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  • skipped when looking for precompiled header

    - by numerical25
    So some reason, my .cpp file is missing it's header file. But I am not including the header file anywhere else. I just started so I checked all the files I made enginuity.h #ifndef _ENGINE_ #define _ENGINE_ class Enginuity { public: void InitWindow(); }; enginuity.cpp #include "Enginuity.h" void Enginuity::InitWindow() { } main.cpp #include "stdafx.h" #include "GameProject1.h" #define MAX_LOADSTRING 100 // Global Variables: HINSTANCE hInst; // current instance TCHAR szTitle[MAX_LOADSTRING]; // The title bar text TCHAR szWindowClass[MAX_LOADSTRING]; // the main window class name // Forward declarations of functions included in this code module: ATOM MyRegisterClass(HINSTANCE hInstance); BOOL InitInstance(HINSTANCE, int); LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM); INT_PTR CALLBACK About(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM); int APIENTRY _tWinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance, LPTSTR lpCmdLine, int nCmdShow) { code..... #endif dont know what's going on. The error I get is 1>c:\users\numerical25\desktop\intro todirectx\gameproject\gameproject1\gameproject1\enginuity.cpp(1) : warning C4627: '#include "Enginuity.h"': skipped when looking for precompiled header use 1> Add directive to 'stdafx.h' or rebuild precompiled header 1>c:\users\numerical25\desktop\intro todirectx\gameproject\gameproject1\gameproject1\enginuity.cpp(8) : fatal error C1010: unexpected end of file while looking for precompiled header. Did you forget to add '#include "stdafx.h"' to your source?

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  • error C2440: 'initializing' : cannot convert from 'const wchar_t [9]' to 'LPCSTR'

    - by numerical25
    When I add the following to my code. // Define the input layout D3D10_INPUT_ELEMENT_DESC layout[] = { { L"POSITION", 0, DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32_FLOAT, 0, 0, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0 }, }; UINT numElements = sizeof(layout)/sizeof(layout[0]); I get the following error 1>c:\users\numerical25\desktop\intro todirectx\msdntutorials\tutorial0\tutorial\tutorial\main.cpp(43) : error C2440: 'initializing' : cannot convert from 'const wchar_t [9]' to 'LPCSTR' The error points straight to that line of code. if i remove the code, everything compiles correctly.

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  • fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file

    - by numerical25
    I looked at previous post based on this but they do not relate. I am receiving the following error. 1>c:\users\numerical25\desktop\intro todirectx\introtodirectx\chapter 4\init direct3d\init direct3d.cpp(9) : fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'd3dApp.h': No such file or directory But clearly from the image shown below, its there In oppose to other people who are having issues finding the header on the physical drive. the compiler can not find my header from within the solution explorer.

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  • no appropriate default constructor available . (when creating a child class)

    - by numerical25
    I am creating some custom exception classes doing the following class GXException { public: GXException(LPCWSTR pTxt):pReason(pTxt){}; LPCWSTR pReason; }; class GXVideoException : GXException { public: GXVideoException(LPCWSTR pTxt):pReason(pTxt){}; LPCWSTR pReason; }; When I created GXVideoException to extend GXException, I get the following error 1>c:\users\numerical25\desktop\intro todirectx\godfiles\gxrendermanager\gxrendermanager\gxrendermanager\gxexceptions.h(14) : error C2512: 'GXException' : no appropriate default constructor available

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  • error C2504: 'BASECLASS' : base class undefined

    - by numerical25
    I checked out a post similar to this but the linkage was different the issue was never resolved. The problem with mine is that for some reason the linker is expecting there to be a definition for the base class, but the base class is just a interface. Below is the error in it's entirety c:\users\numerical25\desktop\intro todirectx\godfiles\gxrendermanager\gxrendermanager\gxrendermanager\gxdx.h(2) : error C2504: 'GXRenderer' : base class undefined Below is the code that shows how the headers link with one another GXRenderManager.h #ifndef GXRM #define GXRM #include <windows.h> #include "GXRenderer.h" #include "GXDX.h" #include "GXGL.h" enum GXDEVICE { DIRECTX, OPENGL }; class GXRenderManager { public: static int Ignite(GXDEVICE); private: static GXRenderer *renderDevice; }; #endif at the top of GxRenderManager, there is GXRenderer , windows, GXDX, GXGL headers. I am assuming by including them all in this document. they all link to one another as if they were all in the same document. correct me if I am wrong cause that's how a view headers. Moving on... GXRenderer.h class GXRenderer { public: virtual void Render() = 0; virtual void StartUp() = 0; }; GXGL.h class GXGL: public GXRenderer { public: void Render(); void StartUp(); }; GXDX.h class GXDX: public GXRenderer { public: void Render(); void StartUp(); }; GXGL.cpp and GXDX.cpp respectively #include "GXGL.h" void GXGL::Render() { } void GXGL::StartUp() { } //...Next document #include "GXDX.h" void GXDX::Render() { } void GXDX::StartUp() { } Not sure whats going on. I think its how I am linking the documents, I am not sure.

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  • finding high end software contracting jobs

    - by numerical25
    I've been contracting for about 3 years now. I am currently a contractor for a web firm. This is a hourly position. I want to find larger projects. I had read that some people are able to only do one or two jobs a year and be set on that. I want those types of jobs, and I want to hire people to take on these jobs as well, but I have no idea where to start. I highly doubt places like odesk post these types of contracts. Where can I find them? How can I make good money and live comfortably while working for myself?

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  • codesniffer command not being recognized after several installs and upgrades

    - by numerical25
    I've tried to install codesniffer using pear but my mac is not recognizing the phpcs command. pear config Configuration (channel pear.php.net): ===================================== Auto-discover new Channels auto_discover 1 Default Channel default_channel pear.php.net HTTP Proxy Server Address http_proxy <not set> PEAR server [DEPRECATED] master_server pear.php.net Default Channel Mirror preferred_mirror pear.php.net Remote Configuration File remote_config <not set> PEAR executables directory bin_dir /usr/local/pear/bin PEAR documentation directory doc_dir /usr/local/pear/docs PHP extension directory ext_dir /opt/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626 PEAR directory php_dir /usr/local/pear/share/pear PEAR Installer cache directory cache_dir /private/tmp/pear/cache PEAR configuration file cfg_dir /usr/local/pear/cfg directory PEAR data directory data_dir /usr/local/pear/data PEAR Installer download download_dir /tmp/pear/install directory PHP CLI/CGI binary php_bin /opt/local/bin/php php.ini location php_ini /opt/local/etc/php5/php.ini-development --program-prefix passed to php_prefix <not set> PHP's ./configure --program-suffix passed to php_suffix <not set> PHP's ./configure PEAR Installer temp directory temp_dir /tmp/pear/install PEAR test directory test_dir /usr/local/pear/tests PEAR www files directory www_dir /usr/local/pear/www Cache TimeToLive cache_ttl 3600 Preferred Package State preferred_state stable Unix file mask umask 22 Debug Log Level verbose 1 PEAR password (for password <not set> maintainers) Signature Handling Program sig_bin /usr/local/bin/gpg Signature Key Directory sig_keydir /opt/local/etc/pearkeys Signature Key Id sig_keyid <not set> Package Signature Type sig_type gpg PEAR username (for username <not set> maintainers) User Configuration File Filename /Users/anthonygordon/.pearrc System Configuration File Filename /opt/local/etc/pear.conf i checked php_bin and the php executable is there. when i run phpcs i get command not found Ive tried to upgrade pear, uninstall reinstall code sniffer, everything. when i run installs list i get Pear List Package Version State Archive_Tar 1.3.10 stable Console_Getopt 1.3.1 stable PEAR 1.9.4 stable PHP_CodeSniffer 1.4.0 stable Structures_Graph 1.0.4 stable XML_Util 1.2.1 stable

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  • My website directories downloads instead of actually opening up from browser

    - by numerical25
    I added some screencast to show what I am having issues with http://screencast.com/t/212t3ANINqk http://screencast.com/t/bR44U1wkvNZl http://screencast.com/t/iDS7APYYsa but the page downloads my subdirectories instead of opening them up and displaying the index file of that page Here is the situation. I am trying to get my web service up using mac ports and I am just trying to configure all the files. I am using php, apache, etc. the page goes to the localhost root but anything beyond that. it can not find. edit Ive tried to add the following to httpd.conf within the <IfModule mime_module> but no hope AddType application/x-httpd-php .php AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtml AddType application/x-httpd-php .php3 AddType application/x-httpd-php .php4 AddType application/x-httpd-php .html AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

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  • 1>main.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol [email protected]

    - by numerical25
    having trouble getting my directx going I get the following error 1>Linking... 1>main.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol [email protected] 1>C:\Users\numerical25\Desktop\Intro ToDirectX\msdnTutorials\tutorial0\tutorial\Debug\tutorial.exe : fatal error LNK1120: 1 unresolved externals below is my code // include the basic windows header file #include <windows.h> #include <windowsx.h> #include <d3d10.h> ID3D10Device* g_pd3dDevice; IDXGISwapChain* g_pSwapChain; // the WindowProc function prototype LRESULT CALLBACK WindowProc(HWND hWnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam); bool InitDirect3D(HWND); // the entry point for any Windows program int WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance, LPSTR lpCmdLine, int nCmdShow) { // the handle for the window, filled by a function HWND hWnd; // this struct holds information for the window class WNDCLASSEX wc; // clear out the window class for use ZeroMemory(&wc, sizeof(WNDCLASSEX)); // fill in the struct with the needed information wc.cbSize = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX); wc.style = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW; wc.lpfnWndProc = WindowProc; wc.hInstance = hInstance; wc.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW); wc.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH)COLOR_WINDOW; wc.lpszClassName = L"WindowClass1"; // register the window class RegisterClassEx(&wc); // create the window and use the result as the handle hWnd = CreateWindowEx(NULL, L"WindowClass1", // name of the window class L"Our First Windowed Program", // title of the window WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, // window style 300, // x-position of the window 300, // y-position of the window 640, // width of the window 480, // height of the window NULL, // we have no parent window, NULL NULL, // we aren't using menus, NULL hInstance, // application handle NULL); // used with multiple windows, NULL // display the window on the screen ShowWindow(hWnd, nCmdShow); // enter the main loop: // this struct holds Windows event messages MSG msg; bool finished = InitDirect3D(hWnd); // Enter the infinite message loop while(TRUE) { // Check to see if any messages are waiting in the queue while(PeekMessage(&msg, NULL, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE)) { // Translate the message and dispatch it to WindowProc() TranslateMessage(&msg); DispatchMessage(&msg); } // If the message is WM_QUIT, exit the while loop if(msg.message == WM_QUIT) break; // Run game code here // ... // ... }; } // this is the main message handler for the program LRESULT CALLBACK WindowProc(HWND hWnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam) { // sort through and find what code to run for the message given switch(message) { // this message is read when the window is closed case WM_DESTROY: { // close the application entirely PostQuitMessage(0); return 0; } break; } // Handle any messages the switch statement didn't return DefWindowProc (hWnd, message, wParam, lParam); } bool InitDirect3D(HWND g_hWnd) { DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC sd; ZeroMemory( &sd, sizeof(sd) ); sd.BufferCount = 1; sd.BufferDesc.Width = 640; sd.BufferDesc.Height = 480; sd.BufferDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM; sd.BufferDesc.RefreshRate.Numerator = 60; sd.BufferDesc.RefreshRate.Denominator = 1; sd.BufferUsage = DXGI_USAGE_RENDER_TARGET_OUTPUT; sd.OutputWindow = g_hWnd; sd.SampleDesc.Count = 1; sd.SampleDesc.Quality = 0; sd.Windowed = TRUE; if( FAILED( D3D10CreateDeviceAndSwapChain( NULL, D3D10_DRIVER_TYPE_REFERENCE, NULL, 0, D3D10_SDK_VERSION, &sd, &g_pSwapChain, &g_pd3dDevice ) ) ) { return FALSE; } return TRUE; }

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  • What is magento ecommerce plotting ???

    - by numerical25
    I am not sure if this is the appropriate place to to discuss this issue but I am a Magento developer and ever since they announced they were going to build magento as a PAAS platform, I began to not trust where they are trying to go with the company. As a business I respect where they are trying to go as a company, but as a developer who highly depends on their platform for my business, I feel that they will eventually become a player in their own game. Ebay has announced that they will be acquiring the license to the magento platform and this makes you wonder why a company like eBay would want to do such a thing. Ebay is known for their pre-built stores. it would seem they would only team with magento only to utilize their PAAS web stores. I dunno, maybe I am a little confused about the whole situation. that's why i would like to hear everyone else opinion.

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  • My website directories downloads instead of actually opening up from browser

    - by numerical25
    I added some screencast to show what I am having issues with http://screencast.com/t/212t3ANINqk http://screencast.com/t/bR44U1wkvNZl http://screencast.com/t/iDS7APYYsa but the page downloads my subdirectories instead of opening them up and displaying the index file of that page Here is the situation. I am trying to get my web service up using mac ports and I am just trying to configure all the files. I am using php, apache, etc. the page goes to the localhost root but anything beyond that. it can not find. edit Ive tried to add the following to httpd.conf within the <IfModule mime_module> but no hope AddType application/x-httpd-php .php AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtml AddType application/x-httpd-php .php3 AddType application/x-httpd-php .php4 AddType application/x-httpd-php .html AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

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  • ArgumentError: Error #2015: Invalid BitmapData.

    - by numerical25
    I am having problems loading a bitmapData. I am getting the following error Engine Init //trace loadimage//trace ArgumentError: Error #2015: Invalid BitmapData. at flash.display::BitmapData() Below is my code. it appears it happens after the trace loadimage package com.objects { import flash.display.Sprite; import flash.display.BitmapData; import flash.display.Bitmap; import flash.geom.Point; import flash.geom.Rectangle; import flash.display.Loader; import flash.net.URLRequest; import flash.net.*; import flash.events.*; import flash.display.LoaderInfo; public class gameObject extends Sprite { protected var w:Number; protected var h:Number; protected var image:BitmapData; protected var canvas:Bitmap; protected var px:Number; protected var py:Number; public function gameObject():void { init(); } private function init():void { } public function loadImage(imageDir:String, w:Number, h:Number, px:Number, py:Number):void { this.w = w; this.y = y; this.px = px; this.py = py; trace("loadimage"); var loader:Loader = new Loader(); loader.contentLoaderInfo.addEventListener(Event.COMPLETE,imageComplete); loader.load(new URLRequest(imageDir)); } private function imageComplete(e:Event):void { var loader:LoaderInfo = LoaderInfo(e.target); image = Bitmap(loader.content).bitmapData; drawImage(); } private function drawImage():void { var tilePoint:Point = new Point(0,0); var tileRect = new Rectangle(py,px,w,h); trace(loader.content); var canvasData:BitmapData = new BitmapData(w,h); trace("got canvas data"); canvasData.copyPixels(image,tileRect,tilePoint); trace("copied pixels"); canvas = new Bitmap(canvasData); } } } And my call the the method is like so balls = new Array(); balls[0] = new gameObject(); balls[0].loadImage("com/images/ball.gif", 15,15,0,0); When I trace the Loader.content, below is what shows Engine Init loadimage [object Bitmap] ArgumentError: Error #2015: Invalid BitmapData. at flash.display::BitmapData()

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  • error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'vertices'

    - by numerical25
    I would usually search for this error. But in VS C++ Express, this error comes up for just about every mistake you do. Any how I recieve this error below error C2146: syntax error : missing ';' before identifier 'vertices' everytime I add the following code at the top of my document // Create vertex buffer SimpleVertex vertices[] = { D3DXVECTOR3( 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f ), D3DXVECTOR3( 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f ), D3DXVECTOR3( -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f ), }; below is the code in it's entirety. Cant figure out whats wrong. thanks // include the basic windows header file #include "D3Dapp.h" class MyGame: public D3Dapp { public: bool Init3d(); }; MyGame game; // Create vertex buffer SimpleVertex vertices[] = { D3DXVECTOR3( 0.0f, 0.5f, 0.5f ), D3DXVECTOR3( 0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f ), D3DXVECTOR3( -0.5f, -0.5f, 0.5f ), }; // the entry point for any Windows program int WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance, LPSTR lpCmdLine, int nCmdShow) { game.InitWindow(hInstance , nCmdShow); return game.Run(); } bool MyGame::Init3d() { D3Dapp::Init3d(); return true; }

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  • fatal error C1014: too many include files : depth = 1024

    - by numerical25
    I have no idea what this means. But here is the code that it supposely is happening in. //======================================================================================= // d3dApp.cpp by Frank Luna (C) 2008 All Rights Reserved. //======================================================================================= #include "d3dApp.h" #include <stream> LRESULT CALLBACK MainWndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam) { static D3DApp* app = 0; switch( msg ) { case WM_CREATE: { // Get the 'this' pointer we passed to CreateWindow via the lpParam parameter. CREATESTRUCT* cs = (CREATESTRUCT*)lParam; app = (D3DApp*)cs->lpCreateParams; return 0; } } // Don't start processing messages until after WM_CREATE. if( app ) return app->msgProc(msg, wParam, lParam); else return DefWindowProc(hwnd, msg, wParam, lParam); } D3DApp::D3DApp(HINSTANCE hInstance) { mhAppInst = hInstance; mhMainWnd = 0; mAppPaused = false; mMinimized = false; mMaximized = false; mResizing = false; mFrameStats = L""; md3dDevice = 0; mSwapChain = 0; mDepthStencilBuffer = 0; mRenderTargetView = 0; mDepthStencilView = 0; mFont = 0; mMainWndCaption = L"D3D10 Application"; md3dDriverType = D3D10_DRIVER_TYPE_HARDWARE; mClearColor = D3DXCOLOR(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f); mClientWidth = 800; mClientHeight = 600; } D3DApp::~D3DApp() { ReleaseCOM(mRenderTargetView); ReleaseCOM(mDepthStencilView); ReleaseCOM(mSwapChain); ReleaseCOM(mDepthStencilBuffer); ReleaseCOM(md3dDevice); ReleaseCOM(mFont); } HINSTANCE D3DApp::getAppInst() { return mhAppInst; } HWND D3DApp::getMainWnd() { return mhMainWnd; } int D3DApp::run() { MSG msg = {0}; mTimer.reset(); while(msg.message != WM_QUIT) { // If there are Window messages then process them. if(PeekMessage( &msg, 0, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE )) { TranslateMessage( &msg ); DispatchMessage( &msg ); } // Otherwise, do animation/game stuff. else { mTimer.tick(); if( !mAppPaused ) updateScene(mTimer.getDeltaTime()); else Sleep(50); drawScene(); } } return (int)msg.wParam; } void D3DApp::initApp() { initMainWindow(); initDirect3D(); D3DX10_FONT_DESC fontDesc; fontDesc.Height = 24; fontDesc.Width = 0; fontDesc.Weight = 0; fontDesc.MipLevels = 1; fontDesc.Italic = false; fontDesc.CharSet = DEFAULT_CHARSET; fontDesc.OutputPrecision = OUT_DEFAULT_PRECIS; fontDesc.Quality = DEFAULT_QUALITY; fontDesc.PitchAndFamily = DEFAULT_PITCH | FF_DONTCARE; wcscpy(fontDesc.FaceName, L"Times New Roman"); D3DX10CreateFontIndirect(md3dDevice, &fontDesc, &mFont); } void D3DApp::onResize() { // Release the old views, as they hold references to the buffers we // will be destroying. Also release the old depth/stencil buffer. ReleaseCOM(mRenderTargetView); ReleaseCOM(mDepthStencilView); ReleaseCOM(mDepthStencilBuffer); // Resize the swap chain and recreate the render target view. HR(mSwapChain->ResizeBuffers(1, mClientWidth, mClientHeight, DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM, 0)); ID3D10Texture2D* backBuffer; HR(mSwapChain->GetBuffer(0, __uuidof(ID3D10Texture2D), reinterpret_cast<void**>(&backBuffer))); HR(md3dDevice->CreateRenderTargetView(backBuffer, 0, &mRenderTargetView)); ReleaseCOM(backBuffer); // Create the depth/stencil buffer and view. D3D10_TEXTURE2D_DESC depthStencilDesc; depthStencilDesc.Width = mClientWidth; depthStencilDesc.Height = mClientHeight; depthStencilDesc.MipLevels = 1; depthStencilDesc.ArraySize = 1; depthStencilDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_D24_UNORM_S8_UINT; depthStencilDesc.SampleDesc.Count = 1; // multisampling must match depthStencilDesc.SampleDesc.Quality = 0; // swap chain values. depthStencilDesc.Usage = D3D10_USAGE_DEFAULT; depthStencilDesc.BindFlags = D3D10_BIND_DEPTH_STENCIL; depthStencilDesc.CPUAccessFlags = 0; depthStencilDesc.MiscFlags = 0; HR(md3dDevice->CreateTexture2D(&depthStencilDesc, 0, &mDepthStencilBuffer)); HR(md3dDevice->CreateDepthStencilView(mDepthStencilBuffer, 0, &mDepthStencilView)); // Bind the render target view and depth/stencil view to the pipeline. md3dDevice->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &mRenderTargetView, mDepthStencilView); // Set the viewport transform. D3D10_VIEWPORT vp; vp.TopLeftX = 0; vp.TopLeftY = 0; vp.Width = mClientWidth; vp.Height = mClientHeight; vp.MinDepth = 0.0f; vp.MaxDepth = 1.0f; md3dDevice->RSSetViewports(1, &vp); } void D3DApp::updateScene(float dt) { // Code computes the average frames per second, and also the // average time it takes to render one frame. static int frameCnt = 0; static float t_base = 0.0f; frameCnt++; // Compute averages over one second period. if( (mTimer.getGameTime() - t_base) >= 1.0f ) { float fps = (float)frameCnt; // fps = frameCnt / 1 float mspf = 1000.0f / fps; std::wostringstream outs; outs.precision(6); outs << L"FPS: " << fps << L"\n" << "Milliseconds: Per Frame: " << mspf; mFrameStats = outs.str(); // Reset for next average. frameCnt = 0; t_base += 1.0f; } } void D3DApp::drawScene() { md3dDevice->ClearRenderTargetView(mRenderTargetView, mClearColor); md3dDevice->ClearDepthStencilView(mDepthStencilView, D3D10_CLEAR_DEPTH|D3D10_CLEAR_STENCIL, 1.0f, 0); } LRESULT D3DApp::msgProc(UINT msg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam) { switch( msg ) { // WM_ACTIVATE is sent when the window is activated or deactivated. // We pause the game when the window is deactivated and unpause it // when it becomes active. case WM_ACTIVATE: if( LOWORD(wParam) == WA_INACTIVE ) { mAppPaused = true; mTimer.stop(); } else { mAppPaused = false; mTimer.start(); } return 0; // WM_SIZE is sent when the user resizes the window. case WM_SIZE: // Save the new client area dimensions. mClientWidth = LOWORD(lParam); mClientHeight = HIWORD(lParam); if( md3dDevice ) { if( wParam == SIZE_MINIMIZED ) { mAppPaused = true; mMinimized = true; mMaximized = false; } else if( wParam == SIZE_MAXIMIZED ) { mAppPaused = false; mMinimized = false; mMaximized = true; onResize(); } else if( wParam == SIZE_RESTORED ) { // Restoring from minimized state? if( mMinimized ) { mAppPaused = false; mMinimized = false; onResize(); } // Restoring from maximized state? else if( mMaximized ) { mAppPaused = false; mMaximized = false; onResize(); } else if( mResizing ) { // If user is dragging the resize bars, we do not resize // the buffers here because as the user continuously // drags the resize bars, a stream of WM_SIZE messages are // sent to the window, and it would be pointless (and slow) // to resize for each WM_SIZE message received from dragging // the resize bars. So instead, we reset after the user is // done resizing the window and releases the resize bars, which // sends a WM_EXITSIZEMOVE message. } else // API call such as SetWindowPos or mSwapChain->SetFullscreenState. { onResize(); } } } return 0; // WM_EXITSIZEMOVE is sent when the user grabs the resize bars. case WM_ENTERSIZEMOVE: mAppPaused = true; mResizing = true; mTimer.stop(); return 0; // WM_EXITSIZEMOVE is sent when the user releases the resize bars. // Here we reset everything based on the new window dimensions. case WM_EXITSIZEMOVE: mAppPaused = false; mResizing = false; mTimer.start(); onResize(); return 0; // WM_DESTROY is sent when the window is being destroyed. case WM_DESTROY: PostQuitMessage(0); return 0; // The WM_MENUCHAR message is sent when a menu is active and the user presses // a key that does not correspond to any mnemonic or accelerator key. case WM_MENUCHAR: // Don't beep when we alt-enter. return MAKELRESULT(0, MNC_CLOSE); // Catch this message so to prevent the window from becoming too small. case WM_GETMINMAXINFO: ((MINMAXINFO*)lParam)->ptMinTrackSize.x = 200; ((MINMAXINFO*)lParam)->ptMinTrackSize.y = 200; return 0; } return DefWindowProc(mhMainWnd, msg, wParam, lParam); } void D3DApp::initMainWindow() { WNDCLASS wc; wc.style = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW; wc.lpfnWndProc = MainWndProc; wc.cbClsExtra = 0; wc.cbWndExtra = 0; wc.hInstance = mhAppInst; wc.hIcon = LoadIcon(0, IDI_APPLICATION); wc.hCursor = LoadCursor(0, IDC_ARROW); wc.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH)GetStockObject(NULL_BRUSH); wc.lpszMenuName = 0; wc.lpszClassName = L"D3DWndClassName"; if( !RegisterClass(&wc) ) { MessageBox(0, L"RegisterClass FAILED", 0, 0); PostQuitMessage(0); } // Compute window rectangle dimensions based on requested client area dimensions. RECT R = { 0, 0, mClientWidth, mClientHeight }; AdjustWindowRect(&R, WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, false); int width = R.right - R.left; int height = R.bottom - R.top; mhMainWnd = CreateWindow(L"D3DWndClassName", mMainWndCaption.c_str(), WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW, CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT, width, height, 0, 0, mhAppInst, this); if( !mhMainWnd ) { MessageBox(0, L"CreateWindow FAILED", 0, 0); PostQuitMessage(0); } ShowWindow(mhMainWnd, SW_SHOW); UpdateWindow(mhMainWnd); } void D3DApp::initDirect3D() { // Fill out a DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC to describe our swap chain. DXGI_SWAP_CHAIN_DESC sd; sd.BufferDesc.Width = mClientWidth; sd.BufferDesc.Height = mClientHeight; sd.BufferDesc.RefreshRate.Numerator = 60; sd.BufferDesc.RefreshRate.Denominator = 1; sd.BufferDesc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_R8G8B8A8_UNORM; sd.BufferDesc.ScanlineOrdering = DXGI_MODE_SCANLINE_ORDER_UNSPECIFIED; sd.BufferDesc.Scaling = DXGI_MODE_SCALING_UNSPECIFIED; // No multisampling. sd.SampleDesc.Count = 1; sd.SampleDesc.Quality = 0; sd.BufferUsage = DXGI_USAGE_RENDER_TARGET_OUTPUT; sd.BufferCount = 1; sd.OutputWindow = mhMainWnd; sd.Windowed = true; sd.SwapEffect = DXGI_SWAP_EFFECT_DISCARD; sd.Flags = 0; // Create the device. UINT createDeviceFlags = 0; #if defined(DEBUG) || defined(_DEBUG) createDeviceFlags |= D3D10_CREATE_DEVICE_DEBUG; #endif HR( D3D10CreateDeviceAndSwapChain( 0, //default adapter md3dDriverType, 0, // no software device createDeviceFlags, D3D10_SDK_VERSION, &sd, &mSwapChain, &md3dDevice) ); // The remaining steps that need to be carried out for d3d creation // also need to be executed every time the window is resized. So // just call the onResize method here to avoid code duplication. onResize(); }

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  • getting a job in game industry as a developer, just knowing a game engine

    - by numerical25
    I recently enrolled at a community college for game developement. But I am skeptical about the circulum. I have no experience in the gaming industry so I wouldnt be able to tell rather its a good investment or not. So I am asking you. I dont want to get too much into detail of all the classes I am taking so I will try to be brief. By the time I graduate, I should have a understanding of how a game engine works. I will be working with the unreal engine to develop a Multiplayer game from scratch. So in the process of my final project, I will learn how to work within the unreal engine, Learn python and learn how to use it's API to connect to a remote server and build game mechanics. Overall I will also recieve a associates degree in game development. I learn c++ but not c. The director said he was trying to implement c in the program as well. What I notice is I will not learn how to build a 3d game engine from scratch. They do not teach any AI. I will not learn how to work with the graphics card using a graphic's api such as DirectX or OpenGL. I know building a game engine from scratch is a little complex, but at the same time the track is requireing me to take some advances math courses such a calculus and geotomtry 1 and 2. I also got to take a physic class. I just think thats a little much for just learning how to use the unreal engine but not actually build one or try to learn the anatomy of a game engine. Is this good enough to possibly land my a job in the insdustry. If I left anything out or was not detail, please feel free to ask more questions. Thanks Guys!!

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  • 'dxerr9.h': No such file or directory

    - by numerical25
    I am trying to compile a program I took off a cd from a book that uses directx to render 3d objects. when i press compile I get the following error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'dxerr9.h': No such file or directory I am using VC++ 2008 Express Edition and i am running off of Vista. I went to the following folder C:\Program Files\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v6.0A\Include and I was not able to find the header there. Unless I am looking in the wrong place. When I initially installed DX sdk I allowed the installer to put everything in a default location. I am not sure If I am looking in the right places or what.

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  • DirectX 9 or DirectX 10 for starters ??

    - by numerical25
    I want to do projects to make my resume more appealing to game companies. So I am going to start buying books. But I don't know rather to read DirectX 9 or 10 api books to start off with. DirectX10 is great, but it seems the industry is moving slow to 10. so should I use 9 or go with 10 ??

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  • why do game engines prefer static libraries over dynamic link libraries

    - by numerical25
    I've been reading a few gaming books. And they always prefer to create the engine as a static library over dynamic link. I am new to c++ so I am not highly knowledge when it comes to static libraries and dynamic link libraries. All I know is static libraries increase the size of your program, where DLL link libraries are loaded as you need them within your program. [edit] I've played games where it almost seemed they used DLL's to load in sound, lighting, and what not all individually. as the level was loading up. cause you don't necessarily need that when your at the game menu.

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  • the scope of a pointer ???

    - by numerical25
    Ok, so I did find some questions that were almost similar but they actually confused me even more about pointers. http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2715198/c-pointer-objects-vs-non-pointer-objects-closed In the link above, they say that if you declare a pointer it is actually saved on the heap and not on the stack, regardless of where it was declared at. Is this true ?? Or am I misunderstanding ??? I thought that regardless of a pointer or non pointer, if its a global variable, it lives as long as the application. If its a local variable or declared within a loop or function, its life is only as long as the code within it.

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  • error C2109: subscript requires array or pointer type

    - by numerical25
    I am trying to debug some homework but I am having trouble with these lines of code #include "stdafx.h" #include<conio.h> #include<iostream> #include<string> using namespace std; int main() { char word; cout << "Enter a word and I will tell you whether it is" << endl << "in the first or last half of the alphabet." << endl << "Please begin the word with a lowercase letter. --> "; cin >> word; if(word[0] >= 'm') cout << word << " is in the first half of the alphabet" << endl; else cout << word << " is in the last half of the alphabet" << endl; return 0; } I get the following error and I have no clue what its sayings error C2109: subscript requires array or pointer type

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  • Issues with HLSL and lighting

    - by numerical25
    I am trying figure out whats going on with my HLSL code but I have no way of debugging it cause C++ gives off no errors. The application just closes when I run it. I am trying to add lighting to a 3d plane I made. below is my HLSL. The problem consist when my Pixel shader method returns the struct "outColor" . If I change the return value back to the struct "psInput" , everything goes back to working again. My light vectors and colors are at the top of the fx file // PS_INPUT - input variables to the pixel shader // This struct is created and fill in by the // vertex shader cbuffer Variables { matrix Projection; matrix World; float TimeStep; }; struct PS_INPUT { float4 Pos : SV_POSITION; float4 Color : COLOR0; float3 Normal : TEXCOORD0; float3 ViewVector : TEXCOORD1; }; float specpower = 80.0f; float3 camPos = float3(0.0f, 9.0, -256.0f); float3 DirectLightColor = float3(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f); float3 DirectLightVector = float3(0.0f, 0.602f, 0.70f); float3 AmbientLightColor = float3(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f); /*************************************** * Lighting functions ***************************************/ /********************************* * CalculateAmbient - * inputs - * vKa material's reflective color * lightColor - the ambient color of the lightsource * output - ambient color *********************************/ float3 CalculateAmbient(float3 vKa, float3 lightColor) { float3 vAmbient = vKa * lightColor; return vAmbient; } /********************************* * CalculateDiffuse - * inputs - * material color * The color of the direct light * the local normal * the vector of the direct light * output - difuse color *********************************/ float3 CalculateDiffuse(float3 baseColor, float3 lightColor, float3 normal, float3 lightVector) { float3 vDiffuse = baseColor * lightColor * saturate(dot(normal, lightVector)); return vDiffuse; } /********************************* * CalculateSpecular - * inputs - * viewVector * the direct light vector * the normal * output - specular highlight *********************************/ float CalculateSpecular(float3 viewVector, float3 lightVector, float3 normal) { float3 vReflect = reflect(lightVector, normal); float fSpecular = saturate(dot(vReflect, viewVector)); fSpecular = pow(fSpecular, specpower); return fSpecular; } /********************************* * LightingCombine - * inputs - * ambient component * diffuse component * specualr component * output - phong color color *********************************/ float3 LightingCombine(float3 vAmbient, float3 vDiffuse, float fSpecular) { float3 vCombined = vAmbient + vDiffuse + fSpecular.xxx; return vCombined; } //////////////////////////////////////////////// // Vertex Shader - Main Function /////////////////////////////////////////////// PS_INPUT VS(float4 Pos : POSITION, float4 Color : COLOR, float3 Normal : NORMAL) { PS_INPUT psInput; float4 newPosition; newPosition = Pos; newPosition.y = sin((newPosition.x * TimeStep) + (newPosition.z / 3.0f)) * 5.0f; // Pass through both the position and the color psInput.Pos = mul(newPosition , Projection ); psInput.Color = Color; psInput.ViewVector = normalize(camPos - psInput.Pos); return psInput; } /////////////////////////////////////////////// // Pixel Shader /////////////////////////////////////////////// //Anthony!!!!!!!!!!! Find out how color works when multiplying them float4 PS(PS_INPUT psInput) : SV_Target { float3 normal = -normalize(psInput.Normal); float3 vAmbient = CalculateAmbient(psInput.Color, AmbientLightColor); float3 vDiffuse = CalculateDiffuse(psInput.Color, DirectLightColor, normal, DirectLightVector); float fSpecular = CalculateSpecular(psInput.ViewVector, DirectLightVector, normal); float4 outColor; outColor.rgb = LightingCombine(vAmbient, vDiffuse, fSpecular); outColor.a = 1.0f; //Below is where the error begins return outColor; } // Define the technique technique10 Render { pass P0 { SetVertexShader( CompileShader( vs_4_0, VS() ) ); SetGeometryShader( NULL ); SetPixelShader( CompileShader( ps_4_0, PS() ) ); } } Below is some of my c++ code. Reason I am showing this is because it is pretty much what creates the surface normals for my shaders to evaluate. for the lighting for(int z=0; z < NUM_ROWS; ++z) { for(int x = 0; x < NUM_COLS; ++x) { int curVertex = x + (z * NUM_VERTSX); indices[curIndex] = curVertex; indices[curIndex + 1] = curVertex + NUM_VERTSX; indices[curIndex + 2] = curVertex + 1; D3DXVECTOR3 v0 = vertices[indices[curIndex]].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 v1 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 1]].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 v2 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 2]].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 normal; D3DXVECTOR3 cross; D3DXVec3Cross(&cross, &D3DXVECTOR3(v2 - v0),&D3DXVECTOR3(v1 - v0)); D3DXVec3Normalize(&normal, &cross); vertices[indices[curIndex]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 1]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 2]].normal = normal; indices[curIndex + 3] = curVertex + 1; indices[curIndex + 4] = curVertex + NUM_VERTSX; indices[curIndex + 5] = curVertex + NUM_VERTSX + 1; v0 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 3]].pos; v1 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 4]].pos; v2 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 5]].pos; D3DXVec3Cross(&cross, &D3DXVECTOR3(v2 - v0),&D3DXVECTOR3(v1 - v0)); D3DXVec3Normalize(&normal, &cross); vertices[indices[curIndex + 3]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 4]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 5]].normal = normal; curIndex += 6; } } and below is my c++ code, in it's entirety. showing the drawing and also calling on the passes #include "MyGame.h" //#include "CubeVector.h" /* This code sets a projection and shows a turning cube. What has been added is the project, rotation and a rasterizer to change the rasterization of the cube. The issue that was going on was something with the effect file which was causing the vertices not to be rendered correctly.*/ typedef struct { ID3D10Effect* pEffect; ID3D10EffectTechnique* pTechnique; //vertex information ID3D10Buffer* pVertexBuffer; ID3D10Buffer* pIndicesBuffer; ID3D10InputLayout* pVertexLayout; UINT numVertices; UINT numIndices; }ModelObject; ModelObject modelObject; // World Matrix D3DXMATRIX WorldMatrix; // View Matrix D3DXMATRIX ViewMatrix; // Projection Matrix D3DXMATRIX ProjectionMatrix; ID3D10EffectMatrixVariable* pProjectionMatrixVariable = NULL; //grid information #define NUM_COLS 16 #define NUM_ROWS 16 #define CELL_WIDTH 32 #define CELL_HEIGHT 32 #define NUM_VERTSX (NUM_COLS + 1) #define NUM_VERTSY (NUM_ROWS + 1) // timer variables LARGE_INTEGER timeStart; LARGE_INTEGER timeEnd; LARGE_INTEGER timerFreq; double currentTime; float anim_rate; // Variable to hold how long since last frame change float lastElaspedFrame = 0; // How long should the frames last float frameDuration = 0.5; bool MyGame::InitDirect3D() { if(!DX3dApp::InitDirect3D()) { return false; } // Get the timer frequency QueryPerformanceFrequency(&timerFreq); float freqSeconds = 1.0f / timerFreq.QuadPart; lastElaspedFrame = 0; D3D10_RASTERIZER_DESC rastDesc; rastDesc.FillMode = D3D10_FILL_WIREFRAME; rastDesc.CullMode = D3D10_CULL_FRONT; rastDesc.FrontCounterClockwise = true; rastDesc.DepthBias = false; rastDesc.DepthBiasClamp = 0; rastDesc.SlopeScaledDepthBias = 0; rastDesc.DepthClipEnable = false; rastDesc.ScissorEnable = false; rastDesc.MultisampleEnable = false; rastDesc.AntialiasedLineEnable = false; ID3D10RasterizerState *g_pRasterizerState; mpD3DDevice->CreateRasterizerState(&rastDesc, &g_pRasterizerState); mpD3DDevice->RSSetState(g_pRasterizerState); // Set up the World Matrix D3DXMatrixIdentity(&WorldMatrix); D3DXMatrixLookAtLH(&ViewMatrix, new D3DXVECTOR3(200.0f, 60.0f, -20.0f), new D3DXVECTOR3(200.0f, 50.0f, 0.0f), new D3DXVECTOR3(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f)); // Set up the projection matrix D3DXMatrixPerspectiveFovLH(&ProjectionMatrix, (float)D3DX_PI * 0.5f, (float)mWidth/(float)mHeight, 0.1f, 100.0f); pTimeVariable = NULL; if(!CreateObject()) { return false; } return true; } //These are actions that take place after the clearing of the buffer and before the present void MyGame::GameDraw() { static float rotationAngle = 0.0f; // create the rotation matrix using the rotation angle D3DXMatrixRotationY(&WorldMatrix, rotationAngle); rotationAngle += (float)D3DX_PI * 0.0f; // Set the input layout mpD3DDevice->IASetInputLayout(modelObject.pVertexLayout); // Set vertex buffer UINT stride = sizeof(VertexPos); UINT offset = 0; mpD3DDevice->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &modelObject.pVertexBuffer, &stride, &offset); mpD3DDevice->IASetIndexBuffer(modelObject.pIndicesBuffer, DXGI_FORMAT_R32_UINT, 0); pTimeVariable->SetFloat((float)currentTime); // Set primitive topology mpD3DDevice->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D10_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TRIANGLELIST); // Combine and send the final matrix to the shader D3DXMATRIX finalMatrix = (WorldMatrix * ViewMatrix * ProjectionMatrix); pProjectionMatrixVariable->SetMatrix((float*)&finalMatrix); // make sure modelObject is valid // Render a model object D3D10_TECHNIQUE_DESC techniqueDescription; modelObject.pTechnique->GetDesc(&techniqueDescription); // Loop through the technique passes for(UINT p=0; p < techniqueDescription.Passes; ++p) { modelObject.pTechnique->GetPassByIndex(p)->Apply(0); // draw the cube using all 36 vertices and 12 triangles mpD3DDevice->DrawIndexed(modelObject.numIndices,0,0); } } //Render actually incapsulates Gamedraw, so you can call data before you actually clear the buffer or after you //present data void MyGame::Render() { // Get the start timer count QueryPerformanceCounter(&timeStart); currentTime += anim_rate; DX3dApp::Render(); QueryPerformanceCounter(&timeEnd); anim_rate = ( (float)timeEnd.QuadPart - (float)timeStart.QuadPart ) / timerFreq.QuadPart; } bool MyGame::CreateObject() { VertexPos vertices[NUM_VERTSX * NUM_VERTSY]; for(int z=0; z < NUM_VERTSY; ++z) { for(int x = 0; x < NUM_VERTSX; ++x) { vertices[x + z * NUM_VERTSX].pos.x = (float)x * CELL_WIDTH; vertices[x + z * NUM_VERTSX].pos.z = (float)z * CELL_HEIGHT; vertices[x + z * NUM_VERTSX].pos.y = (float)(rand() % CELL_HEIGHT); vertices[x + z * NUM_VERTSX].color = D3DXVECTOR4(1.0, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f); } } DWORD indices[NUM_VERTSX * NUM_VERTSY * 6]; int curIndex = 0; for(int z=0; z < NUM_ROWS; ++z) { for(int x = 0; x < NUM_COLS; ++x) { int curVertex = x + (z * NUM_VERTSX); indices[curIndex] = curVertex; indices[curIndex + 1] = curVertex + NUM_VERTSX; indices[curIndex + 2] = curVertex + 1; D3DXVECTOR3 v0 = vertices[indices[curIndex]].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 v1 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 1]].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 v2 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 2]].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 normal; D3DXVECTOR3 cross; D3DXVec3Cross(&cross, &D3DXVECTOR3(v2 - v0),&D3DXVECTOR3(v1 - v0)); D3DXVec3Normalize(&normal, &cross); vertices[indices[curIndex]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 1]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 2]].normal = normal; indices[curIndex + 3] = curVertex + 1; indices[curIndex + 4] = curVertex + NUM_VERTSX; indices[curIndex + 5] = curVertex + NUM_VERTSX + 1; v0 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 3]].pos; v1 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 4]].pos; v2 = vertices[indices[curIndex + 5]].pos; D3DXVec3Cross(&cross, &D3DXVECTOR3(v2 - v0),&D3DXVECTOR3(v1 - v0)); D3DXVec3Normalize(&normal, &cross); vertices[indices[curIndex + 3]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 4]].normal = normal; vertices[indices[curIndex + 5]].normal = normal; curIndex += 6; } } //Create Layout D3D10_INPUT_ELEMENT_DESC layout[] = { {"POSITION",0,DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32_FLOAT, 0 , 0, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0}, {"COLOR",0,DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32A32_FLOAT, 0 , 12, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0}, {"NORMAL",0,DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32A32_FLOAT, 0 , 28, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0} }; UINT numElements = (sizeof(layout)/sizeof(layout[0])); modelObject.numVertices = sizeof(vertices)/sizeof(VertexPos); //Create buffer desc D3D10_BUFFER_DESC bufferDesc; bufferDesc.Usage = D3D10_USAGE_DEFAULT; bufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(VertexPos) * modelObject.numVertices; bufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D10_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER; bufferDesc.CPUAccessFlags = 0; bufferDesc.MiscFlags = 0; D3D10_SUBRESOURCE_DATA initData; initData.pSysMem = vertices; //Create the buffer HRESULT hr = mpD3DDevice->CreateBuffer(&bufferDesc, &initData, &modelObject.pVertexBuffer); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; modelObject.numIndices = sizeof(indices)/sizeof(DWORD); bufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(DWORD) * modelObject.numIndices; bufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D10_BIND_INDEX_BUFFER; initData.pSysMem = indices; hr = mpD3DDevice->CreateBuffer(&bufferDesc, &initData, &modelObject.pIndicesBuffer); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //Set up fx files LPCWSTR effectFilename = L"effect.fx"; modelObject.pEffect = NULL; hr = D3DX10CreateEffectFromFile(effectFilename, NULL, NULL, "fx_4_0", D3D10_SHADER_ENABLE_STRICTNESS, 0, mpD3DDevice, NULL, NULL, &modelObject.pEffect, NULL, NULL); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; pProjectionMatrixVariable = modelObject.pEffect->GetVariableByName("Projection")->AsMatrix(); pTimeVariable = modelObject.pEffect->GetVariableByName("TimeStep")->AsScalar(); //Dont sweat the technique. Get it! LPCSTR effectTechniqueName = "Render"; modelObject.pTechnique = modelObject.pEffect->GetTechniqueByName(effectTechniqueName); if(modelObject.pTechnique == NULL) return false; //Create Vertex layout D3D10_PASS_DESC passDesc; modelObject.pTechnique->GetPassByIndex(0)->GetDesc(&passDesc); hr = mpD3DDevice->CreateInputLayout(layout, numElements, passDesc.pIAInputSignature, passDesc.IAInputSignatureSize, &modelObject.pVertexLayout); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; return true; }

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  • debugging information cannot be found or does not match visual studio's

    - by numerical25
    I copied an existing project and renamed the folder. Now I get this error when I try to compile the application debugging information cannot be found or does not match. No symbols loaded. Do you want to continue debugging ? If I click yes, it compiles and runs fine. But now I have to deal with that message. Just curious about what i change in the projects properties to get it to stop.

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  • Issues passing values to shader

    - by numerical25
    I am having issues passing values to my shader. My application compiles fine, but my cube object won't shade. Below is majority of my code. Most of my code for communicating with my shader is in createObject method myGame.cpp #include "MyGame.h" #include "OneColorCube.h" /* This code sets a projection and shows a turning cube. What has been added is the project, rotation and a rasterizer to change the rasterization of the cube. The issue that was going on was something with the effect file which was causing the vertices not to be rendered correctly.*/ typedef struct { ID3D10Effect* pEffect; ID3D10EffectTechnique* pTechnique; //vertex information ID3D10Buffer* pVertexBuffer; ID3D10Buffer* pIndicesBuffer; ID3D10InputLayout* pVertexLayout; UINT numVertices; UINT numIndices; }ModelObject; ModelObject modelObject; // World Matrix D3DXMATRIX WorldMatrix; // View Matrix D3DXMATRIX ViewMatrix; // Projection Matrix D3DXMATRIX ProjectionMatrix; ID3D10EffectMatrixVariable* pProjectionMatrixVariable = NULL; ID3D10EffectVectorVariable* pLightVarible = NULL; bool MyGame::InitDirect3D() { if(!DX3dApp::InitDirect3D()) { return false; } D3D10_RASTERIZER_DESC rastDesc; rastDesc.FillMode = D3D10_FILL_WIREFRAME; rastDesc.CullMode = D3D10_CULL_FRONT; rastDesc.FrontCounterClockwise = true; rastDesc.DepthBias = false; rastDesc.DepthBiasClamp = 0; rastDesc.SlopeScaledDepthBias = 0; rastDesc.DepthClipEnable = false; rastDesc.ScissorEnable = false; rastDesc.MultisampleEnable = false; rastDesc.AntialiasedLineEnable = false; ID3D10RasterizerState *g_pRasterizerState; mpD3DDevice->CreateRasterizerState(&rastDesc, &g_pRasterizerState); //mpD3DDevice->RSSetState(g_pRasterizerState); // Set up the World Matrix D3DXMatrixIdentity(&WorldMatrix); D3DXMatrixLookAtLH(&ViewMatrix, new D3DXVECTOR3(0.0f, 10.0f, -20.0f), new D3DXVECTOR3(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f), new D3DXVECTOR3(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f)); // Set up the projection matrix D3DXMatrixPerspectiveFovLH(&ProjectionMatrix, (float)D3DX_PI * 0.5f, (float)mWidth/(float)mHeight, 0.1f, 100.0f); if(!CreateObject()) { return false; } return true; } //These are actions that take place after the clearing of the buffer and before the present void MyGame::GameDraw() { static float rotationAngleY = 15.0f; static float rotationAngleX = 0.0f; static D3DXMATRIX rotationXMatrix; static D3DXMATRIX rotationYMatrix; // create the rotation matrix using the rotation angle D3DXMatrixRotationY(&rotationYMatrix, rotationAngleY); D3DXMatrixRotationX(&rotationXMatrix, rotationAngleX); //rotationAngleY += (float)D3DX_PI * 0.002f; //rotationAngleX += (float)D3DX_PI * 0.001f; WorldMatrix = rotationYMatrix * rotationXMatrix; // Set the input layout mpD3DDevice->IASetInputLayout(modelObject.pVertexLayout); // Set vertex buffer UINT stride = sizeof(VertexPos); UINT offset = 0; mpD3DDevice->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &modelObject.pVertexBuffer, &stride, &offset); // Set primitive topology mpD3DDevice->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D10_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TRIANGLELIST); //ViewMatrix._43 += 0.005f; // Combine and send the final matrix to the shader D3DXMATRIX finalMatrix = (WorldMatrix * ViewMatrix * ProjectionMatrix); pProjectionMatrixVariable->SetMatrix((float*)&finalMatrix); // make sure modelObject is valid // Render a model object D3D10_TECHNIQUE_DESC techniqueDescription; modelObject.pTechnique->GetDesc(&techniqueDescription); // Loop through the technique passes for(UINT p=0; p < techniqueDescription.Passes; ++p) { modelObject.pTechnique->GetPassByIndex(p)->Apply(0); // draw the cube using all 36 vertices and 12 triangles mpD3DDevice->Draw(36,0); } } //Render actually incapsulates Gamedraw, so you can call data before you actually clear the buffer or after you //present data void MyGame::Render() { DX3dApp::Render(); } bool MyGame::CreateObject() { //Create Layout D3D10_INPUT_ELEMENT_DESC layout[] = { {"POSITION",0,DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32_FLOAT, 0 , 0, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0}, {"COLOR",0,DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32A32_FLOAT, 0 , 12, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0}, {"NORMAL",0,DXGI_FORMAT_R32G32B32A32_FLOAT, 0 , 24, D3D10_INPUT_PER_VERTEX_DATA, 0} }; UINT numElements = (sizeof(layout)/sizeof(layout[0])); modelObject.numVertices = sizeof(vertices)/sizeof(VertexPos); for(int i = 0; i < modelObject.numVertices; i += 3) { D3DXVECTOR3 out; D3DXVECTOR3 v1 = vertices[0 + i].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 v2 = vertices[1 + i].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 v3 = vertices[2 + i].pos; D3DXVECTOR3 u = v2 - v1; D3DXVECTOR3 v = v3 - v1; D3DXVec3Cross(&out, &u, &v); D3DXVec3Normalize(&out, &out); vertices[0 + i].normal = out; vertices[1 + i].normal = out; vertices[2 + i].normal = out; } //Create buffer desc D3D10_BUFFER_DESC bufferDesc; bufferDesc.Usage = D3D10_USAGE_DEFAULT; bufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(VertexPos) * modelObject.numVertices; bufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D10_BIND_VERTEX_BUFFER; bufferDesc.CPUAccessFlags = 0; bufferDesc.MiscFlags = 0; D3D10_SUBRESOURCE_DATA initData; initData.pSysMem = vertices; //Create the buffer HRESULT hr = mpD3DDevice->CreateBuffer(&bufferDesc, &initData, &modelObject.pVertexBuffer); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; /* //Create indices DWORD indices[] = { 0,1,3, 1,2,3 }; ModelObject.numIndices = sizeof(indices)/sizeof(DWORD); bufferDesc.ByteWidth = sizeof(DWORD) * ModelObject.numIndices; bufferDesc.BindFlags = D3D10_BIND_INDEX_BUFFER; initData.pSysMem = indices; hr = mpD3DDevice->CreateBuffer(&bufferDesc, &initData, &ModelObject.pIndicesBuffer); if(FAILED(hr)) return false;*/ ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //Set up fx files LPCWSTR effectFilename = L"effect.fx"; modelObject.pEffect = NULL; hr = D3DX10CreateEffectFromFile(effectFilename, NULL, NULL, "fx_4_0", D3D10_SHADER_ENABLE_STRICTNESS, 0, mpD3DDevice, NULL, NULL, &modelObject.pEffect, NULL, NULL); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; pProjectionMatrixVariable = modelObject.pEffect->GetVariableByName("Projection")->AsMatrix(); pLightVarible = modelObject.pEffect->GetVariableByName("lightSource")->AsVector(); //Dont sweat the technique. Get it! LPCSTR effectTechniqueName = "Render"; D3DXVECTOR3 vLight(10.0f, 10.0f, 10.0f); pLightVarible->SetFloatVector(vLight); modelObject.pTechnique = modelObject.pEffect->GetTechniqueByName(effectTechniqueName); if(modelObject.pTechnique == NULL) return false; //Create Vertex layout D3D10_PASS_DESC passDesc; modelObject.pTechnique->GetPassByIndex(0)->GetDesc(&passDesc); hr = mpD3DDevice->CreateInputLayout(layout, numElements, passDesc.pIAInputSignature, passDesc.IAInputSignatureSize, &modelObject.pVertexLayout); if(FAILED(hr)) return false; return true; } And below is my shader effect.fx matrix Projection; float3 lightSource; float4 lightColor = {0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5}; // PS_INPUT - input variables to the pixel shader // This struct is created and fill in by the // vertex shader struct PS_INPUT { float4 Pos : SV_POSITION; float4 Color : COLOR0; float4 Normal : NORMAL; }; //////////////////////////////////////////////// // Vertex Shader - Main Function /////////////////////////////////////////////// PS_INPUT VS(float4 Pos : POSITION, float4 Color : COLOR, float4 Normal : NORMAL) { PS_INPUT psInput; // Pass through both the position and the color psInput.Pos = mul( Pos, Projection ); psInput.Color = Color; psInput.Normal = Normal; return psInput; } /////////////////////////////////////////////// // Pixel Shader /////////////////////////////////////////////// float4 PS(PS_INPUT psInput) : SV_Target { float4 finalColor = 0; finalColor = saturate(dot(lightSource, psInput.Normal) * lightColor); return finalColor; } // Define the technique technique10 Render { pass P0 { SetVertexShader( CompileShader( vs_4_0, VS() ) ); SetGeometryShader( NULL ); SetPixelShader( CompileShader( ps_4_0, PS() ) ); } }

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  • Changing a sprites bitmap

    - by numerical25
    As of right now, I am trying to create a tiling effect for a game I am creating. I am using a tilesheet and I am loading the tiles to the sprite like so... this.graphics.beginBitmapFill(tileImage); this.graphics.drawRect(30, 0,tWidth ,tHeight ); var tileImage is the bitMapData. 30 is the Number of pixels to move retangle. then tWidth and tHeight is how big the rectangle is. which is 30x30 This is what I do to change the bitmap when I role over the tile this.graphics.clear(); this.graphics.beginBitmapFill(tileImage); this.graphics.drawRect(60, 0,tWidth ,tHeight ); I clear the sprite canvas. I then rewrite to another position on tileImage. My problem is.... It removes the old tile completely but the new tile positions farther to the right then where the old bitmap appeared. My tile sheet is only 90px wide by 30px height. On top of that, it appears my new tile is drawn behind the old tile. Is there any better way to perfect this. again, all i want is for the bitmap to change colors

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