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  • XML Node replacement in Actionscript 3

    - by Andreas
    Hi, A couple of days ago I asked a question about how to replace and edit values in an xml file with c#. The question got a great answer. Now I wonder how to do this in Actionscript and if there is an as simple way as in c#. The question can be found here: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2856459/advanced-replace-in-c Thanks

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  • Using interface classes and non-virtual interface idiom in C++

    - by andreas buykx
    Hi all, In C++ an interface can be implemented by a class with all its methods pure virtual: class IFoo { public: virtual void method() = 0; }; Now I want to implement this interface by a hierarchy of classes: class FooBase : public IFoo // implement interface IFoo { public: void method(); // calls methodImpl; private: virtual void methodImpl(); }; For the class hierarchy I would like to use the non-virtual interface (NVI) idiom, to deny derived classes the possibility of overriding the common behavior implemented in FooBase::method(), but it seems that all derived classes have the opportunity to override the FooBase::method() because it is declared in the interface class. Is my observation correct? And if so are there other options to both use interface classes and the NVI idiom?

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  • Type-inferring a constant in C#

    - by Andreas Grech
    In C#, the following type-inference works: var s = "abcd"; But why can't the type be inferred when the variable is a constant? The following throws a compile-time exception: const var s = "abcd"; // <= Compile time error: // Implicitly-typed local variables cannot be constant

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  • Visual Studio Website: Can't create an SQL Database!

    - by Andreas
    Hi, I'm using Visual Studio 2008 SP1 with SQL Server 2008. I'am trying to add an SQL Server File (MDF) in my Website project. Then I get the following error: Connections to SQL Server files (*.mdf) require SQL Server Express 2005 to function properly. Please verify... I've been using Google without any results, and I'm in deep need for help.. I've tried the following things to fix it, without succes: Changing instance names so they should fit Attaching the database in the management studio Uninstall/Install Visual Studio Uinstall/Install SQL Server 2005 AND 2008 All in all, this is a REALLY annoying error and it just should work..

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  • jitter if multiple outliers in ggplot2 boxplot

    - by Andreas
    I am trying to find a suitable display to illustrate various properties within and across school classes. For each class there is only 15-30 data points (pupils). Right now i am leaning towards a whisker-less boxplot, showing only 1.,2. and 3. quartile + datapoints more then e.g. 1 population SD +/- the sample median. This I can do. However - I need to show this graph to some teachers, in order to gauge what they like most. I'd like to compare my graph with a normal boxplot. But the normal boxplot looks the same if there is only one outlier, or e.g. 5 outliers at the same value. In this case this would be a deal-breaker. e.g. test <-structure(list(value = c(3, 5, 3, 3, 6, 4, 5, 4, 6, 4, 6, 4, 4, 6, 5, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3, 4, 4, 4, 3, 4, 5, 6, 6, 4, 3, 5, 4, 6, 5, 6, 4, 5, 5, 3, 4, 4, 6, 4, 4, 5, 5, 3, 4, 5, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 6, 6, 7, 6, 9), places = structure(c(1L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 1L), .Label = c("a", "b"), class = "factor")), .Names = c("value", "places"), row.names = c(NA, -60L), class = "data.frame") ggplot(test, aes(x=places,y=value))+geom_boxplot() Here there are two outliers at ("a",9) - but only one "dot" shown. So my question: How to jitter the outliers. And - what kind of display would you suggest for this kind of data?

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  • How to find specific/local files via CMake

    - by Andreas Romeyke
    Hello, I have a problem with a locally installed library. In my project there is the xmlrpc++0.7-library: myproject/ +-- xmlrpc++0.7/ +-- src/ I want that CMake fallbacks using the local xmlrpc++0.7 directory if not found otherwise. Two problems, the first one, find_path() or find_library() does not work with local dir. I used a workaround testing if variables processed by find_xxx() are empty or not. If empty I set them manually. The cmake generates the Makefile without errors now. But if I want to compile the project via make, the c++ compiler returns "error: XmlRpc.h: file not found". The file XmlRpc.h lies in myproject/xmlrpc++0.7/src and if I compile all them manually it works fine. Here is my CMakeLists.txt. I am very happy if anyone could me point to the right solution to use cmake under conditions described above. --- CMakeLists.txt --- project(webservice_tesseract) cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 2.6) set(CMAKE_INCLUDE_CURRENT_DIR ON) # find tesseract find_path(TESSERACT_INCLUDE_DIR tesseract/tesseractmain.h /opt/local/include /usr/local/include /usr/include ) find_library(TESSERACT_LIBRARY_DIR NAMES tesseract_main PATHS /opt/local/lib/ /usr/local/lib/ /usr/lib ) message(STATUS "looked for tesseract library.") message(STATUS "Include file detected: [${TESSERACT_INCLUDE_DIR}].") message(STATUS "Lib file detected: [${TESSERACT_LIBRARY_DIR}].") add_library(tesseract STATIC IMPORTED) set_property(TARGET tesseract PROPERTY IMPORTED_LOCATION ${TESSERACT_LIBRARY_DIR}/libtesseractmain.a ) #find xmlrpc++ message(STATUS "cmake home dir: [${CMAKE_HOME_DIRECTORY}].") set(LOCAL_XMLRPCPLUSPLUS ${CMAKE_HOME_DIRECTORY}/xmlrpc0.7++/) message(STATUS "xmlrpc++ local dir: [${LOCAL_XMLRPCPLUSPLUS}].") find_path(XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR XmlRpcServer.h ${LOCAL_XMLRPCPLUSPLUS}src /opt/local/include /usr/local/include /usr/include ) find_library(XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR NAMES XmlRpc PATHS ${LOCAL_XMLRPCPLUSPLUS} /opt/local/lib/ /usr/local/lib/ /usr/lib/ ) # next lines are an ugly workaround because cmake find_xxx() does not find local stuff if (XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR) else (XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR) set(XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR ${LOCAL_XMLRPCPLUSPLUS}src) endif (XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR) if (XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR) else (XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR) set(XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR ${LOCAL_XMLRPCPLUSPLUS}) endif (XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR) message(STATUS "looked for xmlrpc++ library.") message(STATUS "Include file detected: [${XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR}].") message(STATUS "Lib file detected: [${XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR}].") add_library(xmlrpc STATIC IMPORTED) set_property(TARGET xmlrpc PROPERTY IMPORTED_LOCATION ${XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR}/libXmlRpc.a ) #### link together include_directories(${XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_INCLUDE_DIR} ${TESSERACT_INCLUDE_DIR}) link_directories(${XMLRPCPLUSPLUS_LIBRARY_DIR} ${TESSERACT_LIBRARY_DIR}) add_library(simpleocr STATIC simple_ocr.cpp) add_executable(webservice_tesseract webservice.cpp) target_link_libraries(webservice_tesseract xmlrpc tesseract simpleocr)

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  • hg access control to central repository

    - by andreas buykx
    We come from a subversion background where we have a QA manager who gives commit rights to the central repository once he has verified that all QC activities have been done. Me and a couple of colleagues are starting to use mercurial, and we want to have a shared repository that would contain our QC-ed changes. Each of the developers hg clones the repository and pushes his changes back to the shared repository. I've read the HG init tutorial and skimmed through the red bean book, but could not find how to control who is allowed to push changes to the shared repository. How would our existing model of QA-manager controlled commits translate to a mercurial 'central' repository?

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  • Efficient way to ASCII encode UTF-8

    - by Andreas Gohr
    I'm looking for a simple and efficient way to store UTF-8 strings in ASCII-7. With efficient I mean the following: all ASCII chars in the input should stay ASCII chars in the output the resulting string should be as short as possible the operation needs to be reversable without any data loss there should be no restriction on the input length the whole UTF-8 range should be allowed My first idea was to use Punycode (IDNA) as it fits the first three requirements, but it fails at the last two. Can anyone recommend an alternative encoding scheme? Even better if there's some code available to look at.

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  • custom php library with pear local installation

    - by andreas
    Hello i wish to be able to deploy a PHP web application along with a local installation of PEAR. To be more specific, i am trying to find a way to do a 'per-application' or local installation of PEAR if this is possible. For example: The application 'MyApplication' is located in: /var/www/applications/myapplication The php library is located in: /var/www/applications/myapplication/library I am looking for a way to do a per-application installation of PEAR since not all applications are managed by me (and i want to control which PEAR packages are installed and when). I found some tutorials for a local PEAR installation (on a shared host) but i don't know if my scenario fits the one for a local PEAR installation. Any thoughts/help appreciated.

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  • itextsharp PdfCopy and landscape pages

    - by Andreas Rehm
    I'm using itextsharp to join mutiple pdf documents and add a footer. My code works fine - except for landscape pages - it isn't detecting the page rotation - the footer is not centerd for landscape: public static int AddPagesFromStream(Document document, PdfCopy pdfCopy, Stream m, bool addFooter, int detailPages, string footer, int footerPageNumOffset, int numPages, string pageLangString, string printLangString) { CreateFont(); try { m.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin); var reader = new PdfReader(m); // get page count var pdfPages = reader.NumberOfPages; var i = 0; // add pages while (i < pdfPages) { i++; // import page with pdfcopy var page = pdfCopy.GetImportedPage(reader, i); // get page center float posX; float posY; var rotation = page.BoundingBox.Rotation; if (rotation == 0 || rotation == 180) { posX = page.Width / 2; posY = 0; } else { posX = page.Height / 2; posY = 20f; } var ps = pdfCopy.CreatePageStamp(page); var cb = ps.GetOverContent(); // add footer cb.SetColorFill(BaseColor.WHITE); var gs1 = new PdfGState {FillOpacity = 0.8f}; cb.SetGState(gs1); cb.Rectangle(0, 0, document.PageSize.Width, 46f + posY); cb.Fill(); // Text cb.SetColorFill(BaseColor.BLACK); cb.SetFontAndSize(baseFont, 7); cb.BeginText(); // create text var pages = string.Format(pageLangString, i + footerPageNumOffset, numPages); cb.ShowTextAligned(PdfContentByte.ALIGN_CENTER, printLangString, posX, 40f + posY, 0f); cb.ShowTextAligned(PdfContentByte.ALIGN_CENTER, footer, posX, 28f + posY, 0f); cb.ShowTextAligned(PdfContentByte.ALIGN_CENTER, pages, posX, 20f + posY, 0f); cb.EndText(); ps.AlterContents(); // add page to new pdf pdfCopy.AddPage(page); } // close PdfReader reader.Close(); // return number of pages return i; } catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine(e); return 0; } } How do I detect the page rotation (e.g. landscape) format in this case? The given example works for PdfReader but not for PdfCopy. Edit: Why do I need PdfCopy? I tried copying a word pdf export. Some word hyperlinks will not work when you try to copy pages with PdfReader. Only PdfCopy transfers all needed page informations. Edit: (SOLVED) You need to use reader.GetPageRotation(i);

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  • Assigning document.getElementById to another function

    - by Andreas Grech
    I am trying to do the following in JavaScript: var gete = document.getElementById; But I am getting the following error (From FireBug's Console): uncaught exception: [Exception... "Illegal operation on WrappedNative prototype object" nsresult: "0x8057000c (NS_ERROR_XPC_BAD_OP_ON_WN_PROTO)" location: "JS frame :: http://localhost:8080/im_ass1/ :: anonymous :: line 15" data: no] Now obviously I can wrap the function as follows: var gete = function (id) { return document.getElementById(id); }; But what is the reason I'm getting the above exception when assigning the function to another name?

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  • Reading an embedded file from an ASP.NET Custom Server Control an rendering it

    - by Andreas Grech
    I currently have a file "abc.htm" in my Custom Server Control Project and it's Build Action is set to Embedded Resource. Now in the RenderContents(HtmlTextWriter output) method, I need to read that file and render it on the website. I am trying the following but it's to no avail: protected override void RenderContents(HtmlTextWriter output) { var providersURL = Page.ClientScript.GetWebResourceUrl(typeof (OpenIDSel), "OpenIDSelector.Providers.htm"); var fi = new FileInfo(providersURL); // <- exception here //the remaining code is to possibly render the file } This is an example of how the providersURL is: /WebResource.axd?d=kyU2OiYu6lwshLH4pRUCUmG-pzI4xDC1ii9u032IPWwUzMsFzFHzL3veInwslz8Y0&t=634056587753507131 FileInfo is throwing System.ArgumentException: Illegal characters in path.

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  • Why are only some of my attributes shown in the response xml of jaxws?

    - by Andreas
    I created a jaxws webservice, but it returns only some of the attributes of my objects in the response xml. E.g. public class MyObject { private String attribute1; private String attribute2; //getter and setter } But the returned XML only contains <soap:Envelope xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"> <soap:Body> <ns2:getVariantsResponse xmlns:ns2="mynamespace"> <myObject> <attribute1>stringcontent</attribute1> </myObject> ....

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  • Writing to the middle of the file (without overwriting data)

    - by Andreas Bonini
    In windows is it possible through an API to write to the middle of a file without overwriting any data and without having to rewrite everything after that? If it's possible then I believe it will obviously fragment the file; how many times can I do it before it becomes a serious problem? If it's not possible what approach/workaround is usually taken? Re-writing everything after the insertion point becomes prohibitive really quickly with big (ie, gigabytes) files. Note: I can't avoid having to write to the middle. Think of the application as a text editor for huge files where the user types stuff and then saves. I also can't split the files in several smaller ones.

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  • How to load an RSA key from binary data to an RSA structure using the OpenSSL C Library?

    - by Andreas Bonini
    Currently I have my private key saved in a file, private.key, and I use the following function to load it: RSA *r = PEM_read_RSAPrivateKey("private.key", NULL, NULL, NULL); This works perfectly but I'm not happy with the file-based format; I want to save my key in pure binary form (ie, no base64 or similar) in a char* variable and load/save the key from/to it. This way I have much more freedom: I'll be able to store the key directly into the application const char key[] { 0x01, 0x02, ... };, send it over a network socket, etc. Unfortunately though I haven't found a way to do that. The only way to save and load a key I know of reads/saves it to a file directly.

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  • Float addition promoted to double?

    - by Andreas Brinck
    I had a small WTF moment this morning. Ths WTF can be summarized with this: float x = 0.2f; float y = 0.1f; float z = x + y; assert(z == x + y); //This assert is triggered! (Atleast with visual studio 2008) The reason seems to be that the expression x + y is promoted to double and compared with the truncated version in z. (If i change z to double the assert isn't triggered). I can see that for precision reasons it would make sense to perform all floating point arithmetics in double precision before converting the result to single precision. I found the following paragraph in the standard (which I guess I sort of already knew, but not in this context): 4.6.1. "An rvalue of type float can be converted to an rvalue of type double. The value is unchanged" My question is, is x + y guaranteed to be promoted to double or is at the compiler's discretion? UPDATE: Since many people has claimed that one shouldn't use == for floating point, I just wanted to state that in the specific case I'm working with, an exact comparison is justified. Floating point comparision is tricky, here's an interesting link on the subject which I think hasn't been mentioned.

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  • EXC_BAD_ACCESS with NSUserdefaults on iphone.

    - by Andreas Johannessen
    I have the following code in my ApplicationDelegate. My deployment target is 3.0 and upwards, however I get a EXC_BAD_ACCESS when I launch the app with the following code on my iPhone with 3.1.3, however on the simulator which has 4.2 it runs fine. I would really appriciate help on this one, thanks in advance. When I comment this block when I deploy to 3.1.3 device it runs without bad access. + (void)initialize { NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] bundlePath]; NSString *pListPath = [path stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Settings.bundle/Root.plist"]; NSDictionary *pList = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithContentsOfFile:pListPath]; NSMutableArray *prefsArray = [pList objectForKey:@"PreferenceSpecifiers"]; NSMutableDictionary *regDictionary = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary]; for (NSDictionary *dict in prefsArray) { NSString *key = [dict objectForKey:@"Key"]; if(key) { id value = [dict objectForKey:@"DefaultValue"]; [regDictionary setObject:value forKey:key]; } } [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] registerDefaults:regDictionary]; } UPDATE: I traced the error to happen on this line: [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] registerDefaults:regDictionary]; So there is probaly another syntax on earlier iOS, or am I wrong?

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  • ScriptManager duplicates javascript

    - by Andreas
    Hi! I have a usercontrol that can be used in for example a gridview itemtemplate, this means that the control might or might not be on the page at page load. In the case where the control is inside an itemtemplate i will popupate the gridview via asyncronous postbacks (via updatepanels). The control itselfs registrers scriptblocks since it is depending on javascripts. First i used Page.ClientScript.RegistrerClientScriptBlock But this doesn't work on asyncronous postbacks (updatepanels) so i then tried the same using ScriptManager which allows me to registrer scripts on the page after async postbacks. great!. ScriptManager.RegisterClientScriptBlock However, ScriptManager (what i know of) does not have the functionallity to see if a script already is on the page, so i will for every postback generate duplicates of the script blocks, this is ofcourse unwanted behaviour. I did a run at Google and found that i can call the Dispose() method of the PageRequestManager can be used, this does work since it clears the scripts and then adding them again (this also solves my issue with removing unused script blocks from removed controls). Sys.WebForms.PageRequestManager.getInstance().Dispose() However, ofcourse there is a downside since im posting here :). The Dispose() method disposes the instance on the master page as well which leads to scripts running there will stop to function after an async postback (updateprogress for example). So, is there a way to check if a script already exists on the page using ScriptManager or any other tools, that will prevent me of inserting duplicate scripts? Also, is there a way to remove certain script blocks (when i am removing an item in itemtemplate for example). Big thanks in advance.

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  • how to use ggplot conditional on data

    - by Andreas
    I asked this question and it seams ggplot2 currently has a bug with empty data.frames. Therefore I am trying to check if the dataframe is empty, before I make the plot. But what ever I come up with, it gets really ugly, and doesn't work. So I am asking for your help. example data: SOdata <- structure(list(id = 10:55, one = c(7L, 8L, 7L, NA, 7L, 8L, 5L, 7L, 7L, 8L, NA, 10L, 8L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 6L, 5L, 6L, 8L, 4L, 7L, 6L, 9L, 7L, 5L, 6L, 7L, 6L, 5L, 8L, 8L, 7L, 7L, 6L, 6L, 8L, 6L, 8L, 8L, 7L, 7L, 5L, 5L, 8L), two = c(7L, NA, 8L, NA, 10L, 10L, 8L, 9L, 4L, 10L, NA, 10L, 9L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 7L, 8L, 9L, 10L, 9L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 9L, 10L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 10L, 9L, 10L, 8L, 9L, 10L, 8L, 8L, 7L, 10L, 8L, 9L, 7L, 9L), three = c(7L, 10L, 7L, NA, 10L, 10L, NA, 10L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 10L, NA, NA, 4L, NA, 7L, 7L, 4L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 4L, 7L, NA, 10L, 4L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 10L, 4L, 10L, 10L, 10L, 4L, 10L, 10L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 10L), four = c(7L, 10L, 4L, NA, 10L, 7L, NA, 7L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 10L, NA, NA, 4L, NA, 10L, 10L, 7L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 7L, 7L, NA, 10L, 7L, 4L, 10L, 4L, 7L, 10L, 2L, 10L, 4L, 12L, 4L, 7L, 10L, 10L, 12L, 12L, 4L, 7L, 10L), five = c(7L, NA, 6L, NA, 8L, 8L, 7L, NA, 9L, NA, NA, NA, 9L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 7L, 8L, NA, NA, 7L, 7L, 4L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 5L, 6L, 5L, 7L, 7L, 6L, 9L, NA, 10L, 7L, 8L, 5L, 7L, 10L, 7L, 4L, 5L, 10L), six = structure(c(1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L), .Label = c("2010-05-25", "2010-05-27", "2010-06-07"), class = "factor"), seven = c(0.777777777777778, 0.833333333333333, 0.333333333333333, 0.888888888888889, 0.5, 0.888888888888889, 0.777777777777778, 0.722222222222222, 0.277777777777778, 0.611111111111111, 0.722222222222222, 1, 0.888888888888889, 0.722222222222222, 0.555555555555556, NA, 0, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.722222222222222, 0.833333333333333, 0.888888888888889, 0.666666666666667, 1, 0.777777777777778, 0.722222222222222, 0.5, 0.833333333333333, 0.722222222222222, 0.388888888888889, 0.722222222222222, 1, 0.611111111111111, 0.777777777777778, 0.722222222222222, 0.944444444444444, 0.555555555555556, 0.666666666666667, 0.722222222222222, 0.444444444444444, 0.333333333333333, 0.777777777777778), eight = c(0.666666666666667, 0.333333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 1, 1, 0.833333333333333, 0.166666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 1, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.333333333333333, 0.5, 0, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.333333333333333, 0.333333333333333, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 0, 0.833333333333333, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 1, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667), nine = c(0.307692307692308, NA, 0.461538461538462, 0.538461538461538, 1, 0.769230769230769, 0.538461538461538, 0.692307692307692, 0, 0.153846153846154, 0.769230769230769, NA, 0.461538461538462, NA, NA, NA, NA, 0, 0.615384615384615, 0.615384615384615, 0.769230769230769, 0.384615384615385, 0.846153846153846, 0.923076923076923, 0.615384615384615, 0.692307692307692, 0.0769230769230769, 0.846153846153846, 0.384615384615385, 0.384615384615385, 0.461538461538462, 0.384615384615385, 0.461538461538462, NA, 0.923076923076923, 0.692307692307692, 0.615384615384615, 0.615384615384615, 0.769230769230769, 0.0769230769230769, 0.230769230769231, 0.692307692307692, 0.769230769230769, 0.230769230769231, 0.769230769230769, 0.615384615384615), ten = c(0.875, 0.625, 0.375, 0.75, 0.75, 0.75, 0.625, 0.875, 1, 0.125, 1, NA, 0.625, 0.75, 0.75, 0.375, NA, 0.625, 0.5, 0.75, 0.875, 0.625, 0.875, 0.75, 0.625, 0.875, 0.5, 0.75, 0, 0.5, 0.875, 1, 0.75, 0.125, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 0.625, 0.375, 0.625, 0.625, 0.75, 0.875, 0.375, 0, 0.875), elleven = c(1, 0.8, 0.7, 0.9, 0, 1, 0.9, 0.5, 0, 0.8, 0.8, NA, 0.8, NA, NA, 0.8, NA, 0.4, 0.8, 0.5, 1, 0.4, 0.5, 0.9, 0.8, 1, 0.8, 0.5, 0.3, 0.9, 0.2, 1, 0.8, 0.1, 1, 0.8, 0.5, 0.2, 0.7, 0.8, 1, 0.9, 0.6, 0.8, 0.2, 1), twelve = c(0.666666666666667, NA, 0.133333333333333, 1, 1, 0.8, 0.4, 0.733333333333333, NA, 0.933333333333333, NA, NA, 0.6, 0.533333333333333, NA, 0.533333333333333, NA, 0, 0.6, 0.533333333333333, 0.733333333333333, 0.6, 0.733333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.533333333333333, 0.733333333333333, 0.466666666666667, 0.733333333333333, 1, 0.733333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.533333333333333, NA, 0.533333333333333, 0.6, 0.866666666666667, 0.466666666666667, 0.533333333333333, 0.333333333333333, 0.6, 0.6, 0.866666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.6, 0.6, 0.533333333333333)), .Names = c("id", "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "six", "seven", "eight", "nine", "ten", "elleven", "twelve"), class = "data.frame", row.names = c(NA, -46L)) And the plot iqr <- function(x, ...) { qs <- quantile(as.numeric(x), c(0.25, 0.5, 0.75), na.rm = T) names(qs) <- c("ymin", "y", "ymax") qs } magic <- function(y, ...) { high <- median(SOdata[[y]], na.rm=T)+1.5*sd(SOdata[[y]],na.rm=T) low <- median(SOdata[[y]], na.rm=T)-1.5*sd(SOdata[[y]],na.rm=T) ggplot(SOdata, aes_string(x="six", y=y))+ stat_summary(fun.data="iqr", geom="crossbar", fill="grey", alpha=0.3)+ geom_point(data = SOdata[SOdata[[y]] > high,], position=position_jitter(w=0.1, h=0),col="green", alpha=0.5)+ geom_point(data = SOdata[SOdata[[y]] < low,], position=position_jitter(w=0.1, h=0),col="red", alpha=0.5)+ stat_summary(fun.y=median, geom="point",shape=18 ,size=4, col="orange") } for (i in names(SOdata)[-c(1,7)]) { p<- magic(i) ggsave(paste("magig_plot_",i,".png",sep=""), plot=p, height=3.5, width=5.5) } The problem is that sometimes in the call to geom_point the subset returns an empty dataframe, which sometimes (!) causes ggplot2 to plot all the data instead of none of the data. geom_point(data = SOdata[SOdata[[y]] > high,], position=position_jitter(w=0.1, h=0),col="green", alpha=0.5)+ This is kindda of important to me, and I am really stuck trying to find a solution. Any help that will get me started is much appreciated. Thanks in advance.

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  • What is wrong here (will update): subset in geom_point does not work as expected

    - by Andreas
    I ask the following in the hope that someone might come up with a generic description about the problem.Basically I have no idea whats wrong with my code. When I run the code below, plot nr. 8 turns out wrong. Specifically the subset in geom_point does not work the way it should. If somebody can tell me what the problem is, I'll update this post. SOdata <- structure(list(id = 10:55, one = c(7L, 8L, 7L, NA, 7L, 8L, 5L, 7L, 7L, 8L, NA, 10L, 8L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 6L, 5L, 6L, 8L, 4L, 7L, 6L, 9L, 7L, 5L, 6L, 7L, 6L, 5L, 8L, 8L, 7L, 7L, 6L, 6L, 8L, 6L, 8L, 8L, 7L, 7L, 5L, 5L, 8L), two = c(7L, NA, 8L, NA, 10L, 10L, 8L, 9L, 4L, 10L, NA, 10L, 9L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 7L, 8L, 9L, 10L, 9L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 9L, 10L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 10L, 9L, 10L, 8L, 9L, 10L, 8L, 8L, 7L, 10L, 8L, 9L, 7L, 9L), three = c(7L, 10L, 7L, NA, 10L, 10L, NA, 10L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 10L, NA, NA, 4L, NA, 7L, 7L, 4L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 4L, 7L, NA, 10L, 4L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 10L, 4L, 10L, 10L, 10L, 4L, 10L, 10L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 10L), four = c(7L, 10L, 4L, NA, 10L, 7L, NA, 7L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 10L, NA, NA, 4L, NA, 10L, 10L, 7L, 10L, 10L, 7L, 7L, 7L, NA, 10L, 7L, 4L, 10L, 4L, 7L, 10L, 2L, 10L, 4L, 12L, 4L, 7L, 10L, 10L, 12L, 12L, 4L, 7L, 10L), five = c(7L, NA, 6L, NA, 8L, 8L, 7L, NA, 9L, NA, NA, NA, 9L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 7L, 8L, NA, NA, 7L, 7L, 4L, NA, NA, NA, NA, 5L, 6L, 5L, 7L, 7L, 6L, 9L, NA, 10L, 7L, 8L, 5L, 7L, 10L, 7L, 4L, 5L, 10L), six = structure(c(1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L), .Label = c("2010-05-25", "2010-05-27", "2010-06-07"), class = "factor"), seven = c(0.777777777777778, 0.833333333333333, 0.333333333333333, 0.888888888888889, 0.5, 0.888888888888889, 0.777777777777778, 0.722222222222222, 0.277777777777778, 0.611111111111111, 0.722222222222222, 1, 0.888888888888889, 0.722222222222222, 0.555555555555556, NA, 0, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.722222222222222, 0.833333333333333, 0.888888888888889, 0.666666666666667, 1, 0.777777777777778, 0.722222222222222, 0.5, 0.833333333333333, 0.722222222222222, 0.388888888888889, 0.722222222222222, 1, 0.611111111111111, 0.777777777777778, 0.722222222222222, 0.944444444444444, 0.555555555555556, 0.666666666666667, 0.722222222222222, 0.444444444444444, 0.333333333333333, 0.777777777777778), eight = c(0.666666666666667, 0.333333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 1, 1, 0.833333333333333, 0.166666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.833333333333333, 1, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.333333333333333, 0.5, 0, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.333333333333333, 0.333333333333333, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 0, 0.833333333333333, 1, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 0.666666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.5, 1, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.833333333333333, 0.666666666666667), nine = c(0.307692307692308, NA, 0.461538461538462, 0.538461538461538, 1, 0.769230769230769, 0.538461538461538, 0.692307692307692, 0, 0.153846153846154, 0.769230769230769, NA, 0.461538461538462, NA, NA, NA, NA, 0, 0.615384615384615, 0.615384615384615, 0.769230769230769, 0.384615384615385, 0.846153846153846, 0.923076923076923, 0.615384615384615, 0.692307692307692, 0.0769230769230769, 0.846153846153846, 0.384615384615385, 0.384615384615385, 0.461538461538462, 0.384615384615385, 0.461538461538462, NA, 0.923076923076923, 0.692307692307692, 0.615384615384615, 0.615384615384615, 0.769230769230769, 0.0769230769230769, 0.230769230769231, 0.692307692307692, 0.769230769230769, 0.230769230769231, 0.769230769230769, 0.615384615384615), ten = c(0.875, 0.625, 0.375, 0.75, 0.75, 0.75, 0.625, 0.875, 1, 0.125, 1, NA, 0.625, 0.75, 0.75, 0.375, NA, 0.625, 0.5, 0.75, 0.875, 0.625, 0.875, 0.75, 0.625, 0.875, 0.5, 0.75, 0, 0.5, 0.875, 1, 0.75, 0.125, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 0.625, 0.375, 0.625, 0.625, 0.75, 0.875, 0.375, 0, 0.875), elleven = c(1, 0.8, 0.7, 0.9, 0, 1, 0.9, 0.5, 0, 0.8, 0.8, NA, 0.8, NA, NA, 0.8, NA, 0.4, 0.8, 0.5, 1, 0.4, 0.5, 0.9, 0.8, 1, 0.8, 0.5, 0.3, 0.9, 0.2, 1, 0.8, 0.1, 1, 0.8, 0.5, 0.2, 0.7, 0.8, 1, 0.9, 0.6, 0.8, 0.2, 1), twelve = c(0.666666666666667, NA, 0.133333333333333, 1, 1, 0.8, 0.4, 0.733333333333333, NA, 0.933333333333333, NA, NA, 0.6, 0.533333333333333, NA, 0.533333333333333, NA, 0, 0.6, 0.533333333333333, 0.733333333333333, 0.6, 0.733333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.533333333333333, 0.733333333333333, 0.466666666666667, 0.733333333333333, 1, 0.733333333333333, 0.666666666666667, 0.533333333333333, NA, 0.533333333333333, 0.6, 0.866666666666667, 0.466666666666667, 0.533333333333333, 0.333333333333333, 0.6, 0.6, 0.866666666666667, 0.666666666666667, 0.6, 0.6, 0.533333333333333)), .Names = c("id", "one", "two", "three", "four", "five", "six", "seven", "eight", "nine", "ten", "elleven", "twelve"), class = "data.frame", row.names = c(NA, -46L)) iqr <- function(x, ...) { qs <- quantile(as.numeric(x), c(0.25, 0.5, 0.75), na.rm = T) names(qs) <- c("ymin", "y", "ymax") qs } magic <- function(y, ...) { high <- median(SOdata[[y]], na.rm=T)+1.5*sd(SOdata[[y]],na.rm=T) low <- median(SOdata[[y]], na.rm=T)-1.5*sd(SOdata[[y]],na.rm=T) ggplot(SOdata, aes_string(x="six", y=y))+ stat_summary(fun.data="iqr", geom="crossbar", fill="grey", alpha=0.3)+ geom_point(data = SOdata[SOdata[[y]] > high,], position=position_jitter(w=0.1, h=0),col="green", alpha=0.5)+ geom_point(data = SOdata[SOdata[[y]] < low,], position=position_jitter(w=0.1, h=0),col="red", alpha=0.5)+ stat_summary(fun.y=median, geom="point",shape=18 ,size=4, col="orange") } for (i in names(SOdata)[-c(1,7)]) { p<- magic(i) ggsave(paste("magig_plot_",i,".png",sep=""), plot=p, height=3.5, width=5.5) }

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  • The Implications of Modern Day Software Development Abstractions

    - by Andreas Grech
    I am currently doing a dissertation about the implications or dangers that today's software development practices or teachings may have on the long term effects of programming. Just to make it clear: I am not attacking the use abstractions in programming. Every programmer knows that abstractions are the bases for modularity. What I want to investigate with this dissertation are the positive and negative effects abstractions can have in software development. As regards the positive, I am sure that I can find many sources that can confirm this. But what about the negative effects of abstractions? Do you have any stories to share that talk about when certain abstractions failed on you? The main concern is that many programmers today are programming against abstractions without having the faintest idea of what the abstraction is doing under-the-covers. This may very well lead to bugs and bad design. So, in you're opinion, how important is it that programmers actually know what is going below the abstractions? Taking a simple example from Joel's Back to Basics, C's strcat: void strcat( char* dest, char* src ) { while (*dest) dest++; while (*dest++ = *src++); } The above function hosts the issue that if you are doing string concatenation, the function is always starting from the beginning of the dest pointer to find the null terminator character, whereas if you write the function as follows, you will return a pointer to where the concatenated string is, which in turn allows you to pass this new pointer to the concatenation function as the *dest parameter: char* mystrcat( char* dest, char* src ) { while (*dest) dest++; while (*dest++ = *src++); return --dest; } Now this is obviously a very simple as regards abstractions, but it is the same concept I shall be investigating. Finally, what do you think about the issue that schools are preferring to teach Java instead of C and Lisp ? Can you please give your opinions and your says as regards this subject? Thank you for your time and I appreciate every comment.

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