load(fileName);

IEnumerable<XElement> ms =
    from el in mss.Elements("measuresystem")
    where (string)el.Attribute("name") == "SI"
    select el;

IEnumerable<XElement> dim =
    from e2 in ms.Elements("dimension")
    where (string)e2.Attribute("name") == "mass"
    select e2;

IEnumerable<XElement> unit =
    from e3 in dim.Elements("unit")
    where (string)e3.Attribute("name") == "kilogram"
    select e3;

IEnumerable<XElement> factor =
    from e4 in unit.Elements("factor")
    where (string)e4.Attribute("name") == "pound" 
        && (string)e4.Attribute("foreignsystem") == "US"
    select e4;

foreach (XElement ex in factor)
    Console.WriteLine ((string)ex.Attribute("value"));

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