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  • mod_rewrite settings causes server to throw HTTP 500 errors instead of 404

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I have a server with VBulletin forum (working under Apache 2.2, CentOS). The default settings for it in .htaccess are as follows: RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^gsmforum\.ru RewriteRule (.*) http://www.gsmforum.ru/$1 [R=301,L] # If you are having problems or are using VirtualDocumentRoot, uncomment this line and set it to your vBulletin directory. RewriteBase / RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -s [OR] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -l [OR] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d RewriteRule ^.*$ - [NC,L] # Forum RewriteRule ^threads/.* showthread.php [QSA] RewriteRule ^forums/.* forumdisplay.php [QSA] RewriteRule ^members/.* member.php [QSA] RewriteRule ^blogs/.* blog.php [QSA] ReWriteRule ^entries/.* entry.php [QSA] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -s [OR] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -l [OR] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d RewriteRule ^.*$ - [NC,L] # MVC RewriteRule ^(?:(.*?)(?:/|$))(.*|$)$ $1.php?r=$2 [QSA] If I try to access any non-existent URL on forum like www.example.com/ajdsjaskasajs, server throws HTTP 500 error. Apache log says: [Sun Apr 25 17:24:32 2010] [error] [client 82.211.152.12] Request exceeded the limit of 10 internal redirects due to probable configuration error. Use 'LimitInternalRecursion' to increase the limit if necessary. Use 'LogLevel debug' to get a backtrace., referer: http://www.gsmforum.ru/forumdisplay.php?424-%CD%EE%E2%EE%F1%F2%E8-%EF%F0%EE%E3%F0%E0%EC%EC%E0%F2%EE%F0%EE%E2 If I switch LogLevel to Debug I get something like this: [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php.php.php.php.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php.php.php.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php.php.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt.php [Sun Apr 25 17:30:46 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 95.25.70.85] redirected from r->uri = /robots.txt [[email protected] logs]# tail httpd_error.log [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php.php.php.php.php.php.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php.php.php.php.php.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php.php.php.php.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php.php.php.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php.php.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript.php, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru [Sun Apr 25 17:31:27 2010] [debug] core.c(3059): [client 217.118.79.27] redirected from r->uri = /clientscript/vbulletin_css/style-d95b06dc-00001.css, referer: http://74.125.77.132/search?q=cache:bGPJ8XkSvlMJ:www.gsmforum.ru/showthread.php%3Ft%3D62479+%D0%A3%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%8C%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5+%D0%BF%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0+3G+%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BC&cd=3&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ru If I remove or comment the last (#MVC) line from .htaccess all is fine. Can you advise me what is the problem with mod_rewrite settings? Why does the last line cause infinite recursion?

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  • eth0:0 is configured but not listed in ifconfig output

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I have the following problem: My server was given two IPs from [b]different[/b] subnets. Now I am trying to configure the system to work properly. I have created [[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 # Intel Corporation 80003ES2LAN Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper) HWADDR=00:30:48:DA:B1:0E DEVICE=eth0 BOOTPROTO=none BROADCAST=79.174.69.255 IPADDR=79.174.69.241 NETMASK=255.255.254.0 NETWORK=79.174.68.0 ONBOOT=yes GATEWAY=79.174.68.1 TYPE=Ethernet [[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:0 # Intel Corporation 80003ES2LAN Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper) HWADDR=00:30:48:DA:B1:0E DEVICE=eth0 BOOTPROTO=none BROADCAST=79.174.69.255 IPADDR=79.174.71.74 NETMASK=255.255.255.0 NETWORK=79.174.71.1 ONBOOT=yes GATEWAY=79.174.71.1 TYPE=Ethernet But both after "service network restart" and after "reboot" [[email protected] ~]# ifconfig eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:30:48:DA:B1:0E inet addr:79.174.71.74 Bcast:79.174.71.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 inet6 addr: fe80::230:48ff:feda:b10e/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:910284 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:2924 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:100 RX bytes:257964879 (246.0 MiB) TX bytes:232450 (227.0 KiB) Memory:df220000-df240000 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0 inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1 RX packets:27 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:27 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:6976 (6.8 KiB) TX bytes:6976 (6.8 KiB) Device eth0:0 is not shown as active. If I try [[email protected] ~]# ifconfig eth0:0 eth0:0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:30:48:DA:B1:0E UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 Memory:df220000-df240000 It is shown as up and running, but IP is not assigned to it. Also it is strange, that IP address assigned to eth0:0 in config file is used by eth0. /var/log/messages shows nothing about network configuration errors on either eth0 or eth0:0. system-config-network seem to understand all settings correctly and resaves them ok also. "ifup eth0:0" executes ok, but ifconfig afterwards shows no eth0:0 device after that. What did I do wrong? May be the problem is that IPs are from different subnets?

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  • CentOS 5.5 ext4 conversion problem - ext4 partition is recognized as ext3

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I had 5.4 machine. Upgraded to 5.5 today via yum upgrade. All went fine. Rebooted. Wanted to convert root partition to ext4 (I have three partitions: /boot, / and swap). All of them on software RAID 1 (root is /dev/md2). I did the following for converting yum install e4fsprogs tune2fs -O extents,uninit_bg,dir_index /dev/md2 nano /etc/fstab # I indicated here that my /dev/md2 is of ext4 uname -a mkinitrd -f /boot/initrd-2.6.18-194.3.1.el5.img 2.6.18-194.3.1.el5 Rebooted. I expected fsck to start automatically as said on some site. But it did not. Threw some error (don't remember exactly which). Ok, I booted linux rescue and executed fsck: fsck -t ext4 -fy /dev/md2 Partition went fine. But still when I boot main system, it says in log: "ext3-fs:" then something about not being able to mount ext3 partition due to unknown extended attributed (200). I booted linux rescue again. It loads fine and correctly determines all my machine partitions both ext3 (boot) and ext4 (/) under /mnt/sysimage just fine. I retried mkinitrd thing again watching it's output and ensured ext4 module is included into the system. I also edited menu.lst grub file to include rootfstype=ext4 kernel parameter. Bad luck. I still have message from ext3-fs about not being able to mount filesystem because of attributes and kernel panic immediately after. I checked /etc/fstab - it's fine and saying that root is of ext4. What did I do wrong? This machine is empty so I can just reformat it with 5.5 and recreate partitions to be originally ext4. But... I just want to know what did I do wrong.

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  • Which PHP accelerator to use with prefork mpm (CentOS and RedHat default httpd settings)

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. As you know, even if it is possible to start httpd in worker mode under CentOS/RedHat, php in default rpm repo is not thread-safe. And the default configuration for stability is mpm_prefork. So, two questions: Is there PHP accelerator capable of working in mpm_prefork mode (using shm or whatever)? If there is none, what can be done to improve PHP speed on CentOS/RedHat systems (I want to use rpms, preferably from default CentOS repo; building custom PHP from source code is not a good option for me)

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  • Linux: Why to change inode size?

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. Tune2fs allows to change inode size from default 128 bytes to almost anything (but it should be power of two). What can the the reasons of changing default inode size? Here http://kbase.redhat.com/faq/docs/DOC-7433 is written, that this can be done to be able to store ACL attributes inside inodes. What else can be stored inside inode? May be some other attributes? Or anything else? Is there any reason to increase inode size on modern high-capacity drives (2TB and more)?

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  • Weird UPD packets on incoming FTP MLSD command

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I am developing a firewall script for my server. So far it is working fine, except for FTP. Server is dedicated, CentOS based with static IP. There is no NAT between me and server. IPTables is a firewall. Here is a script I use to configure iptables: http://pastebin.com/f54a70fec I allow all RELATED and ESTABLISHED connections in it and load all conn_track modules. I supposed it to be sufficient in order FTP to work with iptables. The problem is that FTP is not working either in passive or active mode. FileZilla and TotalCommander just hangs on MLSD FTP command. In the server log at the exact moment of FTP connection some weird packets are dropped by firewall: Dec 20 15:37:09 server ntpd[12329]: synchronized to 81.200.8.213, stratum 5 Dec 20 15:37:14 server proftpd[30526]: gsmforum.ru (::ffff:95.24.7.25[::ffff:95.24.7.25]) - FTP session opened. Dec 20 12:37:14 server proftpd[30526]: gsmforum.ru (::ffff:95.24.7.25[::ffff:95.24.7.25]) - Preparing to chroot to directory '/home/gsmforum' Dec 20 15:37:23 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:00:1a:64:6b:1d:67:08:00 SRC=0.0.0.0 DST=255.255.255.255 LEN=306 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=128 ID=32566 DF PROTO=UDP SPT=68 DPT=67 LEN=286 Dec 20 15:37:25 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:00:1f:29:63:03:de:08:00 SRC=89.111.189.17 DST=255.255.255.255 LEN=68 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=128 ID=13480 PROTO=UDP SPT=1052 DPT=1947 LEN=48 Dec 20 15:37:26 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=61798 PROTO=TCP SPT=4178 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:26 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:00:1a:64:9c:50:e7:08:00 SRC=0.0.0.0 DST=255.255.255.255 LEN=306 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=128 ID=50015 DF PROTO=UDP SPT=68 DPT=67 LEN=286 Dec 20 15:37:26 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=62305 PROTO=TCP SPT=4178 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:26 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:00:19:bb:eb:c6:e1:08:00 SRC=0.0.0.0 DST=255.255.255.255 LEN=328 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=30 ID=5245 PROTO=UDP SPT=68 DPT=67 LEN=308 Dec 20 15:37:27 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=63285 PROTO=TCP SPT=4178 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:29 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=391 PROTO=TCP SPT=4183 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:29 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=707 PROTO=TCP SPT=4178 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:30 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=975 PROTO=TCP SPT=4183 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:30 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:00:15:17:10:c5:9b:08:00 SRC=0.0.0.0 DST=255.255.255.255 LEN=328 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=30 ID=28799 PROTO=UDP SPT=68 DPT=67 LEN=308 Dec 20 15:37:30 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=2020 PROTO=TCP SPT=4187 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:31 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=2383 PROTO=TCP SPT=4183 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:31 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=2533 PROTO=TCP SPT=4187 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:32 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=3271 PROTO=TCP SPT=4190 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:32 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=77.35.184.49 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=115 ID=14501 DF PROTO=TCP SPT=1355 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:32 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=3700 PROTO=TCP SPT=4187 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:32 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=3769 PROTO=TCP SPT=4196 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:32 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=4034 PROTO=TCP SPT=4190 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:33 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=4522 PROTO=TCP SPT=4196 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Dec 20 15:37:33 server kernel: {fw}UNKNOWN:IN=eth0 OUT= MAC=00:15:17:62:db:28:00:1f:26:27:34:c2:08:00 SRC=81.169.231.108 DST=79.174.68.223 LEN=40 TOS=0x00 PREC=0x00 TTL=53 ID=4657 PROTO=TCP SPT=4183 DPT=80 WINDOW=65535 RES=0x00 ACK FIN URGP=0 Can you please suggest what is the problem? Everything is working fine except for this damn FTP.

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  • What Apache/PHP configurations do you know and how good are they?

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I wanted to ask you about PHP/Apache configuration methods you know, their pros and cons. I will start myself: ---------------- PHP as Apache module---------------- Pros: good speed since you don't need to start exe every time especially in mpm-worker mode. You can also use various PHP accelerators in this mode like APC or eAccelerator. Cons: if you are running apache in mpm-worker mode, you may face stability issues because every glitch in any php script will lead to unstability to the whole thread pool of that apache process. Also in this mode all scripts are executed on behalf of apache user. This is bad for security. mpm-worker configuration requires PHP compiled in thread-safe mode. At least CentOS and RedHat default repositories doesn't have thread-safe PHP version so on these OSes you need to compile at least PHP yourself (there is a way to activate worker mpm on Apache). The use of thread-safe PHP binaries is considered experimental and unstable. Plus, many PHP extensions does not support thread-safe mode or were not well-tested in thread-safe mode. ---------------- PHP as CGI ---------------- This seems to be the slowest default configuration which seems to be a "con" itself ;) ---------------- PHP as CGI via mod_suphp ---------------- Pros: suphp allows you to execute php scipts on behalf of the script file owner. This way you can securely separate different sites on the same machine. Also, suphp allows to use different php.ini files per virtual host. Cons: PHP in CGI mode means less performance. In this mode you can't use php accelerators like APC because each time new process is spawned to handle script rendering the cache of previous process useless. BTW, do you know the way to apply some accelerator in this config? I heard something about using shm for php bytecode cache. Also, you cannot configure PHP via .htaccess files in this mode. You will need to install PECL htscanner for this if you need to set various per-script options via .htaccess (php_value / php_flag directives) ---------------- PHP as CGI via suexec ---------------- This configuration looks the same as with suphp, but I heard, that it's slower and less safe. Almost same pros and cons apply. ---------------- PHP as FastCGI ---------------- Pros: FastCGI standard allows single php process to handle several scripts before php process is killed. This way you gain performance since no need to spin up new php process for each script. You can also use PHP accelerators in this configuration (see cons section for comment). Also, FCGI almost like suphp also allows php processes to be executed on behalf of some user. mod_fcgid seems to have the most complete fcgi support and flexibility for apache. Cons: The use of php accelerator in fastcgi mode will lead to high memory consumption because each PHP process will have his own bytecode cache (unless there is some accelerator that can use shared memory for bytecode cache. Is there such?). FastCGI is also a little bit complex to configure. You need to create various configuration files and make some configuration modifications. It seems, that fastcgi is the most stable, secure, fast and flexible PHP configuration, however, a bit difficult to be configured. But, may be, I missed something? Comments are welcome!

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  • Sendmail to local domain ignoring MX records (part 2)

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I have the exact problem, like in this post: http://serverfault.com/questions/25068/sendmail-to-local-domain-ignoring-mx-records I am also using email provider like GMail For Your Domain (which stores your mail and manages it). I am sending mail from my server directly, but receiving mail is done via Yandex (email provider). Since the server hosts forum, I prefer to send mail directly from it because using another mail provider can slow things. Also, when I send 300.000 emails to my subscribers, email provider will surely block me thinking I send spam. My DNS zone now is: ; ; GSMFORUM.RU ; $TTL 1H gsmforum.ru. SOA ns1.hc.ru. support.hc.ru. ( 2009122268 ; Serial 1H ; Refresh 30M ; Retry 1W ; Expire 1H ) ; Minimum gsmforum.ru. NS ns1.hc.ru. gsmforum.ru. NS ns2.hc.ru. @ A 79.174.68.223 *.gsmforum.ru. CNAME @ ns1 A 79.174.68.223 ns2 A 79.174.68.224 @ MX 10 mx.yandex.ru. mail CNAME domain.mail.yandex.net. yamail-xxxxxxxxx CNAME mail.yandex.ru. Server hostname is server.gsmforum.ru. May be this is the cause? Can someone explain the reason of the matter (the rules that make sendmail consider domain to be local)? Can I easily change *.gsmforum.ru. CNAME @ into *.gsmforum.ru. A 79.174.68.224 to solve this problem? [[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/mail/local-host-names localhost localhost.localdomain This server hosts gsmforum.ru so I cannot put it into another domain like David Mackintosh suggests. Putting domain in mailertable doesn't solve the problem also. sendmail -bt still shows, that address is local. DontProbeInterfaces is also set to true at sendmail config. M4 file follows: divert(-1)dnl dnl # dnl # This is the sendmail macro config file for m4. If you make changes to dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.mc, you will need to regenerate the dnl # /etc/mail/sendmail.cf file by confirming that the sendmail-cf package is dnl # installed and then performing a dnl # dnl # make -C /etc/mail dnl # include(`/usr/share/sendmail-cf/m4/cf.m4')dnl VERSIONID(`setup for linux')dnl OSTYPE(`linux')dnl dnl # dnl # Do not advertize sendmail version. dnl # dnl define(`confSMTP_LOGIN_MSG', `$j Sendmail; $b')dnl dnl # dnl # default logging level is 9, you might want to set it higher to dnl # debug the configuration dnl # dnl define(`confLOG_LEVEL', `9')dnl dnl # dnl # Uncomment and edit the following line if your outgoing mail needs to dnl # be sent out through an external mail server: dnl # dnl define(`SMART_HOST', `smtp.your.provider')dnl dnl # define(`confDEF_USER_ID', ``8:12'')dnl dnl define(`confAUTO_REBUILD')dnl define(`confTO_CONNECT', `1m')dnl define(`confTRY_NULL_MX_LIST', `True')dnl define(`confDONT_PROBE_INTERFACES',`True') define(`PROCMAIL_MAILER_PATH', `/usr/bin/procmail')dnl define(`ALIAS_FILE', `/etc/aliases')dnl define(`STATUS_FILE', `/var/log/mail/statistics')dnl define(`UUCP_MAILER_MAX', `2000000')dnl define(`confUSERDB_SPEC', `/etc/mail/userdb.db')dnl define(`confPRIVACY_FLAGS', `authwarnings,novrfy,noexpn,restrictqrun')dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A')dnl dnl # dnl # The following allows relaying if the user authenticates, and disallows dnl # plaintext authentication (PLAIN/LOGIN) on non-TLS links dnl # dnl define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A p')dnl dnl # dnl # PLAIN is the preferred plaintext authentication method and used by dnl # Mozilla Mail and Evolution, though Outlook Express and other MUAs do dnl # use LOGIN. Other mechanisms should be used if the connection is not dnl # guaranteed secure. dnl # Please remember that saslauthd needs to be running for AUTH. dnl # dnl TRUST_AUTH_MECH(`EXTERNAL DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl dnl define(`confAUTH_MECHANISMS', `EXTERNAL GSSAPI DIGEST-MD5 CRAM-MD5 LOGIN PLAIN')dnl dnl # dnl # Rudimentary information on creating certificates for sendmail TLS: dnl # cd /usr/share/ssl/certs; make sendmail.pem dnl # Complete usage: dnl # make -C /usr/share/ssl/certs usage dnl # dnl define(`confCACERT_PATH', `/etc/pki/tls/certs')dnl dnl define(`confCACERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt')dnl dnl define(`confSERVER_CERT', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem')dnl dnl define(`confSERVER_KEY', `/etc/pki/tls/certs/sendmail.pem')dnl dnl # dnl # This allows sendmail to use a keyfile that is shared with OpenLDAP's dnl # slapd, which requires the file to be readble by group ldap dnl # dnl define(`confDONT_BLAME_SENDMAIL', `groupreadablekeyfile')dnl dnl # dnl define(`confTO_QUEUEWARN', `4h')dnl dnl define(`confTO_QUEUERETURN', `5d')dnl dnl define(`confQUEUE_LA', `12')dnl dnl define(`confREFUSE_LA', `18')dnl define(`confTO_IDENT', `0')dnl dnl FEATURE(delay_checks)dnl FEATURE(`no_default_msa', `dnl')dnl FEATURE(`smrsh', `/usr/sbin/smrsh')dnl FEATURE(`mailertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/mailertable.db')dnl FEATURE(`virtusertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/virtusertable.db')dnl FEATURE(redirect)dnl FEATURE(always_add_domain)dnl FEATURE(use_cw_file)dnl FEATURE(use_ct_file)dnl dnl # dnl # The following limits the number of processes sendmail can fork to accept dnl # incoming messages or process its message queues to 20.) sendmail refuses dnl # to accept connections once it has reached its quota of child processes. dnl # dnl define(`confMAX_DAEMON_CHILDREN', `20')dnl dnl # dnl # Limits the number of new connections per second. This caps the overhead dnl # incurred due to forking new sendmail processes. May be useful against dnl # DoS attacks or barrages of spam. (As mentioned below, a per-IP address dnl # limit would be useful but is not available as an option at this writing.) dnl # dnl define(`confCONNECTION_RATE_THROTTLE', `3')dnl dnl # dnl # The -t option will retry delivery if e.g. the user runs over his quota. dnl # FEATURE(local_procmail, `', `procmail -t -Y -a $h -d $u')dnl FEATURE(`access_db', `hash -T<TMPF> -o /etc/mail/access.db')dnl FEATURE(`blacklist_recipients')dnl EXPOSED_USER(`root')dnl dnl # dnl # For using Cyrus-IMAPd as POP3/IMAP server through LMTP delivery uncomment dnl # the following 2 definitions and activate below in the MAILER section the dnl # cyrusv2 mailer. dnl # dnl define(`confLOCAL_MAILER', `cyrusv2')dnl dnl define(`CYRUSV2_MAILER_ARGS', `FILE /var/lib/imap/socket/lmtp')dnl dnl # dnl # The following causes sendmail to only listen on the IPv4 loopback address dnl # 127.0.0.1 and not on any other network devices. Remove the loopback dnl # address restriction to accept email from the internet or intranet. dnl # DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Name=MTA,Port=smtp') dnl # dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 587 for dnl # mail from MUAs that authenticate. Roaming users who can't reach their dnl # preferred sendmail daemon due to port 25 being blocked or redirected find dnl # this useful. dnl # dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=submission, Name=MSA, M=Ea')dnl dnl # dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen to port 465, but dnl # starting immediately in TLS mode upon connecting. Port 25 or 587 followed dnl # by STARTTLS is preferred, but roaming clients using Outlook Express can't dnl # do STARTTLS on ports other than 25. Mozilla Mail can ONLY use STARTTLS dnl # and doesn't support the deprecated smtps; Evolution <1.1.1 uses smtps dnl # when SSL is enabled-- STARTTLS support is available in version 1.1.1. dnl # dnl # For this to work your OpenSSL certificates must be configured. dnl # dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtps, Name=TLSMTA, M=s')dnl dnl # dnl # The following causes sendmail to additionally listen on the IPv6 loopback dnl # device. Remove the loopback address restriction listen to the network. dnl # dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`port=smtp,Addr=::1, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6')dnl dnl # dnl # enable both ipv6 and ipv4 in sendmail: dnl # dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Name=MTA-v4, Family=inet, Name=MTA-v6, Family=inet6') dnl # dnl # We strongly recommend not accepting unresolvable domains if you want to dnl # protect yourself from spam. However, the laptop and users on computers dnl # that do not have 24x7 DNS do need this. dnl # FEATURE(`accept_unresolvable_domains')dnl dnl # dnl FEATURE(`relay_based_on_MX')dnl dnl # dnl # Also accept email sent to "localhost.localdomain" as local email. dnl # LOCAL_DOMAIN(`localhost.localdomain')dnl dnl # dnl # The following example makes mail from this host and any additional dnl # specified domains appear to be sent from mydomain.com dnl # dnl MASQUERADE_AS(`mydomain.com')dnl dnl # dnl # masquerade not just the headers, but the envelope as well dnl # dnl FEATURE(masquerade_envelope)dnl dnl # dnl # masquerade not just @mydomainalias.com, but @*.mydomainalias.com as well dnl # dnl FEATURE(masquerade_entire_domain)dnl dnl # dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(localhost)dnl dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(localhost.localdomain)dnl dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(mydomainalias.com)dnl dnl MASQUERADE_DOMAIN(mydomain.lan)dnl MAILER(smtp)dnl MAILER(procmail)dnl dnl MAILER(cyrusv2)dnl FEATURE(`dnsbl',`zen.spamhaus.org',`Rejected - your IP is blacklisted by http://www.spamhaus.org')

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  • The difference between desktop-series HDD drives and server-series

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. What are the main differences between desktop-series hard disks and server-series? The obvious things I can see are: durability (server hardware mostly more qualitative and have more warranty) and power consumption (server hardware more focused on performance, than on power economy). Also server disks are usually a little faster, but it seems, that it is not always the case. May be there are some other reasons, that make you choose server-oriented series (Seagate ES drives, for example) over desktop-oriented ones (Seagate Barracuda series)? What are they?

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  • Apache + SuExec + php-fpm - how to set them up?

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I wonder if there is a good guide on how to setup Apache + SuExec + php-fpm? I have a server which I am going to use several separate website. So, I need php to be run as site-owner user. As I can see, php-fpm is a little different from php-fcgi. Is there a need in mod_fcgid from Apache in this case? How to set this all up? For now my site is running Apache + mod_suphp + php-cgi, so... it's good, but a little slow. I want to preserve security and gain an ability to use APC.

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  • cron doesn't execute any task, but writes into log as executed

    - by FractalizeR
    I have strange problem on one of my servers. Cron does not execute any task, but it writes to it's log, that task has been executed successfully. Like some simulation mode is activated... Apr 30 03:03:08 nd-10049 crond[13387]: (root) CMD (php /usr/local/frb/backup.php) Apr 30 03:05:01 nd-10049 crond[13397]: (root) CMD (php /home/support/public_html/cron/cron_hourly.php>/home/support/public_html/cron/hourly.log) Apr 30 03:09:01 nd-10049 crond[19108]: (root) CMD (/etc/webmin/cron/tempdelete.pl ) Apr 30 03:10:01 nd-10049 crond[19467]: (root) CMD (php /home/support/public_html/cron/cron_hourly.php>/home/support/public_html/cron/hourly.log) Apr 30 03:14:44 nd-10049 crontab[21154]: (root) BEGIN EDIT (root) Apr 30 03:15:01 nd-10049 crond[21309]: (root) CMD (php /home/support/public_html/cron/cron_hourly.php>/home/support/public_html/cron/hourly.log) Apr 30 03:15:38 nd-10049 crontab[21154]: (root) REPLACE (root) Apr 30 03:15:38 nd-10049 crontab[21154]: (root) END EDIT (root) Apr 30 03:16:01 nd-10049 crond[14961]: (root) RELOAD (cron/root) Apr 30 03:20:02 nd-10049 crond[22620]: (root) CMD (php /home/support/public_html/cron/cron_hourly.php) There are no errors about cron in common log (messages). The OS is CentOS. What can I do to check what is the problem? What can the problem be?

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  • Best software to edit your photos (red-eye correction etc.)

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. My mother wants me to correct her photos (red eye, some other defects). But, actually, I don't know what tool I can use on Windows for digital photo editing. Preferably, free of course. I was going to try F-Spot for that, but found, that it's available only on Linux. Can you suggest something cool for photo editing? I need to edit, NOT organize. GIMP is too complex, Paint .NET seem not to be capable of extended correction functions.

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  • Partitions on Linux and their CHS dependance

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. Recently I came into a problem with partitioning WD20EARS disk (with 4k sectors). I needed partitions to be aligned correctly so I just used parted in "unit s" mode and started all partitions at mod8 sector (drive itself reports, that sector is 512b) and ended all of them at mod8-1 sector. But then I thought, that may be I should take into account also the cylinder boundaries (I've seen some posts on the net where fdisk complains about partitions not to start/end on cylinder boundary). And then... I thought, that if drive lies about it's sector size, may be it's lying about the whole geometry? Should I care about partitions to be aligned against cylinder boundaries? If so, how do I find these boundaries? I guess each drive model can contain different sectors per track/cylinder... Or sector alignment is all I should take care of?

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  • File audit in Linux: how to watch directory tree for deletions?

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I have a forum script running on server and somehow small number of attachments begin to get lost. I want to find out what is deleting them and at what time. How can I setup Linux auditd (auditctl) to watch directory tree (attachments are stored inside multi-level directory tree) to watch for file deletions there? May be I should use some other tool for this?

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  • What is the maximum number of virtualhosts Apache can handle?

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. What is the maximum number of VirtualHosts Apache can handle on a single machine (I don't mean anything related to load, let's suppose it's irrelevant for the question). And we take only Apache without any proxifying things like nginx. I am asking because on one forum one guy reported that his Apache works unstable with the number of sites more than 400 on a single machine. If you have a config, that handles more than 400, please tell me here. Thanks.

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  • The downsides of using nginx as a primary web server?

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. I've seen millions of websites using nginx as a proxifying webserver working together with Apache. But I've seen very few servers running nginx only as their default webserver. What are the main downsides of such config? I can see some: Inability to use per-directory config files like .htaccess so every configuration change should be done to main server config file and requires server reload. But pecl htscanner can compensate them for php settings Unavailability of mod_php for nginx, which can be compensated by php-fpm for example. What are others? Why don't people just drop Apache and move to nginx or any other lightweight solution? May be, there are some special reasons?

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  • Strange FTP issues - some files are not downloaded

    - by FractalizeR
    I have a machine, which cannot fetch some files from remote servers by FTP. Machine is powered by CentOS. I tested FTP on three files: 12.09.2012 21:21 166 007 ll091212.002 13.09.2012 11:32 23 040 ll091212.003 13.09.2012 11:50 61 313 ll091212.004 From them, I can always successfully download only one - ll091212.004. Two others are downloaded by about 90% (I can see them on disk) and then FTP transfer hangs without any error messages. I move files, copy them about the remote server - no luck. Another machine from the same subnet can download all three of them easily. I just don't know what's the reason of this.

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  • Compile Delphi component package (bpl) for different Delphi versions

    - by FractalizeR
    Hello. The situation is the following. Typically I use RAD Studio 2010 for Delphi development. I have some components I would like to redistribute in binary form (*.bpl without source). But I would like people to be able to use them despite of their Delphi version. But, for example, dcu files can be used only by compiler version, which generated them. Almost the same situation is with bpl files as I know. Every bpl file will require corresponding VCLXX.bpl library depending on Delphi version. How do I make my bpls, compiled in 2010 to be able to be used in Delphi7, 2007 etc? Is the only solution to have ALL Delphi versions installed and compile bpl files separately in each?

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