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  • CLSF & CLK 2013 Trip Report by Jeff Liu

    - by jamesmorris
    This is a contributed post from Jeff Liu, lead XFS developer for the Oracle mainline Linux kernel team. Recently, I attended both the China Linux Storage and Filesystem workshop (CLSF), and the China Linux Kernel conference (CLK), which were held in Shanghai. Here are the highlights for both events. CLSF - 17th October XFS update (led by Jeff Liu) XFS keeps rapid progress with a lot of changes, especially focused on the infrastructure/performance improvements as well as  new feature development.  This can be reflected with a sample statistics among XFS/Ext4+JBD2/Btrfs via: # git diff --stat --minimal -C -M v3.7..v3.12-rc4 -- fs/xfs|fs/ext4+fs/jbd2|fs/btrfs XFS: 141 files changed, 27598 insertions(+), 19113 deletions(-) Ext4+JBD2: 39 files changed, 10487 insertions(+), 5454 deletions(-) Btrfs: 70 files changed, 19875 insertions(+), 8130 deletions(-) What made up those changes in XFS? Self-describing metadata(CRC32c). This is a new feature and it contributed about 70% code changes, it can be enabled via `mkfs.xfs -m crc=1 /dev/xxx` for v5 superblock. Transaction log space reservation improvements. With this change, we can calculate the log space reservation at mount time rather than runtime to reduce the the CPU overhead. User namespace support. So both XFS and USERNS can be enabled on kernel configuration begin from Linux 3.10. Thanks Dwight Engen's efforts for this thing. Split project/group quota inodes. Originally, project quota can not be enabled with group quota at the same time because they were share the same quota file inode, now it works but only for v5 super block. i.e, CRC enabled. CONFIG_XFS_WARN, an new lightweight runtime debugger which can be deployed in production environment. Readahead log object recovery, this change can speed up the log replay progress significantly. Speculative preallocation inode tracking, clearing and throttling. The main purpose is to deal with inodes with post-EOF space due to speculative preallocation, support improved quota management to free up a significant amount of unwritten space when at or near EDQUOT. It support backgroup scanning which occurs on a longish interval(5 mins by default, tunable), and on-demand scanning/trimming via ioctl(2). Bitter arguments ensued from this session, especially for the comparison between Ext4 and Btrfs in different areas, I have to spent a whole morning of the 1st day answering those questions. We basically agreed on XFS is the best choice in Linux nowadays because: Stable, XFS has a good record in stability in the past 10 years. Fengguang Wu who lead the 0-day kernel test project also said that he has observed less error than other filesystems in the past 1+ years, I own it to the XFS upstream code reviewer, they always performing serious code review as well as testing. Good performance for large/small files, XFS does not works very well for small files has already been an old story for years. Best choice (maybe) for distributed PB filesystems. e.g, Ceph recommends delopy OSD daemon on XFS because Ext4 has limited xattr size. Best choice for large storage (>16TB). Ext4 does not support a single file more than around 15.95TB. Scalability, any objection to XFS is best in this point? :) XFS is better to deal with transaction concurrency than Ext4, why? The maximum size of the log in XFS is 2038MB compare to 128MB in Ext4. Misc. Ext4 is widely used and it has been proved fast/stable in various loads and scenarios, XFS just need more customers, and Btrfs is still on the road to be a manhood. Ceph Introduction (Led by Li Wang) This a hot topic.  Li gave us a nice introduction about the design as well as their current works. Actually, Ceph client has been included in Linux kernel since 2.6.34 and supported by Openstack since Folsom but it seems that it has not yet been widely deployment in production environment. Their major work is focus on the inline data support to separate the metadata and data storage, reduce the file access time, i.e, a file access need communication twice, fetch the metadata from MDS and then get data from OSD, and also, the small file access is limited by the network latency. The solution is, for the small files they would like to store the data at metadata so that when accessing a small file, the metadata server can push both metadata and data to the client at the same time. In this way, they can reduce the overhead of calculating the data offset and save the communication to OSD. For this feature, they have only run some small scale testing but really saw noticeable improvements. Test environment: Intel 2 CPU 12 Core, 64GB RAM, Ubuntu 12.04, Ceph 0.56.6 with 200GB SATA disk, 15 OSD, 1 MDS, 1 MON. The sequence read performance for 1K size files improved about 50%. I have asked Li and Zheng Yan (the core developer of Ceph, who also worked on Btrfs) whether Ceph is really stable and can be deployed at production environment for large scale PB level storage, but they can not give a positive answer, looks Ceph even does not spread over Dreamhost (subject to confirmation). From Li, they only deployed Ceph for a small scale storage(32 nodes) although they'd like to try 6000 nodes in the future. Improve Linux swap for Flash storage (led by Shaohua Li) Because of high density, low power and low price, flash storage (SSD) is a good candidate to partially replace DRAM. A quick answer for this is using SSD as swap. But Linux swap is designed for slow hard disk storage, so there are a lot of challenges to efficiently use SSD for swap. SWAPOUT swap_map scan swap_map is the in-memory data structure to track swap disk usage, but it is a slow linear scan. It will become a bottleneck while finding many adjacent pages in the use of SSD. Shaohua Li have changed it to a cluster(128K) list, resulting in O(1) algorithm. However, this apporoach needs restrictive cluster alignment and only enabled for SSD. IO pattern In most cases, the swap io is in interleaved pattern because of mutiple reclaimers or a free cluster is shared by all reclaimers. Even though block layer can merge interleaved IO to some extent, but we cannot count on it completely. Hence the per-cpu cluster is added base on the previous change, it can help reclaimer do sequential IO and the block layer will be easier to merge IO. TLB flush: If we're reclaiming one active page, we should first move the page from active lru list to inactive lru list, and then reclaim the page from inactive lru to swap it out. During the process, we need to clear PTE twice: first is 'A'(ACCESS) bit, second is 'P'(PRESENT) bit. Processors need to send lots of ipi which make the TLB flush really expensive. Some works have been done to improve this, including rework smp_call_functiom_many() or remove the first TLB flush in x86, but there still have some arguments here and only parts of works have been pushed to mainline. SWAPIN: Page fault does iodepth=1 sync io, but it's a little waste if only issue a page size's IO. The obvious solution is doing swap readahead. But the current in-kernel swap readahead is arbitary(always 8 pages), and it always doesn't perform well for both random and sequential access workload. Shaohua introduced a new flag for madvise(MADV_WILLNEED) to do swap prefetch, so the changes happen in userspace API and leave the in-kernel readahead unchanged(but I think some improvement can also be done here). SWAP discard As we know, discard is important for SSD write throughout, but the current swap discard implementation is synchronous. He changed it to async discard which allow discard and write run in the same time. Meanwhile, the unit of discard is also optimized to cluster. Misc: lock contention For many concurrent swapout and swapin , the lock contention such as anon_vma or swap_lock is high, so he changed the swap_lock to a per-swap lock. But there still have some lock contention in very high speed SSD because of swapcache address_space lock. Zproject (led by Bob Liu) Bob gave us a very nice introduction about the current memory compression status. Now there are 3 projects(zswap/zram/zcache) which all aim at smooth swap IO storm and promote performance, but they all have their own pros and cons. ZSWAP It is implemented based on frontswap API and it uses a dynamic allocater named Zbud to allocate free pages. Zbud means pairs of zpages are "buddied" and it can only store at most two compressed pages in one page frame, so the max compress ratio is 50%. Each page frame is lru-linked and can do shink in memory pressure. If the compressed memory pool reach its limitation, shink or reclaim happens. It decompress the page frame into two new allocated pages and then write them to real swap device, but it can fail when allocating the two pages. ZRAM Acts as a compressed ramdisk and used as swap device, and it use zsmalloc as its allocator which has high density but may have fragmentation issues. Besides, page reclaim is hard since it will need more pages to uncompress and free just one page. ZRAM is preferred by embedded system which may not have any real swap device. Now both ZRAM and ZSWAP are in driver/staging tree, and in the mm community there are some disscussions of merging ZRAM into ZSWAP or viceversa, but no agreement yet. ZCACHE Handles file page compression but it is removed out of staging recently. From industry (led by Tang Jie, LSI) An LSI engineer introduced several new produces to us. The first is raid5/6 cards that it use full stripe writes to improve performance. The 2nd one he introduced is SandForce flash controller, who can understand data file types (data entropy) to reduce write amplification (WA) for nearly all writes. It's called DuraWrite and typical WA is 0.5. What's more, if enable its Dynamic Logical Capacity function module, the controller can do data compression which is transparent to upper layer. LSI testing shows that with this virtual capacity enables 1x TB drive can support up to 2x TB capacity, but the application must monitor free flash space to maintain optimal performance and to guard against free flash space exhaustion. He said the most useful application is for datebase. Another thing I think it's worth to mention is that a NV-DRAM memory in NMR/Raptor which is directly exposed to host system. Applications can directly access the NV-DRAM via a memory address - using standard system call mmap(). He said that it is very useful for database logging now. This kind of NVM produces are beginning to appear in recent years, and it is said that Samsung is building a research center in China for related produces. IMHO, NVM will bring an effect to current os layer especially on file system, e.g. its journaling may need to redesign to fully utilize these nonvolatile memory. OCFS2 (led by Canquan Shen) Without a doubt, HuaWei is the biggest contributor to OCFS2 in the past two years. They have posted 46 upstream patches and 39 patches have been merged. Their current project is based on 32/64 nodes cluster, but they also tried 128 nodes at the experimental stage. The major work they are working is to support ATS (atomic test and set), it can be works with DLM at the same time. Looks this idea is inspired by the vmware VMFS locking, i.e, http://blogs.vmware.com/vsphere/2012/05/vmfs-locking-uncovered.html CLK - 18th October 2013 Improving Linux Development with Better Tools (Andi Kleen) This talk focused on how to find/solve bugs along with the Linux complexity growing. Generally, we can do this with the following kind of tools: Static code checkers tools. e.g, sparse, smatch, coccinelle, clang checker, checkpatch, gcc -W/LTO, stanse. This can help check a lot of things, simple mistakes, complex problems, but the challenges are: some are very slow, false positives, may need a concentrated effort to get false positives down. Especially, no static checker I found can follow indirect calls (“OO in C”, common in kernel): struct foo_ops { int (*do_foo)(struct foo *obj); } foo->do_foo(foo); Dynamic runtime checkers, e.g, thread checkers, kmemcheck, lockdep. Ideally all kernel code would come with a test suite, then someone could run all the dynamic checkers. Fuzzers/test suites. e.g, Trinity is a great tool, it finds many bugs, but needs manual model for each syscall. Modern fuzzers around using automatic feedback, but notfor kernel yet: http://taviso.decsystem.org/making_software_dumber.pdf Debuggers/Tracers to understand code, e.g, ftrace, can dump on events/oops/custom triggers, but still too much overhead in many cases to run always during debug. Tools to read/understand source, e.g, grep/cscope work great for many cases, but do not understand indirect pointers (OO in C model used in kernel), give us all “do_foo” instances: struct foo_ops { int (*do_foo)(struct foo *obj); } = { .do_foo = my_foo }; foo>do_foo(foo); That would be great to have a cscope like tool that understands this based on types/initializers XFS: The High Performance Enterprise File System (Jeff Liu) [slides] I gave a talk for introducing the disk layout, unique features, as well as the recent changes.   The slides include some charts to reflect the performances between XFS/Btrfs/Ext4 for small files. About a dozen users raised their hands when I asking who has experienced with XFS. I remembered that when I asked the same question in LinuxCon/Japan, only 3 people raised their hands, but they are Chris Mason, Ric Wheeler, and another attendee. The attendee questions were mainly focused on stability, and comparison with other file systems. Linux Containers (Feng Gao) The speaker introduced us that the purpose for those kind of namespaces, include mount/UTS/IPC/Network/Pid/User, as well as the system API/ABI. For the userspace tools, He mainly focus on the Libvirt LXC rather than us(LXC). Libvirt LXC is another userspace container management tool, implemented as one type of libvirt driver, it can manage containers, create namespace, create private filesystem layout for container, Create devices for container and setup resources controller via cgroup. In this talk, Feng also mentioned another two possible new namespaces in the future, the 1st is the audit, but not sure if it should be assigned to user namespace or not. Another is about syslog, but the question is do we really need it? In-memory Compression (Bob Liu) Same as CLSF, a nice introduction that I have already mentioned above. Misc There were some other talks related to ACPI based memory hotplug, smart wake-affinity in scheduler etc., but my head is not big enough to record all those things. -- Jeff Liu

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  • CBO????????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ???Itpub????????CBO??????????, ????????: SQL> create table maclean1 as select * from dba_objects; Table created. SQL> update maclean1 set status='INVALID' where owner='MACLEAN'; 2 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> create index ind_maclean1 on maclean1(status); Index created. SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN1',cascade=>true); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> explain plan for select * from maclean1 where status='INVALID'; Explained. SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display()); PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 987568083 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 11320 | 1028K| 85 (0)| 00:00:02 | |* 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN1 | 11320 | 1028K| 85 (0)| 00:00:02 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Predicate Information (identified by operation id): --------------------------------------------------- 1 - filter("STATUS"='INVALID') 13 rows selected. 10053 trace Access path analysis for MACLEAN1 *************************************** SINGLE TABLE ACCESS PATH   Single Table Cardinality Estimation for MACLEAN1[MACLEAN1]   Column (#10): STATUS(     AvgLen: 7 NDV: 2 Nulls: 0 Density: 0.500000   Table: MACLEAN1  Alias: MACLEAN1     Card: Original: 22639.000000  Rounded: 11320  Computed: 11319.50  Non Adjusted: 11319.50   Access Path: TableScan     Cost:  85.33  Resp: 85.33  Degree: 0       Cost_io: 85.00  Cost_cpu: 11935345       Resp_io: 85.00  Resp_cpu: 11935345   Access Path: index (AllEqRange)     Index: IND_MACLEAN1     resc_io: 185.00  resc_cpu: 8449916     ix_sel: 0.500000  ix_sel_with_filters: 0.500000     Cost: 185.24  Resp: 185.24  Degree: 1   Best:: AccessPath: TableScan          Cost: 85.33  Degree: 1  Resp: 85.33  Card: 11319.50  Bytes: 0 ?????10053????????????,?????Density = 0.5 ?? 1/ NDV ??? ??????????????STATUS='INVALID"???????????, ????????????????? ????”STATUS”=’INVALID’ condition???2?,?status??????,??????dbms_stats?????????????,???CBO????INDEX Range ind_maclean1,???????,??????opitimizer?????? ?????????????????????????,????????,??????????status=’INVALID’???????card??,????????: [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Mon Oct 17 19:15:45 2011 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.2.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production SQL> show parameter optimizer_fea NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ optimizer_features_enable string 11.2.0.2 SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com & www.askmaclean.com SQL> drop table maclean; Table dropped. SQL> create table maclean as select * from dba_objects; Table created. SQL> update maclean set status='INVALID' where owner='MACLEAN'; 2 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> create index ind_maclean on maclean(status); Index created. SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN',cascade=>true, method_opt=>'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE 2'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. ???????2?bucket????, ??????????????? ???Quest???Guy Harrison???????FREQUENCY????????,??????: rem rem Generate a histogram of data distribution in a column as recorded rem in dba_tab_histograms rem rem Guy Harrison Jan 2010 : www.guyharrison.net rem rem hexstr function is from From http://asktom.oracle.com/pls/asktom/f?p=100:11:0::::P11_QUESTION_ID:707586567563 set pagesize 10000 set lines 120 set verify off col char_value format a10 heading "Endpoint|value" col bucket_count format 99,999,999 heading "bucket|count" col pct format 999.99 heading "Pct" col pct_of_max format a62 heading "Pct of|Max value" rem col endpoint_value format 9999999999999 heading "endpoint|value" CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION hexstr (p_number IN NUMBER) RETURN VARCHAR2 AS l_str LONG := TO_CHAR (p_number, 'fm' || RPAD ('x', 50, 'x')); l_return VARCHAR2 (4000); BEGIN WHILE (l_str IS NOT NULL) LOOP l_return := l_return || CHR (TO_NUMBER (SUBSTR (l_str, 1, 2), 'xx')); l_str := SUBSTR (l_str, 3); END LOOP; RETURN (SUBSTR (l_return, 1, 6)); END; / WITH hist_data AS ( SELECT endpoint_value,endpoint_actual_value, NVL(LAG (endpoint_value) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value),' ') prev_value, endpoint_number, endpoint_number, endpoint_number - NVL (LAG (endpoint_number) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value), 0) bucket_count FROM dba_tab_histograms JOIN dba_tab_col_statistics USING (owner, table_name,column_name) WHERE owner = '&owner' AND table_name = '&table' AND column_name = '&column' AND histogram='FREQUENCY') SELECT nvl(endpoint_actual_value,endpoint_value) endpoint_value , bucket_count, ROUND(bucket_count*100/SUM(bucket_count) OVER(),2) PCT, RPAD(' ',ROUND(bucket_count*50/MAX(bucket_count) OVER()),'*') pct_of_max FROM hist_data; WITH hist_data AS ( SELECT endpoint_value,endpoint_actual_value, NVL(LAG (endpoint_value) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value),' ') prev_value, endpoint_number, endpoint_number, endpoint_number - NVL (LAG (endpoint_number) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value), 0) bucket_count FROM dba_tab_histograms JOIN dba_tab_col_statistics USING (owner, table_name,column_name) WHERE owner = '&owner' AND table_name = '&table' AND column_name = '&column' AND histogram='FREQUENCY') SELECT hexstr(endpoint_value) char_value, bucket_count, ROUND(bucket_count*100/SUM(bucket_count) OVER(),2) PCT, RPAD(' ',ROUND(bucket_count*50/MAX(bucket_count) OVER()),'*') pct_of_max FROM hist_data ORDER BY endpoint_value; ?????,??????????FREQUENCY?????: ??dbms_stats ?????STATUS=’INVALID’ bucket count=9 percent = 0.04 ,??????10053 trace????????: SQL> explain plan for select * from maclean where status='INVALID'; Explained. SQL>  select * from table(dbms_xplan.display()); PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT ------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 3087014066 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- | Id  | Operation                   | Name        | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- |   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |             |     9 |   837 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 | |   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| MACLEAN     |     9 |   837 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 | |*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | IND_MACLEAN |     9 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Predicate Information (identified by operation id): ---------------------------------------------------    2 - access("STATUS"='INVALID') ??????????????CBO???????STATUS=’INVALID’?cardnality?? , ??????????? ,??index range scan??Full table scan? ????????????????10053 trace: SQL> alter system flush shared_pool; System altered. SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug event 10053 trace name context forever ,level 1; Statement processed. SQL> explain plan for select * from maclean where status='INVALID'; Explained. SINGLE TABLE ACCESS PATH Single Table Cardinality Estimation for MACLEAN[MACLEAN] Column (#10): NewDensity:0.000199, OldDensity:0.000022 BktCnt:22640, PopBktCnt:22640, PopValCnt:2, NDV:2 ???NewDensity= bucket_count / SUM(bucket_count) /2 Column (#10): STATUS( AvgLen: 7 NDV: 2 Nulls: 0 Density: 0.000199 Histogram: Freq #Bkts: 2 UncompBkts: 22640 EndPtVals: 2 Table: MACLEAN Alias: MACLEAN Card: Original: 22640.000000 Rounded: 9 Computed: 9.00 Non Adjusted: 9.00 Access Path: TableScan Cost: 85.30 Resp: 85.30 Degree: 0 Cost_io: 85.00 Cost_cpu: 10804625 Resp_io: 85.00 Resp_cpu: 10804625 Access Path: index (AllEqRange) Index: IND_MACLEAN resc_io: 2.00 resc_cpu: 20763 ix_sel: 0.000398 ix_sel_with_filters: 0.000398 Cost: 2.00 Resp: 2.00 Degree: 1 Best:: AccessPath: IndexRange Index: IND_MACLEAN Cost: 2.00 Degree: 1 Resp: 2.00 Card: 9.00 Bytes: 0 ???????????2 bucket?????CBO????????????,???????????????????,???dbms_stats.DEFAULT_METHOD_OPT????????????????????? ???dbms_stats?????????????????????col_usage$??????predicate???????,??col_usage$??<????????SMON??(?):??col_usage$????>? ??????????dbms_stats????????,col_usage$????????????predicate???,??dbms_stats??????????????????, ?: SQL> drop table maclean; Table dropped. SQL> create table maclean as select * from dba_objects; Table created. SQL> update maclean set status='INVALID' where owner='MACLEAN'; 2 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> create index ind_maclean on maclean(status); Index created. ??dbms_stats??method_opt??maclean? SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. @histogram.sql Enter value for owner: SYS old  12:    WHERE owner = '&owner' new  12:    WHERE owner = 'SYS' Enter value for table: MACLEAN old  13:      AND table_name = '&table' new  13:      AND table_name = 'MACLEAN' Enter value for column: STATUS old  14:      AND column_name = '&column' new  14:      AND column_name = 'STATUS' no rows selected ????col_usage$?????,????????status????? declare begin for i in 1..500 loop execute immediate ' alter system flush shared_pool'; DBMS_STATS.FLUSH_DATABASE_MONITORING_INFO; execute immediate 'select count(*) from maclean where status=''INVALID'' ' ; end loop; end; / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select obj# from obj$ where name='MACLEAN';       OBJ# ----------      97215 SQL> select * from  col_usage$ where  OBJ#=97215;       OBJ#    INTCOL# EQUALITY_PREDS EQUIJOIN_PREDS NONEQUIJOIN_PREDS RANGE_PREDS LIKE_PREDS NULL_PREDS TIMESTAMP ---------- ---------- -------------- -------------- ----------------- ----------- ---------- ---------- ---------      97215          1              1              0                 0           0          0          0 17-OCT-11      97215         10            499              0                 0           0          0          0 17-OCT-11 SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. @histogram.sql Enter value for owner: SYS Enter value for table: MACLEAN Enter value for column: STATUS Endpoint        bucket         Pct of value            count     Pct Max value ---------- ----------- ------- -------------------------------------------------------------- INVALI               2     .04 VALIC3           5,453   99.96  *************************************************

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  • ?Oracle????SELECT????UNDO

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????Oracle?????(dirty read),?Oracle??????Asktom????????Oracle???????, ???undo??????????(before image)??????Consistent, ???????????????Oracle????????????? ????????? ??,??,Oracle?????????????RDBMS,???????????? ?????????2?????: _offline_rollback_segments or _corrupted_rollback_segments ?2?????????Oracle???????????ORA-600[4XXX]???????????????,???2??????Undo??Corruption????????????,?????2????????????????? ??????????????_offline_rollback_segments ? _corrupted_rollback_segments ?2?????: ???????(FORCE OPEN DATABASE) ????????????(consistent read & delayed block cleanout) ??????rollback segment??? ?????:???????Oracle????????,??????????2?????,?????????????!! _offline_rollback_segments ? _corrupted_rollback_segments ???????????: ??2???????Undo Segments(???/???)????????online ?UNDO$???????????OFFLINE??? ???instance??????????????????? ??????Undo Segments????????active transaction????????????dead??SMON???(????????SMON??(?):Recover Dead transaction) _OFFLINE_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS(offline undo segment list)????(hidden parameter)?????: ???startup???open database???????_OFFLINE_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS????Undo segments(???/???),?????undo segments????????alert.log???TRACE?????,???????startup?? ?????????????,?ITL?????undo segments?: ???undo segments?transaction table?????????????????? ???????????commit,?????CR??? ????undo segments????(???corrupted??,???missed??)???????????alert.log,??????? ?DML?????????????????????????????????CPU,????????????????????? _CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS(corrupted undo segment list)??????????: ?????startup?open database???_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS????undo segments(???/???)???????? ???????_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS???undo segments????????????commit,???undo segments???drop??? ??????????? ??????????????????,?????????????????? ??bootstrap???????????,?????????ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure??,???????????(???Oracle????:??ORA-00600:[4000] ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure????) ??????_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS????????????????????,??????????????? Oracle???????TXChecker??????????? ???????2?????,??????????????_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS?????SELECT????UNDO???????: SQL> alter system set event= '10513 trace name context forever, level 2' scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> alter system set "_in_memory_undo"=false scope=spfile; System altered. 10513 level 2 event????SMON ??rollback ??? dead transaction _in_memory_undo ?? in memory undo ?? SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 3140026368 bytes Fixed Size 2232472 bytes Variable Size 1795166056 bytes Database Buffers 1325400064 bytes Redo Buffers 17227776 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. session A: SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> create table maclean tablespace users as select 1 t1 from dual connect by level exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 501 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 1 recursive calls 0 db block gets 3 consistent gets 0 physical reads 0 redo size 515 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processe ???????????,????current block, ????????,consistent gets??3? SQL> update maclean set t1=0; 501 rows updated. SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. ??session A?commit; ???? session: SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 501 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 recursive calls 0 db block gets 505 consistent gets 0 physical reads 108 redo size 515 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed ?????? ?????????undo??CR?,???consistent gets??? 505 [[email protected] ~]$ ps -ef|grep LOCAL=YES |grep -v grep oracle 5841 5839 0 09:17 ? 00:00:00 oracleG10R25 (DESCRIPTION=(LOCAL=YES)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=beq))) [[email protected] ~]$ kill -9 5841 ??session A???Server Process????,???dead transaction ????smon?? select ktuxeusn, to_char(sysdate, 'DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS') "Time", ktuxesiz, ktuxesta from x$ktuxe where ktuxecfl = 'DEAD'; KTUXEUSN Time KTUXESIZ KTUXESTA ---------- -------------------- ---------- ---------------- 2 06-AUG-2012 09:20:45 7 ACTIVE ???1?active rollback segment SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 501 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 recursive calls 0 db block gets 411 consistent gets 0 physical reads 108 redo size 515 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed ????? ????kill?? ???smon ??dead transaction , ???????????? ?????undo??????? ????active?rollback segment??? SQL> select segment_name from dba_rollback_segs where segment_id=2; SEGMENT_NAME ------------------------------ _SYSSMU2$ SQL> alter system set "_corrupted_rollback_segments"='_SYSSMU2$' scope=spfile; System altered. ? _corrupted_rollback_segments ?? ???2?rollback segment, ????????undo SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 3140026368 bytes Fixed Size 2232472 bytes Variable Size 1795166056 bytes Database Buffers 1325400064 bytes Redo Buffers 17227776 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 94 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 228 recursive calls 0 db block gets 29 consistent gets 5 physical reads 116 redo size 514 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 4 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed SQL> / SUM(T1) ---------- 94 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 recursive calls 0 db block gets 3 consistent gets 0 physical reads 0 redo size 514 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed ?????? consistent gets???3,?????????????????,??ITL???UNDO SEGMENTS?_corrupted_rollback_segments????,???????????COMMIT??,????UNDO? ???????,?????????????????????????(????????????????????),????????????????? ???? , ?????

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  • Exadata?????????INSERT?UPDATE

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    Hybrid Columnar Compression??????Exadata?????????????,??????????(advanced compression)??,Hybrid columnar compression (HCC) ???Exadata????????HCC???????????CU(compression unit?????),??CU??????????,?????????????????????????,???CU????block??????????????? ???????INSERT/UPDATE??,??????????????,????UPDATE/INSERT???HCC?????????????????? hybrid columnar compression???????????????(bulk initial load)??,??????(direct load)??ALTER TABLE MOVE, IMPDP???????(append INSERT),??HCC??????????????????????? ???????????????????,?????????CU????????? ??????????????HCC?????????????for OLTP?????? ????????: SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Wed Sep 12 06:14:53 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> grant dba to scott; Grant succeeded. SQL> conn scott/oracle Connected. SQL> SQL> create table hcc_maclean tablespace users compress for query high as select * from dba_objects; Table created. 1* select rowid,owner,object_name,dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) from hcc_maclean where owner='MACLEAN' SQL> / ROWID OWNER OBJECT_NAME DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) ------------------------------ ------------------------------ -------------------- ------------------------------------ AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOI MACLEAN SALES 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOJ MACLEAN MYCUSTOMERS 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOK MACLEAN MYCUST_ARCHIVE 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOL MACLEAN MYCUST_QUERY 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOh MACLEAN COMPRESS_QUERY 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOi MACLEAN UNCOMPRESS 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOj MACLEAN CHAINED_ROWS 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOk MACLEAN COMPRESS_QUERY1 29897 8 rows selected. select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from hcc_maclean where owner='MACLEAN'; session A: update hcc_maclean set OBJECT_NAME=OBJECT_NAME||'DBM' where rowid='AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOI'; session B: update hcc_maclean set OBJECT_NAME=OBJECT_NAME||'DBM' where rowid='AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOJ'; SQL> select sid,wait_event_text,BLOCKER_SID from v$wait_chains; SID WAIT_EVENT_TEXT BLOCKER_SID ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- 13 enq: TX - row lock contention 136 136 SQL*Net message from client ????session A block B,????HCC???update row??CU?????CU?????? SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. SQL> / System altered. SQL> alter system dump datafile 4 block 29897 2 ; Block header dump: 0x010074c9 Object id on Block? Y seg/obj: 0x1386e csc: 0x00.1cad7e itc: 3 flg: E typ: 1 - DATA brn: 0 bdba: 0x10074c8 ver: 0x01 opc: 0 inc: 0 exflg: 0 Itl Xid Uba Flag Lck Scn/Fsc 0x01 0xffff.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 C--- 0 scn 0x0000.001cabfa 0x02 0x000a.00a.00000430 0x00c051a7.0169.17 ---- 1 fsc 0x0000.00000000 0x03 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 ---- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000 avsp=0x14 tosp=0x14 r0_9ir2=0x0 mec_kdbh9ir2=0x0 76543210 shcf_kdbh9ir2=---------- 76543210 flag_9ir2=--R----- Archive compression: Y fcls_9ir2[0]={ } 0x16:pti[0] nrow=1 offs=0 0x1a:pri[0] offs=0x30 block_row_dump: tab 0, row 0, @0x30 tl: 8016 fb: --H-F--N lb: 0x2 cc: 1 ==>??CU??ITL 0x02 nrid: 0x010074ca.0 col 0: [8004] Compression level: 02 (Query High) Length of CU row: 8004 kdzhrh: ------PC CBLK: 1 Start Slot: 00 NUMP: 01 PNUM: 00 POFF: 7984 PRID: 0x010074ca.0 CU header: CU version: 0 CU magic number: 0x4b445a30 CU checksum: 0xf8faf86e CU total length: 8694 CU flags: NC-U-CRD-OP ncols: 15 nrows: 995 algo: 0 CU decomp length: 8487 len/value length: 100111 row pieces per row: 1 num deleted rows: 1 deleted rows: 904, START_CU: ????????????row?????: SQL> select DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN','AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOk') from dual; DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN','AAATHUAAEAAAHTJAOK' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 COMP_NOCOMPRESS CONSTANT NUMBER := 1;COMP_FOR_OLTP CONSTANT NUMBER := 2;COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH CONSTANT NUMBER := 4;COMP_FOR_QUERY_LOW CONSTANT NUMBER := 8;COMP_FOR_ARCHIVE_HIGH CONSTANT NUMBER := 16;COMP_FOR_ARCHIVE_LOW CONSTANT NUMBER := 32; COMP_RATIO_MINROWS CONSTANT NUMBER := 1000000;COMP_RATIO_ALLROWS CONSTANT NUMBER := -1; ?????????????,??COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH?4,COMP_FOR_QUERY_LOW ?8 ?????????GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE??rowid????????4?????COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH????: SQL> update hcc_maclean set OBJECT_NAME=OBJECT_NAME||'DBM' where owner='MACLEAN'; 8 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> select DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',rowid) from HCC_MACLEAN where owner='MACLEAN'; DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',ROWID) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 rows selected. ??????????????COMPRESSION_TYPE?COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH???COMP_NOCOMPRESS,????????compress for query high????????????????? ?11g????????????????????HCC??????????? ALTER TABLE MOVE???????????????????HCC??? SQL> ALTER TABLE hcc_MACLEAN move COMPRESS FOR ARCHIVE HIGH; Table altered. SQL> select DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',rowid) from HCC_MACLEAN where owner='MACLEAN'; DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',ROWID) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 8 rows selected.

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  • ??OPEN CURSOR?BULK COLLECT

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????T.askmaclean.com?????bulk collect?open cursor???, ?????????  ??????: ???? OPEN_CURSOR ????SQL?? ???????. ?????? ????? ???????????????? ????? test_soruce create table zengfankun_temp01 as select * from dba_objects;select count(*) from zengfankun_temp01;–12,6826analyze table zengfankun_temp01 compute statistics; create or replace procedure test_open_cursor istype type_owner is table of zengfankun_temp01.owner%type index by binary_integer;type type_object_name is table of zengfankun_temp01.object_name%type index by binary_integer;type type_object_id is table of zengfankun_temp01.object_id%type index by binary_integer;type type_object_type is table of zengfankun_temp01.object_type%type index by binary_integer;type type_last_ddl_time is table of zengfankun_temp01.last_ddl_time%type index by binary_integer; l_ary_owner type_owner;l_ary_object_name type_object_name;l_ary_object_id type_object_id;l_ary_object_type type_object_type;l_ary_last_ddl_time type_last_ddl_time; cursor cur_object isselect owner,object_name,object_id,object_type,last_ddl_timefrom zengfankun_temp01order by owner,object_name,object_type,last_ddl_time;OPEN_START number;OPEN_END number;FETCH_START number;FETCH_END number;beginDBMS_OUTPUT.ENABLE (buffer_size=>null) ;OPEN_START:=dbms_utility.get_time();open cur_object;OPEN_END :=dbms_utility.get_time();dbms_output.put_line(‘OPEN_TIME:’||TO_CHAR(OPEN_END-OPEN_START));loopFETCH_START:=dbms_utility.get_time();fetch cur_object bulk collect intol_ary_owner,l_ary_object_name,l_ary_object_id,l_ary_object_type,l_ary_last_ddl_timelimit 10000;FETCH_END:=dbms_utility.get_time();dbms_output.put_line(‘FETCH_TIME:’||TO_CHAR(FETCH_END-FETCH_START)||’ ROWCOUNT:’||cur_object%rowCount); exit when cur_object%notfound or cur_object%notfound is null;end loop;end test_open_cursor; OPEN_TIME:12FETCH_TIME:21 ROWCOUNT:10000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:20000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:30000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:40000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:50000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:60000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:70000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:80000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:90000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:100000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:110000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:120000FETCH_TIME:1 ROWCOUNT:126826 ???? OPEN_TIME:0FETCH_TIME:18 ROWCOUNT:10000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:20000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:30000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:40000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:50000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:60000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:70000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:80000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:90000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:100000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:110000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:120000FETCH_TIME:2 ROWCOUNT:126826 SQL?????????, ????????????.??OPEN CURSOR ????0???????????3??.??N? ??????. ???? ?N? ?????????? ??????. ??????????????? ??????????. ?????????10000??? ???????????????????clear???, ???????????: ?OPEN CURSOR ?????, PL/SQL????SQL????PARSE SQL????????, ??????OPEN CURSOR????SNAPSHOT SCN ??SCN, ??Oracle?????FETCH?????,???????????????? ????FETCH ??????????????,???????Current Block, The most recent version of block , ?????SCN >> Snapshot scn, ????UNDO???? ???SCN ???Best Block ,???Read Consistentcy;???? ???UNDO SNAPSHOT???????????????Best Block??,???????ORA-1555??? ????????, ??????????,???????????????char(2000)????, ???????????????,????bulk collect fetch??fetch 10 ???,????????OPEN CURSOR?????PARSE??SQL????????, ??????????fetch bulk collect??????????10????,??”_trace_pin_time”????Server Process?pin CR block???,??????????Fetch Bulk Collect limit 10??10?buffer?pin? [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Aug 1 11:36:52 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- http://www.askmaclean.com SQL> create table maclean (t1 char(2000)) tablespace users pctfree 99; Table created. SQL> begin 2 for i in 1..200 loop 3 insert into maclean values('MACLEAN'); 4 commit ; 5 end loop; 6 end; 7 / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select count(*) from maclean; COUNT(*) ---------- 200 SQL> select blocks,num_rows from dba_tables where table_name='MACLEAN'; BLOCKS NUM_ROWS ---------- ---------- 244 200 SQL> alter system set "_trace_pin_time"=1 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 3140026368 bytes Fixed Size 2232472 bytes Variable Size 1795166056 bytes Database Buffers 1325400064 bytes Redo Buffers 17227776 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> alter session set events '10046 trace name context forever,level 12'; Session altered. SQL> SQL> SQL> declare 2 cursor v_cursor is 3 select * from sys.maclean; 4 type v_type is table of sys.maclean%rowtype index by binary_integer; 5 rec_tab v_type; 6 begin 7 open v_cursor; 8 dbms_lock.sleep(30); 9 loop 10 fetch v_cursor bulk collect 11 into rec_tab limit 10; 12 dbms_lock.sleep(10); 13 exit when v_cursor%notfound; 14 end loop; 15 end; 16 / ?????10046 trace+ pin trace: PARSING IN CURSOR #47499559136872 len=337 dep=0 uid=0 oct=47 lid=0 tim=1343836146412056 hv=496860239 ad='11a11dbb0' sqlid='4zh7954ftuz2g' declare cursor v_cursor is select * from sys.maclean; type v_type is table of sys.maclean%rowtype index by binary_integer; rec_tab v_type; begin open v_cursor; dbms_lock.sleep(30); loop fetch v_cursor bulk collect into rec_tab limit 10; dbms_lock.sleep(10); exit when v_cursor%notfound; end loop; end; END OF STMT PARSE #47499559136872:c=0,e=346,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=0,tim=1343836146412051 ===================== PARSING IN CURSOR #47499559126280 len=25 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1343836146414939 hv=3296884535 ad='11a11d250' sqlid='2mb1493284xtr' SELECT * FROM SYS.MACLEAN END OF STMT PARSE #47499559126280:c=1999,e=2427,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836146414937 EXEC #47499559126280:c=0,e=55,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836146415104 ????? ? SELECT * FROM SYS.MACLEAN? PARSE ????? , ????FETCH???????pin ????????, ????OPEN CURSOR????? *** 2012-08-01 11:49:36.424 WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 30009361 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1343836176424782 ???30s pin ktewh26: kteinpscan dba 0x10a6202:4 time 1039048805 pin ktewh27: kteinmap dba 0x10a6202:4 time 1039048847 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6203:1 time 1039048898 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6204:1 time 1039048961 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6205:1 time 1039049004 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6206:1 time 1039049042 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6207:1 time 1039049089 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6208:1 time 1039049123 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6209:1 time 1039049159 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620a:1 time 1039049191 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620b:1 time 1039049225 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620c:1 time 1039049260 kdst_fetch???fetch??????? , ??fetch?10?? ???????FETCH FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=536,p=0,cr=12,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836176425542 *** 2012-08-01 11:49:46.428 WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 10002694 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=134383618642829 ????10s pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620d:1 time 1049052211 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620e:1 time 1049052264 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620f:1 time 1049052299 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6211:1 time 1049052332 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6212:1 time 1049052364 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6213:1 time 1049052398 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6214:1 time 1049052430 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6215:1 time 1049052462 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6216:1 time 1049052494 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6217:1 time 1049052525 FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=371,p=0,cr=10,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836186428807 ??pin 10????, ???fetch ?? WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 10002864 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1343836196431754 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6218:1 time 1059055662 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6219:1 time 1059055714 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621a:1 time 1059055748 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621b:1 time 1059055781 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621c:1 time 1059055815 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621d:1 time 1059055848 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621e:1 time 1059055883 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621f:1 time 1059055915 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6221:1 time 1059055953 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6222:1 time 1059055992 FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=385,p=0,cr=10,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836196432274 ???? ??????? DBA????? ............................ ???? WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 10002933 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1343836366495589 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f6:1 time 1229119497 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f7:1 time 1229119545 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f8:1 time 1229119576 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f9:1 time 1229119610 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fa:1 time 1229119644 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fb:1 time 1229119671 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fc:1 time 1229119703 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fd:1 time 1229119730 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fe:1 time 1229119760 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62ff:1 time 1229119787 FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=340,p=0,cr=10,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836366496067 ??????DBA? 0x10a6203 , ??DBA ? 0x10a62ff ???????DBA??MACLEAN????????,???DBA???Maclean????? getbfno?????dba??????????? CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION getbfno (p_dba IN VARCHAR2) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS l_str VARCHAR2 (255) DEFAULT NULL; l_fno VARCHAR2 (15); l_bno VARCHAR2 (15); BEGIN l_fno := DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_file (TO_NUMBER (LTRIM (p_dba, '0x'), 'xxxxxxxx' ) ); l_bno := DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_block (TO_NUMBER (LTRIM (p_dba, '0x'), 'xxxxxxxx' ) ); l_str := 'datafile# is:' || l_fno || CHR (10) || 'datablock is:' || l_bno || CHR (10) || 'dump command:alter system dump datafile ' || l_fno || ' block ' || l_bno || ';'; RETURN l_str; END; / Function created. SQL> select getbfno('0x10a6203') from dual; GETBFNO('0X10A6203') -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- datafile# is:4 datablock is:680451 dump command:alter system dump datafile 4 block 680451; SQL> select getbfno('0x10a62ff') from dual; GETBFNO('0X10A62FF') -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- datafile# is:4 datablock is:680703 dump command:alter system dump datafile 4 block 680703; SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(min(rowid)),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(min(rowid)) from maclean; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(MIN(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(MIN(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- 680451 4 SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(max(rowid)),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(max(rowid)) from maclean; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(MAX(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(MAX(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- 680703 4 ???????3???: 1.?OPEN CURSOR ?????, PL/SQL????SQL????PARSE SQL????????, ??????OPEN CURSOR????SNAPSHOT SCN ??SCN, ??Oracle?????FETCH?????,???????????????? 2.????FETCH ?????????????? 3. ???open cursor+ fetch bulk collect???”?????????”

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  • 11gR2 RAC ASM????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    11gR2 RAC?ocr?votedisk???????ASM??, ????10g??????2?RAC????????????,  ?? 11gR2 ?ASM?spfile??????ASM diskgroup???????ASM??????? ????????????,????? ASM?????mount diskgroup??????diskgroup????, ??ASM??????ASM spfile????????,?2???????? ????T.askmaclean.com?????ASM?????: hello maclean, ??spfile??ASMCMD> spget+CRSDG/rac/asmparameterfile/registry.253.787925627?????,ASM ?????ORACLE instance,?????????????diskgroup,????????????????????????????thanks.! ?????????: ?11.2??Oracle Cluterware??voting disk files?????????11.1?10.2????,11.2??voting disk file??????OCR?, ?????11.2??ocr?votedisk?????ASM? , ???11.2?voting disk file??GPNP profile??CSS voting file discovery string???? CSS voting disk file?discovery string???ASM,??????ASM discovery string???  ????????udev???????ASM???LUN, ??udev????????/dev/rasm-disk* , ????gpnptool get????gpnp profile: [[email protected] trace]$ gpnptool get Warning: some command line parameters were defaulted. Resulting command line: /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/gpnptool.bin get -o- <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><gpnp:GPnP-Profile Version="1.0" xmlns="http://www.grid-pnp.org/2005/11/gpnp-profile" xmlns:gpnp="http://www.grid-pnp.org/2005/11/gpnp-profile" xmlns:orcl="http://www.oracle.com/gpnp/2005/11/gpnp-profile" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.grid-pnp.org/2005/11/gpnp-profile gpnp-profile.xsd" ProfileSequence="9" ClusterUId="452185be9cd14ff4ffdc7688ec5439bf" ClusterName="maclean-cluster" PALocation=""><gpnp:Network-Profile><gpnp:HostNetwork id="gen" HostName="*"><gpnp:Network id="net1" IP="192.168.1.0" Adapter="eth0" Use="public"/><gpnp:Network id="net2" IP="172.168.1.0" Adapter="eth1" Use="cluster_interconnect"/></gpnp:HostNetwork></gpnp:Network-Profile>< orcl:CSS-Profile id="css" DiscoveryString="+asm" LeaseDuration="400"/><orcl:ASM-Profile id="asm" DiscoveryString="/dev/rasm*" SPFile="+SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.788682933"/>< ds:Signature xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"><ds:SignedInfo><ds:CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"/><ds:SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1"/><ds:Reference URI=""><ds:Transforms><ds:Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature"/><ds:Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"> <InclusiveNamespaces xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#" PrefixList="gpnp orcl xsi"/></ds:Transform></ds:Transforms>< ds:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1"/><ds:DigestValue>L1SLg10AqGEauCQ4ne9quucITZA=</ds:DigestValue>< /ds:Reference></ds:SignedInfo><ds:SignatureValue>rTyZm9vfcQCMuian6isnAThUmsV4xPoK2fteMc1l0GIvRvHncMwLQzPM/QrXCGGTCEvgvXzUPEKzmdX2oy5vLcztN60UHr6AJtA2JYYodmrsFwEyVBQ1D6wH+HQiOe2SG9UzdQnNtWSbjD4jfZkeQWyMPfWdKm071Ek0Rfb4nxE=</ds:SignatureValue></ds:Signature></gpnp:GPnP-Profile> Success. ?????2???: <orcl:CSS-Profile id=”css” DiscoveryString=”+asm” LeaseDuration=”400?/>==»css voting disk??+ASM<orcl:ASM-Profile id=”asm” DiscoveryString=”/dev/rasm*” SPFile=”+SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.788682933?/>==»??????ASM?DiscoveryString=”/dev/rasm*”,?ASM??????????????,SPFILE???ASM Parameter FILE?ALIAS ???????GPNP???ASM Parameter FILE?ALIAS,?????ASM???????SPFILE,???Diskgroup?Mount???????ASM ALIAS?????? ??????+SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.788682933??SPFILE?ASM??????: [[email protected] wallets]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Tue Jul 17 05:45:35 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 col "FILE NAME" format a40 set head on select NAME "FILE NAME", AU_KFFXP "AU NUMBER", NUMBER_KFFXP "FILE NUMBER", DISK_KFFXP "DISK NUMBER" from x$kffxp, v$asm_alias where GROUP_KFFXP = GROUP_NUMBER and NUMBER_KFFXP = FILE_NUMBER and name in ('REGISTRY.253.788682933') order by DISK_KFFXP,AU_KFFXP; FILE NAME AU NUMBER FILE NUMBER DISK NUMBER ---------------------------------------- ---------- ----------- ----------- REGISTRY.253.788682933 39 253 1 REGISTRY.253.788682933 35 253 3 REGISTRY.253.788682933 35 253 4 SQL> col path for a50 SQL> select disk_number,path from v$asm_disk where disk_number in (1,3,4) and GROUP_NUMBER=3; DISK_NUMBER PATH ----------- -------------------------------------------------- 3 /dev/rasm-diske 4 /dev/rasm-diskf 1 /dev/rasm-diskc ?????ASM SPFILE??????(redundancy=high),????? /dev/rasm-diskc?AU=39?/dev/rasm-diske AU=35?/dev/rasm-diskf AU=35? ????kfed?????????ASM DISK?header: [[email protected] wallets]$ kfed read /dev/rasm-diske|grep spfile kfdhdb.spfile: 35 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000023 [[email protected] wallets]$ kfed read /dev/rasm-diskc|grep spfile kfdhdb.spfile: 39 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000027 [[email protected] wallets]$ kfed read /dev/rasm-diskf|grep spfile kfdhdb.spfile: 35 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000023 ????ASM disk header?kfdhdb.spfile??ASM SPFILE???DISK??AU NUMBER????, ASM???????????GPNP PROFILE?? DiscoveryString?????????,????ASM disk header?????kfdhdb.spfile??????,?????MOUNT DISKGROUP??????ASM SPFILE,?????ASM, ?????????????????

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  • ??ORACLE(?):PMON Release Lock

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ?????Oracle????????????PMON???????,??????ORACLE PROCESS,??cleanup dead process????release enqueue lock ,???cleanup latch? ????????????????, ????????????Pmon cleanup dead process?release lock??????????? ??Oracle=> MicroOracle, Maclean???????????Oracle behavior: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE    11.2.0.3.0      Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> select pid,program  from v$process;        PID PROGRAM ---------- ------------------------------------------------          1 PSEUDO          2 [email protected] (PMON)          3 [email protected] (PSP0)          4 [email protected] (VKTM)          5 [email protected] (GEN0)          6 [email protected] (DIAG)          7 [email protected] (DBRM)          8 [email protected] (PING)          9 [email protected] (ACMS)         10 [email protected] (DIA0)         11 [email protected] (LMON)         12 [email protected] (LMD0)         13 [email protected] (LMS0)         14 [email protected] (RMS0)         15 [email protected] (LMHB)         16 [email protected] (MMAN)         17 [email protected] (DBW0)         18 [email protected] (LGWR)         19 [email protected] (CKPT)         20 [email protected] (SMON)         21 [email protected] (RECO)         22 [email protected] (RBAL)         23 [email protected] (ASMB)         24 [email protected] (MMON)         25 [email protected] (MMNL)         26 [email protected] (MARK)         27 [email protected] (D000)         28 [email protected] (SMCO)         29 [email protected] (S000)         30 [email protected] (LCK0)         31 [email protected] (RSMN)         32 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         33 [email protected] (W000)         34 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         35 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         37 [email protected] (ARC0)         38 [email protected] (ARC1)         40 [email protected] (ARC2)         41 [email protected] (ARC3)         43 [email protected] (GTX0)         44 [email protected] (RCBG)         46 [email protected] (QMNC)         47 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         48 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         49 [email protected] (Q000)         50 [email protected] (Q001)         51 [email protected] (GCR0) SQL> drop table maclean; Table dropped. SQL> create table maclean(t1 int); Table created. SQL> insert into maclean values(1); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. ?????????, ?????????:PID=2  PMONPID=11 LMONPID=18 LGWRPID=20 SMONPID=12 LMD ??????2???”enq: TX – row lock contention”?????,???KILL??????,??????PMON?recover dead process?release TX lock: PROCESS A: QL> select addr,spid,pid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat)); ADDR             SPID                            PID ---------------- ------------------------ ---------- 00000000BD516B80 17880                            46 SQL> select distinct sid from v$mystat;        SID ----------         22 SQL> update maclean set t1=t1+1; 1 row updated. PROCESS B SQL> select addr,spid,pid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat)); ADDR             SPID                            PID ---------------- ------------------------ ---------- 00000000BD515AD0 17908                            45 SQL> update maclean set t1=t1+1; HANG.............. PROCESS B ??"enq: TX – row lock contention"?HANG? ????PROCESS C?? ?SMON?10500 event trace ??PMON?KST TRACE: SQL> set linesize 200 pagesize 1400 SQL> select * from v$lock where sid=22; ADDR             KADDR                   SID TY        ID1        ID2      LMODE    REQUEST      CTIME      BLOCK ---------------- ---------------- ---------- -- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 00000000BDCD7618 00000000BDCD7670         22 AE        100          0          4          0         48          2 00007F63268A9E28 00007F63268A9E88         22 TM      77902          0          3          0         32          2 00000000B9BB4950 00000000B9BB49C8         22 TX     458765        892          6          0         32          1 PROCESS A holde?ENQUEUE LOCK??? AE?TM?TX SQL> alter system switch logfile; System altered. SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache; System altered. SQL> alter system set "_trace_events"='10000-10999:255:2,20,33'; System altered. SQL> ! kill -9 17880 KILL PROCESS A ???PROCESS B??update ?PMON ? PROCESS B ?errorstack ?KST TRACE????? SQL> oradebug setorapid 2; Oracle pid: 2, Unix process pid: 17533, image: [email protected] (PMON) SQL> oradebug dump errorstack 4; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD1/trace/VPROD1_pmon_17533.trc SQL> oradebug setorapid 45; Oracle pid: 45, Unix process pid: 17908, image: [email protected] (TNS V1-V3) SQL> oradebug dump errorstack 4; Statement processed. SQL>oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD1/trace/VPROD1_ora_17908.trc ??PMON? KST TRACE: 2012-05-18 10:37:34.557225 :8001ECE8:db_trace:[email protected]:ktugru(): [10444:2:1] next rollback uba: 0x00000000.0000.00 2012-05-18 10:37:34.557382 :8001ECE9:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=18 num=4 loc='ksa2.h LINE:285 ID:ksasnd' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.557514 :8001ECEA:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release TX-0007000d-0000037c mode=X 2012-05-18 10:37:34.558819 :8001ECF0:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=45 num=5 loc='kji.h LINE:3418 ID:kjata: wake up enqueue owner' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559047 :8001ECF8:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=12 num=6 loc='kjm.h LINE:1224 ID:kjmpost: post lmd' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559271 :8001ECFC:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559291 :8001ECFD:db_trace:[email protected]:ktudnx(): [10813:2:1] ktudnx: dec cnt xid:7.13.892 nax:0 nbx:0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559301 :8001ECFE:db_trace:[email protected]:ktuabt(): [10444:2:1] ABORT TRANSACTION - xid: 0x0007.00d.0000037c 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559327 :8001ECFF:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release TM-0001304e-00000000 mode=SX 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559365 :8001ED00:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559908 :8001ED01:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release AE-00000064-00000000 mode=S 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559982 :8001ED02:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560217 :8001ED03:db_trace:[email protected]:ksfdfods(): [10298:2:1] ksfdfods:fob=0xbab87b48 aiopend=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560336 :GSIPC:[email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: 0xbc79e0c8 action 3 state 0 chunk (nil) regq 0xbc79e108 batq 0xbc79e118 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560357 :GSIPC:[email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: exit cleanup for 0xbc79e0c8 rc: 1, loc: 0x303 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560375 :8001ED04:db_trace:[email protected]:kssdch(): [10809:2:1] kssdch(0xbd516b80 = process, 3) 1 0 exit 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560939 :8001ED06:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Entering: flg(0x0) rflg(0x4) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.561091 :8001ED07:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl_process_events(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Events: succ(3) wait(0) fail(0) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.561100 :8001ED08:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Reg/update: flg(0x0) rflg(0x4) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.563325 :8001ED0B:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Update: ret(0) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.563335 :8001ED0C:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Exiting: flg(0x0) rflg(0x4) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.563354 :8001ED0D:db_trace:[email protected]:kslwtbctx(): [10005:2:1] KSL WAIT BEG [pmon timer] 300/0x12c 0/0x0 0/0x0 wait_id=78 seq_num=79 snap_id=1 PMON??dead process A??????????TX Lock:ksqrcl: release TX-0007000d-0000037c mode=X ?????Post Process B,??Process B ?acquire?TX lock???????:KSL POST SENT postee=45 num=5 loc=’kji.h LINE:3418 ID:kjata: wake up enqueue owner’ id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 Process [email protected]:ksliwat(): [10005:45:151] KSL POST RCVD poster=2 num=5 loc=’kji.h LINE:3418 ID:kjata: wake up enqueue owner’ id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 fac#=3 posted=0×3 may_be_posted=1kslwtbctx(): [10005:45:151] KSL WAIT BEG [latch: ges resource hash list] 3162668560/0xbc827e10 91/0x5b 0/0×0 wait_id=14 seq_num=15 snap_id=1kslwtectx(): [10005:45:151] KSL WAIT END [latch: ges resource hash list] 3162668560/0xbc827e10 91/0x5b 0/0×0 wait_id=14 seq_num=15 snap_id=1 ?RAC????POST LMD(lock Manager)??,????????GES??:2012-05-18 10:37:34.559047 :8001ECF8:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=12 num=6 loc=’kjm.h LINE:1224 ID:kjmpost: post lmd’ id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 ??ksqrcl: release TX????????:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS ??PMON abort Process A???Transaction2012-05-18 10:37:34.559291 :8001ECFD:db_trace:[email protected]:ktudnx(): [10813:2:1] ktudnx: dec cnt xid:7.13.892 nax:0 nbx:02012-05-18 10:37:34.559301 :8001ECFE:db_trace:[email protected]:ktuabt(): [10444:2:1] ABORT TRANSACTION – xid: 0×0007.00d.0000037c ??Process A?????maclean??TM lock:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release TM-0001304e-00000000 [email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS ??Process A?????AE ( Prevent Dropping an edition in use) lock:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release AE-00000064-00000000 [email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS ??cleanup process [email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: 0xbc79e0c8 action 3 state 0 chunk (nil) regq 0xbc79e108 batq 0xbc79e118GSIPC:[email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: exit cleanup for 0xbc79e0c8 rc: 1, loc: 0×[email protected]:kssdch(): [10809:2:1] kssdch(0xbd516b80 = process, 3) 1 0 exit 0xbd516b80??PROCESS A ?paddr ???? kssdch???????? ??process???state object SO KSS: delete children of state obj. PMON ??kmmlrl()????instance goodness??update for session drop deltakmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Entering: flg(0×0) rflg(0×4)kmmlrl_process_events(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Events: succ(3) wait(0) fail(0)kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Reg/update: flg(0×0) rflg(0×4)kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Update: ret(0)kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Exiting: flg(0×0) rflg(0×4) ????????PMON???? 3s???”pmon timer”??kslwtbctx(): [10005:2:1] KSL WAIT BEG [pmon timer] 300/0x12c 0/0×0 0/0×0 wait_id=78 seq_num=79 snap_id=1

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  • ???Flashback Log???????Redo Log?

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????????????????redo log?   RVWR( Recovery Writer)?3s??flashback generate buffer??block before image?????????? ?????block change???RVWR??block before image ?flashback log? ?????????,Oracle???????????before image????????,????????flashback database logs?????   ???????????,????? ??????????????????,???????????before image?????shared pool??flashback log buffer?,RVWR??????flashback log buffer??????????? ?DBWR???????????????,DBWR?????buffer header??FBA(Flashback Byte Address)?flashback log buffer?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????????? , RVWR???????????(flashback markers)?flashback database logs?? ????(flashback markers)?????????????Oracle??flashback ??????????  ??????????, Oracle ??????(flashback markers)????????????flashback database log???????????block image; ??Oracle ???????(forward recovery)?????????????????SCN?????? flashback markers for example: **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 4 bof 8184) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 3 (Skip) Size: 8132 RECORD DATA (Skip): **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 4 bof 52) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 7 (Begin Crash Recovery Record) Size: 36 RECORD DATA (Begin Crash Recovery Record): Previous logical record fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 3 bof 316) Record scn: 0x0000.00000000 [0.0] **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 3 bof 8184) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 3 (Skip) Size: 7868 RECORD DATA (Skip): **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 3 bof 316) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 2 (Marker) Size: 300 RECORD DATA (Marker): Previous logical record fba: (lno 0 thr 0 seq 0 bno 0 bof 0) Record scn: 0x0000.00000000 [0.0] Marker scn: 0x0000.0060e024 [0.6348836] 06/13/2012 15:56:35 Flag 0x0 Flashback threads: 1, Enabled redo threads 1 Recovery Start Checkpoint: scn: 0x0000.0060e024 [0.6348836] 06/13/2012 15:56:12 thread:1 rba:(0x80.180.10) Flashback thread Markers: Thread:1 status:0 fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 2 bof 8184) Redo Thread Checkpoint Info: Thread:1 rba:(0x80.180.10) **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 2 bof 8184) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 3 (Skip) Size: 8168 RECORD DATA (Skip): End-Of-Thread reached ????????????????block change ????before image????????flashback log?? ?????block change???flashback log record ????????? redo log???!????flashback log ???????before image ? redo log??? change vector ?  Oracle?????????????????????????????????????,??????I/O??????????????: ??hot block??,Oracle???????????block image?????; Oracle ?????????(flashback barriers)???????????????,flashback barriers???????(???15??),??????????(flashback barriers)????(flashback markers)????????? ????, ??????change?????, ???????????????????????????, ?15????????????????????flashback log????????before image?????????????,?????????????????????,?????????????? ????????,??????????????(flashback barriers), flashback barriers???????,?????15????? ?????flashback barriers????????(flashback markers)???????????????,???????????????????(????barriers?????)??????block image ,????????????????????????????????? ??????????flashback log????redo log????! ????,????????????????, ?????????? SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> create table flash_maclean (t1 varchar2(200)) tablespace users; Table created. SQL> insert into flash_maclean values('MACLEAN LOVE HANNA'); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 939495424 bytes Fixed Size 2233960 bytes Variable Size 713034136 bytes Database Buffers 218103808 bytes Redo Buffers 6123520 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> update flash_maclean set t1='HANNA LOVE MACLEAN'; 1 row updated. commit; Commit complete. SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from flash_maclean; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(ROWID) ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------ 140431 4 datafile 4 block 140431 ??RDBA rdba: 0x0102248f (4/140431) SQL> ! ps -ef|grep rvwr|grep -v grep oracle 26695 1 0 15:56 ? 00:00:00 ora_rvwr_G11R23 SQL> oradebug setospid 26695 Oracle pid: 20, Unix process pid: 26695, image: [email protected] (RVWR) SQL> ORADEBUG DUMP FBTAIL 1; Statement processed. To dump the last 2000 flashback records , ??ORADEBUG DUMP FBTAIL 1????????2000?????? SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/g11r23/G11R23/trace/G11R23_rvwr_26695.trc ? TRACE?????????block? before image **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 55 bof 2564) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 1 (Block Image) Size: 28 RECORD DATA (Block Image): file#: 4 rdba: 0x0102248f Next scn: 0x0000.00000000 [0.0] Flag: 0x0 Block Size: 8192 BLOCK IMAGE: buffer rdba: 0x0102248f scn: 0x0000.00609044 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x06 tail: 0x90440601 frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0xc626 type: 0x06=trans data Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1 Dump of memory from 0x00002B1D94183C00 to 0x00002B1D94185C00 2B1D94183C00 0000A206 0102248F 00609044 06010000 [.....$..D.`.....] 2B1D94183C10 0000C626 00000001 00014AD4 0060903A [&........J..:.`.] 2B1D94183C20 00000000 00320002 01022488 00090006 [......2..$......] 2B1D94183C30 00000CC8 00C00340 000D0542 00008000 [[email protected]] 2B1D94183C40 006040BC 000F000A 00000920 00C002E4 [[email protected]`..... .......] 2B1D94183C50 0017048F 00002001 00609044 00000000 [..... ..D.`.....] 2B1D94183C60 00000000 00010100 0014FFFF 1F6E1F77 [............w.n.] 2B1D94183C70 00001F6E 1F770001 00000000 00000000 [n.....w.........] 2B1D94183C80 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................] Repeat 500 times 2B1D94185BD0 00000000 00000000 2C000000 4D120102 [...........,...M] 2B1D94185BE0 454C4341 4C204E41 2045564F 4E4E4148 [ACLEAN LOVE HANN] 2B1D94185BF0 01002C41 43414D07 4E41454C 90440601 [A,...MACLEAN..D.] Block header dump: 0x0102248f Object id on Block? Y seg/obj: 0x14ad4 csc: 0x00.60903a itc: 2 flg: E typ: 1 - DATA brn: 0 bdba: 0x1022488 ver: 0x01 opc: 0 inc: 0 exflg: 0 Itl Xid Uba Flag Lck Scn/Fsc 0x01 0x0006.009.00000cc8 0x00c00340.0542.0d C--- 0 scn 0x0000.006040bc 0x02 0x000a.00f.00000920 0x00c002e4.048f.17 --U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00609044 bdba: 0x0102248f data_block_dump,data header at 0x2b1d94183c64 =============== tsiz: 0x1f98 hsiz: 0x14 pbl: 0x2b1d94183c64 76543210 flag=-------- ntab=1 nrow=1 frre=-1 fsbo=0x14 fseo=0x1f77 avsp=0x1f6e tosp=0x1f6e 0xe:pti[0] nrow=1 offs=0 0x12:pri[0] offs=0x1f77 block_row_dump: tab 0, row 0, @0x1f77 tl: 22 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x2 cc: 1 col 0: [18] 4d 41 43 4c 45 41 4e 20 4c 4f 56 45 20 48 41 4e 4e 41 end_of_block_dump SQL> select dump('MACLEAN LOVE HANNA',16) from dual; DUMP('MACLEANLOVEHANNA',16) -------------------------------------------------------------------- Typ=96 Len=18: 4d,41,43,4c,45,41,4e,20,4c,4f,56,45,20,48,41,4e,4e,41 ???????????????????????,??flashback log??before image????????? create table flash_maclean1 (t1 int) tablespace users; SQL> select vs.name, ms.value 2 from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs 3 where vs.statistic# = ms.statistic# 4 and vs.name in ('redo size','db block changes'); NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- db block changes 0 redo size 0 SQL> select name,value from v$sysstat where name like 'flashback log%'; NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- flashback log writes 49 flashback log write bytes 9306112 SQL> begin 2 for i in 1..5000 loop 3 update flash_maclean1 set t1=t1+1; 4 commit; 5 end loop; 6 end; 7 / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select vs.name, ms.value 2 from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs 3 where vs.statistic# = ms.statistic# 4 and vs.name in ('redo size','db block changes'); NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- db block changes 20006 redo size 3071288 SQL> select name,value from v$sysstat where name like 'flashback log%'; NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- flashback log writes 52 flashback log write bytes 10338304 ??????????? ??hot block,???20006 ?block changes???? ??? 3000k ?redo log ? ??1000k? flashback log ?

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  • ?Linux 6???UDEV??RAC ASM???????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    Maclean?????UDEV??ASMLIB?RAC???????????,???????????????????:Why ASMLIB and why not???UDEV????RAC ASM?????  ?«??UDEV????RAC ASM????? »???????????????,????????udev rule????: for i in b c d e f g h i j k ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p\", RESULT==\"`scsi_id -g -u -s /block/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" done ?????Linux 5?????, ????????redhat/Oracle Linux 6???????????? ????: ?OEL6??RHEL6?,????????? ??????:1. scsi_id??????????,scsi_id -g -u -s??????????2. udevtest???????,????udevadm??How to use udev for Oracle ASM in Oracle Linux 6   ???????????,???redhat/Oracle Linux 6??????udev rule ????: 1. #????? Linux 6.0???? [[email protected] dev]# cat /etc/issue Oracle Linux Server release 6.2 Kernel \r on an \m 2. #?????/etc/scsi_id.config echo "options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace" >> /etc/scsi_id.config 3. #?????????udev?? [[email protected] dev]# ls -l sd* brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 0 Jun 30 09:29 sda brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 1 Jun 30 09:29 sda1 brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 2 Jun 30 09:29 sda2 brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 16 Jun 30 09:29 sdb brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 32 Jun 30 09:29 sdc brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 48 Jun 30 09:29 sdd brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 64 Jun 30 09:29 sde brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 80 Jun 30 09:29 sdf ??????? sdb-> sdf???????? 4. ? b->f?????for ???,??: # AUTO UDEV RULE BY Maclean Liu 2012/06/30 for i in b c d e f ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" done ????sdb->sdf ?????RULE,????RULE???/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules? ??????????? ,??RULE?99-oracle-asmdevices.rules # AUTO UDEV RULE BY Maclean Liu 2012/06/30 for i in b c d e f ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules done 5. ?????root??/sbin/start_udev ?? ??????: [[email protected] dev]# echo "options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace" >> /etc/scsi_id.config [[email protected] dev]# for i in b c d e f ; > do > echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules > done [[email protected] dev]# [[email protected] dev]# cat /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB09cadb31-cfbea255", NAME="asm-diskb", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB5f097069-59efb82f", NAME="asm-diskc", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB4e1a81c0-20478bc4", NAME="asm-diskd", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBdcce9285-b13c5a27", NAME="asm-diske", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB82effe1a-dbca7dff", NAME="asm-diskf", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" [[email protected] dev]# [[email protected] dev]# /sbin/start_udev Starting udev: [ OK ] [[email protected] dev]# ls -l asm* brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskb brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskc brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 48 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskd brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 64 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diske brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 80 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskf

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  • ??11.2 RAC??OCR?Votedisk??ASM Diskgroup?????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????Oracle Allstarts??????????ocr?votedisk?ASM diskgroup??11gR2 RAC cluster?????????,????«?11gR2 RAC???ASM DISK Path????»??????,??????CRS??????11.2??ASM???????, ????????????”crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs “; ?????????,??ASM????ocr?????votedisk?????,??11.2????ocr?votedisk???ASM?,?ASM???????ocr?votedisk,?????ocr?votedisk????????cluter??????;???????????CRS????,?????diskgroup??????????,?????????????????? ??:?????????????????ASM LUN DISK,???OCR?????,????????4??????????,???????$GI_HOME,?????????;????votedisk?? ????: ??dd????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup header,??diskgroup corruption: 1. ??votedisk? ocr?? [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE a853d6204bbc4feabfd8c73d4c3b3001 (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE a5b37704c3574f0fbf21d1d9f58c4a6b (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 36e5c51ff0294fc3bf2a042266650331 (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE af337d1512824fe4bf6ad45283517aaa (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3c4a349e2e304ff6bf64b2b1c9d9cf5d (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ ocrconfig -showbackup PROT-26: Oracle Cluster Registry backup locations were retrieved from a local copy vrh1 2012/08/09 01:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 21:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup01.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 17:59:55 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup02.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/day.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/week.ocr PROT-25: Manual backups for the Oracle Cluster Registry are not available 2. ??????????clusterware ,OHASD crsctl stop has -f 3. GetAsmDH.sh ==> GetAsmDH.sh?ASM disk header????? ????????,????????asm header [[email protected] ~]$ ./GetAsmDH.sh ############################################ 1) Collecting Information About the Disks: ############################################ SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 03:28:13 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. SQL> Connected. SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> 1 0 /dev/asm-diske 1 1 /dev/asm-diskd 2 0 /dev/asm-diskb 2 1 /dev/asm-diskc 2 2 /dev/asm-diskf 3 0 /dev/asm-diskh 3 1 /dev/asm-diskg 3 2 /dev/asm-diski 3 3 /dev/asm-diskj 3 4 /dev/asm-diskk SQL> SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asmdisks.lst ############################################ 2) Generating asm_diskh.sh script. ############################################ -rwx------ 1 grid oinstall 666 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asm_diskh.sh ############################################ 3) Executing asm_diskh.sh script to generate dd dumps. ############################################ -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ############################################ 4) Compressing dd dumps in the next format: (asm_dd_header_all_.tar) ############################################ /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ./GetAsmDH.sh: line 81: compress: command not found ls: /tmp/HC/*.Z: No such file or directory [[email protected] ~]$ 4. ??dd ?? ??ocr?votedisk??diskgroup [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskh bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00423853 seconds, 247 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskg bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0045179 seconds, 232 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diski bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00469976 seconds, 223 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskj bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00344262 seconds, 305 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskk bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0053518 seconds, 196 MB/s 5. ????????????HAS [[email protected] ~]# crsctl start has CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. ????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup??,??CSS???????,???????: alertvrh1.log [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:41.207 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:56.240 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:11.284 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:26.305 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:41.328 ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/dev/asm*) 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDDiscThread: using discovery string /dev/asm* for initial discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Discovery with str:/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]UFS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskc: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskd: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diske: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskg: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diski: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskk: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]OSS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xdf22a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf412a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf3a680 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf93da0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds ?????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup?????: 1. ?-excl -nocrs ????cluster,??????ASM?? ????CRS [[email protected] vrh1]# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2681: Clean of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' succeeded 2.???ocr?votedisk??diskgroup,??compatible.asm???11.2: [[email protected] vrh1]# su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 04:16:58 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> create diskgroup systemdg high redundancy disk '/dev/asm-diskh','/dev/asm-diskg','/dev/asm-diski','/dev/asm-diskj','/dev/asm-diskk' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '11.2', 'compatible.asm' = '11.2'; 3.?ocr backup???ocr??ocrcheck??: [[email protected] ~]# ocrconfig -restore /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr [[email protected] ~]# ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 3180 Available space (kbytes) : 258940 ID : 1238458014 Device/File Name : +systemdg Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded 4. ????votedisk ,??????????: [[email protected] ~]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 2e4e0fe285924f86bf5473d00dcc0388. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 4fa54bb0cc5c4fafbf1a9be5479bf389. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file a109ead9ea4e4f28bfe233188623616a. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 042c9fbd71b54f5abfcd3ab3408f3cf3. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 7b5a8cd24f954fafbf835ad78615763f. Failed to replace voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4000: Command Replace failed, or completed with errors. ????????ASM???,???ASM: SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/asm*'; System altered. SQL> create spfile from memory; File created. SQL> startup force mount; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string /g01/11.2.0/grid/dbs/spfile+AS M1.ora [[email protected] trace]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4256: Updating the profile Successful addition of voting disk 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a. Successful addition of voting disk 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840. Successful addition of voting disk 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce. Successful addition of voting disk 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5. Successful addition of voting disk 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f. Successfully replaced voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4256: Updating the profile CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced 5. ??has??,??cluster????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check crs CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online CRS-4533: Event Manager is online [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840 (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5 (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stat res -t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.BACKUPDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.DATA.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LISTENER.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LSN_MACLEAN.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.SYSTEMDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.asm ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 Started ora.gsd OFFLINE OFFLINE vrh1 ora.net1.network ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.ons ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cluster Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr http://www.askmaclean.com 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.cvu 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.oc4j 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.scan1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vprod.db 1 ONLINE OFFLINE 2 ONLINE OFFLINE ora.vrh1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vrh2.vip 1 ONLINE INTERMEDIATE vrh1 FAILED OVER

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  • ??11.2 RAC??OCR?Votedisk??ASM Diskgroup?????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????Oracle Allstarts??????????ocr?votedisk?ASM diskgroup??11gR2 RAC cluster?????????,????«?11gR2 RAC???ASM DISK Path????»??????,??????CRS??????11.2??ASM???????, ????????????”crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs “; ?????????,??ASM????ocr?????votedisk?????,??11.2????ocr?votedisk???ASM?,?ASM???????ocr?votedisk,?????ocr?votedisk????????cluter??????;???????????CRS????,?????diskgroup??????????,?????????????????? ??:?????????????????ASM LUN DISK,???OCR?????,????????4??????????,???????$GI_HOME,?????????;????votedisk?? ????: ??dd????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup header,??diskgroup corruption: 1. ??votedisk? ocr?? [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE a853d6204bbc4feabfd8c73d4c3b3001 (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE a5b37704c3574f0fbf21d1d9f58c4a6b (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 36e5c51ff0294fc3bf2a042266650331 (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE af337d1512824fe4bf6ad45283517aaa (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3c4a349e2e304ff6bf64b2b1c9d9cf5d (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ ocrconfig -showbackup PROT-26: Oracle Cluster Registry backup locations were retrieved from a local copy vrh1 2012/08/09 01:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 21:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup01.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 17:59:55 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup02.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/day.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/week.ocr PROT-25: Manual backups for the Oracle Cluster Registry are not available 2. ??????????clusterware ,OHASD crsctl stop has -f 3. GetAsmDH.sh ==> GetAsmDH.sh?ASM disk header????? ????????,????????asm header [[email protected] ~]$ ./GetAsmDH.sh ############################################ 1) Collecting Information About the Disks: ############################################ SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 03:28:13 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. SQL> Connected. SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> 1 0 /dev/asm-diske 1 1 /dev/asm-diskd 2 0 /dev/asm-diskb 2 1 /dev/asm-diskc 2 2 /dev/asm-diskf 3 0 /dev/asm-diskh 3 1 /dev/asm-diskg 3 2 /dev/asm-diski 3 3 /dev/asm-diskj 3 4 /dev/asm-diskk SQL> SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asmdisks.lst ############################################ 2) Generating asm_diskh.sh script. ############################################ -rwx------ 1 grid oinstall 666 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asm_diskh.sh ############################################ 3) Executing asm_diskh.sh script to generate dd dumps. ############################################ -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ############################################ 4) Compressing dd dumps in the next format: (asm_dd_header_all_.tar) ############################################ /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ./GetAsmDH.sh: line 81: compress: command not found ls: /tmp/HC/*.Z: No such file or directory [[email protected] ~]$ 4. ??dd ?? ??ocr?votedisk??diskgroup [ro[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskh bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00423853 seconds, 247 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskg bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0045179 seconds, 232 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diski bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00469976 seconds, 223 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskj bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00344262 seconds, 305 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskk bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0053518 seconds, 196 MB/s 5. ????????????HAS [[email protected] ~]# crsctl start has CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. ????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup??,??CSS???????,???????: alertvrh1.log [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:41.207 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:56.240 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:11.284 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:26.305 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:41.328 ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/dev/asm*) 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDDiscThread: using discovery string /dev/asm* for initial discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Discovery with str:/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]UFS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskc: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskd: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diske: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskg: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diski: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskk: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]OSS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xdf22a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf412a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf3a680 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf93da0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds ?????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup?????: 1. ?-excl -nocrs ????cluster,??????ASM?? ????CRS [[email protected] vrh1]# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2681: Clean of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' succeeded 2.???ocr?votedisk??diskgroup,??compatible.asm???11.2: [[email protected] vrh1]# su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 04:16:58 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> create diskgroup systemdg high redundancy disk '/dev/asm-diskh','/dev/asm-diskg','/dev/asm-diski','/dev/asm-diskj','/dev/asm-diskk' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '11.2', 'compatible.asm' = '11.2'; 3.?ocr backup???ocr??ocrcheck??: [[email protected] ~]# ocrconfig -restore /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr [[email protected] ~]# ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 3180 Available space (kbytes) : 258940 ID : 1238458014 Device/File Name : +systemdg Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded 4. ????votedisk ,??????????: [[email protected] ~]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 2e4e0fe285924f86bf5473d00dcc0388. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 4fa54bb0cc5c4fafbf1a9be5479bf389. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file a109ead9ea4e4f28bfe233188623616a. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 042c9fbd71b54f5abfcd3ab3408f3cf3. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 7b5a8cd24f954fafbf835ad78615763f. Failed to replace voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4000: Command Replace failed, or completed with errors. ????????ASM???,???ASM: SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/asm*'; System altered. SQL> create spfile from memory; File created. SQL> startup force mount; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string /g01/11.2.0/grid/dbs/spfile+AS M1.ora [[email protected] trace]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4256: Updating the profile Successful addition of voting disk 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a. Successful addition of voting disk 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840. Successful addition of voting disk 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce. Successful addition of voting disk 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5. Successful addition of voting disk 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f. Successfully replaced voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4256: Updating the profile CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced 5. ??has??,??cluster????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check crs CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online CRS-4533: Event Manager is online [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840 (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5 (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stat res -t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.BACKUPDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.DATA.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LISTENER.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LSN_MACLEAN.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.SYSTEMDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.asm ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 Started ora.gsd OFFLINE OFFLINE vrh1 ora.net1.network ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.ons ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cluster Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr http://www.askmaclean.com 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.cvu 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.oc4j 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.scan1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vprod.db 1 ONLINE OFFLINE 2 ONLINE OFFLINE ora.vrh1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vrh2.vip 1 ONLINE INTERMEDIATE vrh1 FAILED OVER

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  • Buffer cache spillover: only buffers

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ?????? (?database open)????recovery?redo??,??????????????????: > Buffer cache spillover: only 32768 of 117227 buffers available$ ????crash recovery?redo apply??????buffer cache,??buffer cache???recovery buffer? ?????recovery buffer,????????age out????????redo change??????????? ????????????recovery(???crash recovery??instance recovery),?????buffer cache ??????????????(recovery)???? ??????(lock claim phase),?????????buffer cache ??spillover??????(???swap)??????????????????,oracle???????redo change???????????buffer cache????????recovery buffer????????,???????????????????? ?????????????(spillover recovery)??????????????(?????????,?????????redo apply),???????????? ??????,??crash recovery???? buffer cache??????????; ?????????, ?????????????buffer cache????????,?????????????????????????,?????????????????db_cache_size???????,??alter database open??????(Buffer cache spillover: only 32768 of 117227 buffers available$),?????????????????? ????????buffer cache spillover,?????????10???????????????,????????alert.log 30??????????,?????spillover???hang,?????????OTN Ask Maclean

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  • GDL Presents: Women Techmakers with SoftTech VC and NewME Accelerator

    GDL Presents: Women Techmakers with SoftTech VC and NewME Accelerator Stephanie Palmeri of SoftTech VC and Angela Benton of NewMe Accelerator engage with Mary Grove and Stephanie Liu on diversity in the investment space, expounding on their personal experiences growing into skills that have enabled them to excel in this realm. Hosts: Mary Grove - Head of Global Entrepreneurial Outreach | Stephanie Liu - Senior Program Manager, Developer Relations Guests: Stephanie Palmeri - Principal with SoftTech VC | Angela Benton - Founder & CEO NewME Accelerator From: GoogleDevelopers Views: 0 0 ratings Time: 01:00:00 More in Science & Technology

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  • MINSCN?Cache Fusion Read Consistent

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????? ???Ask Maclean Home ???  RAC ? Past Image PI????, ?????????,???11.2.0.3 2 Node RAC??????????: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> drop table test purge; Table dropped. SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache; System altered. SQL> create table test(id number); insert into test values(1); insert into test values(2); commit; /* ???? rowid??TEST????2????????? */ select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from test; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(ROWID) ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------                                89233                                    1                                89233                                    1 SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache; System altered. Instance 1 Session A ??UPDATE??: SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=1; 1 row updated. Instance 1 Session B ??x$BH buffer header?? ?? ??Buffer??? SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0;      STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ----------          1          0          3    1227595 X$BH ??? STATE????Buffer???, ???????: STATE NUMBER KCBBHFREE 0 buffer free KCBBHEXLCUR 1 buffer current (and if DFS locked X) KCBBHSHRCUR 2 buffer current (and if DFS locked S) KCBBHCR 3 buffer consistant read KCBBHREADING 4 Being read KCBBHMRECOVERY 5 media recovery (current & special) KCBBHIRECOVERY 6 Instance recovery (somewhat special) ????????????? : state =1 Xcurrent ? state=2 Scurrent ? state=3 CR ??? Instance 2  ?? ????????????? ,???? gc current block 2 way  ??Current Block ??? Instance 2, ?? Instance 1 ??”Current Block” Convert ? Past Image: Instance 2 Session C SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=2; 1 row updated. Instance 2 Session D SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 1 0 3 1227641 3 1227638 STATE =1 ?Xcurrent block???? Instance 2 , ??? Instance 1 ??? GC??: Instance 1 Session B SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0;      STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ----------          3    1227641          3    1227638          8          0          3    1227595 ???????, ??????Instance 1??session A????TEST??SELECT??? ,????? 3? State=3?CR ? ??????1?: Instance 1 session A ?????UPDATE? session SQL> alter session set events '10046 trace name context forever,level 8:10708 trace name context forever,level 103: trace[rac.*] disk high'; Session altered. SQL> select * from test;         ID ----------          2          2 select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0;       STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ----------          3    1227716          3    1227713          8          0 ?????????v$BH ????CR????,?????SELECT??? CR????????,???????? ?????????? ??X$BH?????? , ?????CR??SCN Version???: 1227641?1227638?1227595, ?SELECT?????? 2???SCN version?CR? 1227716? 1227713 ???, Oracle????????? ?????????SELECT??????event 10708? rac.*???TRACE,??????TRACE??: PARSING IN CURSOR #140444679938584 len=337 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1335698913632292 hv=3345277572 ad='bc0e68c8' sqlid='baj7tjm3q9sn4' SELECT /* OPT_DYN_SAMP */ /*+ ALL_ROWS IGNORE_WHERE_CLAUSE NO_PARALLEL(SAMPLESUB) opt_param('parallel_execution_enabled', 'false') NO_PARALLEL_INDEX(SAMPLESUB) NO_SQL_TUNE */ NVL(SUM(C1),0), NVL(SUM(C2),0) FROM (SELECT /*+ NO_PARALLEL("TEST") FULL("TEST") NO_PARALLEL_INDEX("TEST") */ 1 AS C1, 1 AS C2 FROM "SYS"."TEST" "TEST") SAMPLESUB END OF STMT PARSE #140444679938584:c=1000,e=27630,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=1,plh=1950795681,tim=1335698913632252 EXEC #140444679938584:c=0,e=44,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=1,plh=1950795681,tim=1335698913632390 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632 kclscrs: req=0 block=1/89233 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632 kclscrs: bid=1:3:1:0:7:80:1:0:4:0:0:0:1:2:4:1:26:0:0:0:70:1a:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:4:3:2:1:2:0:3f:0:1c:86:2d:4:0:0:0:0:a2:3c:7c:b:70:1a:0:0:0:0:1:0:7a:f8:76:1d:1:2:dc:5:a9:fe:17:75:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:63:e5:0:0:0:0:0:0:10:0:0:0 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632578 : kjbcrc[0x15c91.1 76896.0][9] 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632616 : GSIPC:GMBQ: buff 0xba1e8f90, queue 0xbb79f278, pool 0x60013fa0, freeq 1, nxt 0xbb79f278, prv 0xbb79f278 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632634 : kjbmscrc(0x15c91.1)seq 0x2 reqid=0x1c(shadow 0xb4bb4458,reqid x1c)[email protected](infosz 200)(direct 1) 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632654 : kjbsentscn[0x0.12bbc1][to 2] 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632669 : GSIPC:SENDM: send msg 0xba1e9000 dest x20001 seq 24026 type 32 tkts xff0000 mlen x17001a0 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633385 : GSIPC:KSXPCB: msg 0xba1e9000 status 30, type 32, dest 2, rcvr 1 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633 kclwcrs: wait=0 tm=689 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633 kclwcrs: got 1 blocks from ksxprcv WAIT #140444679938584: nam='gc cr block 2-way' ela= 689 p1=1 p2=89233 p3=1 obj#=76896 tim=1335698913633418 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633490 : kjbcrcomplete[0x15c91.1 76896.0][0] 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633510 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.12bbc1][from 2][idx 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633527 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn <= rscn 0x0.12bbc1][from 2] *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.633 kclwcrs: req=0 typ=cr(2) wtyp=2hop tm=689 ??TRACE???? ?????????TEST??????, ???????Dynamic Sampling?????,???????TEST?? CR???,???????’gc cr block 2-way’ ??: 2012-04-29 07:28:33.632654 : kjbsentscn[0x0.12bbc1][to 2] 12bbc1= 1227713  ???X$BH????CR???,kjbsentscn[0x0.12bbc1][to 2] ????? ? Instance 2 ???SCN=12bbc1=1227713   DBA=0x15c91.1 76896.0 ?  CR Request(obj#=76896) ??kjbrcvdscn????? [no bscn <= rscn 0x0.12bbc1][from 2] ,??? ??receive? SCN Version =12bbc1 ???Best Version CR Server Arch ??????????????????SELECT??: PARSING IN CURSOR #140444682869592 len=18 dep=0 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1335698913635874 hv=1689401402 ad='b1a188f0' sqlid='c99yw1xkb4f1u' select * from test END OF STMT PARSE #140444682869592:c=4999,e=34017,p=0,cr=7,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=1357081020,tim=1335698913635870 EXEC #140444682869592:c=0,e=23,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=1357081020,tim=1335698913635939 WAIT #140444682869592: nam='SQL*Net message to client' ela= 7 driver id=1650815232 #bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=0 tim=1335698913636071 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636 kclscrs: req=0 block=1/89233 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636 kclscrs: bid=1:3:1:0:7:83:1:0:4:0:0:0:1:2:4:1:26:0:0:0:70:1a:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:4:3:2:1:2:0:2:0:1c:86:2d:4:0:0:0:0:a2:3c:7c:b:70:1a:0:0:0:0:1:0:7d:f8:76:1d:1:2:dc:5:a9:fe:17:75:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:63:e5:0:0:0:0:0:0:10:0:0:0 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636209 : kjbcrc[0x15c91.1 76896.0][9] 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636228 : GSIPC:GMBQ: buff 0xba0e5d50, queue 0xbb79f278, pool 0x60013fa0, freeq 1, nxt 0xbb79f278, prv 0xbb79f278 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636244 : kjbmscrc(0x15c91.1)seq 0x3 reqid=0x1d(shadow 0xb4bb4458,reqid x1d)[email protected](infosz 200)(direct 1) 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636252 : kjbsentscn[0x0.12bbc4][to 2] 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636358 : GSIPC:SENDM: send msg 0xba0e5dc0 dest x20001 seq 24029 type 32 tkts xff0000 mlen x17001a0 2012-04-29 07:28:33.636861 : GSIPC:KSXPCB: msg 0xba0e5dc0 status 30, type 32, dest 2, rcvr 1 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637 kclwcrs: wait=0 tm=865 *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637 kclwcrs: got 1 blocks from ksxprcv WAIT #140444682869592: nam='gc cr block 2-way' ela= 865 p1=1 p2=89233 p3=1 obj#=76896 tim=1335698913637294 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637356 : kjbcrcomplete[0x15c91.1 76896.0][0] 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637374 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.12bbc4][from 2][idx 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637389 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn <= rscn 0x0.12bbc4][from 2] *** 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637 kclwcrs: req=0 typ=cr(2) wtyp=2hop tm=865 ???, “SELECT * FROM TEST”??????’gc cr block 2-way’??:2012-04-29 07:28:33.637374 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.12bbc4][from 2][idx 2012-04-29 07:28:33.637389 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn ??Foreground Process? Remote LMS??got?? SCN=1227716 Version?CR, ??? ?????X$BH ?????scn??? ??????????Instance 1????2?SCN???CR?, ???????????Instance 1 Buffer Cache?? ??SCN Version ???CR ??????? ?????????: SQL> alter system set "_enable_minscn_cr"=false scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> alter system set "_db_block_max_cr_dba"=20 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for RDBMS instance ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 1570009088 bytes Fixed Size 2228704 bytes Variable Size 989859360 bytes Database Buffers 570425344 bytes Redo Buffers 7495680 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. ???? “_enable_minscn_cr”=false ? “_db_block_max_cr_dba”=20 ???RAC????, ??????: ?Instance 2 Session C ?update??????? ?????Instance 1 ????? ,????Instance 1?Request CR SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=2; -- Instance 2 1 row updated. SQL> select * From test; -- Instance 1 ID ---------- 1 2 ??? Instance 1? X$BH?? select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0;  STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1273080 3 1273071 3 1273041 3 1273039 8 0 SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=3; 1 row updated. SQL> select * From test; ID ---------- 1 2 SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1273091 3 1273080 3 1273071 3 1273041 3 1273039 8 0 ................... SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1273793 3 1273782 3 1273780 3 1273769 3 1273734 3 1273715 3 1273691 3 1273679 3 1273670 3 1273643 3 1273635 3 1273623 3 1273106 3 1273091 3 1273080 3 1273071 3 1273041 3 1273039 3 1273033 19 rows selected. SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1274993 ????? ???? “_enable_minscn_cr”(enable/disable minscn optimization for CR)=false ? “_db_block_max_cr_dba”=20 (Maximum Allowed Number of CR buffers per dba) 2? ??? ????? Instance 1 ??????????? ?? 19????CR?? “_enable_minscn_cr”?11g??????????,???Oracle????CR????SCN,?Foreground Process Receive????????????(SCN??)?SCN Version CR Block??????CBC?? SCN??????CR? , ?????????Buffer Cache??????? ????SCN Version?CR????,????? ?????????? ?????Snap_Scn ?? SCN?? ?????????Current SCN, ??????CR??????????????????????, ????Buffer Cache? ?????????? CR?????????, ?????? “_db_block_max_cr_dba” ???????, ???????????20 ,??????Buffer Cache?????19????CR?; ???”_db_block_max_cr_dba” ???????6 , ?????Buffer cache????????CR ???????6?? ??”_enable_minscn_cr” ??CR???MINSCN ??????, ?????????CR???????, ????? Foreground Process??????CR Request , ?? Holder Instance LMS ?build?? BEST CR ??, ?????????

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  • ?Oracle Database 12c????Information Lifecycle Management ILM?Storage Enhancements

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    Oracle Database 12c????Information Lifecycle Management ILM ?????????Storage Enhancements ???????? Lifecycle Management ILM ????????? Automatic Data Placement ??????, ??ADP? ?????? 12c???????Datafile??? Online Move Datafile, ????????????????datafile???????,??????????????? ????(12.1.0.1)Automatic Data Optimization?heat map????????: ????????? (CDB)?????Automatic Data Optimization?heat map Row-level policies for ADO are not supported for Temporal Validity. Partition-level ADO and compression are supported if partitioned on the end-time columns. Row-level policies for ADO are not supported for in-database archiving. Partition-level ADO and compression are supported if partitioned on the ORA_ARCHIVE_STATE column. Custom policies (user-defined functions) for ADO are not supported if the policies default at the tablespace level. ADO does not perform checks for storage space in a target tablespace when using storage tiering. ADO is not supported on tables with object types or materialized views. ADO concurrency (the number of simultaneous policy jobs for ADO) depends on the concurrency of the Oracle scheduler. If a policy job for ADO fails more than two times, then the job is marked disabled and the job must be manually enabled later. Policies for ADO are only run in the Oracle Scheduler maintenance windows. Outside of the maintenance windows all policies are stopped. The only exceptions are those jobs for rebuilding indexes in ADO offline mode. ADO has restrictions related to moving tables and table partitions. ??????row,segment???????????ADO??,?????create table?alter table?????? ????ADO??,??????????????,???????????????? storage tier , ?????????storage tier?????????, ??????????????ADO??????????? segment?row??group? ?CREATE TABLE?ALERT TABLE???ILM???,??????????????????ADO policy? ??ILM policy???????????????? ??????? ????ADO policy, ?????alter table  ???????,?????????????? CREATE TABLE sales_ado (PROD_ID NUMBER NOT NULL, CUST_ID NUMBER NOT NULL, TIME_ID DATE NOT NULL, CHANNEL_ID NUMBER NOT NULL, PROMO_ID NUMBER NOT NULL, QUANTITY_SOLD NUMBER(10,2) NOT NULL, AMOUNT_SOLD NUMBER(10,2) NOT NULL ) ILM ADD POLICY COMPRESS FOR ARCHIVE HIGH SEGMENT AFTER 6 MONTHS OF NO ACCESS; SQL> SELECT SUBSTR(policy_name,1,24) AS POLICY_NAME, policy_type, enabled 2 FROM USER_ILMPOLICIES; POLICY_NAME POLICY_TYPE ENABLED -------------------- -------------------------- -------------- P41 DATA MOVEMENT YES ALTER TABLE sales MODIFY PARTITION sales_1995 ILM ADD POLICY COMPRESS FOR ARCHIVE HIGH SEGMENT AFTER 6 MONTHS OF NO ACCESS; SELECT SUBSTR(policy_name,1,24) AS POLICY_NAME, policy_type, enabled FROM USER_ILMPOLICIES; POLICY_NAME POLICY_TYPE ENABLE ------------------------ ------------- ------ P1 DATA MOVEMENT YES P2 DATA MOVEMENT YES /* You can disable an ADO policy with the following */ ALTER TABLE sales_ado ILM DISABLE POLICY P1; /* You can delete an ADO policy with the following */ ALTER TABLE sales_ado ILM DELETE POLICY P1; /* You can disable all ADO policies with the following */ ALTER TABLE sales_ado ILM DISABLE_ALL; /* You can delete all ADO policies with the following */ ALTER TABLE sales_ado ILM DELETE_ALL; /* You can disable an ADO policy in a partition with the following */ ALTER TABLE sales MODIFY PARTITION sales_1995 ILM DISABLE POLICY P2; /* You can delete an ADO policy in a partition with the following */ ALTER TABLE sales MODIFY PARTITION sales_1995 ILM DELETE POLICY P2; ILM ???????: ?????ILM ADP????,???????: ?????? ???? activity tracking, ????2????????,???????????????????: SEGMENT-LEVEL???????????????????? ROW-LEVEL????????,??????? ????????: 1??????? SEGMENT-LEVEL activity tracking ALTER TABLE interval_sales ILM  ENABLE ACTIVITY TRACKING SEGMENT ACCESS ???????INTERVAL_SALES??segment level  activity tracking,?????????????????? 2? ??????????? ALTER TABLE emp ILM ENABLE ACTIVITY TRACKING (CREATE TIME , WRITE TIME); 3????????? ALTER TABLE emp ILM ENABLE ACTIVITY TRACKING  (READ TIME); ?12.1.0.1.0?????? ??HEAT_MAP??????????, ?????system??session?????heap_map????????????? ?????????HEAT MAP??,? ALTER SYSTEM SET HEAT_MAP = ON; ?HEAT MAP??????,??????????????????????????  ??SYSTEM?SYSAUX????????????? ???????HEAT MAP??: ALTER SYSTEM SET HEAT_MAP = OFF; ????? HEAT_MAP????, ?HEAT_MAP??? ?????????????????????? ?HEAT_MAP?????????Automatic Data Optimization (ADO)??? ??ADO??,Heat Map ?????????? ????V$HEAT_MAP_SEGMENT ??????? HEAT MAP?? SQL> select * from V$heat_map_segment; no rows selected SQL> alter session set heat_map=on; Session altered. SQL> select * from scott.emp; EMPNO ENAME JOB MGR HIREDATE SAL COMM DEPTNO ---------- ---------- --------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 7369 SMITH CLERK 7902 17-DEC-80 800 20 7499 ALLEN SALESMAN 7698 20-FEB-81 1600 300 30 7521 WARD SALESMAN 7698 22-FEB-81 1250 500 30 7566 JONES MANAGER 7839 02-APR-81 2975 20 7654 MARTIN SALESMAN 7698 28-SEP-81 1250 1400 30 7698 BLAKE MANAGER 7839 01-MAY-81 2850 30 7782 CLARK MANAGER 7839 09-JUN-81 2450 10 7788 SCOTT ANALYST 7566 19-APR-87 3000 20 7839 KING PRESIDENT 17-NOV-81 5000 10 7844 TURNER SALESMAN 7698 08-SEP-81 1500 0 30 7876 ADAMS CLERK 7788 23-MAY-87 1100 20 7900 JAMES CLERK 7698 03-DEC-81 950 30 7902 FORD ANALYST 7566 03-DEC-81 3000 20 7934 MILLER CLERK 7782 23-JAN-82 1300 10 14 rows selected. SQL> select * from v$heat_map_segment; OBJECT_NAME SUBOBJECT_NAME OBJ# DATAOBJ# TRACK_TIM SEG SEG FUL LOO CON_ID -------------------- -------------------- ---------- ---------- --------- --- --- --- --- ---------- EMP 92997 92997 23-JUL-13 NO NO YES NO 0 ??v$heat_map_segment???,?v$heat_map_segment??????????????X$HEATMAPSEGMENT V$HEAT_MAP_SEGMENT displays real-time segment access information. Column Datatype Description OBJECT_NAME VARCHAR2(128) Name of the object SUBOBJECT_NAME VARCHAR2(128) Name of the subobject OBJ# NUMBER Object number DATAOBJ# NUMBER Data object number TRACK_TIME DATE Timestamp of current activity tracking SEGMENT_WRITE VARCHAR2(3) Indicates whether the segment has write access: (YES or NO) SEGMENT_READ VARCHAR2(3) Indicates whether the segment has read access: (YES or NO) FULL_SCAN VARCHAR2(3) Indicates whether the segment has full table scan: (YES or NO) LOOKUP_SCAN VARCHAR2(3) Indicates whether the segment has lookup scan: (YES or NO) CON_ID NUMBER The ID of the container to which the data pertains. Possible values include:   0: This value is used for rows containing data that pertain to the entire CDB. This value is also used for rows in non-CDBs. 1: This value is used for rows containing data that pertain to only the root n: Where n is the applicable container ID for the rows containing data The Heat Map feature is not supported in CDBs in Oracle Database 12c, so the value in this column can be ignored. ??HEAP MAP??????????????????,????DBA_HEAT_MAP_SEGMENT???????? ???????HEAT_MAP_STAT$?????? ??Automatic Data Optimization??????: ????1: SQL> alter system set heat_map=on; ?????? ????????????? scott?? http://www.askmaclean.com/archives/scott-schema-script.html SQL> grant all on dbms_lock to scott; ????? SQL> grant dba to scott; ????? @ilm_setup_basic C:\APP\XIANGBLI\ORADATA\MACLEAN\ilm.dbf @tktgilm_demo_env_setup SQL> connect scott/tiger ; ???? SQL> select count(*) from scott.employee; COUNT(*) ---------- 3072 ??? 1 ?? SQL> set serveroutput on SQL> exec print_compression_stats('SCOTT','EMPLOYEE'); Compression Stats ------------------ Uncmpressed : 3072 Adv/basic compressed : 0 Others : 0 PL/SQL ???????? ???????3072?????? ????????? ????policy ???????????? alter table employee ilm add policy row store compress advanced row after 3 days of no modification / SQL> set serveroutput on SQL> execute list_ilm_policies; -------------------------------------------------- Policies defined for SCOTT -------------------------------------------------- Object Name------ : EMPLOYEE Subobject Name--- : Object Type------ : TABLE Inherited from--- : POLICY NOT INHERITED Policy Name------ : P1 Action Type------ : COMPRESSION Scope------------ : ROW Compression level : ADVANCED Tier Tablespace-- : Condition type--- : LAST MODIFICATION TIME Condition days--- : 3 Enabled---------- : YES -------------------------------------------------- PL/SQL ???????? SQL> select sysdate from dual; SYSDATE -------------- 29-7? -13 SQL> execute set_back_chktime(get_policy_name('EMPLOYEE',null,'COMPRESSION','ROW','ADVANCED',3,null,null),'EMPLOYEE',null,6); Object check time reset ... -------------------------------------- Object Name : EMPLOYEE Object Number : 93123 D.Object Numbr : 93123 Policy Number : 1 Object chktime : 23-7? -13 08.13.42.000000 ?? Distnt chktime : 0 -------------------------------------- PL/SQL ???????? ?policy?chktime???6??, ????set_back_chktime???????????????“????”?,?????????,???????? ?????? alter system flush buffer_cache; alter system flush buffer_cache; alter system flush shared_pool; alter system flush shared_pool; SQL> execute set_window('MONDAY_WINDOW','OPEN'); Set Maint. Window OPEN ----------------------------- Window Name : MONDAY_WINDOW Enabled? : TRUE Active? : TRUE ----------------------------- PL/SQL ???????? SQL> exec dbms_lock.sleep(60) ; PL/SQL ???????? SQL> exec print_compression_stats('SCOTT', 'EMPLOYEE'); Compression Stats ------------------ Uncmpressed : 338 Adv/basic compressed : 2734 Others : 0 PL/SQL ???????? ??????????????? Adv/basic compressed : 2734 ??????? SQL> col object_name for a20 SQL> select object_id,object_name from dba_objects where object_name='EMPLOYEE'; OBJECT_ID OBJECT_NAME ---------- -------------------- 93123 EMPLOYEE SQL> execute list_ilm_policy_executions ; -------------------------------------------------- Policies execution details for SCOTT -------------------------------------------------- Policy Name------ : P22 Job Name--------- : ILMJOB48 Start time------- : 29-7? -13 08.37.45.061000 ?? End time--------- : 29-7? -13 08.37.48.629000 ?? ----------------- Object Name------ : EMPLOYEE Sub_obj Name----- : Obj Type--------- : TABLE ----------------- Exec-state------- : SELECTED FOR EXECUTION Job state-------- : COMPLETED SUCCESSFULLY Exec comments---- : Results comments- : --- -------------------------------------------------- PL/SQL ???????? ILMJOB48?????policy?JOB,?12.1.0.1??J00x???? ?MMON_SLAVE???M00x???15????????? select sample_time,program,module,action from v$active_session_history where action ='KDILM background EXEcution' order by sample_time; 29-7? -13 08.16.38.369000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.17.38.388000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.17.39.390000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.23.38.681000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M002) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.32.38.968000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.33.39.993000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M003) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.33.40.993000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M003) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.36.40.066000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.37.42.258000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.37.43.258000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.37.44.258000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M000) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution 29-7? -13 08.38.42.386000000 ?? ORACLE.EXE (M001) MMON_SLAVE KDILM background EXEcution select distinct action from v$active_session_history where action like 'KDILM%' KDILM background CLeaNup KDILM background EXEcution SQL> execute set_window('MONDAY_WINDOW','CLOSE'); Set Maint. Window CLOSE ----------------------------- Window Name : MONDAY_WINDOW Enabled? : TRUE Active? : FALSE ----------------------------- PL/SQL ???????? SQL> drop table employee purge ; ????? ???? ????? spool ilm_usecase_1_cleanup.lst @ilm_demo_cleanup ; spool off

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  • ?11gR2 RAC???ASM DISK Path????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????T.askmaclean.com???????11gR2?ASM DISK?????,??????: aix 6.1,grid 11.2.0.3+asm11.2.0.3+rac ???????????aix????????mpio,??diskgroup ?????veritas dmp???,?????asm?disk_strings=/dev/vx/rdmp/*,crs/asm??????????????/dev/vx/rdmp/?????,?????????diskgroup??? crs???????:2012-07-13 15:07:29.748: [ GPNP][1286]clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt: [at clsgpnp.c:2108 clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt] get-profile call to url “ipc://GPNPD_ggtest1? disco “” [f=0 claimed- host: cname: seq: auth:]2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ GPNP][1286]clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt: [at clsgpnp.c:2236 clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt] Result: (0) CLSGPNP_OK. Successful get-profile CALL to remote “ipc://GPNPD_ggtest1? disco “”2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/dev/vx/rdmp/*)2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmvDDiscThread: using discovery string /dev/vx/rdmp/* for initial discovery2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ SKGFD][1286]Discovery with str:/dev/vx/rdmp/*: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ SKGFD][1286]UFS discovery with :/dev/vx/rdmp/*: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.769: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_919: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_212: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_211: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_210: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_209: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_181: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_180: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_3: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_2: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_1: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_0: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]OSS discovery with :/dev/vx/rdmp/*: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e7510 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_916: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.772: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118758b0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_912: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.773: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118d9cf0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_908: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.773: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118da450 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_904: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.773: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118dad70 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_903: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.802: [ CLSF][1286]checksum failed for disk:/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_916:2012-07-13 15:07:29.803: [ SKGFD][1286]Lib :UFS:: closing handle 1115e7510 for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_916: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.803: [ SKGFD][1286]Lib :UFS:: closing handle 1118758b0 for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_912: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.804: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e6710 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_202: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.808: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e7030 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_201: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.809: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e7ad0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_200: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.809: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118733f0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_199: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CLSF][1286]checksum failed for disk:/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_186:2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ SKGFD][1286]Lib :UFS:: closing handle 1118de5d0 for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_186: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds2012-07-13 15:07:30.169: [ CSSD][1029]clssgmExecuteClientRequest(): type(37) size(80) only connect and exit messages are allowed before lease acquisition proc(1115e4870) client(0) ??????ASM DISK PATH???????,????11gR2 RAC+ASM????,??CRS??????,????crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs???????CSS???ASM??, ???????(clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found),????Voteing file????????????????? ?????????,???????11gR2 RAC+ASM??ASM DISK??: 1.?????????ASM DISK?????,??????UDEV????????,???UDEV????ASM DISK?/dev/asm-disk* ??? /dev/rasm-disk*???, ??????udev rule??????: [[email protected] ~]$ export ORACLE_HOME=/g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid [[email protected] ~]$ /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sun Jul 15 04:09:28 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> show parameter diskstri NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ asm_diskstring string /dev/asm* ??????ASM?????asm_diskstring ?/dev/asm*, ???root????UDEV RULE?? : [[email protected] rules.d]# cp 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules.bak [[email protected] rules.d]# vi 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules [[email protected] rules.d]# cat 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB09cadb31-cfbea255_", NAME="rasm-diskb", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB5f097069-59efb82f_", NAME="rasm-diskc", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB4e1a81c0-20478bc4_", NAME="rasm-diskd", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBdcce9285-b13c5a27_", NAME="rasm-diske", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB82effe1a-dbca7dff_", NAME="rasm-diskf", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB950d279f-c581cb51_", NAME="rasm-diskg", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB14400d81-651672d7_", NAME="rasm-diskh", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB31b1237b-78aa22bb_", NAME="rasm-diski", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" ???????99-oracle-asmdevices.rules?UDEV RULE????,??????????/dev/rasm-disk*???,??????ASM DISK???, ????????????????RAC CRS??????? ??????votedisk?ocr ????: [[email protected] rules.d]# /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 6896bfc3d1464f9fbf0ea9df87e023ad (/dev/asm-diskb) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE 58eb81b656084ff2bfd315d9badd08b7 (/dev/asm-diskc) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 6bf7324625c54f3abf2c942b1e7f70d9 (/dev/asm-diskd) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 43ad8ae20c354f5ebf7083bc30bf94cc (/dev/asm-diske) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 4c225359d51b4f93bfba01080664b3d7 (/dev/asm-diskf) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] rules.d]# /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 2844 Available space (kbytes) : 259276 ID : 879001605 Device/File Name : +SYSTEMDG Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded ??votedisk file?????????ASM DISK,?????????crsctl replace votedisk, ??????LINUX OS: [[email protected] rules.d]# init 6 rebooting ............ [[email protected] dev]# ls -l *asm* brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskb brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskc brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 48 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskd brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 64 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diske brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 80 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskf brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 96 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskg brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 112 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskh brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 128 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diski ??????????/dev/rasm-disk*?ASM DISK,??ASM??????css?????/dev/asm*?????ASM DISK,??????????????ASM DISK: more /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/log/maclean1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ SKGFD][1099548992]Discovery with str:/dev/asm*: 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ SKGFD][1099548992]UFS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ SKGFD][1099548992]OSS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds 2012-07-15 04:17:45.251: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmExecuteClientRequest(): type(37) size(80) only connect and exit messages are allowed before lease acquisition proc(0x26a8ba0) client((nil)) 2012-07-15 04:17:45.251: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDeadProc: proc 0x26a8ba0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.251: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDestroyProc: cleaning up proc(0x26a8ba0) con(0xfe6) skgpid ospid 3751 with 0 clients, refcount 0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.252: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDiscEndpcl: gipcDestroy 0xfe6 2012-07-15 04:17:45.829: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscSelect: cookie accept request 0x2318ea0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.829: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmAllocProc: (0x2659480) allocated 2012-07-15 04:17:45.830: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmClientConnectMsg: properties of cmProc 0x2659480 - 1,2,3,4,5 2012-07-15 04:17:45.830: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmClientConnectMsg: Connect from con(0x114e) proc(0x2659480) pid(3751) version 11:2:1:4, properties: 1,2,3,4,5 2012-07-15 04:17:45.830: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmClientConnectMsg: msg flags 0x0000 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscSelect: cookie accept request 0x253ddd0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscevtypSHRCON: getting client with cmproc 0x253ddd0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmRegisterClient: proc(3/0x253ddd0), client(61/0x26877b0) 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmExecuteClientRequest(): type(6) size(684) only connect and exit messages are  allowed before lease acquisition proc(0x253ddd0) client(0x26877b0) 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDiscEndpcl: gipcDestroy 0x1174 2012-07-15 04:17:46.070: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscSelect: cookie accept request 0x26368a0 2012-07-15 04:17:46.070: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscevtypSHRCON: getting client with cmproc 0x26368a0 2012-07-15 04:17:46.070: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmRegisterClient: proc(5/0x26368a0), client(50/0x26877b0) ??11gR2?CRS?????ASM,??ocr???ASM?,??ASM???????,???CRS?????????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check has CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check crs CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services CRS-4530: Communications failure contacting Cluster Synchronization Services daemon CRS-4534: Cannot communicate with Event Manager 2. ?????ASM DISK PATH???????,?????????????CRS: ??????OHASD??: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop has -f CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crf' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' has completed CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped. 3. ?-excl -nocrs????CRS,?????ASM ???????CRS??: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs  CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'maclean1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2681: Clean of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' succeeded #??????CRS_HOME???ORACLE_BASE?777??,??????? [[email protected] ~]# chmod 777 /g01 4.??ASM???disk_strings????ASM DISK PATH??: [[email protected] ~]# su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sun Jul 15 04:40:40 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/rasm*'; System altered. SQL> alter diskgroup systemdg mount; Diskgroup altered. SQL> create spfile from memory; File created. SQL> startup force mount; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/dbs/ spfile+ASM1.ora SQL> show parameter disk NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ asm_diskgroups string SYSTEMDG asm_diskstring string /dev/rasm* SQL> create pfile from spfile; File created. SQL> create spfile='+SYSTEMDG' from pfile; File created. SQL> startup force; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string +SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmp arameterfile/registry.253.7886 82933 ???????asm_diskstring ,????ASM DISKGROUP??SPFILE , ??ASM?????SPFILE?????????????????? 5. crsctl replace votedisk ???votedisk????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl replace votedisk +systemdg Successful addition of voting disk 864a00efcfbe4f42bfd0f4f6b60472a0. Successful addition of voting disk ab14d6e727614f29bf53b9870052a5c8. Successful addition of voting disk 754c03c168854f46bf2daee7287bf260. Successful addition of voting disk 9ed58f37f3e84f28bfcd9b101f2af9f3. Successful addition of voting disk 4ce7b7c682364f12bf4df5ce1fb7814e. Successfully replaced voting disk group with +systemdg. CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 864a00efcfbe4f42bfd0f4f6b60472a0 (/dev/rasm-diskb) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE ab14d6e727614f29bf53b9870052a5c8 (/dev/rasm-diskc) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 754c03c168854f46bf2daee7287bf260 (/dev/rasm-diskd) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 9ed58f37f3e84f28bfcd9b101f2af9f3 (/dev/rasm-diske) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 4ce7b7c682364f12bf4df5ce1fb7814e (/dev/rasm-diskf) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] ~]# ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 2844 Available space (kbytes) : 259276 ID : 879001605 Device/File Name : +SYSTEMDG Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded ??replace?votedisk??? ASM DISK?,???votedisk?OCR??????? 6.??CRS??: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop crs CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' has completed CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped. [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stat res -t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.BACKUPDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.DATA.dg ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.LISTENER.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.SYSTEMDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.asm ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 Started ora.gsd OFFLINE OFFLINE maclean1 ora.net1.network ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.ons ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cluster Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.cvu 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.maclean1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.maclean2.vip 1 ONLINE INTERMEDIATE maclean1 FAILED OVER ora.oc4j 1 ONLINE OFFLINE STARTING ora.prod.db 1 ONLINE OFFLINE Instance Shutdown,S TARTING 2 ONLINE OFFLINE ora.scan1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ???????ASM?????SPFILE,???????????????,?????CRS??????? ??11gR2 RAC+ASM?????????,????????????????ASM DISK PATH?????????, ???????????????,????!

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  • ?11gR2 RAC???ASM DISK Path????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????T.askmaclean.com???????11gR2?ASM DISK?????,??????: aix 6.1,grid 11.2.0.3+asm11.2.0.3+rac ???????????aix????????mpio,??diskgroup ?????veritas dmp???,?????asm?disk_strings=/dev/vx/rdmp/*,crs/asm??????????????/dev/vx/rdmp/?????,?????????diskgroup??? crs???????:2012-07-13 15:07:29.748: [ GPNP][1286]clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt: [at clsgpnp.c:2108 clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt] get-profile call to url “ipc://GPNPD_ggtest1? disco “” [f=0 claimed- host: cname: seq: auth:]2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ GPNP][1286]clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt: [at clsgpnp.c:2236 clsgpnp_profileCallUrlInt] Result: (0) CLSGPNP_OK. Successful get-profile CALL to remote “ipc://GPNPD_ggtest1? disco “”2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/dev/vx/rdmp/*)2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmvDDiscThread: using discovery string /dev/vx/rdmp/* for initial discovery2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ SKGFD][1286]Discovery with str:/dev/vx/rdmp/*: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.762: [ SKGFD][1286]UFS discovery with :/dev/vx/rdmp/*: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.769: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_919: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_212: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_211: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_210: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.770: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_209: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_181: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_180: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_3: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_2: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_1: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/disk_0: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]OSS discovery with :/dev/vx/rdmp/*: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.771: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e7510 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_916: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.772: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118758b0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_912: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.773: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118d9cf0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_908: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.773: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118da450 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_904: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.773: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118dad70 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_903: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.802: [ CLSF][1286]checksum failed for disk:/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_916:2012-07-13 15:07:29.803: [ SKGFD][1286]Lib :UFS:: closing handle 1115e7510 for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_916: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.803: [ SKGFD][1286]Lib :UFS:: closing handle 1118758b0 for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_912: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.804: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e6710 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_202: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.808: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e7030 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_201: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.809: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1115e7ad0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_200: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.809: [ SKGFD][1286]Handle 1118733f0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_199: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CLSF][1286]checksum failed for disk:/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_186:2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ SKGFD][1286]Lib :UFS:: closing handle 1118de5d0 for disk :/dev/vx/rdmp/v_df8000_186: 2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found2012-07-13 15:07:29.816: [ CSSD][1286](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds2012-07-13 15:07:30.169: [ CSSD][1029]clssgmExecuteClientRequest(): type(37) size(80) only connect and exit messages are allowed before lease acquisition proc(1115e4870) client(0) ??????ASM DISK PATH???????,????11gR2 RAC+ASM????,??CRS??????,????crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs???????CSS???ASM??, ???????(clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found),????Voteing file????????????????? ?????????,???????11gR2 RAC+ASM??ASM DISK??: 1.?????????ASM DISK?????,??????UDEV????????,???UDEV????ASM DISK?/dev/asm-disk* ??? /dev/rasm-disk*???, ??????udev rule??????: [[email protected] ~]$ export ORACLE_HOME=/g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid [[email protected] ~]$ /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sun Jul 15 04:09:28 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> show parameter diskstri NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ asm_diskstring string /dev/asm* ??????ASM?????asm_diskstring ?/dev/asm*, ???root????UDEV RULE?? : [[email protected] rules.d]# cp 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules.bak [[email protected] rules.d]# vi 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules [[email protected] rules.d]# cat 99-oracle-asmdevices.rules KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB09cadb31-cfbea255_", NAME="rasm-diskb", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB5f097069-59efb82f_", NAME="rasm-diskc", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB4e1a81c0-20478bc4_", NAME="rasm-diskd", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBdcce9285-b13c5a27_", NAME="rasm-diske", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB82effe1a-dbca7dff_", NAME="rasm-diskf", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB950d279f-c581cb51_", NAME="rasm-diskg", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB14400d81-651672d7_", NAME="rasm-diskh", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p", RESULT=="SATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB31b1237b-78aa22bb_", NAME="rasm-diski", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" ???????99-oracle-asmdevices.rules?UDEV RULE????,??????????/dev/rasm-disk*???,??????ASM DISK???, ????????????????RAC CRS??????? ??????votedisk?ocr ????: [[email protected] rules.d]# /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 6896bfc3d1464f9fbf0ea9df87e023ad (/dev/asm-diskb) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE 58eb81b656084ff2bfd315d9badd08b7 (/dev/asm-diskc) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 6bf7324625c54f3abf2c942b1e7f70d9 (/dev/asm-diskd) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 43ad8ae20c354f5ebf7083bc30bf94cc (/dev/asm-diske) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 4c225359d51b4f93bfba01080664b3d7 (/dev/asm-diskf) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] rules.d]# /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 2844 Available space (kbytes) : 259276 ID : 879001605 Device/File Name : +SYSTEMDG Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded ??votedisk file?????????ASM DISK,?????????crsctl replace votedisk, ??????LINUX OS: [[email protected] rules.d]# init 6 rebooting ............ [[email protected] dev]# ls -l *asm* brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskb brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskc brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 48 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskd brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 64 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diske brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 80 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskf brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 96 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskg brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 112 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diskh brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 128 Jul 15 04:15 rasm-diski ??????????/dev/rasm-disk*?ASM DISK,??ASM??????css?????/dev/asm*?????ASM DISK,??????????????ASM DISK: more /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/log/maclean1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ SKGFD][1099548992]Discovery with str:/dev/asm*: 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ SKGFD][1099548992]UFS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ SKGFD][1099548992]OSS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found 2012-07-15 04:17:45.208: [ CSSD][1099548992](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds 2012-07-15 04:17:45.251: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmExecuteClientRequest(): type(37) size(80) only connect and exit messages are allowed before lease acquisition proc(0x26a8ba0) client((nil)) 2012-07-15 04:17:45.251: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDeadProc: proc 0x26a8ba0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.251: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDestroyProc: cleaning up proc(0x26a8ba0) con(0xfe6) skgpid ospid 3751 with 0 clients, refcount 0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.252: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDiscEndpcl: gipcDestroy 0xfe6 2012-07-15 04:17:45.829: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscSelect: cookie accept request 0x2318ea0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.829: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmAllocProc: (0x2659480) allocated 2012-07-15 04:17:45.830: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmClientConnectMsg: properties of cmProc 0x2659480 - 1,2,3,4,5 2012-07-15 04:17:45.830: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmClientConnectMsg: Connect from con(0x114e) proc(0x2659480) pid(3751) version 11:2:1:4, properties: 1,2,3,4,5 2012-07-15 04:17:45.830: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmClientConnectMsg: msg flags 0x0000 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscSelect: cookie accept request 0x253ddd0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscevtypSHRCON: getting client with cmproc 0x253ddd0 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmRegisterClient: proc(3/0x253ddd0), client(61/0x26877b0) 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmExecuteClientRequest(): type(6) size(684) only connect and exit messages are  allowed before lease acquisition proc(0x253ddd0) client(0x26877b0) 2012-07-15 04:17:45.939: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmDiscEndpcl: gipcDestroy 0x1174 2012-07-15 04:17:46.070: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscSelect: cookie accept request 0x26368a0 2012-07-15 04:17:46.070: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssscevtypSHRCON: getting client with cmproc 0x26368a0 2012-07-15 04:17:46.070: [ CSSD][1096661312]clssgmRegisterClient: proc(5/0x26368a0), client(50/0x26877b0) ??11gR2?CRS?????ASM,??ocr???ASM?,??ASM???????,???CRS?????????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check has CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check crs CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services CRS-4530: Communications failure contacting Cluster Synchronization Services daemon CRS-4534: Cannot communicate with Event Manager 2. ?????ASM DISK PATH???????,?????????????CRS: ??????OHASD??: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop has -f CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crf' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' has completed CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped. 3. ?-excl -nocrs????CRS,?????ASM ???????CRS??: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs  CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'maclean1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2681: Clean of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' succeeded #??????CRS_HOME???ORACLE_BASE?777??,??????? [[email protected] ~]# chmod 777 /g01 4.??ASM???disk_strings????ASM DISK PATH??: [[email protected] ~]# su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sun Jul 15 04:40:40 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/rasm*'; System altered. SQL> alter diskgroup systemdg mount; Diskgroup altered. SQL> create spfile from memory; File created. SQL> startup force mount; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/dbs/ spfile+ASM1.ora SQL> show parameter disk NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ asm_diskgroups string SYSTEMDG asm_diskstring string /dev/rasm* SQL> create pfile from spfile; File created. SQL> create spfile='+SYSTEMDG' from pfile; File created. SQL> startup force; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string +SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmp arameterfile/registry.253.7886 82933 ???????asm_diskstring ,????ASM DISKGROUP??SPFILE , ??ASM?????SPFILE?????????????????? 5. crsctl replace votedisk ???votedisk????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl replace votedisk +systemdg Successful addition of voting disk 864a00efcfbe4f42bfd0f4f6b60472a0. Successful addition of voting disk ab14d6e727614f29bf53b9870052a5c8. Successful addition of voting disk 754c03c168854f46bf2daee7287bf260. Successful addition of voting disk 9ed58f37f3e84f28bfcd9b101f2af9f3. Successful addition of voting disk 4ce7b7c682364f12bf4df5ce1fb7814e. Successfully replaced voting disk group with +systemdg. CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 864a00efcfbe4f42bfd0f4f6b60472a0 (/dev/rasm-diskb) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE ab14d6e727614f29bf53b9870052a5c8 (/dev/rasm-diskc) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 754c03c168854f46bf2daee7287bf260 (/dev/rasm-diskd) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 9ed58f37f3e84f28bfcd9b101f2af9f3 (/dev/rasm-diske) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 4ce7b7c682364f12bf4df5ce1fb7814e (/dev/rasm-diskf) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] ~]# ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 2844 Available space (kbytes) : 259276 ID : 879001605 Device/File Name : +SYSTEMDG Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded ??replace?votedisk??? ASM DISK?,???votedisk?OCR??????? 6.??CRS??: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stop crs CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'maclean1' succeeded CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'maclean1' has completed CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped. [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stat res -t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.BACKUPDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.DATA.dg ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.LISTENER.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.SYSTEMDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.asm ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 Started ora.gsd OFFLINE OFFLINE maclean1 ora.net1.network ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.ons ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cluster Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.cvu 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.maclean1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ora.maclean2.vip 1 ONLINE INTERMEDIATE maclean1 FAILED OVER ora.oc4j 1 ONLINE OFFLINE STARTING ora.prod.db 1 ONLINE OFFLINE Instance Shutdown,S TARTING 2 ONLINE OFFLINE ora.scan1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE maclean1 ???????ASM?????SPFILE,???????????????,?????CRS??????? ??11gR2 RAC+ASM?????????,????????????????ASM DISK PATH??????????

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  • ?????create or replace???PL/SQL??

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????T.Askmaclean.com?????10gR2??????procedure,?????????create or replace ??????????????????,????Oracle???????????????????procedure? ??Maclean ??2?10gR2???????????PL/SQL?????: ??1: ??Flashback Query ????,?????????????flashback database,??????????create or replace???SQL??source$??????????undo data,????????????: SQL> select * from V$version; BANNER ---------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production CORE 10.2.0.5.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> create or replace procedure maclean_proc as   2  begin   3  execute immediate 'select 1 from dual';   4  end;   5  / Procedure created. SQL> select * from dba_source where name='MACLEAN_PROC'; OWNER      NAME                           TYPE               LINE TEXT ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- -------------------------------------------------- SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             1 procedure maclean_proc as SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             2 begin SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             3 execute immediate 'select 1 from dual'; SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             4 end; SQL> select current_scn from v$database; CURRENT_SCN -----------     2660057 create or replace procedure maclean_proc as begin -- I am new procedure execute immediate 'select 2 from dual'; end; / Procedure created. SQL> select current_scn from v$database; CURRENT_SCN -----------     2660113 SQL> select * from dba_source where name='MACLEAN_PROC'; OWNER      NAME                           TYPE               LINE TEXT ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- -------------------------------------------------- SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             1 procedure maclean_proc as SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             2 begin SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             3 -- I am new procedure SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             4 execute immediate 'select 2 from dual'; SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             5 end; SQL> create table old_source as select * from dba_source as of scn 2660057 where name='MACLEAN_PROC'; Table created. SQL> select * from old_source where name='MACLEAN_PROC'; OWNER      NAME                           TYPE               LINE TEXT ---------- ------------------------------ ------------ ---------- -------------------------------------------------- SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             1 procedure maclean_proc as SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             2 begin SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             3 execute immediate 'select 1 from dual'; SYS        MACLEAN_PROC                   PROCEDURE             4 end; ?????????scn??flashback query????,????????as of timestamp??????????,????PL/SQL????????????????undo??????????,????????????replace/drop ??????PL/SQL??? ??2 ??logminer??replace/drop PL/SQL?????SQL???DELETE??,??logminer?UNDO SQL???PL/SQL?????? ????????????????archivelog????,??????????????? minimal supplemental logging,??????????Unsupported SQLREDO???: create or replace?? ?? procedure???????SQL??????, ??????procedure????????????????, source$??????????????: SQL> ALTER DATABASE ADD SUPPLEMENTAL LOG DATA; Database altered. SQL> create or replace procedure maclean_proc as   2  begin   3  execute immediate 'select 1 from dual';   4  end;   5  / Procedure created. SQL> SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 12; Statement processed. SQL> SQL> create or replace procedure maclean_proc as   2  begin   3  execute immediate 'select 2 from dual';   4  end;   5  / Procedure created. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_4305.trc [[email protected] ~]$ egrep  "update|insert|delete|merge"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_4305.trc delete from procedureinfo$ where obj#=:1 delete from argument$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedurec$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedureplsql$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedurejava$ where obj#=:1 delete from vtable$ where obj#=:1 insert into procedureinfo$(obj#,procedure#,overload#,procedurename,properties,itypeobj#) values (:1,:2,:3,:4,:5,:6) insert into argument$( obj#,procedure$,procedure#,overload#,position#,sequence#,level#,argument,type#,default#,in_out,length,precision#,scale,radix,charsetid,charsetform,properties,type_owner,type_name,type_subname,type_linkname,pls_type) values (:1,:2,:3,:4,:5,:6,:7,:8,:9,:10,:11,:12,:13,:14,:15,:16,:17,:18,:19,:20,:21,:22,:23) insert into procedureplsql$(obj#,procedure#,entrypoint#) values (:1,:2,:3) update procedure$ set audit$=:2,options=:3 where obj#=:1 delete from source$ where obj#=:1 insert into source$(obj#,line,source) values (:1,:2,:3) delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2 update idl_sb4$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7 update idl_ub1$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7 update idl_char$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7 update idl_ub2$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7 delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2 delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5 delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and version<>:3 delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2 update idl_sb4$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7 update idl_ub1$ set piece#=:1 ,length=:2 , piece=:3 where obj#=:4 and part=:5 and piece#=:6 and version=:7 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 and (piece#<:3 or piece#>:4) and version=:5 delete from error$ where obj#=:1 delete from settings$ where obj# = :1 insert into settings$(obj#, param, value) values (:1, :2, :3) delete from warning_settings$ where obj# = :1 insert into warning_settings$(obj#, warning_num, global_mod, property) values (:1, :2, :3, :4) delete from dependency$ where d_obj#=:1 delete from access$ where d_obj#=:1 insert into dependency$(d_obj#,d_timestamp,order#,p_obj#,p_timestamp, property, d_attrs)values (:1,:2,:3,:4,:5,:6, :7) insert into access$(d_obj#,order#,columns,types) values (:1,:2,:3,:4) update obj$ set obj#=:6,type#=:7,ctime=:8,mtime=:9,stime=:10,status=:11,dataobj#=:13,flags=:14,oid$=:15,spare1=:16, spare2=:17 where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and(remoteowner=:4 or remoteowner is null and :4 is null)and(linkname=:5 or linkname is null and :5 is null)and(subname=:12 or subname is null and :12 is null) ?drop procedure??????source$???PL/SQL?????: SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 12; Statement processed. SQL> drop procedure maclean_proc; Procedure dropped. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_4331.trc delete from context$ where obj#=:1 delete from dir$ where obj#=:1 delete from type_misc$ where obj#=:1 delete from library$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedure$ where obj#=:1 delete from javaobj$ where obj#=:1 delete from operator$ where obj#=:1 delete from opbinding$ where obj#=:1 delete from opancillary$ where obj#=:1 delete from oparg$ where obj# = :1 delete from com$ where obj#=:1 delete from source$ where obj#=:1 delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2 delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2 delete from idl_ub1$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_char$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_ub2$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from idl_sb4$ where obj#=:1 and part=:2 delete from ncomp_dll$ where obj#=:1 returning dllname into :2 delete from error$ where obj#=:1 delete from settings$ where obj# = :1 delete from procedureinfo$ where obj#=:1 delete from argument$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedurec$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedureplsql$ where obj#=:1 delete from procedurejava$ where obj#=:1 delete from vtable$ where obj#=:1 delete from dependency$ where d_obj#=:1 delete from access$ where d_obj#=:1 delete from objauth$ where obj#=:1 update obj$ set obj#=:6,type#=:7,ctime=:8,mtime=:9,stime=:10,status=:11,dataobj#=:13,flags=:14,oid$=:15,spare1=:16, spare2=:17 where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and(remoteowner=:4 or remoteowner is null and :4 is null)and(linkname=:5 or linkname is null and :5 is null)and(subname=:12 or subname is null and :12 is null) ??????????source$???redo: SQL> alter system switch logfile; System altered. SQL> select sequence#,name from v$archived_log where sequence#=(select max(sequence#) from v$archived_log);  SEQUENCE# ---------- NAME --------------------------------------------------------------------------------        242 /s01/flash_recovery_area/G10R25/archivelog/2012_05_21/o1_mf_1_242_7vnm13k6_.arc SQL> exec dbms_logmnr.add_logfile ('/s01/flash_recovery_area/G10R25/archivelog/2012_05_21/o1_mf_1_242_7vnm13k6_.arc',options => dbms_logmnr.new); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> exec dbms_logmnr.start_logmnr(options => dbms_logmnr.dict_from_online_catalog); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select sql_redo,sql_undo from v$logmnr_contents where seg_name = 'SOURCE$' and operation='DELETE'; delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '1' and "SOURCE" = 'procedure maclean_proc as ' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAN'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','1','procedure maclean_proc as '); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '2' and "SOURCE" = 'begin ' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAO'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','2','begin '); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '3' and "SOURCE" = 'execute immediate ''select 1 from dual''; ' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAP'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','3','execute immediate ''select 1 from dual''; '); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '4' and "SOURCE" = 'end;' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAQ'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','4','end;'); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '1' and "SOURCE" = 'procedure maclean_proc as ' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAJ'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','1','procedure maclean_proc as '); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '2' and "SOURCE" = 'begin ' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAK'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','2','begin '); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '3' and "SOURCE" = 'execute immediate ''select 2 from dual''; ' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAL'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','3','execute immediate ''select 2 from dual''; '); delete from "SYS"."SOURCE$" where "OBJ#" = '56059' and "LINE" = '4' and "SOURCE" = 'end;' and ROWID = 'AAAABIAABAAALpyAAM'; insert into "SYS"."SOURCE$"("OBJ#","LINE","SOURCE") values ('56059','4','end;'); ???? logminer???UNDO SQL???????source$????,?DELETE????????????,????SOURCE????????????PL/SQL???DDL???

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  • Know more about Enqueue Deadlock Detection

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ??? ORACLE ALLSTAR???????????????????,??????? ???????enqueue lock?????????3 ??????,????????????????????????????ora-00060 dead lock??process???3s: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER ---------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production CORE 10.2.0.5.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com PROCESS A: set timing on; update maclean1 set t1=t1+1; PROCESS B: update maclean2 set t1=t1+1; PROCESS A: update maclean2 set t1=t1+1; PROCESS B: update maclean1 set t1=t1+1; ??3s? PROCESS A ?? ERROR at line 1: ORA-00060: deadlock detected while waiting for resource Elapsed: 00:00:03.02 ????Process A????????????? 3s,?????????????,??????? ?????????? ???????: SQL> col name for a30 SQL> col value for a5 SQL> col DESCRIB for a50 SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL> SELECT x.ksppinm NAME, y.ksppstvl VALUE, x.ksppdesc describ 2 FROM SYS.x$ksppi x, SYS.x$ksppcv y 3 WHERE x.inst_id = USERENV ('Instance') 4 AND y.inst_id = USERENV ('Instance') 5 AND x.indx = y.indx 6 AND x.ksppinm='_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs'; NAME VALUE DESCRIB ------------------------------ ----- -------------------------------------------------- _enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs 0 deadlock scan interval SQL> alter system set "_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs"=18 scope=spfile; System altered. Elapsed: 00:00:00.01 SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 851443712 bytes Fixed Size 2100040 bytes Variable Size 738198712 bytes Database Buffers 104857600 bytes Redo Buffers 6287360 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. PROCESS A: SQL> set timing on; SQL> update maclean1 set t1=t1+1; 1 row updated. Elapsed: 00:00:00.06 Process B SQL> update maclean2 set t1=t1+1; 1 row updated. SQL> update maclean1 set t1=t1+1; Process A: SQL> SQL> alter session set events '10704 trace name context forever,level 10:10046 trace name context forever,level 8'; Session altered. SQL> update maclean2 set t1=t1+1; update maclean2 set t1=t1+1 * ERROR at line 1: ORA-00060: deadlock detected while waiting for resource  Elapsed: 00:00:18.05 ksqcmi: TX,90011,4a9 mode=6 timeout=21474836 WAIT #12: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 2930070 name|mode=1415053318 usn<<16 | slot=589841 sequence=1193 obj#=56810 tim=1308114759849120 WAIT #12: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 2930636 name|mode=1415053318 usn<<16 | slot=589841 sequence=1193 obj#=56810 tim=1308114762779801 WAIT #12: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 2930439 name|mode=1415053318 usn<<16 | slot=589841 sequence=1193 obj#=56810 tim=1308114765710430 *** 2012-06-12 09:58:43.089 WAIT #12: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 2931698 name|mode=1415053318 usn<<16 | slot=589841 sequence=1193 obj#=56810 tim=1308114768642192 WAIT #12: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 2930428 name|mode=1415053318 usn<<16 | slot=589841 sequence=1193 obj#=56810 tim=1308114771572755 WAIT #12: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 2931408 name|mode=1415053318 usn<<16 | slot=589841 sequence=1193 obj#=56810 tim=1308114774504207 DEADLOCK DETECTED ( ORA-00060 ) [Transaction Deadlock] The following deadlock is not an ORACLE error. It is a deadlock due to user error in the design of an application or from issuing incorrect ad-hoc SQL. The following information may aid in determining the deadlock: ??????Process A?’enq: TX – row lock contention’ ?????ORA-00060 deadlock detected????3s ??? 18s , ???hidden parameter “_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs”?????,????????0? ??????????: SQL> alter system set "_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs"=4 scope=spfile; System altered. Elapsed: 00:00:00.01 SQL> alter system set "_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec"=9 scope=spfile; System altered. Elapsed: 00:00:00.00 SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 851443712 bytes Fixed Size 2100040 bytes Variable Size 738198712 bytes Database Buffers 104857600 bytes Redo Buffers 6287360 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL> show parameter dead NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- ------------------------------ _enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs integer 4 _enqueue_deadlock_time_sec integer 9 SQL> set timing on SQL> select * from maclean1 for update wait 8; T1 ---------- 11 Elapsed: 00:00:00.01 PROCESS B SQL> select * from maclean2 for update wait 8; T1 ---------- 3 SQL> select * from maclean1 for update wait 8; select * from maclean1 for update wait 8 PROCESS A SQL> select * from maclean2 for update wait 8; select * from maclean2 for update wait 8 * ERROR at line 1: ORA-30006: resource busy; acquire with WAIT timeout expired Elapsed: 00:00:08.00 ???????? ??? select for update wait?enqueue request timeout ?????8s? ,???????”_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs”=4(deadlock scan interval),?4s???deadlock detected,????Process A????deadlock ???, ??????? ??Process A?????8s?raised??”ORA-30006: resource busy; acquire with WAIT timeout expired”??,??ORA-00060,?????process A???????? ????????”_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec”(requests with timeout <= this will not have deadlock detection)???,?enqueue request time < “_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec”?Server process?????dead lock detection,?????????enqueue request ??????timeout??????(_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec????5,?timeout<5s),???????????????;??????timeout>”_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec”???,Oracle????????????????????? ??????????: SQL> show parameter dead NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- ------------------------------ _enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs integer 4 _enqueue_deadlock_time_sec integer 9 Process A: SQL> set timing on; SQL> select * from maclean1 for update wait 10; T1 ---------- 11 Process B: SQL> select * from maclean2 for update wait 10; T1 ---------- 3 SQL> select * from maclean1 for update wait 10; PROCESS A: SQL> select * from maclean2 for update wait 10; select * from maclean2 for update wait 10 * ERROR at line 1: ORA-00060: deadlock detected while waiting for resource Elapsed: 00:00:06.02 ??????? select for update wait 10?10s??, ?? 10s?????_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec???(9s),??Process A???????? ???????????????6s ???????_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs?4s ? ???????????,???????????_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs?????????3???? ??: enqueue lock?????????????? 1. ?????????deadlock detection??3s????, ????????_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs(deadlock scan interval)???,??????0,????????_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs?????????3???, ?_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs=0 ??3s??, ?_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs=4??6s??,????? 2. ???????_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec(requests with timeout <= this will not have deadlock detection)???,?enqueue request timeout< _enqueue_deadlock_time_sec(????5),?Server process?????????enqueue request timeout>_enqueue_deadlock_time_sec ????_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs???????, ??request timeout??????select for update wait [TIMEOUT]??? ??: ???10.2.0.1?????????2?hidden parameter , ???patchset 10.2.0.3????? _enqueue_deadlock_time_sec, ?patchset 10.2.0.5??????_enqueue_deadlock_scan_secs? ?????RAC???????????10s, ???????_lm_dd_interval(dd time interval in seconds) ,????????8.0.6???? ???????????????,??????,  ?10g???????60s,?11g???????10s?  ???????11g??_lm_dd_interval?????????????,?????11g??LMD????????????,??????????RAC?LMD?Deadlock Detection???????CPU,???11g?Oracle????Team???LMD????????CPU????: ????????11g?LMD???????,???????11g??? UTS TRACE ????? DD???: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> SQL> select * from global_name 2 ; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> alter system set "_lm_dd_interval"=20 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 1570009088 bytes Fixed Size 2228704 bytes Variable Size 1325403680 bytes Database Buffers 234881024 bytes Redo Buffers 7495680 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL> show parameter lm_dd NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- ------------------------------ _lm_dd_interval integer 20 SQL> select count(*) from gv$instance; COUNT(*) ---------- 2 instance 1: SQL> oradebug setorapid 12 Oracle pid: 12, Unix process pid: 8608, image: [email protected] (LMD0) ? LMD0??? UTS TRACE??RAC???????????? SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 8:10708 trace name context forever,level 103: trace[rac.*] disk high; Statement processed. Elapsed: 00:00:00.00 SQL> update maclean1 set t1=t1+1; 1 row updated. instance 2: SQL> update maclean2 set t1=t1+1; 1 row updated. SQL> update maclean1 set t1=t1+1; Instance 1: SQL> update maclean2 set t1=t1+1; update maclean2 set t1=t1+1 * ERROR at line 1: ORA-00060: deadlock detected while waiting for resource Elapsed: 00:00:20.51 LMD0???UTS TRACE 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929284 : [kjmpbmsg:process][type 22][msg 0x7fa620ac85a8][from 1][seq 8148.0][len 192] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346 : [kjmxmpm][type 22][seq 0.0][msg 0x7fa620ac85a8][from 1] *** 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929 * kjddind: received DDIND msg with subtype x6 * reqp->dd_master_inst_kjxmddi == 1 * kjddind: dump sgh: 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: kjddind: req->timestamp [0.15], kjddt [0.13] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: >> DDmsg:KJX_DD_REMOTE,TS[0.15],Inst 1->2,ddxid[id1,id2,inst:2097153,31,1],ddlock[0x95023930,829],ddMasterInst 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: lock [0x95023930,829], op = [mast] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: reqp->timestamp [0.15], kjddt [0.13] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: kjddind: updated local timestamp [0.15] * kjddind: case KJX_DD_REMOTE 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: ADD IO NODE WFG: 0 frame pointer 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: PUSH: type=res, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9af40, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: PROCESS: type=res, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9af40, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: POP: type=res, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9af40, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: kjddopr[TX 0xe000c.0x32][ext 0x5,0x0]: blocking lock 0xbbb9a800, owner 2097154 of inst 2 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: PUSH: type=txn, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9a800, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: PROCESS: type=txn, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9a800, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: ADD NODE TO WFG: type=txn, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9a800, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: POP: type=txn, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbb9a800, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: kjddopt: converting lock 0xbbce92f8 on 'TX' 0x80016.0x5d4,txid [2097154,34]of inst 2 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: PUSH: type=res, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbce92f8, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: PROCESS: type=res, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbce92f8, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929346*: ADD NODE TO WFG: type=res, enqueue(0xffffffff.0xffffffff)=0xbbce92f8, block=KJUSEREX, snode=1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929855 : GSIPC:AMBUF: rcv buff 0x7fa620aa8cd8, pool rcvbuf, rqlen 1102 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929878 : GSIPC:GPBMSG: new bmsg 0x7fa620aa8d48 mb 0x7fa620aa8cd8 msg 0x7fa620aa8d68 mlen 192 dest x100 flushsz -1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929878*: << DDmsg:KJX_DD_REMOTE,TS[0.15],Inst 2->1,ddxid[id1,id2,inst:2097153,31,1],ddlock[0x95023930,829],ddMasterInst 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929878*: lock [0xbbce92f8,287], op = [mast] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929878*: ADD IO NODE WFG: 0 frame pointer 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929923 : [kjmpbmsg:compl][msg 0x7fa620ac8588][typ p][nmsgs 1][qtime 0][ptime 0] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929947 : GSIPC:PBAT: flush start. flag 0x79 end 0 inc 4.4 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929963 : GSIPC:PBAT: send bmsg 0x7fa620aa8d48 blen 224 dest 1.0 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929979 : GSIPC:SNDQ: enq msg 0x7fa620aa8d48, type 65521 seq 8325, inst 1, receiver 0, queued 1 012-06-12 22:27:00.929979 : GSIPC:SNDQ: enq msg 0x7fa620aa8d48, type 65521 seq 8325, inst 1, receiver 0, queued 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.929996 : GSIPC:BSEND: flushing sndq 0xb491dd28, id 0, dcx 0xbc517770, inst 1, rcvr 0 qlen 0 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.930014 : GSIPC:BSEND: no batch1 msg 0x7fa620aa8d48 type 65521 len 224 dest (1:0) 2012-06-12 22:27:00.930088 : kjbsentscn[0x0.3f72dc][to 1] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.930144 : GSIPC:SENDM: send msg 0x7fa620aa8d48 dest x10000 seq 8325 type 65521 tkts x1 mlen xe00110 2012-06-12 22:27:00.930531 : GSIPC:KSXPCB: msg 0x7fa620aa8d48 status 30, type 65521, dest 1, rcvr 0 WAIT #0: nam='ges remote message' ela= 1372 waittime=80 loop=0 p3=74 obj#=-1 tim=1339554420931640 2012-06-12 22:27:00.931728 : GSIPC:RCVD: ksxp msg 0x7fa620af6490 sndr 1 seq 0.8149 type 65521 tkts 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.931746 : GSIPC:RCVD: watq msg 0x7fa620af6490 sndr 1, seq 8149, type 65521, tkts 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.931763 : GSIPC:RCVD: seq update (0.8148)->(0.8149) tp -15 fg 0x4 from 1 pbattr 0x0 2012-06-12 22:27:00.931779 : GSIPC:TKT: collect msg 0x7fa620af6490 from 1 for rcvr 0, tickets 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.931794 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.3f72dc][from 1][idx 2012-06-12 22:27:00.931810 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn dd_master_inst_kjxmddi == 1 * kjddind: dump sgh: NXTIN (nil) 0 wq 0 cvtops x0 0x0.0x0(ext 0x0,0x0)[0000-0000-00000000] inst 1 BLOCKER 0xbbb9a800 5 wq 1 cvtops x28 TX 0xe000c.0x32(ext 0x5,0x0)[20000-0002-00000022] inst 2 BLOCKED 0xbbce92f8 5 wq 2 cvtops x1 TX 0x80016.0x5d4(ext 0x2,0x0)[20000-0002-00000022] inst 2 NXTOUT (nil) 0 wq 0 cvtops x0 0x0.0x0(ext 0x0,0x0)[0000-0000-00000000] inst 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.932058*: kjddind: req->timestamp [0.15], kjddt [0.15] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.932058*: >> DDmsg:KJX_DD_VALIDATE,TS[0.15],Inst 1->2,ddxid[id1,id2,inst:2097153,31,1],ddlock[0x95023930,829],ddMasterInst 1 2012-06-12 22:27:00.932058*: lock [(nil),0], op = [vald_dd] 2012-06-12 22:27:00.932058*: kjddind: updated local timestamp [0.15] * kjddind: case KJX_DD_VALIDATE *** 2012-06-12 22:27:00.932 * kjddvald called: kjxmddi stuff: * cont_lockp (nil) * dd_lockp 0x95023930 * dd_inst 1 * dd_master_inst 1 * sgh graph: NXTIN (nil) 0 wq 0 cvtops x0 0x0.0x0(ext 0x0,0x0)[0000-0000-00000000] inst 1 BLOCKER 0xbbb9a800 5 wq 1 cvtops x28 TX 0xe000c.0x32(ext 0x5,0x0)[20000-0002-00000022] inst 2 BLOCKED 0xbbce92f8 5 wq 2 cvtops x1 TX 0x80016.0x5d4(ext 0x2,0x0)[20000-0002-00000022] inst 2 NXTOUT (nil) 0 wq 0 cvtops x0 0x0.0x0(ext 0x0,0x0)[0000-0000-00000000] inst 1 POP WFG NODE: lock=(nil) * kjddvald: dump the PRQ: BLOCKER 0xbbb9a800 5 wq 1 cvtops x28 TX 0xe000c.0x32(ext 0x5,0x0)[20000-0002-00000022] inst 2 BLOCKED 0xbbce92f8 5 wq 2 cvtops x1 TX 0x80016.0x5d4(ext 0x2,0x0)[20000-0002-00000022] inst 2 * kjddvald: KJDD_NXTONOD ->node_kjddsg.dinst_kjddnd =1 * kjddvald: ... which is not my node, my subgraph is validated but the cycle is not complete Global blockers dump start:--------------------------------- DUMP LOCAL BLOCKER/HOLDER: block level 5 res [0x80016][0x5d4],[TX][ext 0x2,0x0] ??dead lock!!! ???????11.2.0.3???? RAC LMD???????????”_lm_dd_interval”????????????20s?  ???????10g?_lm_dd_interval???60s,??????Processes?????????????????,????????????Server Process????????60s??????11g?????(??????LMD???????)???????,???????????10s??? Enqueue Deadlock Detection? ?11g??? RAC?LMD???????hidden parameter ????”_lm_dd_interval”???,RAC????????????????,???????????: SQL> col name for a50 SQL> col describ for a60 SQL> col value for a20 SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL> SELECT x.ksppinm NAME, y.ksppstvl VALUE, x.ksppdesc describ 2 FROM SYS.x$ksppi x, SYS.x$ksppcv y 3 WHERE x.inst_id = USERENV ('Instance') 4 AND y.inst_id = USERENV ('Instance') 5 AND x.indx = y.indx 6 AND x.ksppinm like '_lm_dd%'; NAME VALUE DESCRIB -------------------------------------------------- -------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------ _lm_dd_interval 20 dd time interval in seconds _lm_dd_scan_interval 5 dd scan interval in seconds _lm_dd_search_cnt 3 number of dd search per token get _lm_dd_max_search_time 180 max dd search time per token _lm_dd_maxdump 50 max number of locks to be dumped during dd validation _lm_dd_ignore_nodd FALSE if TRUE nodeadlockwait/nodeadlockblock options are ignored 6 rows selected.

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  • Global Cache CR Requested But Current Block Received

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????«MINSCN?Cache Fusion Read Consistent» ????,???????????? ??????????????????: SQL> select * from V$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> select count(*) from gv$instance; COUNT(*) ---------- 2 SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com ?11gR2 2??RAC??????????status???XG,????Xcurrent block???INSTANCE 2?hold?,?????INSTANCE 1?????????,?????: SQL> select * from test; ID ---------- 1 2 SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from test; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(ROWID) ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------ 89233 1 89233 1 SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache; System altered. INSTANCE 1 Session A: SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=1; 1 row updated. INSTANCE 1 Session B: SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 1 0 3 1755287 SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump gc_elements 255; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name; /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD1/trace/VPROD1_ora_19111.trc GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT DUMP (address: 0xa4ff3080): id1: 0x15c91 id2: 0x1 pkey: OBJ#76896 block: (1/89233) lock: X rls: 0x0 acq: 0x0 latch: 3 flags: 0x20 fair: 0 recovery: 0 fpin: 'kdswh11: kdst_fetch' bscn: 0x0.146e20 bctx: (nil) write: 0 scan: 0x0 lcp: (nil) lnk: [NULL] lch: [0xa9f6a6f8,0xa9f6a6f8] seq: 32 hist: 58 145:0 118 66 144:0 192 352 197 48 121 113 424 180 58 LIST OF BUFFERS LINKED TO THIS GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT: flg: 0x02000001 lflg: 0x1 state: XCURRENT tsn: 0 tsh: 2 addr: 0xa9f6a5c8 obj: 76896 cls: DATA bscn: 0x0.1ac898 BH (0xa9f6a5c8) file#: 1 rdba: 0x00415c91 (1/89233) class: 1 ba: 0xa9e56000 set: 5 pool: 3 bsz: 8192 bsi: 0 sflg: 3 pwc: 0,15 dbwrid: 0 obj: 76896 objn: 76896 tsn: 0 afn: 1 hint: f hash: [0x91f4e970,0xbae9d5b8] lru: [0x91f58848,0xa9f6a828] lru-flags: debug_dump obj-flags: object_ckpt_list ckptq: [0x9df6d1d8,0xa9f6a740] fileq: [0xa2ece670,0xbdf4ed68] objq: [0xb4964e00,0xb4964e00] objaq: [0xb4964de0,0xb4964de0] st: XCURRENT md: NULL fpin: 'kdswh11: kdst_fetch' tch: 2 le: 0xa4ff3080 flags: buffer_dirty redo_since_read LRBA: [0x19.5671.0] LSCN: [0x0.1ac898] HSCN: [0x0.1ac898] HSUB: [1] buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00415c91 (1/89233) scn: 0x0000.001ac898 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x00 tail: 0xc8980601 frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x0000 type: 0x06=trans data ??????block: (1/89233)?GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT DUMP?LOCK????X ??XG , ??????Current Block????Instance??modify???,????????????? ????Instance 2 ????: Instance 2 Session C: SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=2; 1 row updated. Instance 2 Session D: SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 1 0 3 1756658 SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump gc_elements 255; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name; /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD2/trace/VPROD2_ora_13038.trc GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT DUMP (address: 0x89fb25a0): id1: 0x15c91 id2: 0x1 pkey: OBJ#76896 block: (1/89233) lock: XG rls: 0x0 acq: 0x0 latch: 3 flags: 0x20 fair: 0 recovery: 0 fpin: 'kduwh01: kdusru' bscn: 0x0.1acdf3 bctx: (nil) write: 0 scan: 0x0 lcp: (nil) lnk: [NULL] lch: [0x96f4cf80,0x96f4cf80] seq: 61 hist: 324 21 143:0 19 16 352 329 144:6 14 7 352 197 LIST OF BUFFERS LINKED TO THIS GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT: flg: 0x0a000001 state: XCURRENT tsn: 0 tsh: 1 addr: 0x96f4ce50 obj: 76896 cls: DATA bscn: 0x0.1acdf6 BH (0x96f4ce50) file#: 1 rdba: 0x00415c91 (1/89233) class: 1 ba: 0x96bd4000 set: 5 pool: 3 bsz: 8192 bsi: 0 sflg: 2 pwc: 0,15 dbwrid: 0 obj: 76896 objn: 76896 tsn: 0 afn: 1 hint: f hash: [0x96ee1fe8,0xbae9d5b8] lru: [0x96f4d0b0,0x96f4cdc0] obj-flags: object_ckpt_list ckptq: [0xbdf519b8,0x96f4d5a8] fileq: [0xbdf519d8,0xbdf519d8] objq: [0xb4a47b90,0xb4a47b90] objaq: [0x96f4d0e8,0xb4a47b70] st: XCURRENT md: NULL fpin: 'kduwh01: kdusru' tch: 1 le: 0x89fb25a0 flags: buffer_dirty redo_since_read remote_transfered LRBA: [0x11.9e18.0] LSCN: [0x0.1acdf6] HSCN: [0x0.1acdf6] HSUB: [1] buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00415c91 (1/89233) scn: 0x0000.001acdf6 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x00 tail: 0xcdf60601 frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x0000 type: 0x06=trans data GCS CLIENT 0x89fb2618,6 resp[(nil),0x15c91.1] pkey 76896.0 grant 2 cvt 0 mdrole 0x42 st 0x100 lst 0x20 GRANTQ rl G0 master 1 owner 2 sid 0 remote[(nil),0] hist 0x94121c601163423c history 0x3c.0x4.0xd.0xb.0x1.0xc.0x7.0x9.0x14.0x1. cflag 0x0 sender 1 flags 0x0 replay# 0 abast (nil).x0.1 dbmap (nil) disk: 0x0000.00000000 write request: 0x0000.00000000 pi scn: 0x0000.00000000 sq[(nil),(nil)] msgseq 0x1 updseq 0x0 reqids[6,0,0] infop (nil) lockseq x2b8 pkey 76896.0 hv 93 [stat 0x0, 1->1, wm 32768, RMno 0, reminc 18, dom 0] kjga st 0x4, step 0.0.0, cinc 20, rmno 6, flags 0x0 lb 0, hb 0, myb 15250, drmb 15250, apifrz 0 ?Instance 2??????block: (1/89233)? GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT Lock Convert?lock: XG ????GC_ELEMENTS DUMP???XCUR Cache Fusion?,???????X$ VIEW,??? X$LE X$KJBR X$KJBL, ???X$ VIEW???????????????????: INSTANCE 2 Session D: SELECT * FROM x$le WHERE le_addr IN (SELECT le_addr FROM x$bh WHERE obj IN (SELECT data_object_id FROM dba_objects WHERE owner = 'SYS' AND object_name = 'TEST') AND class = 1 AND state != 3); ADDR INDX INST_ID LE_ADDR LE_ID1 LE_ID2 ---------------- ---------- ---------- ---------------- ---------- ---------- LE_RLS LE_ACQ LE_FLAGS LE_MODE LE_WRITE LE_LOCAL LE_RECOVERY ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- LE_BLKS LE_TIME LE_KJBL ---------- ---------- ---------------- 00007F94CA14CF60 7003 2 0000000089FB25A0 89233 1 0 0 32 2 0 1 0 1 0 0000000089FB2618 PCM Resource NAME?[ID1][ID2],[BL]???, ID1?ID2 ??blockno? fileno????, ??????????GC_elements dump?? id1: 0x15c91 id2: 0×1 pkey: OBJ#76896 block: (1/89233)?? ,?  kjblname ? kjbrname ??”[0x15c91][0x1],[BL]” ??: INSTANCE 2 Session D: SQL> set linesize 80 pagesize 1400 SQL> SELECT * 2 FROM x$kjbl l 3 WHERE l.kjblname LIKE '%[0x15c91][0x1],[BL]%'; ADDR INDX INST_ID KJBLLOCKP KJBLGRANT KJBLREQUE ---------------- ---------- ---------- ---------------- --------- --------- KJBLROLE KJBLRESP KJBLNAME ---------- ---------------- ------------------------------ KJBLNAME2 KJBLQUEUE ------------------------------ ---------- KJBLLOCKST KJBLWRITING ---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- KJBLREQWRITE KJBLOWNER KJBLMASTER KJBLBLOCKED KJBLBLOCKER KJBLSID KJBLRDOMID ------------ ---------- ---------- ----------- ----------- ---------- ---------- KJBLPKEY ---------- 00007F94CA22A288 451 2 0000000089FB2618 KJUSEREX KJUSERNL 0 00 [0x15c91][0x1],[BL][ext 0x0,0x 89233,1,BL 0 GRANTED 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 76896 SQL> SELECT r.* FROM x$kjbr r WHERE r.kjbrname LIKE '%[0x15c91][0x1],[BL]%'; no rows selected Instance 1 session B: SQL> SELECT r.* FROM x$kjbr r WHERE r.kjbrname LIKE '%[0x15c91][0x1],[BL]%'; ADDR INDX INST_ID KJBRRESP KJBRGRANT KJBRNCVL ---------------- ---------- ---------- ---------------- --------- --------- KJBRROLE KJBRNAME KJBRMASTER KJBRGRANTQ ---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ---------------- KJBRCVTQ KJBRWRITER KJBRSID KJBRRDOMID KJBRPKEY ---------------- ---------------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 00007F801ACA68F8 1355 1 00000000B5A62AE0 KJUSEREX KJUSERNL 0 [0x15c91][0x1],[BL][ext 0x0,0x 0 00000000B48BB330 00 00 0 0 76896 ??????Instance 1???block: (1/89233),??????Instance 2 build cr block ????Instance 1, ?????????? ????? Instance 1? Foreground Process ? Instance 2?LMS??????RAC  TRACE: Instance 2: [[email protected] ~]$ ps -ef|grep ora_lms|grep -v grep oracle 23364 1 0 Apr29 ? 00:33:15 ora_lms0_VPROD2 SQL> oradebug setospid 23364 Oracle pid: 13, Unix process pid: 23364, image: [email protected] (LMS0) SQL> oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever,level 8:10708 trace name context forever,level 103: trace[rac.*] disk high; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD2/trace/VPROD2_lms0_23364.trc Instance 1 session B : SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1756658 3 1756661 3 1755287 Instance 1 session A : SQL> alter session set events '10046 trace name context forever,level 8:10708 trace name context forever,level 103: trace[rac.*] disk high'; Session altered. SQL> select * from test; ID ---------- 2 2 SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1761520 ?x$BH?????,???????Instance 1???build??CR block,????? TRACE ??: Instance 1 foreground Process: PARSING IN CURSOR #140336527348792 len=18 dep=0 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1335939136125254 hv=1689401402 ad='b1a4c828' sqlid='c99yw1xkb4f1u' select * from test END OF STMT PARSE #140336527348792:c=2999,e=2860,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=1357081020,tim=1335939136125253 EXEC #140336527348792:c=0,e=40,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=1357081020,tim=1335939136125373 WAIT #140336527348792: nam='SQL*Net message to client' ela= 6 driver id=1650815232 #bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=0 tim=1335939136125420 *** 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125 kclscrs: req=0 block=1/89233 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125574 : kjbcro[0x15c91.1 76896.0][4] *** 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125 kclscrs: req=0 typ=nowait-abort *** 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125 kclscrs: bid=1:3:1:0:f:1e:0:0:10:0:0:0:1:2:4:1:20:0:0:0:c3:49:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:4:3:2:1:2:0:1c:0:4d:26:a3:52:0:0:0:0:c7:c:ca:62:c3:49:0:0:0:0:1:0:14:8e:47:76:1:2:dc:5:a9:fe:17:75:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:99:ed:0:0:0:0:0:0:10:0:0:0 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125718 : kjbcro[0x15c91.1 76896.0][4] 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125751 : GSIPC:GMBQ: buff 0xba0ee018, queue 0xbb79a7b8, pool 0x60013fa0, freeq 0, nxt 0xbb79a7b8, prv 0xbb79a7b8 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125780 : kjbsentscn[0x0.1ae0f0][to 2] 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125806 : GSIPC:SENDM: send msg 0xba0ee088 dest x20001 seq 177740 type 36 tkts xff0000 mlen x1680198 2012-05-02 02:12:16.125918 : kjbmscr(0x15c91.1)reqid=0x8(req 0xa4ff30f8)(rinst 1)hldr 2(infosz 200)(lseq x2b8) 2012-05-02 02:12:16.126959 : GSIPC:KSXPCB: msg 0xba0ee088 status 30, type 36, dest 2, rcvr 1 *** 2012-05-02 02:12:16.127 kclwcrs: wait=0 tm=1233 *** 2012-05-02 02:12:16.127 kclwcrs: got 1 blocks from ksxprcv WAIT #140336527348792: nam='gc cr block 2-way' ela= 1233 p1=1 p2=89233 p3=1 obj#=76896 tim=1335939136127199 2012-05-02 02:12:16.127272 : kjbcrcomplete[0x15c91.1 76896.0][0] 2012-05-02 02:12:16.127309 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.1ae0f0][from 2][idx 2012-05-02 02:12:16.127329 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn <= rscn 0x0.1ae0f0][from 2] ???? kjbcro[0x15c91.1 76896.0][4] kjbsentscn[0x0.1ae0f0][to 2] ?Instance 2??SCN=1ae0f0=1761520? block: (1/89233),???’gc cr block 2-way’ ??,?????????CR block? Instance 2 LMS TRACE 2012-05-02 02:12:15.634057 : GSIPC:RCVD: ksxp msg 0x7f16e1598588 sndr 1 seq 0.177740 type 36 tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.634094 : GSIPC:RCVD: watq msg 0x7f16e1598588 sndr 1, seq 177740, type 36, tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.634108 : GSIPC:TKT: collect msg 0x7f16e1598588 from 1 for rcvr -1, tickets 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.634162 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.1ae0f0][from 1][idx 2012-05-02 02:12:15.634186 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn1, wm 32768, RMno 0, reminc 18, dom 0] kjga st 0x4, step 0.0.0, cinc 20, rmno 6, flags 0x0 lb 0, hb 0, myb 15250, drmb 15250, apifrz 0 GCS CLIENT END 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635211 : kjbdowncvt[0x15c91.1 76896.0][1][options x0] 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635230 : GSIPC:AMBUF: rcv buff 0x7f16e1c56420, pool rcvbuf, rqlen 1103 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635308 : GSIPC:GPBMSG: new bmsg 0x7f16e1c56490 mb 0x7f16e1c56420 msg 0x7f16e1c564b0 mlen 152 dest x101 flushsz -1 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635334 : kjbmslset(0x15c91.1)) seq 0x4 reqid=0x6 (shadow 0xb48bb330.xb)(rsn 2)([email protected]) 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635355 : GSIPC:SPBMSG: send bmsg 0x7f16e1c56490 blen 184 msg 0x7f16e1c564b0 mtype 33 attr|dest x30101 bsz|fsz x1ffff 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635377 : GSIPC:SNDQ: enq msg 0x7f16e1c56490, type 65521 seq 118669, inst 1, receiver 1, queued 1 *** 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635 kclccctx: cleanup copy 0x7f16e1d94798 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635479 : [kjmpmsgi:compl][type 36][msg 0x7f16e1598588][seq 177740.0][qtime 0][ptime 1257] 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635511 : GSIPC:BSEND: flushing sndq 0xb491dd28, id 1, dcx 0xbc516778, inst 1, rcvr 1 qlen 0 1 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635536 : GSIPC:BSEND: no batch1 msg 0x7f16e1c56490 type 65521 len 184 dest (1:1) 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635557 : kjbsentscn[0x0.1ae0f1][to 1] 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635578 : GSIPC:SENDM: send msg 0x7f16e1c56490 dest x10001 seq 118669 type 65521 tkts x10002 mlen xb800e8 WAIT #0: nam='gcs remote message' ela= 180 waittime=1 poll=0 event=0 obj#=0 tim=1335939135635819 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635853 : GSIPC:RCVD: ksxp msg 0x7f16e167e0b0 sndr 1 seq 0.177741 type 32 tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.635875 : GSIPC:RCVD: watq msg 0x7f16e167e0b0 sndr 1, seq 177741, type 32, tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636012 : GSIPC:TKT: collect msg 0x7f16e167e0b0 from 1 for rcvr -1, tickets 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636040 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.1ae0f1][from 1][idx 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636060 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn <= rscn 0x0.1ae0f1][from 1] 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636082 : GSIPC:TKT: dest (1:1) rtkt not acked 1  unassigned bufs 0  tkts 0  newbufs 0 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636102 : GSIPC:TKT: remove ctx dest (1:1) 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636125 : [kjmxmpm][type 32][seq 0.177741][msg 0x7f16e167e0b0][from 1] 2012-05-02 02:12:15.636146 : kjbmpocr(0xb0.6)seq 0x1,reqid=0x23a,(client 0x9fff7b58,0x1)(from 1)(lseq xdf0) 2????LMS????????? ??gcs remote message GSIPC ????SCN=[0x0.1ae0f0] block=1/89233???,??BAST kjbmpbast(0x15c91.1),?? block=1/89233??????? ??fairness??(?11.2.0.3???_fairness_threshold=2),?current block?KCL: F156: fairness downconvert,?Xcurrent DownConvert? Scurrent: Instance 2: SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 2 0 3 1756658 ??Instance 2 LMS ?cr block??? kjbmslset(0x15c91.1)) ????SEND QUEUE GSIPC:SNDQ: enq msg 0x7f16e1c56490? ???????Instance 1???? block: (1/89233)??? ??????: Instance 2: SQL> select CURRENT_RESULTS,LIGHT_WORKS from v$cr_block_server; CURRENT_RESULTS LIGHT_WORKS --------------- ----------- 29273 437 Instance 1 session A: SQL> SQL> select * from test; ID ---------- 2 2 SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 3 1761942 3 1761932 1 0 3 1761520 Instance 2: SQL> select CURRENT_RESULTS,LIGHT_WORKS from v$cr_block_server; CURRENT_RESULTS LIGHT_WORKS --------------- ----------- 29274 437 select * from test END OF STMT PARSE #140336529675592:c=0,e=337,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=1357081020,tim=1335939668940051 EXEC #140336529675592:c=0,e=96,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=1357081020,tim=1335939668940204 WAIT #140336529675592: nam='SQL*Net message to client' ela= 5 driver id=1650815232 #bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=0 tim=1335939668940348 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940 kclscrs: req=0 block=1/89233 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940676 : kjbcro[0x15c91.1 76896.0][5] *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940 kclscrs: req=0 typ=nowait-abort *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940 kclscrs: bid=1:3:1:0:f:21:0:0:10:0:0:0:1:2:4:1:20:0:0:0:c3:49:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:4:3:2:1:2:0:1f:0:4d:26:a3:52:0:0:0:0:c7:c:ca:62:c3:49:0:0:0:0:1:0:17:8e:47:76:1:2:dc:5:a9:fe:17:75:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0:99:ed:0:0:0:0:0:0:10:0:0:0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940799 : kjbcro[0x15c91.1 76896.0][5] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940833 : GSIPC:GMBQ: buff 0xba0ee018, queue 0xbb79a7b8, pool 0x60013fa0, freeq 0, nxt 0xbb79a7b8, prv 0xbb79a7b8 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940859 : kjbsentscn[0x0.1ae28c][to 2] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940870 : GSIPC:SENDM: send msg 0xba0ee088 dest x20001 seq 177810 type 36 tkts xff0000 mlen x1680198 2012-05-02 02:21:08.940976 : kjbmscr(0x15c91.1)reqid=0xa(req 0xa4ff30f8)(rinst 1)hldr 2(infosz 200)(lseq x2b8) 2012-05-02 02:21:08.941314 : GSIPC:KSXPCB: msg 0xba0ee088 status 30, type 36, dest 2, rcvr 1 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.941 kclwcrs: wait=0 tm=707 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.941 kclwcrs: got 1 blocks from ksxprcv 2012-05-02 02:21:08.941818 : kjbassume[0x15c91.1][sender 2][mymode x1][myrole x0][srole x0][flgs x0][spiscn 0x0.0][swscn 0x0.0] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.941852 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.1ae28d][from 2][idx 2012-05-02 02:21:08.941871 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn ??????????????SCN=[0x0.1ae28c]=1761932 Version?CR block, ????receive????Xcurrent Block??SCN=1ae28d=1761933,Instance 1???Xcurrent Block???build????????SCN=1761932?CR BLOCK, ????????Current block,?????????'gc current block 2-way'? ?????????????request current block,?????kjbcro;?????Instance 2?LMS???????Current Block: Instance 2 LMS trace: 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448743 : GSIPC:RCVD: ksxp msg 0x7f16e14a4398 sndr 1 seq 0.177810 type 36 tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448778 : GSIPC:RCVD: watq msg 0x7f16e14a4398 sndr 1, seq 177810, type 36, tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448798 : GSIPC:TKT: collect msg 0x7f16e14a4398 from 1 for rcvr -1, tickets 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448816 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.1ae28c][from 1][idx 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448834 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn <= rscn 0x0.1ae28c][from 1] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448857 : GSIPC:TKT: dest (1:1) rtkt not acked 2  unassigned bufs 0  tkts 0  newbufs 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448875 : GSIPC:TKT: remove ctx dest (1:1) 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448970 : [kjmxmpm][type 36][seq 0.177810][msg 0x7f16e14a4398][from 1] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.448993 : kjbmpbast(0x15c91.1) reqid=0x6 (req 0xa4ff30f8)(reqinst 1)(reqid 10)(flags x0) *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449 kclcrrf: req=48054 block=1/89233 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449 kcl_compress_block: compressed: 6 free space: 7680 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449085 : kjbsentscn[0x0.1ae28d][to 1] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449142 : kjbdeliver[to 1][0xa4ff30f8][10][current 1] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449164 : kjbmssch(reqlock 0xa4ff30f8,10)(to 1)(bsz 344) 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449183 : GSIPC:AMBUF: rcv buff 0x7f16e18bcec8, pool rcvbuf, rqlen 1102 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449 kclccctx: cleanup copy 0x7f16e1d94838 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449 kcltouched: touch seconds 3271 *** 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449 kclgrantlk: req=48054 2012-05-02 02:21:08.449347 : [kjmpmsgi:compl][type 36][msg 0x7f16e14a4398][seq 177810.0][qtime 0][ptime 1119] WAIT #0: nam='gcs remote message' ela= 568 waittime=1 poll=0 event=0 obj#=0 tim=1335939668449962 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450001 : GSIPC:RCVD: ksxp msg 0x7f16e1bb22a0 sndr 1 seq 0.177811 type 32 tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450024 : GSIPC:RCVD: watq msg 0x7f16e1bb22a0 sndr 1, seq 177811, type 32, tkts 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450043 : GSIPC:TKT: collect msg 0x7f16e1bb22a0 from 1 for rcvr -1, tickets 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450060 : kjbrcvdscn[0x0.1ae28e][from 1][idx 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450078 : kjbrcvdscn[no bscn <= rscn 0x0.1ae28e][from 1] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450097 : GSIPC:TKT: dest (1:1) rtkt not acked 3  unassigned bufs 0  tkts 0  newbufs 0 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450116 : GSIPC:TKT: remove ctx dest (1:1) 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450136 : [kjmxmpm][type 32][seq 0.177811][msg 0x7f16e1bb22a0][from 1] 2012-05-02 02:21:08.450155 : kjbmpocr(0xb0.6)seq 0x1,reqid=0x23e,(client 0x9fff7b58,0x1)(from 1)(lseq xdf4) ???Instance 2??LMS???,???build cr block,??????Instance 1?????Current Block??????Instance 2??v$cr_block_server??????LIGHT_WORKS?????current block transfer??????,??????? CR server? Light Work Rule(Light Work Rule?8i Cr Server?????????,?Remote LMS?? build CR????????,resource holder?LMS???????block,????CR build If creating the consistent read version block involves too much work (such as reading blocks from disk), then the holder sends the block to the requestor, and the requestor completes the CR fabrication. The holder maintains a fairness counter of CR requests. After the fairness threshold is reached, the holder downgrades it to lock mode.)? ??????? CR Request ????Current Block?? ???:??????class?block,CR server??????? ??undo block?? undo header block?CR quest, LMS????Current Block, ????? ???? ??????? block cleanout? CR  Version??????? ???????? data blocks, ??????? CR quest  & CR received?(???????Light Work Rule,LMS"??"), ??Current Block??DownConvert???S lock,??LMS???????ship??current version?block? ??????? , ?????? ,???????DownConvert?????”_fairness_threshold“???200,????Xcurrent Block?????Scurrent, ????LMS?????Current Version?Data Block: SQL> show parameter fair NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ _fairness_threshold integer 200 Instance 1: SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=4; 1 row updated. Instance 2: SQL> update test set id=id+1 where id=2; 1 row updated. SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 1 0 3 1838166 ?Instance 1? ????,? ??instance 2? v$cr_block_server?? instance 1 SQL> select * from test; ID ---------- 10 3 instance 2: SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 1 0 3 1883707 8 0 SQL> select * from test; ID ---------- 10 3 SQL> select state,cr_scn_bas from x$bh where file#=1 and dbablk=89233 and state!=0; STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 1 0 3 1883707 8 0 ................... SQL> / STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 2 0 3 1883707 3 1883695 repeat cr request on Instance 1 SQL> / STATE CR_SCN_BAS ---------- ---------- 8 0 3 1883707 3 1883695 ??????_fairness_threshold????????,?????200 ????????CR serve??Downgrade?lock, ????data block? CR Request????Receive? Current Block?

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  • Know more about Cache Buffer Handle

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ??????«latch free:cache buffer handles???SQL????»?????cache buffer handle latch?????,?????????: “?????pin?buffer header???????buffer handle,??buffer handle?????????cache buffer handles?,??????cache buffer handles??????,???????cache???buffer handles,?????(reserved set)?????????????_db_handles_cached(???5)???,?????????????????SQL??????????????????????,????pin??????,????????handle,?????????5?cached buffer handles???handle????????????????,Oracle?????????????????pin?”????“?buffer,????????????????handle???db_block_buffers/processes,????_cursor_db_buffers_pinned???????cache buffer handles?????,??????,????????????SQL,????cache?buffer handles?????????,??????????????,???????????/?????” ????T.ASKMACLEAN.COM????,??????cache Buffer handle?????: cache buffer handle ??: ------------------------------ | Buffer state object | ------------------------------ | Place to hang the buffer | ------------------------------ | Consistent Get? | ------------------------------ | Proc Owning SO | ------------------------------ | Flags(RIR) | ------------------------------ ???? cache buffer handle SO: 70000046fdfe530, type: 24, owner: 70000041b018630, flag: INIT/-/-/0×00(buffer) (CR) PR: 70000048e92d148 FLG: 0×500000lock rls: 0, class bit: 0kcbbfbp: [BH: 7000001c7f069b0, LINK: 70000046fdfe570]where: kdswh02: kdsgrp, why: 0BH (7000001c7f069b0) file#: 12 rdba: 0×03061612 (12/398866) class: 1 ba: 7000001c70ee000set: 75 blksize: 8192 bsi: 0 set-flg: 0 pwbcnt: 0dbwrid: 2 obj: 66209 objn: 48710 tsn: 6 afn: 12hash: [700000485f12138,700000485f12138] lru: [70000025af67790,700000132f69ee0]lru-flags: hot_bufferckptq: [NULL] fileq: [NULL] objq: [700000114f5dd10,70000028bf5d620]use: [70000046fdfe570,70000046fdfe570] wait: [NULL]st: SCURRENT md: SHR tch: 0flags: affinity_lockLRBA: [0x0.0.0] HSCN: [0xffff.ffffffff] HSUB: [65535]where: kdswh02: kdsgrp, why: 0 # Example:#   (buffer) (CR) PR: 37290 FLG:    0#   kcbbfbp    : [BH: befd8, LINK: 7836c] (WAITING) Buffer handle (X$KCBBF) kernel cache, buffer buffer_handles Query x$kcbbf  – lists all the buffer handles ???? _db_handles             System-wide simultaneous buffer operations ,no of buffer handles_db_handles_cached      Buffer handles cached each process , no of processes  default 5_cursor_db_buffers_pinned  additional number of buffers a cursor can pin at once_session_kept_cursor_pins       Number of cursors pins to keep in a session When a buffer is pinned it is attached to buffer state object. ??? ???????? cache buffer handles latch ? buffer pin???: SESSION A : SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER ---------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production CORE    10.2.0.5.0      Production TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production SQL> create table test_cbc_handle(t1 int); Table created. SQL> insert into test_cbc_handle values(1); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> select rowid from test_cbc_handle; ROWID ------------------ AAANO6AABAAAQZSAAA SQL> select * from test_cbc_handle where rowid='AAANO6AABAAAQZSAAA';         T1 ----------          1 SQL> select addr,name from v$latch_parent where name='cache buffer handles'; ADDR             NAME ---------------- -------------------------------------------------- 00000000600140A8 cache buffer handles SQL> select to_number('00000000600140A8','xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx') from dual; TO_NUMBER('00000000600140A8','XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX') ----------------------------------------------------                                           1610694824 ??cache buffer handles????parent latch ??? child latch ???SESSION A hold ??????cache buffer handles parent latch ???? oradebug call kslgetl ??, kslgetl?oracle??get latch??? SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug call kslgetl 1610694824 1; Function returned 1 ?????SESSION B ???: SQL> select * from v$latchholder;        PID        SID LADDR            NAME                                                                   GETS ---------- ---------- ---------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------         15        141 00000000600140A8 cache buffer handles                                                    119 cache buffer handles latch ???session A hold??,????????acquire cache buffer handle latch SQL> select * from test_cbc_handle where rowid='AAANO6AABAAAQZSAAA';         T1 ----------          1 ?????Server Process?????? read buffer, ????????"_db_handles_cached", ??process?cache 5? cache buffer handle ??"_db_handles_cached"=0,?process????5????cache buffer handle , ???? process ???pin buffer,???hold cache buffer handle latch??????cache buffer handle SQL> alter system set "_db_handles_cached"=0 scope=spfile; System altered. ????? shutdown immediate; startup; session A: SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug call kslgetl 1610694824 1; Function returned 1 session B: select * from test_cbc_handle where rowid='AAANO6AABAAAQZSAAA'; session B hang!! WHY? SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 266; Statement processed.   SO: 0x11b30b7b0, type: 2, owner: (nil), flag: INIT/-/-/0x00   (process) Oracle pid=22, calls cur/top: (nil)/0x11b453c38, flag: (0) -             int error: 0, call error: 0, sess error: 0, txn error 0   (post info) last post received: 0 0 0               last post received-location: No post               last process to post me: none               last post sent: 0 0 0               last post sent-location: No post               last process posted by me: none     (latch info) wait_event=0 bits=8       holding    (efd=4) 600140a8 cache buffer handles level=3   SO: 0x11b305810, type: 2, owner: (nil), flag: INIT/-/-/0x00   (process) Oracle pid=10, calls cur/top: 0x11b455ac0/0x11b450a58, flag: (0) -             int error: 0, call error: 0, sess error: 0, txn error 0   (post info) last post received: 0 0 0               last post received-location: No post               last process to post me: none               last post sent: 0 0 0               last post sent-location: No post               last process posted by me: none     (latch info) wait_event=0 bits=2         Location from where call was made: kcbzgs:       waiting for 600140a8 cache buffer handles level=3 FBD93353:000019F0    10   162 10005   1 KSL WAIT BEG [latch: cache buffer handles] 1610694824/0x600140a8 125/0x7d 0/0x0 FF936584:00002761    10   144 10005   1 KSL WAIT BEG [latch: cache buffer handles] 1610694824/0x600140a8 125/0x7d 0/0x0 PID=22 holding ??cache buffer handles latch PID=10 ?? cache buffer handles latch, ????"_db_handles_cached"=0 ?? process??????cache buffer handles ??systemstate???? kcbbfbp cache buffer handle??, ?? "_db_handles_cached"=0 ? cache buffer handles latch?hold ?? ????cache buffer handles latch , ??? buffer?pin?????????? session A exit session B: SQL> select * from v$latchholder; no rows selected SQL> insert into test_cbc_handle values(2); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> SQL> select t1,rowid from test_cbc_handle;         T1 ROWID ---------- ------------------          1 AAANPAAABAAAQZSAAA          2 AAANPAAABAAAQZSAAB SQL> select spid,pid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat)); SPID                PID ------------ ---------- 19251                10 ? GDB ? SPID=19215 ?debug , ?? kcbrls ????breakpoint ??? ????release buffer [[email protected] ~]$ gdb $ORACLE_HOME/bin/oracle 19251 GNU gdb (GDB) Red Hat Enterprise Linux (7.0.1-37.el5) Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html> This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  Type "show copying" and "show warranty" for details. This GDB was configured as "x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu". For bug reporting instructions, please see: <http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb/bugs/>... Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/bin/oracle...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Attaching to program: /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/bin/oracle, process 19251 Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libskgxp10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libskgxp10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libhasgen10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libhasgen10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libskgxn2.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libskgxn2.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libocr10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libocr10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libocrb10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libocrb10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libocrutl10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libocrutl10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libjox10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libjox10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libclsra10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libclsra10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libdbcfg10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libdbcfg10.so Reading symbols from /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libnnz10.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /s01/oracle/product/10.2.0.5/db_1/lib/libnnz10.so Reading symbols from /usr/lib64/libaio.so.1...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /usr/lib64/libaio.so.1 Reading symbols from /lib64/libdl.so.2...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /lib64/libdl.so.2 Reading symbols from /lib64/libm.so.6...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /lib64/libm.so.6 Reading symbols from /lib64/libpthread.so.0...(no debugging symbols found)...done. [Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled] Loaded symbols for /lib64/libpthread.so.0 Reading symbols from /lib64/libnsl.so.1...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /lib64/libnsl.so.1 Reading symbols from /lib64/libc.so.6...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /lib64/libc.so.6 Reading symbols from /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 Reading symbols from /lib64/libnss_files.so.2...(no debugging symbols found)...done. Loaded symbols for /lib64/libnss_files.so.2 0x00000035c000d940 in __read_nocancel () from /lib64/libpthread.so.0 (gdb) break kcbrls Breakpoint 1 at 0x10e5d24 session B: select * from test_cbc_handle where rowid='AAANPAAABAAAQZSAAA'; select hang !! GDB (gdb) c Continuing. Breakpoint 1, 0x00000000010e5d24 in kcbrls () (gdb) bt #0  0x00000000010e5d24 in kcbrls () #1  0x0000000002e87d25 in qertbFetchByUserRowID () #2  0x00000000030c62b8 in opifch2 () #3  0x00000000032327f0 in kpoal8 () #4  0x00000000013b7c10 in opiodr () #5  0x0000000003c3c9da in ttcpip () #6  0x00000000013b3144 in opitsk () #7  0x00000000013b60ec in opiino () #8  0x00000000013b7c10 in opiodr () #9  0x00000000013a92f8 in opidrv () #10 0x0000000001fa3936 in sou2o () #11 0x000000000072d40b in opimai_real () #12 0x000000000072d35c in main () SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 266; Statement processed. ?????? kcbbfbp buffer cache handle ?  SO state object ? BH BUFFER HEADER  link???     ----------------------------------------     SO: 0x11b452348, type: 3, owner: 0x11b305810, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00     (call) sess: cur 11b41bd18, rec 0, usr 11b41bd18; depth: 0       ----------------------------------------       SO: 0x1182dc750, type: 24, owner: 0x11b452348, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00       (buffer) (CR) PR: 0x11b305810 FLG: 0x108000       class bit: (nil)       kcbbfbp: [BH: 0xf2fc69f8, LINK: 0x1182dc790]       where: kdswh05: kdsgrp, why: 0       BH (0xf2fc69f8) file#: 1 rdba: 0x00410652 (1/67154) class: 1 ba: 0xf297c000         set: 3 blksize: 8192 bsi: 0 set-flg: 2 pwbcnt: 272         dbwrid: 0 obj: 54208 objn: 54202 tsn: 0 afn: 1         hash: [f2fc47f8,1181f3038] lru: [f2fc6b88,f2fc6968]         obj-flags: object_ckpt_list         ckptq: [1182ecf38,1182ecf38] fileq: [1182ecf58,1182ecf58] objq: [108712a28,108712a28]         use: [1182dc790,1182dc790] wait: [NULL]         st: XCURRENT md: SHR tch: 12         flags: buffer_dirty gotten_in_current_mode block_written_once                 redo_since_read         LRBA: [0xc7.73b.0] HSCN: [0x0.1cbe52] HSUB: [1]         Using State Objects           ----------------------------------------           SO: 0x1182dc750, type: 24, owner: 0x11b452348, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00           (buffer) (CR) PR: 0x11b305810 FLG: 0x108000           class bit: (nil)           kcbbfbp: [BH: 0xf2fc69f8, LINK: 0x1182dc790]           where: kdswh05: kdsgrp, why: 0         buffer tsn: 0 rdba: 0x00410652 (1/67154)         scn: 0x0000.001cbe52 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x02 tail: 0xbe520601         frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x0000 type: 0x06=trans data tab 0, row 0, @0x1f9a tl: 6 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x0  cc: 1 col  0: [ 2]  c1 02 tab 0, row 1, @0x1f94 tl: 6 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x2  cc: 1 col  0: [ 2]  c1 15 end_of_block_dump         (buffer) (CR) PR: 0x11b305810 FLG: 0x108000 st: XCURRENT md: SHR tch: 12 ? buffer header?status= XCURRENT mode=KCBMSHARE KCBMSHR     current share ?????  x$kcbbf ????? cache buffer handle SQL> select distinct KCBBPBH from  x$kcbbf ; KCBBPBH ---------------- 00 00000000F2FC69F8            ==>0xf2fc69f8 SQL> select * from x$kcbbf where kcbbpbh='00000000F2FC69F8'; ADDR                   INDX    INST_ID KCBBFSO_TYP KCBBFSO_FLG KCBBFSO_OWN ---------------- ---------- ---------- ----------- ----------- ----------------   KCBBFFLG    KCBBFCR    KCBBFCM KCBBFMBR         KCBBPBH ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------------- ---------------- KCBBPBF          X0KCBBPBH        X0KCBBPBF        X1KCBBPBH ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- X1KCBBPBF        KCBBFBH            KCBBFWHR   KCBBFWHY ---------------- ---------------- ---------- ---------- 00000001182DC750        748          1          24           1 000000011B452348    1081344          1          0 00               00000000F2FC69F8 00000001182DC750 00               00000001182DC750 00 00000001182DC7F8 00                      583          0 SQL> desc x$kcbbf;  Name                                      Null?    Type  ----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------  ADDR                                               RAW(8)  INDX                                               NUMBER  INST_ID                                            NUMBER  KCBBFSO_TYP                                        NUMBER  KCBBFSO_FLG                                        NUMBER  KCBBFSO_OWN                                        RAW(8)  KCBBFFLG                                           NUMBER  KCBBFCR                                            NUMBER  KCBBFCM                                            NUMBER  KCBBFMBR                                           RAW(8)  KCBBPBH                                            RAW(8)  KCBBPBF                                            RAW(8)  X0KCBBPBH                                          RAW(8)  X0KCBBPBF                                          RAW(8)  X1KCBBPBH                                          RAW(8)  X1KCBBPBF                                          RAW(8)  KCBBFBH                                            RAW(8)  KCBBFWHR                                           NUMBER  KCBBFWHY                                           NUMBER gdb ?? ?process??????kcbrls release buffer? ???cache buffer handle??? SQL> select distinct KCBBPBH from  x$kcbbf ; KCBBPBH ---------------- 00

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  • Know More About Oracle Row Lock

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ??????Oracle??????????row lock,??ORACLE????????????????????,row lock???????????????????????????????,??Server Process?pin????block buffer????????? ????????,?process A ??update???????? Z?????????, ???????rollback???commit;??Process B??????DML??, ???????rowid???? Z???, ???????????process A????????ITL???,????????cleanout??,????????row???????????commit, ???????Process B????”enq: TX – row lock contention”??????? ????Process B????????????? ?????????Process A???????row,??Process B???????”enq: TX – row lock contention”???? ????????  ????????: SESSION A: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER ---------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production CORE    10.2.0.5.0      Production TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> create table maclean_lock(t1 int); Table created. SQL> insert into maclean_lock values (1); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from maclean_lock; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(ROWID) ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------                                67642                                    1 SQL>  select distinct sid from v$mystat;        SID ----------        142 SQL> select pid,spid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat));        PID SPID ---------- ------------         17 15636 ??SESSION A ????savepoint ,?update ?????????         SQL>  savepoint NONLOCK; Savepoint created. SQL> select * From v$Lock where sid=142; no rows selected SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL>  update maclean_lock set t1=t1+2; 1 row updated. SQL> select * From v$Lock where sid=142; ADDR             KADDR                   SID TY        ID1        ID2      LMODE    REQUEST      CTIME      BLOCK ---------------- ---------------- ---------- -- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 0000000091FC69F0 0000000091FC6A18        142 TM      55829          0          3          0          6          0 00000000914B4008 00000000914B4040        142 TX     393232        609          6          0          6          0         SQL> select dump(3,16) from dual; DUMP(3,16) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Typ=2 Len=2: c1,4 ALTER SYSTEM DUMP DATAFILE 1 BLOCK 67642;  Object id on Block? Y  seg/obj: 0xda16  csc: 0x00.234718  itc: 2  flg: O  typ: 1 - DATA      fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01  Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc 0x01   0x000a.00f.000001e0  0x00800075.02a6.29  C---    0  scn 0x0000.00234711 0x02   0x0007.018.000001fe  0x0080065c.017a.02  ----    1  fsc 0x0000.00000000 data_block_dump,data header at 0x81d185c =============== tsiz: 0x1fa0 hsiz: 0x14 pbl: 0x081d185c bdba: 0x0041083a      76543210 flag=-------- ntab=1 nrow=1 frre=-1 fsbo=0x14 fseo=0x1f9a avsp=0x1f83 tosp=0x1f83 0xe:pti[0]      nrow=1  offs=0 0x12:pri[0]     offs=0x1f9a block_row_dump: tab 0, row 0, @0x1f9a tl: 6 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x2  cc: 1 col  0: [ 2]  c1 04 end_of_block_dump ?? BLOCK DUMP ???? ??????XID=0x0007.018.000001fe ?transaction?? lb:0x1 ??SESSION B ,?????UPDATE?? ???enq: TX - row lock contention ?? SQL> select distinct sid from v$mystat;        SID ----------        140 SQL> select pid,spid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat));        PID SPID ---------- ------------         24 15652 SQL> alter system set "_trace_events"='10000-10999:255:24'; System altered.         SQL> update maclean_lock set t1=t1+2; select * From v$Lock where sid=142 or sid=140 order by sid; SESSION C: SQL> select * From v$Lock where sid=142 or sid=140 order by sid; ADDR             KADDR                   SID TY        ID1        ID2      LMODE    REQUEST      CTIME      BLOCK ---------------- ---------------- ---------- -- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 0000000091FC6B10 0000000091FC6B38        140 TM      55829          0          3          0         84          0 00000000924F4A58 00000000924F4A78        140 TX     458776        510          0          6         84          0 00000000914B51E8 00000000914B5220        142 TX     458776        510          6          0        312          1 0000000091FC69F0 0000000091FC6A18        142 TM      55829          0          3          0        312          0 ???? SESSION B SID=140 ?SESSION A ?TX ENQUEUE ?X mode?REQUEST SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 266; Statement processed. SESSION B waiter's enqueue lock       SO: 0x924f4a58, type: 5, owner: 0x92bb8dc8, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00       (enqueue) TX-00070018-000001FE    DID: 0001-0018-00000022       lv: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  res_flag: 0x6       req: X, lock_flag: 0x0, lock: 0x924f4a78, res: 0x925617c0       own: 0x92b76be0, sess: 0x92b76be0, proc: 0x92a737a0, prv: 0x925617e0 TX-00070018-000001FE=> TX 458776 510 SESSION A owner's enqueue lock       SO: 0x914b51e8, type: 40, owner: 0x92b796d0, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00       (trans) flg = 0x1e03, flg2 = 0xc0000, prx = 0x0, ros = 2147483647 bsn = 0xed5 bndsn = 0xee7 spn = 0xef7       efd = 3       file:xct.c lineno:1179       DID: 0001-0011-000000C2       parent xid: 0x0000.000.00000000       env: (scn: 0x0000.00234718  xid: 0x0007.018.000001fe  uba: 0x0080065c.017a.02  statement num=0  parent xid: xid: 0x0000.000.00000000  scn: 0x00 00.00234718 0sch: scn: 0x0000.00000000)       cev: (spc = 7818  arsp = 914e8310  ubk tsn: 1 rdba: 0x0080065c  useg tsn: 1 rdba: 0x00800069             hwm uba: 0x0080065c.017a.02  col uba: 0x00000000.0000.00             num bl: 1 bk list: 0x91435070)             cr opc: 0x0 spc: 7818 uba: 0x0080065c.017a.02       (enqueue) TX-00070018-000001FE    DID: 0001-0011-000000C2       lv: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  res_flag: 0x6       mode: X, lock_flag: 0x0, lock: 0x914b5220, res: 0x925617c0       own: 0x92b796d0, sess: 0x92b796d0, proc: 0x92a6ffd8, prv: 0x925617d0        xga: 0x8b7c6d40, heap: UGA       Trans IMU st: 2 Pool index 65535, Redo pool 0x914b58d0, Undo pool 0x914b59b8       Redo pool range [0x86de640 0x86de640 0x86e0e40]       Undo pool range [0x86dbe40 0x86dbe40 0x86de640]         ----------------------------------------         SO: 0x91435070, type: 39, owner: 0x914b51e8, flag: -/-/-/0x00         (List of Blocks) next index = 1         index   itli   buffer hint   rdba       savepoint         -----------------------------------------------------------             0      2   0x647f1fc8    0x41083a     0xee7 ?SESSION A? ROLLBACK ?savepoint: SQL> rollback to NONLOCK; Rollback complete. ????savepoint ??update??????? ??UPDATE???????? ROLLBACK: SQL> select * From v$Lock where sid=142 or sid=140; ADDR             KADDR                   SID TY        ID1        ID2      LMODE    REQUEST      CTIME      BLOCK ---------------- ---------------- ---------- -- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 00000000924F4A58 00000000924F4A78        140 TX     458776        510          0          6        822          0 0000000091FC6B10 0000000091FC6B38        140 TM      55829          0          3          0        822          0 00000000914B51E8 00000000914B5220        142 TX     458776        510          6          0       1050          1 ???? SESSION A 142 ???SAVEPOINT ???????TM LOCK ????? ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT?????SESSION???TX LOCK!!!! ??????SESSION 142???TX ID1=458776 ID2=510, ????ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT?????????ABORT TRANSACTION ?? SESSION B  SID=140??  SESSION A ?? , ?????????SESSION B? update???HANG?? ?????????CACHE?????:  Object id on Block? Y  seg/obj: 0xda16  csc: 0x00.2347b7  itc: 2  flg: O  typ: 1 - DATA      fsl: 0  fnx: 0x0 ver: 0x01  Itl           Xid                  Uba         Flag  Lck        Scn/Fsc 0x01   0x000a.00f.000001e0  0x00800075.02a6.29  C---    0  scn 0x0000.00234711 0x02   0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000000.0000.00  ----    0  fsc 0x0000.00000000 data_block_dump,data header at 0x745d85c =============== tsiz: 0x1fa0 hsiz: 0x14 pbl: 0x0745d85c bdba: 0x0041083a      76543210 flag=-------- ntab=1 nrow=1 frre=-1 fsbo=0x14 fseo=0x1f9a avsp=0x1f83 tosp=0x1f83 0xe:pti[0]      nrow=1  offs=0 0x12:pri[0]     offs=0x1f9a block_row_dump: tab 0, row 0, @0x1f9a tl: 6 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x0  cc: 1 col  0: [ 2]  c1 02 end_of_block_dump ???? ITL=0x02? ?????????,col  0: [ 2]  c1 02 ????????? ?????????SESSION D ,??????row lock?? ?UPDATE???????? SESSION D: SQL> update maclean_lock set t1=t1+2; 1 row updated. SQL> rollback; Rollback complete. ??SESSION B ??????????? ?????ORACLE????????, ??????????? TX lock?? row lock , ????????2??? row lock?????????, ?TX lock????????ENQUEUE LOCK???? ?????????PROCESS K?DML???????????????????????,??????????TX LOCK, ????PROCESS Z?????????????????????????ROW LOCK????????, ???????OLTP?????????????????????? ??ROW LOCK?Release ??????TX?ENQUEUE LOCK,?????????Process J ????????????, Process K??????????? ,Process K?????????,???row piece?lb??0x0 ,?????ITL, Process Z???ITL???????Process J????XID,?????Process J?????TX lock, PROCESS K ???TX resource?Enqueue Waiter Linked List?????X mode(exclusive)?enqueue lock? ???Process J??TX lock?,Process J?????TX resource?Enqueue Waiter Linked List ???Process K??????,??POST?????Process K? TX lock??????, ???????row lock???????,????????? ?????????? ?????: SESSION A ???PID =17 ?????????????????? SESSION B ???PID =24 ??????? "_trace_events"='10000-10999:255:24';  KST trace ??????? Server Process??? SESSION A PID=17  ?? acqure?SX mode???TM Lock ,?? ????Transaction?????UNDO SEGMENT 7,???XID 7.24.510, ?acquire ?X mode? TX-00070018-000001fe ? ?????? 00070018-000001fe ???? 7- 24 - 510? XID ? 781F4B8A:007A569C    17   142 10704  83 ksqgtl: acquire TM-0000da15-00000000 mode=SX flags=GLOBAL|XACT why="contention" 781F4B92:007A569D    17   142 10704  19 ksqgtl: SUCCESS 781F4BB3:007A569E    17   142 10812   2 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000234717 781F4BBA:007A569F    17   142 10812   3 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 781F4BC0:007A56A0    17   142 10812   4 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 781F4BD3:007A56A1    17   142 10812   5 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 781F4BFE:007A56A2    17   142 10811   1 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000234711 0x0000000000000002 781F4C06:007A56A3    17   142 10811   2 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000234718 0x00007FA074EDA560 781F4C26:007A56A4    17   142 10813   1 ktubnd: Bind usn 7 nax 1 nbx 0 lng 0 par 0 781F4C43:007A56A5    17   142 10813   2 ktubnd: Txn Bound xid: 7.24.510 781F4C4A:007A56A6    17   142 10704  83 ksqgtl: acquire TX-00070018-000001fe mode=X flags=GLOBAL|XACT why="contention" 781F4C51:007A56A7    17   142 10704  19 ksqgtl: SUCCESS ?????????? ???????? 781F4CBF:007A56A8    17   142 10005   1 KSL WAIT BEG [SQL*Net message to client] 1650815232/0x62657100 1/0x1 0/0x0 781F4CCC:007A56A9    17   142 10005   2 KSL WAIT END [SQL*Net message to client] 1650815232/0x62657100 1/0x1 0/0x0 time=13 781F4CDE:007A56AA    17   142 10005   1 KSL WAIT BEG [SQL*Net message from client] 1650815232/0x62657100 1/0x1 0/0x0 786BD85D:007A57E0    17   142 10005   2 KSL WAIT END [SQL*Net message from client] 1650815232/0x62657100 1/0x1 0/0x0 time=5016447 786BD966:007A57E1    17   142 10005   1 KSL WAIT BEG [SQL*Net message to client] 1650815232/0x62657100 1/0x1 0/0x0 786BD96E:007A57E2    17   142 10005   2 KSL WAIT END [SQL*Net message to client] 1650815232/0x62657100 1/0x1 0/0x0 time=8 SESSION B ???PID =24  ,??????? SX mode? TM lock,??row lock? acquire X mode?TX-00070018-000001fe ksqgtl: acquire TM-0000da15-00000000 mode=SX flags=GLOBAL|XACT why="contention" ksqgtl: SUCCESS 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000002354F8 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x0000000000000000 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000002354F8 0x0000000000000001 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000002354F8 0x0000000008A63780 0x0000000000000001 0x0000000000800861 0x0000000000000241 0x0000000000000001 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000001 0x0000000000000001 0x000000000041083A 0x0000000000000000 0x00000000002354F9 0x0000000000000002 ksqgtl: acquire TX-00070018-000001fe mode=X flags=GLOBAL|LONG why="row lock contention" C4048EBD:007F52B6    24   140 10005   2 KSL WAIT END [enq: TX - row lock contention] 1415053318/0x54580006 458776/0x70018 510/0x1fe time=2929879 C4048ED4:007F52B7    24   140 10005   1 KSL WAIT BEG [enq: TX - row lock contention] 1415053318/0x54580006 458776/0x70018 510/0x1fe C43146CA:007F535E    24   140 10005   2 KSL WAIT END [enq: TX - row lock contention] 1415053318/0x54580006 458776/0x70018 510/0x1fe time=2930676 ????????? ,PID=24 ??????ksqcmi???????? deadlock C43146D9:007F535F    24   140 10704 134 ksqcmi: performing local deadlock detection on TX-00070018-000001fe C43146F8:007F5360    24   140 10704 150 ksqcmi: deadlock not detected on TX-00070018-000001fe ?? ??? PID 17 ??ROLLBACK ???? ,????????: PID 17 ROLLBACK; D7A495BB:007F9D3E    17   142 10005   4 KSL POST SENT postee=24 loc='ksqrcl' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 D7A495D8:007F9D3F    17   142 10444  12 ABORT TRANSACTION - xid: 0x0007.018.000001fe ??  PID 17 ??? TX resource?Enqueue Waiter linked List ???PID 24???,????KSL POST SENT ?? PID 24, ???ksqrcl???ENQUEUE LOCK ?PID 24??????KSL POST (KSL POST RCVD poster=17), ?ksqgtl???? TX-00070018-000001fe ?? ksqrcl??, ??PID 24???????? TX lock?USN ,??????? USN 3 XID 3.11.582 ,???acquire TX-0003000b-00000246 D7A49616:007F9D41    24   140 10005   3 KSL POST RCVD poster=17 loc='ksqrcl' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 fac#=0 facpost=1 D7A4961C:007F9D42    24   140 10704  19 ksqgtl: SUCCESS D7A4967D:007F9D43    24   140 10704 117 ksqrcl: release TX-00070018-000001fe mode=X D7A496A5:007F9D44    24   140 10813   1 ktubnd: Bind usn 3 nax 1 nbx 0 lng 0 par 0 D7A496C2:007F9D45    24   140 10813   2 ktubnd: Txn Bound xid: 3.11.582 D7A496C7:007F9D46    24   140 10704  83 ksqgtl: acquire TX-0003000b-00000246 mode=X flags=GLOBAL|XACT why="contention" D7A496E4:007F9D47    24   140 10704  19 ksqgtl: SUCCESS ROW LOCK?Release ??????TX?ENQUEUE LOCK,?????????Process J ????????????, Process K??????????? ,Process K?????????,???row piece?lb??0×0 ,?????ITL,Process Z???ITL???????Process J????XID,?????Process J?????TX lock,PROCESS K ???TX resource?Enqueue Waiter Linked List?????X mode(exclusive)?enqueue lock? ???Process J??TX lock?,Process J?????TX resource?Enqueue Waiter Linked List ???Process K??????,??POST?????Process K? TX lock??????,???????row lock???????,?????????

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  • How to implement an email unsubscribe system for a site with many kinds of emails?

    - by Mike Liu
    I'm working on a website that features many different types of emails. Users have accounts, and when logged in they have access to a setting page that they can use to customize what types of emails they receive. However, I'd like to also give users an easy way to unsubscribe directly in the emails they receive. I've looked into list unsubscribe headers as well as creating some type of one click link that would unsubscribe a user from that type of email without requiring login or further action. The later would probably require me to break convention and make changes to the database in response to a GET on the link. However, am I incorrect in thinking that either of these would require me to generate and permanently store a unique identifier in my database for every email I ever send, really complicating email delivery? Without that, I'm not sure how I would be able to uniquely identify a user and a type of email in order to change their email preferences, and this identifier would need to be stored forever as a user could have an email sitting in their inbox for a long time before they decide to act on it. Alternatively, I was considering having a no-login page for managing email preferences. In contrast to above where I would need one of these identifiers for each email, this would only need one identifier per user, with no generation or other action required on sending an email. All of these raise security issues, and they could potentially be used by people to tamper with others' email preferences. This could be mitigated somewhat by ensuring that the identifier is really difficult to guess. For the once per user identifier approach, I was considering generating the identifier by passing a user's ID through some type of encryption algorithm, is this a sound approach? For the per-email identifiers, perhaps I could use a user's ID appended to the time. However, even this would not eliminate the problem entirely, as this would really just be security through obscurity, and anyone with the URL could tamper, and in the end the main defense would have to be that most people aren't so bored as to tamper with other people's email preferences. Are there any other alternatives I've missed, or issues or solutions with these that anyone can provide insight on? What are best practices in this area?

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  • Know more about shared pool subpool

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????T.askmaclean.com???Shared Pool?SubPool?????,????????_kghdsidx_count ? subpool ??subpool????( ???duration)???: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER ---------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bi PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production CORE    10.2.0.5.0      Production TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.5.0 - Production SQL> set linesize 200 pagesize 1400 SQL> show parameter kgh NAME                                 TYPE                             VALUE ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- ------------------------------ _kghdsidx_count                      integer                          7 SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump heapdump 536870914; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_11783.trc [[email protected] dbs]$ grep "sga heap"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_11783.trc HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap"  desc=0x60000058 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,0)"  desc=0x60036110 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(1,0)"   desc=0x60036110 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,0)"  desc=0x6003f938 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(2,0)"   desc=0x6003f938 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(3,0)"  desc=0x60049160 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(3,0)"   desc=0x60049160 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(4,0)"  desc=0x60052988 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(4,0)"   desc=0x60052988 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(5,0)"  desc=0x6005c1b0 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(5,0)"   desc=0x6005c1b0 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(6,0)"  desc=0x600659d8 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(6,0)"   desc=0x600659d8 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(7,0)"  desc=0x6006f200 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(7,0)"   desc=0x6006f200 SQL> alter system set "_kghdsidx_count"=6 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area  859832320 bytes Fixed Size                  2100104 bytes Variable Size             746587256 bytes Database Buffers          104857600 bytes Redo Buffers                6287360 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump heapdump 536870914; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_11908.trc [[email protected] dbs]$ grep "sga heap"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_11908.trc HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap"  desc=0x60000058 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,0)"  desc=0x600360f0 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(1,0)"   desc=0x600360f0 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,0)"  desc=0x6003f918 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(2,0)"   desc=0x6003f918 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(3,0)"  desc=0x60049140 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(3,0)"   desc=0x60049140 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(4,0)"  desc=0x60052968 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(4,0)"   desc=0x60052968 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(5,0)"  desc=0x6005c190 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(5,0)"   desc=0x6005c190 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(6,0)"  desc=0x600659b8 FIVE LARGEST SUB HEAPS for heap name="sga heap(6,0)"   desc=0x600659b8 SQL> SQL> alter system set "_kghdsidx_count"=2 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area  851443712 bytes Fixed Size                  2100040 bytes Variable Size             738198712 bytes Database Buffers          104857600 bytes Redo Buffers                6287360 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump heapdump 2; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12003.trc [[email protected] ~]$ grep "sga heap"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12003.trc HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap"  desc=0x60000058 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,0)"  desc=0x600360b0 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,0)"  desc=0x6003f8d SQL> alter system set cpu_count=16 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area  851443712 bytes Fixed Size                  2100040 bytes Variable Size             738198712 bytes Database Buffers          104857600 bytes Redo Buffers                6287360 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL>  oradebug dump heapdump 2; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12065.trc [[email protected] ~]$ grep "sga heap"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12065.trc HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap"  desc=0x60000058 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,0)"  desc=0x600360b0 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,0)"  desc=0x6003f8d8 SQL> show parameter sga_target NAME                                 TYPE                             VALUE ------------------------------------ -------------------------------- ------------------------------ sga_target                           big integer                      0 SQL> alter system set sga_target=1000M scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 1048576000 bytes Fixed Size                  2101544 bytes Variable Size             738201304 bytes Database Buffers          301989888 bytes Redo Buffers                6283264 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> alter system set sga_target=1000M scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 1048576000 bytes Fixed Size                  2101544 bytes Variable Size             738201304 bytes Database Buffers          301989888 bytes Redo Buffers                6283264 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> SQL> SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump heapdump 2; Statement processed. SQL>  oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12148.trc SQL> SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options [[email protected] dbs]$ grep "sga heap"  /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12148.trc HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap"  desc=0x60000058 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,0)"  desc=0x60036690 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,1)"  desc=0x60037ee8 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,2)"  desc=0x60039740 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,3)"  desc=0x6003af98 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,0)"  desc=0x6003feb8 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,1)"  desc=0x60041710 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,2)"  desc=0x60042f68 _enable_shared_pool_durations:?????????10g????shared pool duration??,?????sga_target?0?????false; ???10.2.0.5??cursor_space_for_time???true??????false,???10.2.0.5??cursor_space_for_time????? SQL> alter system set "_enable_shared_pool_durations"=false scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 1048576000 bytes Fixed Size                  2101544 bytes Variable Size             738201304 bytes Database Buffers          301989888 bytes Redo Buffers                6283264 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug dump heapdump 2; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12233.trc SQL> SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options\ [[email protected] dbs]$ grep "sga heap"   /s01/admin/G10R25/udump/g10r25_ora_12233.trc HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap"  desc=0x60000058 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(1,0)"  desc=0x60036690 HEAP DUMP heap name="sga heap(2,0)"  desc=0x6003feb8 ??:1._kghdsidx_count ??? shared pool subpool???, _kghdsidx_count???????7 ??? 7? shared pool subpool 2.??????? subpool???4? sub partition ?: sga heap(1,0) sga heap(1,1) sga heap(1,2) sga heap(1,3) ????? cpu??? ?????_kghdsidx_count, ???? ?10g ?AUTO SGA ??? shared pool duration???, duration ??4?: Session duration Instance duration (never freed) Execution duration (freed fastest) Free memory ??? shared pool duration???? ?10gR1?Shared Pool?shrink??????????,?????????????Buffer Cache???????????granule,????Buffer Cache?granule????granule header?Metadata(???buffer header??RAC??Lock Elements)????,?????????????????????shared pool????????duration(?????)?chunk??????granule?,????????????granule??10gR2????Buffer Cache Granule????????granule header?buffer?Metadata(buffer header?LE)????,??shared pool???duration?chunk????????granule,??????buffer cache?shared pool??????????????10gr2?streams pool?????????(???????streams pool duration????) reference : http://www.oracledatabase12g.com/archives/understanding-automatic-sga-memory-management.html

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  • Finding Database issue for iphone app

    - by David Liu
    I know this is a dumb question and it might not be "conceptual" but, as a self-starter I really want to know how to get connected to some sort of "commercial database"? I'm recently designing my local gas station utility app for iphone and ipad. I have absolutely no clue of find a relevant database. For example, if I want to make an app for pizza ordering in the great Chicago area. How do I get info (price, menu, location, etc.) of those pizza stores scattered all over Chicago? Can any one light something for me? I appreciated your help. **If this question is not suitable here please tell me and I will delete this post. Thank you.

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