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  • Best practices for re-IP'ing / migrating servers and applications

    - by warren
    Some of this question would be highly application-specific, but what approaches do you take when looking to migrate applications from one server/platform to another and servers form one network segment to another? For applications that can't be re-IP'd (many exist in this category), the general answer is to nuke and pave (or extend a clusterable application, then remove the segment that needs to be "moved"). For "normal" applications (httpd, mail, directory services, etc), what are the checks ou perform before, during, and after a move to ensure the health of the migrated app/server? An example with Apache: backup httpd conf directory change httpd conf files to use new IP address of server change (or add) IP of server restart Apache verify web server still serves pages reboot server verify environment comes back up healthy

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  • NHibernate Transactions Best Practices

    - by Ramiro
    I have been reading about Nhibernate for a while and have been trying to use it for a site I'm implementing. I read the article by Billy McCafferty on NHibernate best practices but I did not see any indication on where is the best place to handle transactions. I thought of putting that code in the Data Access Object (DAO) but then I'm not sure how to handle cases in which more than one DAO is used. What are the best places to put transaction code in your NHibernate Application?

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  • Visual Studio 2010 Best Practices

    - by Etienne Tremblay
    I’d like to thank Packt for providing me with a review version of Visual Studio 2010 Best Practices eBook. In fairness I also know the author Peter having seen him speak at DevTeach on many occasions.  I started by looking at the table of content to see what this book was about, knowing that “best practices” is a real misnomer I wanted to see what they were.  I really like the fact that he starts the book by really saying they are not really best practices but actually recommend practices.  As a Team Foundation Server user I found that chapter 2 was more for the open source crowd and I really skimmed it.  The portion on Branching was well documented, although I’m not a fan of the testing branch myself, but the rest was right on. The section on merge remote changes (bring the outside to you) paradigm is really important and was touched on. Chapter 3 has good solid practices on low level constructs like generics and exceptions. Chapter 4 dives into architectural practices like decoupling, distributed architecture and data based architecture.  DTOs and ORMs are touched on briefly as is NoSQL. Chapter 5 is about deployment and is really a great primer on all the “packaging” technologies like Visual Studio Setup and Deployment (depreciated in 2012), Click Once and WIX the major player outside of commercial solutions.  This is a nice section on how to move from VSSD to WIX this is going to be important in the coming years due to the fact that VS 2012 doesn’t support VSSD. In chapter 6 we dive into automated testing practices, including test coverage, mocking, TDD, SpecDD and Continuous Testing.  Peter covers all those concepts really nicely albeit succinctly. Being a book on recommended practices I find this is really good. I really enjoyed chapter 7 that gave me a lot of great tips to enhance my Visual Studio “experience”.  Tips on organizing projects where good.  Also even though I knew about configurations I like that he put that in there so you can move all your settings to another machine, a lot of people don’t know about that. Quick find and Resharper are also briefly covered.  He touches on macros (depreciated in 2012).  Finally he touches on Continuous Integration a very important concept in today’s ALM landscape. Chapter 8 is all about Parallelization, threads, Async, division of labor, reactive extensions.  All those concepts are touched on and again generalized approaches to those modern problems are giving.       Chapter 9 goes into distributed apps, the most used and accepted practice in the industry for .NET projects the chapter tackles concepts like Scalability, Messaging and Cloud (the flavor of the month of distributed apps, although I think this will stick ;-)).  He also looks a protocols TCP/UDP and how to debug distributed apps.  He touches on logging and health monitoring. Chapter 10 tackles recommended practices for web services starting with implementing WCF services, which goes into all sort of goodness like how to host in IIS or self-host.  How to manual test WCF services, also a section on authentication and authorization.  ASP.NET Web services are also touched on in that chapter All in all a good read, nice tips and accepted practices.  I like the conciseness of the subjects and Peter touches on a lot of things in this book and uses a lot of the current technologies flavors to explain the concepts.   Cheers, ET

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  • Server side Javascript best practices?

    - by Petteri Hietavirta
    We have a CMS built on Java and it has Mozilla Rhino for the server side JS. At the moment the JS code base is small but growing. Before it is too late and code has become a horrible mess I want to introduce some best practices and coding style. Obviously the name space control is pretty important. But how about other best practices - especially for Java programmers?

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  • Are there any "best practices" on cross-device development?

    - by vstrien
    Developing for smartphones in the way the industry is currently doing is relatively new. Of course, there has been enterprise-level mobile development for several decades. The platforms have changed, however. Think of: from stylus-input to touch-input (different screen res, different control layout etc.) new ways of handling multi-tasking on mobile platforms (e.g. WP7's "tombstoning") The way these platforms work aren't totally new (iPhone has been around for quite awhile now for example), but at the moment when developing a functionally equal application for both desktop and smartphone it comes down to developing two applications from ground up. Especially with the birth of Windows Phone with the .NET-platform on board and using Silverlight as UI-language, it's becoming appealing to promote the re-use of (parts of the UI). Still, it's fairly obvious that the needs of an application on a smartphone (or tablet) are very different compared to the needs of a desktop application. An (almost) one-on-one conversion will therefore be impossible. My question: are there "best practices", pitfalls etc. documented about developing "cross-device" applications (for example, developing an app for both the desktop and the smartphone/tablet)? I've been looking at weblogs, scientific papers and more for a week or so, but what I've found so far is only about "migratory interfaces".

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  • how to do gedcom import with minimal database roundtrip. what is best practice for this kind of dev

    - by Radhi
    In My current application, I need to import users from gedcom file. these users may exist in my registered users or i need to create one registered user for the same. now gedcom file contain s many information e.g. PersonalDetails,Addresses, Education Details, ProfessionalDetails this is one sample of xml file we are storing to store user's profile. <UserProfile xmlns=""> <BasicInfo> <Title value="Basic Details" /> <Fields> <UserId title="UserId" right="Public" value="151" /> <EmailAddress title="Email Address" right="CUG" value="[email protected]" /> <FirstName title="First Name" right="Public" value="Anju" /> <LastName title="Last Name" right="Public" value="Trivedi" /> <DisplayName title="Display Name" right="Private" value="Anju" /> <RegistrationStatusId title="RegistrationStatusId" right="Public" value="10" /> <RegistrationStatus title="Registration Status" right="Private" value="Registered" /> <CityId title="CityId" right="Private" value="19" /> <CityName title="City" right="Public" value="Delhi" /> <StateId title="StateId" right="Private" value="69" /> <StateName title="State" right="Public" value="Delhi" /> <CountryId title="CountryId" right="Private" value="109" /> <CountryName title="Country" right="Public" value="India" /> <Gender title="Gender" right="Private" value="Male" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="0" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Nov 27 2009 3:08PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Mar 3 2010 6:56PM " /> <LogInStatusId title="LogInStatusId" right="Public" value="1" /> <LogInStatus title="LogIn Status" right="Private" value="Free" /> <ProfileImagePath title="Profile Pic" right="Public" value="~/Images/13_HolidayBarbie07CL2010427143129.jpg" /> <ProfileThumbnailPath title="Profile Thumbnail" right="Public" value="~/Images/Thumb13_HolidayBarbie07CL2010427143129.jpg" /> </Fields> </BasicInfo> <PersonalInfo> <Title value="Personal Details" /> <Fields> <Nickname title="Nick Name" right="Public" value="Anju" /> <NativeLocation title="Native" right="Public" value="Mehsana" /> <DateofAnniversary title="Anniversary Dt." right="Private" value="4/1/2010" /> <BloodGroupId title="BloodGroupId" right="Public" value="24" /> <BloodGroupName title="Blood Group" right="Public" value="A+" /> <MaritalStatusId title="MaritalStatusId" right="Private" value="35" /> <MaritalStatusName title="Marital status" right="Private" value="UnMarried" /> <DateofDeath title="Death dt" right="Private" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="4/27/2010 2:32:07 PM" /> <DateOfBirth title="Birth Date" value="" right="CUG" /> <BirthPlace title="Birth Place" value="Jaipur" right="Private" /> </Fields> </PersonalInfo> <FamilyInfo> <Title value="Family Details" /> <Fields> <GallantryHistory title="Gallantry History" right="Public" value="Anjli History" /> <Ethinicity title="Ethinicity" right="Public" value="Indian" /> <KulDev title="KulDev" right="Public" value="Krishna" /> <KulDevi title="KulDevi" right="Public" value="Lakhsmi" /> <Caste title="Caste" right="Private" value="Vaishnav" /> <SunSignId title="SunSignId" right="Public" value="15" /> <SunSignName title="SunSignName" right="Public" value="Gemini" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Dec 11 2009 12:00AM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Dec 11 2009 12:00AM " /> </Fields> </FamilyInfo> <HobbyInfo> <Title value="Hobbies/Interests" /> <Fields> <AbountMe title="Abount Me" right="Public" value="" /> <Hobbies title="Hobbies" right="Public" value="" /> <Food title="Food" right="Public" value="" /> <Movies title="Movies" right="Public" value="" /> <Music title="Music" right="Public" value="" /> <TVShows title="TV Shows" right="Public" value="" /> <Books title="Books" right="Public" value="" /> <Sports title="Sports" right="Public" value="" /> <Will title="Will" right="Public" value="" /> <FavouriteQuotes title="Favourite Quotes" right="Public" value="" /> <CremationPrefernces title="Cremation Prefernces" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="" /> </Fields> </HobbyInfo> <PermenantAddr> <Title value="Permenant Address" /> <Fields> <Address title="Address" right="Public" value="Select" /> <CityId title="CityId" right="Public" value="116" /> <CityName title="City" right="Public" value="Iran" /> <StateId title="StateId" right="Public" value="95" /> <StateName title="State" right="Public" value="Iran" /> <CountryId title="CountryId" right="Public" value="7" /> <CountryName title="Country" right="Public" value="Afghanistan" /> <ZipCode title="ZipCode" right="Private" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="4/6/2010 10:48:39 AM" /> </Fields> </PermenantAddr> <PresentAddr> <Title value="Present Address" /> <Fields> <Address title="Address" right="Public" value="Select" /> <CityId title="CityId" right="Public" value="1" /> <CityName title="City" right="Public" value="Select" /> <StateId title="StateId" right="Public" value="1" /> <StateName title="State" right="Public" value="Select" /> <CountryId title="CountryId" right="Public" value="1" /> <CountryName title="Country" right="Public" value="Select" /> <ZipCode title="ZipCode" right="Private" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="" /> </Fields> </PresentAddr> <ContactInfo> <Title value="Contact Details" /> <Fields> <DayPhoneNo title="Day Phone" right="Public" value="" /> <NightPhoneNo title="Night Phone" right="Public" value="" /> <MobileNo title="Mobile No" right="Private" value="" /> <FaxNo title="Fax No" right="CUG" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="" /> </Fields> </ContactInfo> <EmailInfo> <Title value="Alternate Email Addresses" /> <Fields> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="3" /> <Provider title="Provider" right="Public" value="google" /> <EmailAddress title="Email Address" right="Public" value="[email protected]" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Mar 3 2010 10:17AM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="0" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value=" " /> </Record> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="4" /> <Provider title="Provider" right="Public" value="Yahoo" /> <EmailAddress title="Email Address" right="Public" value="[email protected]" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Mar 3 2010 6:53PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="0" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value=" " /> </Record> <Record right="Private"> <Provider value="111" right="Private" /> <EmailAddress value="[email protected]" right="Private" /> <Id value="5" /> <IsActive value="true" right="Private" /> <ModifiedBy value="13" right="Private" /> <ModifiedOn value="Tuesday, March 16, 2010" right="Private" /> </Record> </Fields> </EmailInfo> <AcademicInfo> <Title value="Education Details" /> <Fields> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="0" /> <Education title="Education" right="Public" value="" /> <Institute title="Institute" right="Public" value="" /> <PassingYear title="Passing Year" right="Public" value="" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="" /> </Record> </Fields> </AcademicInfo> <AchievementInfo> <Title value="Achievement Details" /> <Fields> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="0" /> <Awards title="Award" right="Public" value="" /> <FieldOfAward title="Field Of Award" right="Public" value="" /> <Tournament title="Tournament" right="Public" value="" /> <AwardDescription title="Description" right="Public" value="" /> <AwardYear title="Award Year" right="Public" value="" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="" /> </Record> </Fields> </AchievementInfo> <ProfessionalInfo> <Title value="Professional Details" /> <Fields> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="4" /> <Occupation title="Occupation" right="Public" value="a" /> <Organization title="Organization" right="Public" value="a" /> <ProjectsDescription title="Description" right="Public" value="a" /> <Duration title="Duration" right="Public" value="2" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 7 2010 1:14PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 7 2010 1:14PM " /> </Record> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="5" /> <Occupation title="Occupation" right="Public" value="ab" /> <Organization title="Organization" right="Public" value="zsd" /> <ProjectsDescription title="Description" right="Public" value="sd" /> <Duration title="Duration" right="Public" value="5" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 7 2010 1:15PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 7 2010 1:15PM " /> </Record> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="8" /> <Occupation title="Occupation" right="Public" value="fgdf" /> <Organization title="Organization" right="Public" value="gdfg" /> <ProjectsDescription title="Description" right="Public" value="dfgdf" /> <Duration title="Duration" right="Public" value="12" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Feb 22 2010 5:07PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="0" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 1 1900 12:00AM " /> </Record> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="9" /> <Occupation title="Occupation" right="Public" value="fgdf" /> <Organization title="Organization" right="Public" value="gdfg" /> <ProjectsDescription title="Description" right="Public" value="dfgdf" /> <Duration title="Duration" right="Public" value="12" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Feb 22 2010 5:11PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="0" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 1 1900 12:00AM " /> </Record> <Record right="Public"> <Id title="Id" right="Public" value="10" /> <Occupation title="Occupation" right="Public" value="fgdf" /> <Organization title="Organization" right="Public" value="gdfg" /> <ProjectsDescription title="Description" right="Public" value="dfgdf" /> <Duration title="Duration" right="Public" value="12" /> <IsActive title="IsActive" right="Public" value="false" /> <CreatedBy title="CreatedBy" right="Public" value="13" /> <CreatedOn title="CreatedOn" right="Public" value="Feb 22 2010 5:13PM " /> <ModifiedBy title="ModifiedBy" right="Public" value="0" /> <ModifiedOn title="ModifiedOn" right="Public" value="Jan 1 1900 12:00AM " /> </Record> </Fields> </ProfessionalInfo> <SecuritySettings> <AlbumRights> <Create value="Private" /> <View value="CUG" /> <Edit value="CUG" /> <Delete value="CUG" /> <PostComments value="CUG" /> <AddToAlbum value="CUG" /> </AlbumRights> <ImageRights> <Create value="Private" /> <View value="CUG" /> <Edit value="CUG" /> <Delete value="CUG" /> <PostComments value="Private" /> </ImageRights> </SecuritySettings> </UserProfile> now when i am importing data from gedcom, i am creating one person object which contains all this info. but before i insert it itodatabase have to check if userid exist for the emailaddress dont update data else create a user and update its profilexml from data fecthed from gedcom. for this i think i need some soln by which i can do only one roundtrip to database and can update all user's xml. or i can execute one sp to get userid from all users where i'll check if user exist then return userid else insert basic data and return inserted userid then for every user make xml from data and update it. please provide be suggestion what is best practice to do this kind of development. if need any more details please write me

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  • Best Practices to Accelerate Oracle VM Server Deployments

    - by Honglin Su
    IOUG (Independent Oracle User Group) Virtualization SIG is hosting the webcast on the best practices of Oracle VM server virtualization. July 11, 2012 - Best Practices to Accelerate Oracle VM Server on SPARC Deployments. Register here. To learn the best practices on Oracle VM Server for x86,  watch the session replay here. For more white paper about best practices, visit Oracle VM OTN page here.

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  • kubuntu - what's the best smplayer configuration for best quality in hd movies (mkv)

    - by Frank
    I have ubuntu x64 13.04 with kde 4.11 and smplayer v0.8.6 and the last mplayer version from ppa. I have ATI video card HD6870 MSI with fglrx driver v13.4. My kde settings are: Composition mode: Opengl 3.1 graphic system qt: Raster scaling mode: precise Vsync: auto So what's the best configuration for quality over performace in smplayer according to my system specs? For example what do I have to set for the following options? enable postprocessing by default and postprocessing quality output driver Deinterlacing method software equalizer direct rendering double buffering draw video using slices threads for decoding (MPEG-1/2 and H.264 only loop filter use CoreAVC Thanks

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  • Object Oriented PHP Best Practices

    - by user270797
    Say I have a class which represents a person, a variable within that class would be $name. Previously, In my scripts I would create an instance of the object then set the name by just using: $object->name = "x"; However, I was told this was not best practice? That I should have a function set_name() or something similar like this: function set_name($name) { $this->name=$name; } is this correct? If in this example I want to insert a new "person" record into the db, how do I pass all the information about the person ie $name, $age, $address, $phone etc to the class in order to insert it, should I do: function set($data) { $this->name= $data['name']; $this->age = $data['age']; etc etc } Then send it an array? Would this be best practice? or could someone please recommend best practice?

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  • Existing web-site CSS replacement (re-skinning) best-practices without changing the HTML

    - by Enigmativity
    I can see a number of other good answers to questions relating to CSS best-practices on stack overflow: How to Manage CSS Explosion CSS Conventions / Code Layout Models Are there any CSS standards that I should follow while writing my first stylesheet? What is the best method for tidying CSS? Best Practices - CSS Stylesheet Formatting But I think I have a different problem. I'm trying to "re-skin" an existing site that has been nicely built using div's and ul's, etc, and it has a good existing CSS file, but when I start making changes to the CSS I quickly find that I break the layout. My feeling is that it is very hard to get a feel for how all the CSS will work together and indeed what CSS is affecting parent and sibling elements in the HTML. So, my question is "what are the best-practices around re-skinning an existing web-site by replacing the CSS only and not modifying the existing HTML?" I can't change the classes, ids, node hierarchy, etc. An example of the particular site that I am trying to re-skin is http://demo.nopcommerce.com/. The existing CSS can be as complicated/detailed as this extract from the main CSS file: .header-selectors-wrapper { text-align: right; float: right; width: 500px; } .header-currencyselector { float: right; } .header-languageselector { float: left; } .header-taxDisplayTypeSelector { float: right; } .header-links-wrapper { float: right; text-align: right; width: 570px; } .header-links { border: solid 1px #9a9a9a; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; margin-bottom: 5px; display: inline-table; } .order-summary-content .cart .cart-item-row td, .wishlist-content .cart .cart-item-row td { border-bottom: 1px solid #c5c5c5; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 30px; } .order-summary-content .cart .cart-item-row td.product, .wishlist-content .cart .cart-item-row td.product { text-align: left; padding: 0px 10px 0px 10px; } .order-summary-content .cart .cart-item-row td.product a, .wishlist-content .cart .cart-item-row td.product a { font-weight: bold; } Any help would be appreciated.

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  • Best Practices for working with files via c#

    - by user177883
    Application I work on generates several hundreds of files in a 15 minutes period of times. and the back end of the application takes these files and process them (updates database with those values). One problem is database locks. What are the best practices on working with several thousands of files to avoid locking and efficiently processing these files? Would it be more efficient to create a single file and process it? or process single file at a time? What are so common best practices?

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  • Am I wrong to disagree with A Gentle Introduction to symfony's template best practices?

    - by AndrewKS
    I am currently learning symfony and going through the book A Gentle Introduction to symfony and came across this section in "Chapter 4: The Basics of Page Creation" on creating templates (or views): "If you need to execute some PHP code in the template, you should avoid using the usual PHP syntax, as shown in Listing 4-4. Instead, write your templates using the PHP alternative syntax, as shown in Listing 4-5, to keep the code understandable for non-PHP programmers." Listing 4-4 - The Usual PHP Syntax, Good for Actions, But Bad for Templates <p>Hello, world!</p> <?php if ($test) { echo "<p>".time()."</p>"; } ?> (The ironic thing about this is that echo statement would look even better if time was variable declared in the controller, because then you could just embed the variable in the string instead of concatenating) Listing 4-5 - The Alternative PHP Syntax, Good for Templates <p>Hello, world!</p> <?php if ($test): ?> <p><?php echo time(); ?> </p><?php endif; ?> I fail to see how listing 4-5 makes the code "understandable for non-PHP programmers", and its readability is shaky at best. 4-4 looks much more readable to me. Are there any programmers who are using symfony that write their templates like those in 4-4 rather than 4-5? Are there reasons I should use one over the other? There is the very slim chance that somewhere down the road someone less technical could be editing it the template, but how does 4-5 actually make it more understandable to them?

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  • Inspiring a co-worker to adopt better coding practices?

    - by Aaronaught
    In the Handling my antiquated coworker question, various people discussed strategies for dealing with coworkers who are unwilling to integrate their workflow with the team's. I'd like, if possible, to learn some strategies for "teaching" a coworker who is merely ignorant of modern techniques and tools, and possibly a little apathetic. I've started working with a programmer who until recently has been working in relative isolation, in a different part of the company. He has extensive domain knowledge and most importantly he has demonstrated good problem-solving skills, something which many candidates seem to lack. However, the actual (C#) code I've seen is a throwback to the VB6 days. Procedural structure, Hungarian notation, global variables (abuse of static), no interfaces, no tests, non-use of Generics, throwing System.Exception... you get the idea. This programmer is a fair bit older than I am and, by first impressions at least, doesn't actively seek positive change. I'm not going to say resistant to change, because I think that is largely an issue of how the topic gets broached, and I want to be prepared. Programmers tend to be stubborn people, and going in with guns blazing and instituting rip-it-to-shreds code reviews and strictly-enforced policies is very likely not going to produce the end result that I want. If this were a new hire, a junior programmer, I wouldn't think twice about taking a "mentor" stance, but I'm extremely wary of treating an experienced employee as a clueless newbie (which he's not - he just hasn't kept pace with certain advancements in the field). How might I go about raising this developer's code quality standard the Dale Carnegie way, through gentle persuasion and non-material incentives? What would be the best strategy for effecting subtle, gradual changes, without creating an adversarial situation? Have other people - especially lead developers - been in this type of situation before? Which strategies were successful at stimulating interest and creating a positive group dynamic? Which strategies weren't successful and would be better to avoid? Clarifications: I really feel that several people are answering based on personal feelings without actually reading all of the details of the question. Please note the following, which should have been implied but I am now making explicit: This coworker is only my "senior" by virtue of age. I never said that his title, sphere of influence, or years at the organization exceed mine, and in fact, none of those things are true. He's a LOB programmer who's been absorbed into the main development shop. That's it. I am not a new hire, junior programmer, or other naïve idiot with grand plans to transform the company overnight. I am basically in charge of the software process, but as many who've worked as "leads" will know, responsibilities don't always correlate precisely with the org chart. I'm not asking people how to get my way, come hell or high water. I could do that if I wanted to, with the net result being that this person would become resentful and/or quit. Please try to understand that I am looking for a social, cooperative method of driving change. The mention of "...global variables... no tests... throwing System.Exception" was intended to demonstrate that the problems are not just superficial or aesthetic. Practices that may work for relatively small CRUD apps do not necessarily work for large enterprise apps, and in fact, none of the code so far has actually passed the integration tests. Please, try to take the question at face value, accept that I actually know what I'm talking about, and either answer the question that I actually asked or move on. P.S. My sincerest gratitude to those who -did- offer constructive advice rather than arguing with the premise. I'm going to leave this open for a while longer as I'm hoping to hear more in the way of real-world experiences.

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  • GWT Best Practices - MVP

    - by GWTNewbie
    A question for all the GWT gurus out there. I'm a newbie in GWT and am trying to understand the best practices of coding a GWT application. I have gone through "Large scale application development and MVP" based on Ray Ryan's talk at Google I/O 2009 and it has given me a good starting point. I downloaded the sample source code as well for the Contacts application based on the best practices listed. The application I'm trying to develop using GWT is a bit bigger (in terms of the modules involved) when compared to the sample "Contacts" application & so I want to split it up into multiple functions. I have been reading that having a single Entry point in a GWT application is a good idea, and I don't want to dump all the code in one single AppController class & one single RpcService, what would be the best approach in this situation? How would I go about dispatching the control to multiple controllers? Is there a way to achieve this using some classes in the GWT framework?

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  • People not respecting good practices at workplace

    - by VexXtreme
    Hi There are some major issues in my company regarding practices, procedures and methodologies. First of all, we're a small firm and there are only 3-4 developers, one of which is our boss who isn't really a programmer, he just chimes in now and then and tries to do code some simple things. The biggest problems are: Major cowboy coding and lack of methodologies. I've tried explaining to everyone the benefits of TDD and unit testing, but I only got weird looks as if I'm talking nonsense. Even the boss gave me the reaction along the lines of "why do we need that? it's just unnecessary overhead and a waste of time". Nobody uses design patterns. I have to tell people not to write business logic in code behind, I have to remind them not to hardcode concrete implementations and dependencies into classes and cetera. I often feel like a nazi because of this and people think I'm enforcing unnecessary policies and use of design patterns. The biggest problem of all is that people don't even respect common sense security policies. I've noticed that college students who work on tech support use our continuous integration and source control server as a dump to store their music, videos, series they download from torrents and so on. You can imagine the horror when I realized that most of the partition reserved for source control backups was used by entire seasons of TV series and movies. Our development server isn't even connected to an UPS and surge protection. It's just plugged straight into the wall outlet. I asked the boss to buy surge protection, but he said it's unnecessary. All in all, I like working here because the atmosphere is very relaxed, money is good and we're all like a family (so don't advise me to quit), but I simply don't know how to explain to people that they need to stick to some standards and good practices in IT industry and that they can't behave so irresponsibly. Thanks for the advice

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  • What are some Java memory management best practices?

    - by Ascalonian
    I am taking over some applications from a previous developer. When I run the applications through Eclipse, I see the memory usage and the heap size increase a lot. Upon further investigation, I see that they were creating an object over-and-over in a loop as well as other things. I started to go through and do some clean up. But the more I went through, the more questions I had like "will this actually do anything?" For example, instead of declaring a variable outside the loop mentioned above and just setting its value in the loop... they created the object in the loop. What I mean is: for(int i=0; i < arrayOfStuff.size(); i++) { String something = (String) arrayOfStuff.get(i); ... } versus String something = null; for(int i=0; i < arrayOfStuff.size(); i++) { something = (String) arrayOfStuff.get(i); } Am I incorrect to say that the bottom loop is better? Perhaps I am wrong. Also, what about after the second loop above, I set "something" back to null? Would that clear out some memory? In either case, what are some good memory management best practices I could follow that will help keep my memory usage low in my applications? Update: I appreciate everyones feedback so far. However, I was not really asking about the above loops (although by your advice I did go back to the first loop). I am trying to get some best practices that I can keep an eye out for. Something on the lines of "when you are done using a Collection, clear it out". I just really need to make sure not as much memory is being taken up by these applications.

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  • REST API error return good practices

    - by Remus Rusanu
    I'm looking for guidance on good practices when it comes to return errors from a REST API. I'm working on a new API so I can take it any direction right now. My content type is XML at the moment, but I plan to support JSON in future. I am now adding some error cases, like for instance a client attempts to add a new resource but has exceeded his storage quota. I am already handling certain error cases with HTTP status codes (401 for authentication, 403 for authorization and 404 for plain bad request URIs). I looked over the blessed HTTP error codes but none of the 400-417 range seems right to report application specific errors. So at first I was tempted to return my application error with 200 OK and a specific XML payload (ie. Pay us more and you'll get the storage you need!) but I stopped to think about it and it seems to soapy (/shrug in horror). Besides it feels like I'm splitting the error responses into distinct cases, as some are http status code driven and other are content driven. So what is the SO crowd recommendation? Good practices (please explain why!) and also, from a client pov, what kind of error handling in the REST API makes life easier for the client code?

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  • Industry-style practices for increasing productivity in a small scientific environment

    - by drachenfels
    Hi, I work in a small, independent scientific lab in a university in the United States, and it has come to my notice that, compared with a lot of practices that are ostensibly followed in the industry, like daily checkout into a version control system, use of a single IDE/editor for all languages (like emacs), etc, we follow rather shoddy programming practices. So, I was thinking of getting together all my programs, scripts, etc, and building a streamlined environment to increase productivity. I'd like suggestions from people on Stack Overflow for the same. Here is my primary plan.: I use MATLAB, C and Python scripts, and I'd like to edit, compile them from a single editor, and ensure correct version control. (questions/things for which I'd like suggestions are in italics) 1] Install Cygwin, and get it to work well with Windows so I can use git or a similar version control system (is there a DVCS which can work directly from the windows CLI, so I can skip the Cygwin step?). 2] Set up emacs to work with C, Python, and MATLAB files, so I can edit and compile all three at once from a single editor (say, emacs) (I'm not very familiar with the emacs menu, but is there a way to set the path to the compiler for certain languages? I know I can Google this, but emacs documentation has proved very hard for me to read so far, so I'd appreciate it if someone told me in simple language) 3] Start checking in code at the end of each day or half-day so as to maintain a proper path of progress of my code (two questions), can you checkout files directly from emacs? is there a way to checkout LabVIEW files into a DVCS like git? Lastly, I'd like to apologize for the rather vague nature of the question, and hope I shall learn to ask better questions over time. I'd appreciate it if people gave their suggestions, though, and point to any resources which may help me learn.

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  • best-practices for displaying new view controllers ( iPhone )

    - by Tristan
    I need to display a couple of view controllers (eg, login screen, registration screen etc). What's the best way to bring each screen up? Currently for each screen that I'd like to display, I call a different method in the app delegate like this: Code: - (void) registerScreen { RegistrationViewController *reg = [[RegistrationViewController alloc] initWithNibName:@"RegistrationViewController" bundle:nil]; [window addSubview:reg.view]; } - (void) LoginScreen { LoginViewController *log = [[LoginViewController alloc] initWithNibName:@"LoginViewController" bundle:nil]; [window addSubview:log.view]; } It works, but I cant imagine it being the best way.

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  • Compact Framework best practices: Building a GUI

    - by Ciaran
    I'm maintaining a Windows CE app built with the .NET Framework that has about 45 forms. There are 5 'sections' which lead to the function you want. The application is 100% full screen and it is important that it can't be minimized. Since there are so many forms, it's difficult to keep track of which form should be displayed after one is closed. For this, I'm setting the form owner property before showing it, and showing the owner when closing it. I've also been advised that it is best to instantiate all forms when the application loads, and not dispose them to save processing time. I'm not sure about this. My question is, what is the best way to go about showing, hiding forms where you want any 1 form to be in front, full screen all time?

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  • Stream (.NET) handling best-practices

    - by Jader Dias
    The question is entitled with the word "Stream" because the question below is a concrete example of a more generic doubt I have about Streams: I have a problem that accepts two solutions and I want to know the best one: I download a file, save it to disk (2 min), read it and write the contents to the DB (+ 2 min). I download a file and write the contents directly to the DB (3 min). If the write to DB fails I'll have to download again in the second case, but not in the first case. Which is best? Which would you use?

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  • What's the best Open Source code you've ever seen?

    - by Andrew Theken
    Part of the value of Open Source is to provide great example code to people getting started with a new platform or language. What's the best Open Source code you've encountered, and why do you like your choice? Any language will do, but I'm particularly interested in the best examples of Objective-C you can point out. Obviously this is an open-ended question, so I'll leave the question open for a while and see what kinds of answers we get. Thanks!

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  • I need Microsoft SQL Clustering/Replication/Scaling Best Practice Resources

    - by efk
    I'm trying to plan for our future scalability of our Microsoft SQL 2000/2005/2008 infrastructure. I'm having a hard time finding good information on how to best engineer such services, how to best keep these services available, and how to scale them as load increases. Can someone point me in the right direction? Books, online resources, videos, anything would be helpful.

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