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  • CBO????????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ???Itpub????????CBO??????????, ????????: SQL> create table maclean1 as select * from dba_objects; Table created. SQL> update maclean1 set status='INVALID' where owner='MACLEAN'; 2 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> create index ind_maclean1 on maclean1(status); Index created. SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN1',cascade=>true); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> explain plan for select * from maclean1 where status='INVALID'; Explained. SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 SQL> select * from table(dbms_xplan.display()); PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 987568083 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 11320 | 1028K| 85 (0)| 00:00:02 | |* 1 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN1 | 11320 | 1028K| 85 (0)| 00:00:02 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Predicate Information (identified by operation id): --------------------------------------------------- 1 - filter("STATUS"='INVALID') 13 rows selected. 10053 trace Access path analysis for MACLEAN1 *************************************** SINGLE TABLE ACCESS PATH   Single Table Cardinality Estimation for MACLEAN1[MACLEAN1]   Column (#10): STATUS(     AvgLen: 7 NDV: 2 Nulls: 0 Density: 0.500000   Table: MACLEAN1  Alias: MACLEAN1     Card: Original: 22639.000000  Rounded: 11320  Computed: 11319.50  Non Adjusted: 11319.50   Access Path: TableScan     Cost:  85.33  Resp: 85.33  Degree: 0       Cost_io: 85.00  Cost_cpu: 11935345       Resp_io: 85.00  Resp_cpu: 11935345   Access Path: index (AllEqRange)     Index: IND_MACLEAN1     resc_io: 185.00  resc_cpu: 8449916     ix_sel: 0.500000  ix_sel_with_filters: 0.500000     Cost: 185.24  Resp: 185.24  Degree: 1   Best:: AccessPath: TableScan          Cost: 85.33  Degree: 1  Resp: 85.33  Card: 11319.50  Bytes: 0 ?????10053????????????,?????Density = 0.5 ?? 1/ NDV ??? ??????????????STATUS='INVALID"???????????, ????????????????? ????”STATUS”=’INVALID’ condition???2?,?status??????,??????dbms_stats?????????????,???CBO????INDEX Range ind_maclean1,???????,??????opitimizer?????? ?????????????????????????,????????,??????????status=’INVALID’???????card??,????????: [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Mon Oct 17 19:15:45 2011 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.2.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production SQL> show parameter optimizer_fea NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ optimizer_features_enable string 11.2.0.2 SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com & www.askmaclean.com SQL> drop table maclean; Table dropped. SQL> create table maclean as select * from dba_objects; Table created. SQL> update maclean set status='INVALID' where owner='MACLEAN'; 2 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> create index ind_maclean on maclean(status); Index created. SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN',cascade=>true, method_opt=>'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE 2'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. ???????2?bucket????, ??????????????? ???Quest???Guy Harrison???????FREQUENCY????????,??????: rem rem Generate a histogram of data distribution in a column as recorded rem in dba_tab_histograms rem rem Guy Harrison Jan 2010 : www.guyharrison.net rem rem hexstr function is from From http://asktom.oracle.com/pls/asktom/f?p=100:11:0::::P11_QUESTION_ID:707586567563 set pagesize 10000 set lines 120 set verify off col char_value format a10 heading "Endpoint|value" col bucket_count format 99,999,999 heading "bucket|count" col pct format 999.99 heading "Pct" col pct_of_max format a62 heading "Pct of|Max value" rem col endpoint_value format 9999999999999 heading "endpoint|value" CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION hexstr (p_number IN NUMBER) RETURN VARCHAR2 AS l_str LONG := TO_CHAR (p_number, 'fm' || RPAD ('x', 50, 'x')); l_return VARCHAR2 (4000); BEGIN WHILE (l_str IS NOT NULL) LOOP l_return := l_return || CHR (TO_NUMBER (SUBSTR (l_str, 1, 2), 'xx')); l_str := SUBSTR (l_str, 3); END LOOP; RETURN (SUBSTR (l_return, 1, 6)); END; / WITH hist_data AS ( SELECT endpoint_value,endpoint_actual_value, NVL(LAG (endpoint_value) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value),' ') prev_value, endpoint_number, endpoint_number, endpoint_number - NVL (LAG (endpoint_number) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value), 0) bucket_count FROM dba_tab_histograms JOIN dba_tab_col_statistics USING (owner, table_name,column_name) WHERE owner = '&owner' AND table_name = '&table' AND column_name = '&column' AND histogram='FREQUENCY') SELECT nvl(endpoint_actual_value,endpoint_value) endpoint_value , bucket_count, ROUND(bucket_count*100/SUM(bucket_count) OVER(),2) PCT, RPAD(' ',ROUND(bucket_count*50/MAX(bucket_count) OVER()),'*') pct_of_max FROM hist_data; WITH hist_data AS ( SELECT endpoint_value,endpoint_actual_value, NVL(LAG (endpoint_value) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value),' ') prev_value, endpoint_number, endpoint_number, endpoint_number - NVL (LAG (endpoint_number) OVER (ORDER BY endpoint_value), 0) bucket_count FROM dba_tab_histograms JOIN dba_tab_col_statistics USING (owner, table_name,column_name) WHERE owner = '&owner' AND table_name = '&table' AND column_name = '&column' AND histogram='FREQUENCY') SELECT hexstr(endpoint_value) char_value, bucket_count, ROUND(bucket_count*100/SUM(bucket_count) OVER(),2) PCT, RPAD(' ',ROUND(bucket_count*50/MAX(bucket_count) OVER()),'*') pct_of_max FROM hist_data ORDER BY endpoint_value; ?????,??????????FREQUENCY?????: ??dbms_stats ?????STATUS=’INVALID’ bucket count=9 percent = 0.04 ,??????10053 trace????????: SQL> explain plan for select * from maclean where status='INVALID'; Explained. SQL>  select * from table(dbms_xplan.display()); PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT ------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 3087014066 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- | Id  | Operation                   | Name        | Rows  | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time     | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- |   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |             |     9 |   837 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 | |   1 |  TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| MACLEAN     |     9 |   837 |     2   (0)| 00:00:01 | |*  2 |   INDEX RANGE SCAN          | IND_MACLEAN |     9 |       |     1   (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Predicate Information (identified by operation id): ---------------------------------------------------    2 - access("STATUS"='INVALID') ??????????????CBO???????STATUS=’INVALID’?cardnality?? , ??????????? ,??index range scan??Full table scan? ????????????????10053 trace: SQL> alter system flush shared_pool; System altered. SQL> oradebug setmypid; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug event 10053 trace name context forever ,level 1; Statement processed. SQL> explain plan for select * from maclean where status='INVALID'; Explained. SINGLE TABLE ACCESS PATH Single Table Cardinality Estimation for MACLEAN[MACLEAN] Column (#10): NewDensity:0.000199, OldDensity:0.000022 BktCnt:22640, PopBktCnt:22640, PopValCnt:2, NDV:2 ???NewDensity= bucket_count / SUM(bucket_count) /2 Column (#10): STATUS( AvgLen: 7 NDV: 2 Nulls: 0 Density: 0.000199 Histogram: Freq #Bkts: 2 UncompBkts: 22640 EndPtVals: 2 Table: MACLEAN Alias: MACLEAN Card: Original: 22640.000000 Rounded: 9 Computed: 9.00 Non Adjusted: 9.00 Access Path: TableScan Cost: 85.30 Resp: 85.30 Degree: 0 Cost_io: 85.00 Cost_cpu: 10804625 Resp_io: 85.00 Resp_cpu: 10804625 Access Path: index (AllEqRange) Index: IND_MACLEAN resc_io: 2.00 resc_cpu: 20763 ix_sel: 0.000398 ix_sel_with_filters: 0.000398 Cost: 2.00 Resp: 2.00 Degree: 1 Best:: AccessPath: IndexRange Index: IND_MACLEAN Cost: 2.00 Degree: 1 Resp: 2.00 Card: 9.00 Bytes: 0 ???????????2 bucket?????CBO????????????,???????????????????,???dbms_stats.DEFAULT_METHOD_OPT????????????????????? ???dbms_stats?????????????????????col_usage$??????predicate???????,??col_usage$??<????????SMON??(?):??col_usage$????>? ??????????dbms_stats????????,col_usage$????????????predicate???,??dbms_stats??????????????????, ?: SQL> drop table maclean; Table dropped. SQL> create table maclean as select * from dba_objects; Table created. SQL> update maclean set status='INVALID' where owner='MACLEAN'; 2 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> create index ind_maclean on maclean(status); Index created. ??dbms_stats??method_opt??maclean? SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. @histogram.sql Enter value for owner: SYS old  12:    WHERE owner = '&owner' new  12:    WHERE owner = 'SYS' Enter value for table: MACLEAN old  13:      AND table_name = '&table' new  13:      AND table_name = 'MACLEAN' Enter value for column: STATUS old  14:      AND column_name = '&column' new  14:      AND column_name = 'STATUS' no rows selected ????col_usage$?????,????????status????? declare begin for i in 1..500 loop execute immediate ' alter system flush shared_pool'; DBMS_STATS.FLUSH_DATABASE_MONITORING_INFO; execute immediate 'select count(*) from maclean where status=''INVALID'' ' ; end loop; end; / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select obj# from obj$ where name='MACLEAN';       OBJ# ----------      97215 SQL> select * from  col_usage$ where  OBJ#=97215;       OBJ#    INTCOL# EQUALITY_PREDS EQUIJOIN_PREDS NONEQUIJOIN_PREDS RANGE_PREDS LIKE_PREDS NULL_PREDS TIMESTAMP ---------- ---------- -------------- -------------- ----------------- ----------- ---------- ---------- ---------      97215          1              1              0                 0           0          0          0 17-OCT-11      97215         10            499              0                 0           0          0          0 17-OCT-11 SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('SYS','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. @histogram.sql Enter value for owner: SYS Enter value for table: MACLEAN Enter value for column: STATUS Endpoint        bucket         Pct of value            count     Pct Max value ---------- ----------- ------- -------------------------------------------------------------- INVALI               2     .04 VALIC3           5,453   99.96  *************************************************

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  • Why is Robert C. Martin called Uncle Bob?

    - by Lernkurve
    Is there a story behind it? I did a Google search for "Why is Robert C. Martin called Uncle Bob?" but didn't find an answer. More context There is this pretty well-know person in the software engineering world named Robert C. Martin. He speaks at conferences and has published many excellent books one of which is Clean Code (Amazon). He is the founder and CEO of Object Mentor Inc. Robert C. Martin is also called Uncle Bob. But I can't figure out why.

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  • Tutoriel Enyo : partie 2, article de Robert Kowalski traduit par vermine

    Je vous propose une traduction de l'article Enyo Tutorial: Part 2 de Robert Kowalski qui fait suite à la partie 1 sur le framework JavaScript Enyo. Robert Kowalski se lance dans une série de tutoriels dont le but est de nous faire découvrir pas à pas le fonctionnement d'Enyo. L'objectif de ce deuxième article est de rendre réutilisable la calculatrice de pourboire et de montrer l'aspect modulaire du framework. Cet article abor...

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  • Tutoriel Enyo : partie 1, article de Robert Kowalski traduit par vermine

    Je vous propose une traduction de l'article Enyo Tutorial: Part 1 de Robert Kowalski qui traite, vous l'aurez compris, du framework JavaScript Enyo. Ce dernier est un framework pour ordinateurs de bureau et pour mobiles qui utilise JavaScript et HTML5. Robert Kowalski se lance dans une série de tutoriels dont le but est de nous faire découvrir pas à pas le fonctionnement d'Enyo. L'objectif de ce premier article est de concevoir une calculatrice de pourboire et de découvrir les kind.

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  • ?Oracle????SELECT????UNDO

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????Oracle?????(dirty read),?Oracle??????Asktom????????Oracle???????, ???undo??????????(before image)??????Consistent, ???????????????Oracle????????????? ????????? ??,??,Oracle?????????????RDBMS,???????????? ?????????2?????: _offline_rollback_segments or _corrupted_rollback_segments ?2?????????Oracle???????????ORA-600[4XXX]???????????????,???2??????Undo??Corruption????????????,?????2????????????????? ??????????????_offline_rollback_segments ? _corrupted_rollback_segments ?2?????: ???????(FORCE OPEN DATABASE) ????????????(consistent read & delayed block cleanout) ??????rollback segment??? ?????:???????Oracle????????,??????????2?????,?????????????!! _offline_rollback_segments ? _corrupted_rollback_segments ???????????: ??2???????Undo Segments(???/???)????????online ?UNDO$???????????OFFLINE??? ???instance??????????????????? ??????Undo Segments????????active transaction????????????dead??SMON???(????????SMON??(?):Recover Dead transaction) _OFFLINE_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS(offline undo segment list)????(hidden parameter)?????: ???startup???open database???????_OFFLINE_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS????Undo segments(???/???),?????undo segments????????alert.log???TRACE?????,???????startup?? ?????????????,?ITL?????undo segments?: ???undo segments?transaction table?????????????????? ???????????commit,?????CR??? ????undo segments????(???corrupted??,???missed??)???????????alert.log,??????? ?DML?????????????????????????????????CPU,????????????????????? _CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS(corrupted undo segment list)??????????: ?????startup?open database???_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS????undo segments(???/???)???????? ???????_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS???undo segments????????????commit,???undo segments???drop??? ??????????? ??????????????????,?????????????????? ??bootstrap???????????,?????????ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure??,???????????(???Oracle????:??ORA-00600:[4000] ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure????) ??????_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS????????????????????,??????????????? Oracle???????TXChecker??????????? ???????2?????,??????????????_CORRUPTED_ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS?????SELECT????UNDO???????: SQL> alter system set event= '10513 trace name context forever, level 2' scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> alter system set "_in_memory_undo"=false scope=spfile; System altered. 10513 level 2 event????SMON ??rollback ??? dead transaction _in_memory_undo ?? in memory undo ?? SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 3140026368 bytes Fixed Size 2232472 bytes Variable Size 1795166056 bytes Database Buffers 1325400064 bytes Redo Buffers 17227776 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. session A: SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> create table maclean tablespace users as select 1 t1 from dual connect by level exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 501 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 1 recursive calls 0 db block gets 3 consistent gets 0 physical reads 0 redo size 515 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processe ???????????,????current block, ????????,consistent gets??3? SQL> update maclean set t1=0; 501 rows updated. SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. ??session A?commit; ???? session: SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 501 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 recursive calls 0 db block gets 505 consistent gets 0 physical reads 108 redo size 515 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed ?????? ?????????undo??CR?,???consistent gets??? 505 [[email protected] ~]$ ps -ef|grep LOCAL=YES |grep -v grep oracle 5841 5839 0 09:17 ? 00:00:00 oracleG10R25 (DESCRIPTION=(LOCAL=YES)(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=beq))) [[email protected] ~]$ kill -9 5841 ??session A???Server Process????,???dead transaction ????smon?? select ktuxeusn, to_char(sysdate, 'DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS') "Time", ktuxesiz, ktuxesta from x$ktuxe where ktuxecfl = 'DEAD'; KTUXEUSN Time KTUXESIZ KTUXESTA ---------- -------------------- ---------- ---------------- 2 06-AUG-2012 09:20:45 7 ACTIVE ???1?active rollback segment SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 501 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 recursive calls 0 db block gets 411 consistent gets 0 physical reads 108 redo size 515 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed ????? ????kill?? ???smon ??dead transaction , ???????????? ?????undo??????? ????active?rollback segment??? SQL> select segment_name from dba_rollback_segs where segment_id=2; SEGMENT_NAME ------------------------------ _SYSSMU2$ SQL> alter system set "_corrupted_rollback_segments"='_SYSSMU2$' scope=spfile; System altered. ? _corrupted_rollback_segments ?? ???2?rollback segment, ????????undo SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 3140026368 bytes Fixed Size 2232472 bytes Variable Size 1795166056 bytes Database Buffers 1325400064 bytes Redo Buffers 17227776 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> conn maclean/maclean Connected. SQL> set autotrace on; SQL> select sum(t1) from maclean; SUM(T1) ---------- 94 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 228 recursive calls 0 db block gets 29 consistent gets 5 physical reads 116 redo size 514 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 4 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed SQL> / SUM(T1) ---------- 94 Execution Plan ---------------------------------------------------------- Plan hash value: 1679547536 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ | 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 1 | 3 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | | 1 | SORT AGGREGATE | | 1 | 3 | | | | 2 | TABLE ACCESS FULL| MACLEAN | 501 | 1503 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Statistics ---------------------------------------------------------- 0 recursive calls 0 db block gets 3 consistent gets 0 physical reads 0 redo size 514 bytes sent via SQL*Net to client 492 bytes received via SQL*Net from client 2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client 0 sorts (memory) 0 sorts (disk) 1 rows processed ?????? consistent gets???3,?????????????????,??ITL???UNDO SEGMENTS?_corrupted_rollback_segments????,???????????COMMIT??,????UNDO? ???????,?????????????????????????(????????????????????),????????????????? ???? , ?????

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  • Dr. Robert Ballard: Special Guest at Java Strategy Keynote Sunday

    - by Tori Wieldt
    Dr. Robert Ballard, famed explorer who found the Titanic at its final resting place, will be at the Java Strategy Keynote on Sunday. Among the most accomplished and well known of the world's deep-sea explorers, Dr. Ballard is best known for his historic discoveries of hydrothermal vents, the sunken R.M.S. Titanic, the German battleship Bismarck, and numerous other contemporary and ancient shipwrecks around the world. During his long career he has conducted more than 120 deep-sea expeditions using the latest in exploration technology, and he is a pioneer in the early use of deep-diving submarines. You can learn more about Dr. Ballard and undersea exploration at National Geographic and TED. The first 1,000 people to arrive at the JavaOne Keynote hall on Sunday will receive a copy of Dr. Ballard's TV show "The Alien Deep" on Blu-Ray. The Alien Deep explores the sea, thousands of feet beneath the surface, far from the first crack of light, where the planet’s last and greatest secrets hide in the cold darkness of endless night. Viewers get to see underwater worlds via submersible where no one has gone before. The JavaOne Strategy Keynote is on Sunday at 4:00pm PT at Masonic Auditorium, 1111 California Street. See you there!

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  • Exadata?????????INSERT?UPDATE

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    Hybrid Columnar Compression??????Exadata?????????????,??????????(advanced compression)??,Hybrid columnar compression (HCC) ???Exadata????????HCC???????????CU(compression unit?????),??CU??????????,?????????????????????????,???CU????block??????????????? ???????INSERT/UPDATE??,??????????????,????UPDATE/INSERT???HCC?????????????????? hybrid columnar compression???????????????(bulk initial load)??,??????(direct load)??ALTER TABLE MOVE, IMPDP???????(append INSERT),??HCC??????????????????????? ???????????????????,?????????CU????????? ??????????????HCC?????????????for OLTP?????? ????????: SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Wed Sep 12 06:14:53 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> grant dba to scott; Grant succeeded. SQL> conn scott/oracle Connected. SQL> SQL> create table hcc_maclean tablespace users compress for query high as select * from dba_objects; Table created. 1* select rowid,owner,object_name,dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) from hcc_maclean where owner='MACLEAN' SQL> / ROWID OWNER OBJECT_NAME DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) ------------------------------ ------------------------------ -------------------- ------------------------------------ AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOI MACLEAN SALES 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOJ MACLEAN MYCUSTOMERS 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOK MACLEAN MYCUST_ARCHIVE 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOL MACLEAN MYCUST_QUERY 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOh MACLEAN COMPRESS_QUERY 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOi MACLEAN UNCOMPRESS 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOj MACLEAN CHAINED_ROWS 29897 AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOk MACLEAN COMPRESS_QUERY1 29897 8 rows selected. select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from hcc_maclean where owner='MACLEAN'; session A: update hcc_maclean set OBJECT_NAME=OBJECT_NAME||'DBM' where rowid='AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOI'; session B: update hcc_maclean set OBJECT_NAME=OBJECT_NAME||'DBM' where rowid='AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOJ'; SQL> select sid,wait_event_text,BLOCKER_SID from v$wait_chains; SID WAIT_EVENT_TEXT BLOCKER_SID ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- 13 enq: TX - row lock contention 136 136 SQL*Net message from client ????session A block B,????HCC???update row??CU?????CU?????? SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. SQL> / System altered. SQL> alter system dump datafile 4 block 29897 2 ; Block header dump: 0x010074c9 Object id on Block? Y seg/obj: 0x1386e csc: 0x00.1cad7e itc: 3 flg: E typ: 1 - DATA brn: 0 bdba: 0x10074c8 ver: 0x01 opc: 0 inc: 0 exflg: 0 Itl Xid Uba Flag Lck Scn/Fsc 0x01 0xffff.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 C--- 0 scn 0x0000.001cabfa 0x02 0x000a.00a.00000430 0x00c051a7.0169.17 ---- 1 fsc 0x0000.00000000 0x03 0x0000.000.00000000 0x00000000.0000.00 ---- 0 fsc 0x0000.00000000 avsp=0x14 tosp=0x14 r0_9ir2=0x0 mec_kdbh9ir2=0x0 76543210 shcf_kdbh9ir2=---------- 76543210 flag_9ir2=--R----- Archive compression: Y fcls_9ir2[0]={ } 0x16:pti[0] nrow=1 offs=0 0x1a:pri[0] offs=0x30 block_row_dump: tab 0, row 0, @0x30 tl: 8016 fb: --H-F--N lb: 0x2 cc: 1 ==>??CU??ITL 0x02 nrid: 0x010074ca.0 col 0: [8004] Compression level: 02 (Query High) Length of CU row: 8004 kdzhrh: ------PC CBLK: 1 Start Slot: 00 NUMP: 01 PNUM: 00 POFF: 7984 PRID: 0x010074ca.0 CU header: CU version: 0 CU magic number: 0x4b445a30 CU checksum: 0xf8faf86e CU total length: 8694 CU flags: NC-U-CRD-OP ncols: 15 nrows: 995 algo: 0 CU decomp length: 8487 len/value length: 100111 row pieces per row: 1 num deleted rows: 1 deleted rows: 904, START_CU: ????????????row?????: SQL> select DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN','AAAThuAAEAAAHTJAOk') from dual; DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN','AAATHUAAEAAAHTJAOK' -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 COMP_NOCOMPRESS CONSTANT NUMBER := 1;COMP_FOR_OLTP CONSTANT NUMBER := 2;COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH CONSTANT NUMBER := 4;COMP_FOR_QUERY_LOW CONSTANT NUMBER := 8;COMP_FOR_ARCHIVE_HIGH CONSTANT NUMBER := 16;COMP_FOR_ARCHIVE_LOW CONSTANT NUMBER := 32; COMP_RATIO_MINROWS CONSTANT NUMBER := 1000000;COMP_RATIO_ALLROWS CONSTANT NUMBER := -1; ?????????????,??COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH?4,COMP_FOR_QUERY_LOW ?8 ?????????GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE??rowid????????4?????COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH????: SQL> update hcc_maclean set OBJECT_NAME=OBJECT_NAME||'DBM' where owner='MACLEAN'; 8 rows updated. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> select DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',rowid) from HCC_MACLEAN where owner='MACLEAN'; DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',ROWID) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 rows selected. ??????????????COMPRESSION_TYPE?COMP_FOR_QUERY_HIGH???COMP_NOCOMPRESS,????????compress for query high????????????????? ?11g????????????????????HCC??????????? ALTER TABLE MOVE???????????????????HCC??? SQL> ALTER TABLE hcc_MACLEAN move COMPRESS FOR ARCHIVE HIGH; Table altered. SQL> select DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',rowid) from HCC_MACLEAN where owner='MACLEAN'; DBMS_COMPRESSION.GET_COMPRESSION_TYPE('SCOTT','HCC_MACLEAN',ROWID) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 8 rows selected.

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  • ??OPEN CURSOR?BULK COLLECT

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????T.askmaclean.com?????bulk collect?open cursor???, ?????????  ??????: ???? OPEN_CURSOR ????SQL?? ???????. ?????? ????? ???????????????? ????? test_soruce create table zengfankun_temp01 as select * from dba_objects;select count(*) from zengfankun_temp01;–12,6826analyze table zengfankun_temp01 compute statistics; create or replace procedure test_open_cursor istype type_owner is table of zengfankun_temp01.owner%type index by binary_integer;type type_object_name is table of zengfankun_temp01.object_name%type index by binary_integer;type type_object_id is table of zengfankun_temp01.object_id%type index by binary_integer;type type_object_type is table of zengfankun_temp01.object_type%type index by binary_integer;type type_last_ddl_time is table of zengfankun_temp01.last_ddl_time%type index by binary_integer; l_ary_owner type_owner;l_ary_object_name type_object_name;l_ary_object_id type_object_id;l_ary_object_type type_object_type;l_ary_last_ddl_time type_last_ddl_time; cursor cur_object isselect owner,object_name,object_id,object_type,last_ddl_timefrom zengfankun_temp01order by owner,object_name,object_type,last_ddl_time;OPEN_START number;OPEN_END number;FETCH_START number;FETCH_END number;beginDBMS_OUTPUT.ENABLE (buffer_size=>null) ;OPEN_START:=dbms_utility.get_time();open cur_object;OPEN_END :=dbms_utility.get_time();dbms_output.put_line(‘OPEN_TIME:’||TO_CHAR(OPEN_END-OPEN_START));loopFETCH_START:=dbms_utility.get_time();fetch cur_object bulk collect intol_ary_owner,l_ary_object_name,l_ary_object_id,l_ary_object_type,l_ary_last_ddl_timelimit 10000;FETCH_END:=dbms_utility.get_time();dbms_output.put_line(‘FETCH_TIME:’||TO_CHAR(FETCH_END-FETCH_START)||’ ROWCOUNT:’||cur_object%rowCount); exit when cur_object%notfound or cur_object%notfound is null;end loop;end test_open_cursor; OPEN_TIME:12FETCH_TIME:21 ROWCOUNT:10000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:20000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:30000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:40000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:50000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:60000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:70000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:80000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:90000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:100000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:110000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:120000FETCH_TIME:1 ROWCOUNT:126826 ???? OPEN_TIME:0FETCH_TIME:18 ROWCOUNT:10000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:20000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:30000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:40000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:50000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:60000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:70000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:80000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:90000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:100000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:110000FETCH_TIME:3 ROWCOUNT:120000FETCH_TIME:2 ROWCOUNT:126826 SQL?????????, ????????????.??OPEN CURSOR ????0???????????3??.??N? ??????. ???? ?N? ?????????? ??????. ??????????????? ??????????. ?????????10000??? ???????????????????clear???, ???????????: ?OPEN CURSOR ?????, PL/SQL????SQL????PARSE SQL????????, ??????OPEN CURSOR????SNAPSHOT SCN ??SCN, ??Oracle?????FETCH?????,???????????????? ????FETCH ??????????????,???????Current Block, The most recent version of block , ?????SCN >> Snapshot scn, ????UNDO???? ???SCN ???Best Block ,???Read Consistentcy;???? ???UNDO SNAPSHOT???????????????Best Block??,???????ORA-1555??? ????????, ??????????,???????????????char(2000)????, ???????????????,????bulk collect fetch??fetch 10 ???,????????OPEN CURSOR?????PARSE??SQL????????, ??????????fetch bulk collect??????????10????,??”_trace_pin_time”????Server Process?pin CR block???,??????????Fetch Bulk Collect limit 10??10?buffer?pin? [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Aug 1 11:36:52 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- http://www.askmaclean.com SQL> create table maclean (t1 char(2000)) tablespace users pctfree 99; Table created. SQL> begin 2 for i in 1..200 loop 3 insert into maclean values('MACLEAN'); 4 commit ; 5 end loop; 6 end; 7 / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('','MACLEAN'); PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select count(*) from maclean; COUNT(*) ---------- 200 SQL> select blocks,num_rows from dba_tables where table_name='MACLEAN'; BLOCKS NUM_ROWS ---------- ---------- 244 200 SQL> alter system set "_trace_pin_time"=1 scope=spfile; System altered. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 3140026368 bytes Fixed Size 2232472 bytes Variable Size 1795166056 bytes Database Buffers 1325400064 bytes Redo Buffers 17227776 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> alter session set events '10046 trace name context forever,level 12'; Session altered. SQL> SQL> SQL> declare 2 cursor v_cursor is 3 select * from sys.maclean; 4 type v_type is table of sys.maclean%rowtype index by binary_integer; 5 rec_tab v_type; 6 begin 7 open v_cursor; 8 dbms_lock.sleep(30); 9 loop 10 fetch v_cursor bulk collect 11 into rec_tab limit 10; 12 dbms_lock.sleep(10); 13 exit when v_cursor%notfound; 14 end loop; 15 end; 16 / ?????10046 trace+ pin trace: PARSING IN CURSOR #47499559136872 len=337 dep=0 uid=0 oct=47 lid=0 tim=1343836146412056 hv=496860239 ad='11a11dbb0' sqlid='4zh7954ftuz2g' declare cursor v_cursor is select * from sys.maclean; type v_type is table of sys.maclean%rowtype index by binary_integer; rec_tab v_type; begin open v_cursor; dbms_lock.sleep(30); loop fetch v_cursor bulk collect into rec_tab limit 10; dbms_lock.sleep(10); exit when v_cursor%notfound; end loop; end; END OF STMT PARSE #47499559136872:c=0,e=346,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=0,tim=1343836146412051 ===================== PARSING IN CURSOR #47499559126280 len=25 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1343836146414939 hv=3296884535 ad='11a11d250' sqlid='2mb1493284xtr' SELECT * FROM SYS.MACLEAN END OF STMT PARSE #47499559126280:c=1999,e=2427,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836146414937 EXEC #47499559126280:c=0,e=55,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836146415104 ????? ? SELECT * FROM SYS.MACLEAN? PARSE ????? , ????FETCH???????pin ????????, ????OPEN CURSOR????? *** 2012-08-01 11:49:36.424 WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 30009361 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1343836176424782 ???30s pin ktewh26: kteinpscan dba 0x10a6202:4 time 1039048805 pin ktewh27: kteinmap dba 0x10a6202:4 time 1039048847 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6203:1 time 1039048898 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6204:1 time 1039048961 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6205:1 time 1039049004 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6206:1 time 1039049042 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6207:1 time 1039049089 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6208:1 time 1039049123 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6209:1 time 1039049159 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620a:1 time 1039049191 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620b:1 time 1039049225 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620c:1 time 1039049260 kdst_fetch???fetch??????? , ??fetch?10?? ???????FETCH FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=536,p=0,cr=12,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836176425542 *** 2012-08-01 11:49:46.428 WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 10002694 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=134383618642829 ????10s pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620d:1 time 1049052211 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620e:1 time 1049052264 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a620f:1 time 1049052299 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6211:1 time 1049052332 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6212:1 time 1049052364 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6213:1 time 1049052398 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6214:1 time 1049052430 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6215:1 time 1049052462 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6216:1 time 1049052494 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6217:1 time 1049052525 FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=371,p=0,cr=10,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836186428807 ??pin 10????, ???fetch ?? WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 10002864 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1343836196431754 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6218:1 time 1059055662 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6219:1 time 1059055714 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621a:1 time 1059055748 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621b:1 time 1059055781 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621c:1 time 1059055815 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621d:1 time 1059055848 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621e:1 time 1059055883 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a621f:1 time 1059055915 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6221:1 time 1059055953 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a6222:1 time 1059055992 FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=385,p=0,cr=10,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836196432274 ???? ??????? DBA????? ............................ ???? WAIT #47499559136872: nam='PL/SQL lock timer' ela= 10002933 duration=0 p2=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1343836366495589 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f6:1 time 1229119497 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f7:1 time 1229119545 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f8:1 time 1229119576 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62f9:1 time 1229119610 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fa:1 time 1229119644 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fb:1 time 1229119671 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fc:1 time 1229119703 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fd:1 time 1229119730 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62fe:1 time 1229119760 pin kdswh11: kdst_fetch dba 0x10a62ff:1 time 1229119787 FETCH #47499559126280:c=0,e=340,p=0,cr=10,cu=0,mis=0,r=10,dep=1,og=1,plh=2568761675,tim=1343836366496067 ??????DBA? 0x10a6203 , ??DBA ? 0x10a62ff ???????DBA??MACLEAN????????,???DBA???Maclean????? getbfno?????dba??????????? CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION getbfno (p_dba IN VARCHAR2) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS l_str VARCHAR2 (255) DEFAULT NULL; l_fno VARCHAR2 (15); l_bno VARCHAR2 (15); BEGIN l_fno := DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_file (TO_NUMBER (LTRIM (p_dba, '0x'), 'xxxxxxxx' ) ); l_bno := DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_block (TO_NUMBER (LTRIM (p_dba, '0x'), 'xxxxxxxx' ) ); l_str := 'datafile# is:' || l_fno || CHR (10) || 'datablock is:' || l_bno || CHR (10) || 'dump command:alter system dump datafile ' || l_fno || ' block ' || l_bno || ';'; RETURN l_str; END; / Function created. SQL> select getbfno('0x10a6203') from dual; GETBFNO('0X10A6203') -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- datafile# is:4 datablock is:680451 dump command:alter system dump datafile 4 block 680451; SQL> select getbfno('0x10a62ff') from dual; GETBFNO('0X10A62FF') -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- datafile# is:4 datablock is:680703 dump command:alter system dump datafile 4 block 680703; SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(min(rowid)),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(min(rowid)) from maclean; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(MIN(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(MIN(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- 680451 4 SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(max(rowid)),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(max(rowid)) from maclean; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(MAX(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(MAX(ROWID)) ----------------------------------------- 680703 4 ???????3???: 1.?OPEN CURSOR ?????, PL/SQL????SQL????PARSE SQL????????, ??????OPEN CURSOR????SNAPSHOT SCN ??SCN, ??Oracle?????FETCH?????,???????????????? 2.????FETCH ?????????????? 3. ???open cursor+ fetch bulk collect???”?????????”

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  • "Agile Principles, Patterns, and Practices in C#": Is this just a .NET-translation of the popular Uncle Bob book?

    - by Louis Rhys
    I found this book sold on Amazon Agile Principles, Patterns, and Practices in C#, written by Robert C Martin and Micah Martin. Is it merely a .NET port of the older, more popular Agile Software Development, Principles, Patterns, and Practices? Or is it just a new book trying to take advantage of the other book's popularity? If I am a .NET developer who hasn't read either book, which one would you recommend?

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  • Sourcecode for Paymentroll example in Robert C. Martin book

    - by bitbonk
    Throughout the book "Agile Principles, Patterns, and Practices in C#" by Robert C. Martin a small Paymentroll application is build. While most of the source code is printed in place, some classes are missing and some are incomplete. The book says on the firest page: The book includes many source code examples that are also available for download from the authors' Web site. Unfortunately this seems to be a lie. Unless either this is not the author's website (the book forgets to mention the authors website adress) or I am blind. Does anyone have the comlete source code for that book preferably in form of a Visual Studio project or knows where I can find it.

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  • Question About Example In Robert C Martin's _Clean Code_

    - by Jonah
    This is a question about the concept of a function doing only one thing. It won't make sense without some relevant passages for context, so I'll quote them here. They appear on pgs 37-38: To say this differently, we want to be able to read the program as though it were a set of TO paragraphs, each of which is describing the current level of abstraction and referencing subsequent TO paragraphs at the next level down. To include the setups and teardowns, we include setups, then we include the test page content, and then we include the teardowns. To include the setups, we include the suite setup if this is a suite, then we include the regular setup. It turns out to be very dif?cult for programmers to learn to follow this rule and write functions that stay at a single level of abstraction. But learning this trick is also very important. It is the key to keeping functions short and making sure they do “one thing.” Making the code read like a top-down set of TO paragraphs is an effective technique for keeping the abstraction level consistent. He then gives the following example of poor code: public Money calculatePay(Employee e) throws InvalidEmployeeType { switch (e.type) { case COMMISSIONED: return calculateCommissionedPay(e); case HOURLY: return calculateHourlyPay(e); case SALARIED: return calculateSalariedPay(e); default: throw new InvalidEmployeeType(e.type); } } and explains the problems with it as follows: There are several problems with this function. First, it’s large, and when new employee types are added, it will grow. Second, it very clearly does more than one thing. Third, it violates the Single Responsibility Principle7 (SRP) because there is more than one reason for it to change. Fourth, it violates the Open Closed Principle8 (OCP) because it must change whenever new types are added. Now my questions. To begin, it's clear to me how it violates the OCP, and it's clear to me that this alone makes it poor design. However, I am trying to understand each principle, and it's not clear to me how SRP applies. Specifically, the only reason I can imagine for this method to change is the addition of new employee types. There is only one "axis of change." If details of the calculation needed to change, this would only affect the submethods like "calculateHourlyPay()" Also, while in one sense it is obviously doing 3 things, those three things are all at the same level of abstraction, and can all be put into a TO paragraph no different from the example one: TO calculate pay for an employee, we calculate commissioned pay if the employee is commissioned, hourly pay if he is hourly, etc. So aside from its violation of the OCP, this code seems to conform to Martin's other requirements of clean code, even though he's arguing it does not. Can someone please explain what I am missing? Thanks.

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  • Tulsa SharePoint Interest Group – SharePoint 2010 Mini-Launch Event - Review

    - by dmccollough
    The Tulsa SharePoint Interest Group set a record for attendance last night at our SharePoint 2010 Mini-Launch Event. Approximately 40+ people showed up to listen to SharePoint MVP Eric Shupps, The SharePoint Cowboy to discuss all of the new features for both administrators and developers. All of the Tulsa SharePoint Interest Group Officers worked very hard to ensure that this event happened. We hosted our event at our local Dave & Busters and it was a great location with good food and great service. All of the officers of the Tulsa SharePoint Interest Group would like to extend a big Thank You to all of our sponsor that helped us in making our SharePoint 2010 Mini-Launch Event a reality.

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  • Internet Hall of Fame : les pionniers d'Internet récompensés, Richard Stallman et Robert Meltcafe reconnus à leur juste valeur

    L'internet society place dans son hall of fame les hommes et les femmes qui ont façonné Internet de ses débuts à aujourd'hui Richard Stallman et Robert Meltcafe reconnus à leur juste valeurInternet. Le réseau des réseaux par excellence. Aujourd'hui, faire ses achats en ligne, jouer à des jeux en réseaux, « tchatcher » avec ses amis sur les réseaux sociaux sont des acquis. Cependant, beaucoup ne se doutent même pas que pour en arriver là, des étapes ont été franchies, des hommes et des femmes ont du donner de leur temps, de leur énergie et même de leur personne pour qu'internet soit ce réseau qui rend service à plus d'un aujourd'hui.Beaucoup ? Mais pas tous. Le 3 août, Berlin sera le siège d'un événement ...

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  • Why don't I have write permission to my vmware virtual network device?

    - by Robert Martin
    I want to allow my VMWare machine to force the virtual network it's on into promiscuous mode so I can play around with honeyd. I received an error message that told me to go to http://vmware.com/info?id=161 to allow this behavior. Based on their advice, I did: $ groupadd promiscuous $ cat /etc/group | grep promiscuous promiscuous:x:1002:robert $ usermod -a -G promiscuous robert $ id robert uid=1000(robert) gid=1000(robert) groups=1000(robert),....,1002(promiscuous) $ chgrp newgroup /dev/vmnet8 $ chmod g+rw /dev/vmnet8 $ ls -l /dev/vmnet8 crw-rw---- 1 root promiscuous 119, 8 2012-03-29 10:29 /dev/vmnet8 Looks like I gave RW permission to the promiscuous group, and added myself. Except that VMWare still gives me an error message that says I cannot enter promiscuous mode. To try out the group thing, I tried: $ echo "1" >/dev/vmnet8 bash: /dev/vmnet8: Permission denied That really surprised me: It makes me think that I still haven't properly given myself the correct permissions... What am I missing?

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  • 11gR2 RAC ASM????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    11gR2 RAC?ocr?votedisk???????ASM??, ????10g??????2?RAC????????????,  ?? 11gR2 ?ASM?spfile??????ASM diskgroup???????ASM??????? ????????????,????? ASM?????mount diskgroup??????diskgroup????, ??ASM??????ASM spfile????????,?2???????? ????T.askmaclean.com?????ASM?????: hello maclean, ??spfile??ASMCMD> spget+CRSDG/rac/asmparameterfile/registry.253.787925627?????,ASM ?????ORACLE instance,?????????????diskgroup,????????????????????????????thanks.! ?????????: ?11.2??Oracle Cluterware??voting disk files?????????11.1?10.2????,11.2??voting disk file??????OCR?, ?????11.2??ocr?votedisk?????ASM? , ???11.2?voting disk file??GPNP profile??CSS voting file discovery string???? CSS voting disk file?discovery string???ASM,??????ASM discovery string???  ????????udev???????ASM???LUN, ??udev????????/dev/rasm-disk* , ????gpnptool get????gpnp profile: [[email protected] trace]$ gpnptool get Warning: some command line parameters were defaulted. Resulting command line: /g01/grid/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/gpnptool.bin get -o- <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><gpnp:GPnP-Profile Version="1.0" xmlns="http://www.grid-pnp.org/2005/11/gpnp-profile" xmlns:gpnp="http://www.grid-pnp.org/2005/11/gpnp-profile" xmlns:orcl="http://www.oracle.com/gpnp/2005/11/gpnp-profile" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.grid-pnp.org/2005/11/gpnp-profile gpnp-profile.xsd" ProfileSequence="9" ClusterUId="452185be9cd14ff4ffdc7688ec5439bf" ClusterName="maclean-cluster" PALocation=""><gpnp:Network-Profile><gpnp:HostNetwork id="gen" HostName="*"><gpnp:Network id="net1" IP="192.168.1.0" Adapter="eth0" Use="public"/><gpnp:Network id="net2" IP="172.168.1.0" Adapter="eth1" Use="cluster_interconnect"/></gpnp:HostNetwork></gpnp:Network-Profile>< orcl:CSS-Profile id="css" DiscoveryString="+asm" LeaseDuration="400"/><orcl:ASM-Profile id="asm" DiscoveryString="/dev/rasm*" SPFile="+SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.788682933"/>< ds:Signature xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"><ds:SignedInfo><ds:CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"/><ds:SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1"/><ds:Reference URI=""><ds:Transforms><ds:Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature"/><ds:Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#"> <InclusiveNamespaces xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#" PrefixList="gpnp orcl xsi"/></ds:Transform></ds:Transforms>< ds:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1"/><ds:DigestValue>L1SLg10AqGEauCQ4ne9quucITZA=</ds:DigestValue>< /ds:Reference></ds:SignedInfo><ds:SignatureValue>rTyZm9vfcQCMuian6isnAThUmsV4xPoK2fteMc1l0GIvRvHncMwLQzPM/QrXCGGTCEvgvXzUPEKzmdX2oy5vLcztN60UHr6AJtA2JYYodmrsFwEyVBQ1D6wH+HQiOe2SG9UzdQnNtWSbjD4jfZkeQWyMPfWdKm071Ek0Rfb4nxE=</ds:SignatureValue></ds:Signature></gpnp:GPnP-Profile> Success. ?????2???: <orcl:CSS-Profile id=”css” DiscoveryString=”+asm” LeaseDuration=”400?/>==»css voting disk??+ASM<orcl:ASM-Profile id=”asm” DiscoveryString=”/dev/rasm*” SPFile=”+SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.788682933?/>==»??????ASM?DiscoveryString=”/dev/rasm*”,?ASM??????????????,SPFILE???ASM Parameter FILE?ALIAS ???????GPNP???ASM Parameter FILE?ALIAS,?????ASM???????SPFILE,???Diskgroup?Mount???????ASM ALIAS?????? ??????+SYSTEMDG/maclean-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.788682933??SPFILE?ASM??????: [[email protected] wallets]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Tue Jul 17 05:45:35 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> set linesize 140 pagesize 1400 col "FILE NAME" format a40 set head on select NAME "FILE NAME", AU_KFFXP "AU NUMBER", NUMBER_KFFXP "FILE NUMBER", DISK_KFFXP "DISK NUMBER" from x$kffxp, v$asm_alias where GROUP_KFFXP = GROUP_NUMBER and NUMBER_KFFXP = FILE_NUMBER and name in ('REGISTRY.253.788682933') order by DISK_KFFXP,AU_KFFXP; FILE NAME AU NUMBER FILE NUMBER DISK NUMBER ---------------------------------------- ---------- ----------- ----------- REGISTRY.253.788682933 39 253 1 REGISTRY.253.788682933 35 253 3 REGISTRY.253.788682933 35 253 4 SQL> col path for a50 SQL> select disk_number,path from v$asm_disk where disk_number in (1,3,4) and GROUP_NUMBER=3; DISK_NUMBER PATH ----------- -------------------------------------------------- 3 /dev/rasm-diske 4 /dev/rasm-diskf 1 /dev/rasm-diskc ?????ASM SPFILE??????(redundancy=high),????? /dev/rasm-diskc?AU=39?/dev/rasm-diske AU=35?/dev/rasm-diskf AU=35? ????kfed?????????ASM DISK?header: [[email protected] wallets]$ kfed read /dev/rasm-diske|grep spfile kfdhdb.spfile: 35 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000023 [[email protected] wallets]$ kfed read /dev/rasm-diskc|grep spfile kfdhdb.spfile: 39 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000027 [[email protected] wallets]$ kfed read /dev/rasm-diskf|grep spfile kfdhdb.spfile: 35 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000023 ????ASM disk header?kfdhdb.spfile??ASM SPFILE???DISK??AU NUMBER????, ASM???????????GPNP PROFILE?? DiscoveryString?????????,????ASM disk header?????kfdhdb.spfile??????,?????MOUNT DISKGROUP??????ASM SPFILE,?????ASM, ?????????????????

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  • ??ORACLE(?):PMON Release Lock

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ?????Oracle????????????PMON???????,??????ORACLE PROCESS,??cleanup dead process????release enqueue lock ,???cleanup latch? ????????????????, ????????????Pmon cleanup dead process?release lock??????????? ??Oracle=> MicroOracle, Maclean???????????Oracle behavior: SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE    11.2.0.3.0      Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> select pid,program  from v$process;        PID PROGRAM ---------- ------------------------------------------------          1 PSEUDO          2 [email protected] (PMON)          3 [email protected] (PSP0)          4 [email protected] (VKTM)          5 [email protected] (GEN0)          6 [email protected] (DIAG)          7 [email protected] (DBRM)          8 [email protected] (PING)          9 [email protected] (ACMS)         10 [email protected] (DIA0)         11 [email protected] (LMON)         12 [email protected] (LMD0)         13 [email protected] (LMS0)         14 [email protected] (RMS0)         15 [email protected] (LMHB)         16 [email protected] (MMAN)         17 [email protected] (DBW0)         18 [email protected] (LGWR)         19 [email protected] (CKPT)         20 [email protected] (SMON)         21 [email protected] (RECO)         22 [email protected] (RBAL)         23 [email protected] (ASMB)         24 [email protected] (MMON)         25 [email protected] (MMNL)         26 [email protected] (MARK)         27 [email protected] (D000)         28 [email protected] (SMCO)         29 [email protected] (S000)         30 [email protected] (LCK0)         31 [email protected] (RSMN)         32 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         33 [email protected] (W000)         34 or[email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         35 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         37 [email protected] (ARC0)         38 [email protected] (ARC1)         40 [email protected] (ARC2)         41 [email protected] (ARC3)         43 [email protected] (GTX0)         44 [email protected] (RCBG)         46 [email protected] (QMNC)         47 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         48 [email protected] (TNS V1-V3)         49 [email protected] (Q000)         50 [email protected] (Q001)         51 [email protected] (GCR0) SQL> drop table maclean; Table dropped. SQL> create table maclean(t1 int); Table created. SQL> insert into maclean values(1); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. ?????????, ?????????:PID=2  PMONPID=11 LMONPID=18 LGWRPID=20 SMONPID=12 LMD ??????2???”enq: TX – row lock contention”?????,???KILL??????,??????PMON?recover dead process?release TX lock: PROCESS A: QL> select addr,spid,pid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat)); ADDR             SPID                            PID ---------------- ------------------------ ---------- 00000000BD516B80 17880                            46 SQL> select distinct sid from v$mystat;        SID ----------         22 SQL> update maclean set t1=t1+1; 1 row updated. PROCESS B SQL> select addr,spid,pid from v$process where addr = ( select paddr from v$session where sid=(select distinct sid from v$mystat)); ADDR             SPID                            PID ---------------- ------------------------ ---------- 00000000BD515AD0 17908                            45 SQL> update maclean set t1=t1+1; HANG.............. PROCESS B ??"enq: TX – row lock contention"?HANG? ????PROCESS C?? ?SMON?10500 event trace ??PMON?KST TRACE: SQL> set linesize 200 pagesize 1400 SQL> select * from v$lock where sid=22; ADDR             KADDR                   SID TY        ID1        ID2      LMODE    REQUEST      CTIME      BLOCK ---------------- ---------------- ---------- -- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 00000000BDCD7618 00000000BDCD7670         22 AE        100          0          4          0         48          2 00007F63268A9E28 00007F63268A9E88         22 TM      77902          0          3          0         32          2 00000000B9BB4950 00000000B9BB49C8         22 TX     458765        892          6          0         32          1 PROCESS A holde?ENQUEUE LOCK??? AE?TM?TX SQL> alter system switch logfile; System altered. SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache; System altered. SQL> alter system set "_trace_events"='10000-10999:255:2,20,33'; System altered. SQL> ! kill -9 17880 KILL PROCESS A ???PROCESS B??update ?PMON ? PROCESS B ?errorstack ?KST TRACE????? SQL> oradebug setorapid 2; Oracle pid: 2, Unix process pid: 17533, image: [email protected] (PMON) SQL> oradebug dump errorstack 4; Statement processed. SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD1/trace/VPROD1_pmon_17533.trc SQL> oradebug setorapid 45; Oracle pid: 45, Unix process pid: 17908, image: [email protected] (TNS V1-V3) SQL> oradebug dump errorstack 4; Statement processed. SQL>oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/vprod/VPROD1/trace/VPROD1_ora_17908.trc ??PMON? KST TRACE: 2012-05-18 10:37:34.557225 :8001ECE8:db_trace:[email protected]:ktugru(): [10444:2:1] next rollback uba: 0x00000000.0000.00 2012-05-18 10:37:34.557382 :8001ECE9:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=18 num=4 loc='ksa2.h LINE:285 ID:ksasnd' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.557514 :8001ECEA:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release TX-0007000d-0000037c mode=X 2012-05-18 10:37:34.558819 :8001ECF0:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=45 num=5 loc='kji.h LINE:3418 ID:kjata: wake up enqueue owner' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559047 :8001ECF8:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=12 num=6 loc='kjm.h LINE:1224 ID:kjmpost: post lmd' id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559271 :8001ECFC:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559291 :8001ECFD:db_trace:[email protected]:ktudnx(): [10813:2:1] ktudnx: dec cnt xid:7.13.892 nax:0 nbx:0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559301 :8001ECFE:db_trace:[email protected]:ktuabt(): [10444:2:1] ABORT TRANSACTION - xid: 0x0007.00d.0000037c 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559327 :8001ECFF:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release TM-0001304e-00000000 mode=SX 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559365 :8001ED00:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559908 :8001ED01:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release AE-00000064-00000000 mode=S 2012-05-18 10:37:34.559982 :8001ED02:db_trace:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560217 :8001ED03:db_trace:[email protected]:ksfdfods(): [10298:2:1] ksfdfods:fob=0xbab87b48 aiopend=0 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560336 :GSIPC:[email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: 0xbc79e0c8 action 3 state 0 chunk (nil) regq 0xbc79e108 batq 0xbc79e118 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560357 :GSIPC:[email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: exit cleanup for 0xbc79e0c8 rc: 1, loc: 0x303 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560375 :8001ED04:db_trace:[email protected]:kssdch(): [10809:2:1] kssdch(0xbd516b80 = process, 3) 1 0 exit 2012-05-18 10:37:34.560939 :8001ED06:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Entering: flg(0x0) rflg(0x4) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.561091 :8001ED07:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl_process_events(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Events: succ(3) wait(0) fail(0) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.561100 :8001ED08:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Reg/update: flg(0x0) rflg(0x4) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.563325 :8001ED0B:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Update: ret(0) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.563335 :8001ED0C:db_trace:[email protected]:kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Exiting: flg(0x0) rflg(0x4) 2012-05-18 10:37:34.563354 :8001ED0D:db_trace:[email protected]:kslwtbctx(): [10005:2:1] KSL WAIT BEG [pmon timer] 300/0x12c 0/0x0 0/0x0 wait_id=78 seq_num=79 snap_id=1 PMON??dead process A??????????TX Lock:ksqrcl: release TX-0007000d-0000037c mode=X ?????Post Process B,??Process B ?acquire?TX lock???????:KSL POST SENT postee=45 num=5 loc=’kji.h LINE:3418 ID:kjata: wake up enqueue owner’ id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 Process [email protected]:ksliwat(): [10005:45:151] KSL POST RCVD poster=2 num=5 loc=’kji.h LINE:3418 ID:kjata: wake up enqueue owner’ id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 fac#=3 posted=0×3 may_be_posted=1kslwtbctx(): [10005:45:151] KSL WAIT BEG [latch: ges resource hash list] 3162668560/0xbc827e10 91/0x5b 0/0×0 wait_id=14 seq_num=15 snap_id=1kslwtectx(): [10005:45:151] KSL WAIT END [latch: ges resource hash list] 3162668560/0xbc827e10 91/0x5b 0/0×0 wait_id=14 seq_num=15 snap_id=1 ?RAC????POST LMD(lock Manager)??,????????GES??:2012-05-18 10:37:34.559047 :8001ECF8:db_trace:[email protected]:ksl_update_post_stats(): [10005:2:1] KSL POST SENT postee=12 num=6 loc=’kjm.h LINE:1224 ID:kjmpost: post lmd’ id1=0 id2=0 name=   type=0 ??ksqrcl: release TX????????:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS ??PMON abort Process A???Transaction2012-05-18 10:37:34.559291 :8001ECFD:db_trace:[email protected]:ktudnx(): [10813:2:1] ktudnx: dec cnt xid:7.13.892 nax:0 nbx:02012-05-18 10:37:34.559301 :8001ECFE:db_trace:[email protected]:ktuabt(): [10444:2:1] ABORT TRANSACTION – xid: 0×0007.00d.0000037c ??Process A?????maclean??TM lock:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release TM-0001304e-00000000 [email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS ??Process A?????AE ( Prevent Dropping an edition in use) lock:[email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: release AE-00000064-00000000 [email protected]:ksqrcli(): [10704:2:1] ksqrcl: SUCCESS ??cleanup process [email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: 0xbc79e0c8 action 3 state 0 chunk (nil) regq 0xbc79e108 batq 0xbc79e118GSIPC:[email protected]:kjcsombdi(): GSIPC:SOD: exit cleanup for 0xbc79e0c8 rc: 1, loc: 0×[email protected]:kssdch(): [10809:2:1] kssdch(0xbd516b80 = process, 3) 1 0 exit 0xbd516b80??PROCESS A ?paddr ???? kssdch???????? ??process???state object SO KSS: delete children of state obj. PMON ??kmmlrl()????instance goodness??update for session drop deltakmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Entering: flg(0×0) rflg(0×4)kmmlrl_process_events(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Events: succ(3) wait(0) fail(0)kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Reg/update: flg(0×0) rflg(0×4)kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Update: ret(0)kmmlrl(): [10257:2:1] KMMLRL: Exiting: flg(0×0) rflg(0×4) ????????PMON???? 3s???”pmon timer”??kslwtbctx(): [10005:2:1] KSL WAIT BEG [pmon timer] 300/0x12c 0/0×0 0/0×0 wait_id=78 seq_num=79 snap_id=1

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  • ???Flashback Log???????Redo Log?

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????????????????redo log?   RVWR( Recovery Writer)?3s??flashback generate buffer??block before image?????????? ?????block change???RVWR??block before image ?flashback log? ?????????,Oracle???????????before image????????,????????flashback database logs?????   ???????????,????? ??????????????????,???????????before image?????shared pool??flashback log buffer?,RVWR??????flashback log buffer??????????? ?DBWR???????????????,DBWR?????buffer header??FBA(Flashback Byte Address)?flashback log buffer?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????????? , RVWR???????????(flashback markers)?flashback database logs?? ????(flashback markers)?????????????Oracle??flashback ??????????  ??????????, Oracle ??????(flashback markers)????????????flashback database log???????????block image; ??Oracle ???????(forward recovery)?????????????????SCN?????? flashback markers for example: **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 4 bof 8184) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 3 (Skip) Size: 8132 RECORD DATA (Skip): **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 4 bof 52) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 7 (Begin Crash Recovery Record) Size: 36 RECORD DATA (Begin Crash Recovery Record): Previous logical record fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 3 bof 316) Record scn: 0x0000.00000000 [0.0] **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 3 bof 8184) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 3 (Skip) Size: 7868 RECORD DATA (Skip): **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 3 bof 316) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 2 (Marker) Size: 300 RECORD DATA (Marker): Previous logical record fba: (lno 0 thr 0 seq 0 bno 0 bof 0) Record scn: 0x0000.00000000 [0.0] Marker scn: 0x0000.0060e024 [0.6348836] 06/13/2012 15:56:35 Flag 0x0 Flashback threads: 1, Enabled redo threads 1 Recovery Start Checkpoint: scn: 0x0000.0060e024 [0.6348836] 06/13/2012 15:56:12 thread:1 rba:(0x80.180.10) Flashback thread Markers: Thread:1 status:0 fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 2 bof 8184) Redo Thread Checkpoint Info: Thread:1 rba:(0x80.180.10) **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 2 bof 8184) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 3 (Skip) Size: 8168 RECORD DATA (Skip): End-Of-Thread reached ????????????????block change ????before image????????flashback log?? ?????block change???flashback log record ????????? redo log???!????flashback log ???????before image ? redo log??? change vector ?  Oracle?????????????????????????????????????,??????I/O??????????????: ??hot block??,Oracle???????????block image?????; Oracle ?????????(flashback barriers)???????????????,flashback barriers???????(???15??),??????????(flashback barriers)????(flashback markers)????????? ????, ??????change?????, ???????????????????????????, ?15????????????????????flashback log????????before image?????????????,?????????????????????,?????????????? ????????,??????????????(flashback barriers), flashback barriers???????,?????15????? ?????flashback barriers????????(flashback markers)???????????????,???????????????????(????barriers?????)??????block image ,????????????????????????????????? ??????????flashback log????redo log????! ????,????????????????, ?????????? SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production CORE 11.2.0.3.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production SQL> select * from global_name; GLOBAL_NAME -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- www.oracledatabase12g.com SQL> create table flash_maclean (t1 varchar2(200)) tablespace users; Table created. SQL> insert into flash_maclean values('MACLEAN LOVE HANNA'); 1 row created. SQL> commit; Commit complete. SQL> startup force; ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 939495424 bytes Fixed Size 2233960 bytes Variable Size 713034136 bytes Database Buffers 218103808 bytes Redo Buffers 6123520 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> update flash_maclean set t1='HANNA LOVE MACLEAN'; 1 row updated. commit; Commit complete. SQL> alter system checkpoint; System altered. SQL> select dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid),dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) from flash_maclean; DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_BLOCK_NUMBER(ROWID) DBMS_ROWID.ROWID_RELATIVE_FNO(ROWID) ------------------------------------ ------------------------------------ 140431 4 datafile 4 block 140431 ??RDBA rdba: 0x0102248f (4/140431) SQL> ! ps -ef|grep rvwr|grep -v grep oracle 26695 1 0 15:56 ? 00:00:00 ora_rvwr_G11R23 SQL> oradebug setospid 26695 Oracle pid: 20, Unix process pid: 26695, image: [email protected] (RVWR) SQL> ORADEBUG DUMP FBTAIL 1; Statement processed. To dump the last 2000 flashback records , ??ORADEBUG DUMP FBTAIL 1????????2000?????? SQL> oradebug tracefile_name /s01/orabase/diag/rdbms/g11r23/G11R23/trace/G11R23_rvwr_26695.trc ? TRACE?????????block? before image **** Record at fba: (lno 1 thr 1 seq 1 bno 55 bof 2564) **** RECORD HEADER: Type: 1 (Block Image) Size: 28 RECORD DATA (Block Image): file#: 4 rdba: 0x0102248f Next scn: 0x0000.00000000 [0.0] Flag: 0x0 Block Size: 8192 BLOCK IMAGE: buffer rdba: 0x0102248f scn: 0x0000.00609044 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x06 tail: 0x90440601 frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0xc626 type: 0x06=trans data Hex dump of block: st=0, typ_found=1 Dump of memory from 0x00002B1D94183C00 to 0x00002B1D94185C00 2B1D94183C00 0000A206 0102248F 00609044 06010000 [.....$..D.`.....] 2B1D94183C10 0000C626 00000001 00014AD4 0060903A [&........J..:.`.] 2B1D94183C20 00000000 00320002 01022488 00090006 [......2..$......] 2B1D94183C30 00000CC8 00C00340 000D0542 00008000 [[email protected]] 2B1D94183C40 006040BC 000F000A 00000920 00C002E4 [[email protected]`..... .......] 2B1D94183C50 0017048F 00002001 00609044 00000000 [..... ..D.`.....] 2B1D94183C60 00000000 00010100 0014FFFF 1F6E1F77 [............w.n.] 2B1D94183C70 00001F6E 1F770001 00000000 00000000 [n.....w.........] 2B1D94183C80 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 [................] Repeat 500 times 2B1D94185BD0 00000000 00000000 2C000000 4D120102 [...........,...M] 2B1D94185BE0 454C4341 4C204E41 2045564F 4E4E4148 [ACLEAN LOVE HANN] 2B1D94185BF0 01002C41 43414D07 4E41454C 90440601 [A,...MACLEAN..D.] Block header dump: 0x0102248f Object id on Block? Y seg/obj: 0x14ad4 csc: 0x00.60903a itc: 2 flg: E typ: 1 - DATA brn: 0 bdba: 0x1022488 ver: 0x01 opc: 0 inc: 0 exflg: 0 Itl Xid Uba Flag Lck Scn/Fsc 0x01 0x0006.009.00000cc8 0x00c00340.0542.0d C--- 0 scn 0x0000.006040bc 0x02 0x000a.00f.00000920 0x00c002e4.048f.17 --U- 1 fsc 0x0000.00609044 bdba: 0x0102248f data_block_dump,data header at 0x2b1d94183c64 =============== tsiz: 0x1f98 hsiz: 0x14 pbl: 0x2b1d94183c64 76543210 flag=-------- ntab=1 nrow=1 frre=-1 fsbo=0x14 fseo=0x1f77 avsp=0x1f6e tosp=0x1f6e 0xe:pti[0] nrow=1 offs=0 0x12:pri[0] offs=0x1f77 block_row_dump: tab 0, row 0, @0x1f77 tl: 22 fb: --H-FL-- lb: 0x2 cc: 1 col 0: [18] 4d 41 43 4c 45 41 4e 20 4c 4f 56 45 20 48 41 4e 4e 41 end_of_block_dump SQL> select dump('MACLEAN LOVE HANNA',16) from dual; DUMP('MACLEANLOVEHANNA',16) -------------------------------------------------------------------- Typ=96 Len=18: 4d,41,43,4c,45,41,4e,20,4c,4f,56,45,20,48,41,4e,4e,41 ???????????????????????,??flashback log??before image????????? create table flash_maclean1 (t1 int) tablespace users; SQL> select vs.name, ms.value 2 from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs 3 where vs.statistic# = ms.statistic# 4 and vs.name in ('redo size','db block changes'); NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- db block changes 0 redo size 0 SQL> select name,value from v$sysstat where name like 'flashback log%'; NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- flashback log writes 49 flashback log write bytes 9306112 SQL> begin 2 for i in 1..5000 loop 3 update flash_maclean1 set t1=t1+1; 4 commit; 5 end loop; 6 end; 7 / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed. SQL> select vs.name, ms.value 2 from v$mystat ms, v$sysstat vs 3 where vs.statistic# = ms.statistic# 4 and vs.name in ('redo size','db block changes'); NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- db block changes 20006 redo size 3071288 SQL> select name,value from v$sysstat where name like 'flashback log%'; NAME VALUE ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- flashback log writes 52 flashback log write bytes 10338304 ??????????? ??hot block,???20006 ?block changes???? ??? 3000k ?redo log ? ??1000k? flashback log ?

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  • ?Linux 6???UDEV??RAC ASM???????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    Maclean?????UDEV??ASMLIB?RAC???????????,???????????????????:Why ASMLIB and why not???UDEV????RAC ASM?????  ?«??UDEV????RAC ASM????? »???????????????,????????udev rule????: for i in b c d e f g h i j k ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id -g -u -s %p\", RESULT==\"`scsi_id -g -u -s /block/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" done ?????Linux 5?????, ????????redhat/Oracle Linux 6???????????? ????: ?OEL6??RHEL6?,????????? ??????:1. scsi_id??????????,scsi_id -g -u -s??????????2. udevtest???????,????udevadm??How to use udev for Oracle ASM in Oracle Linux 6   ???????????,???redhat/Oracle Linux 6??????udev rule ????: 1. #????? Linux 6.0???? [[email protected] dev]# cat /etc/issue Oracle Linux Server release 6.2 Kernel \r on an \m 2. #?????/etc/scsi_id.config echo "options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace" >> /etc/scsi_id.config 3. #?????????udev?? [[email protected] dev]# ls -l sd* brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 0 Jun 30 09:29 sda brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 1 Jun 30 09:29 sda1 brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 2 Jun 30 09:29 sda2 brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 16 Jun 30 09:29 sdb brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 32 Jun 30 09:29 sdc brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 48 Jun 30 09:29 sdd brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 64 Jun 30 09:29 sde brw-rw----. 1 root disk 8, 80 Jun 30 09:29 sdf ??????? sdb-> sdf???????? 4. ? b->f?????for ???,??: # AUTO UDEV RULE BY Maclean Liu 2012/06/30 for i in b c d e f ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" done ????sdb->sdf ?????RULE,????RULE???/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules? ??????????? ,??RULE?99-oracle-asmdevices.rules # AUTO UDEV RULE BY Maclean Liu 2012/06/30 for i in b c d e f ; do echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules done 5. ?????root??/sbin/start_udev ?? ??????: [[email protected] dev]# echo "options=--whitelisted --replace-whitespace" >> /etc/scsi_id.config [[email protected] dev]# for i in b c d e f ; > do > echo "KERNEL==\"sd*\", BUS==\"scsi\", PROGRAM==\"/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/\$name\", RESULT==\"`/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/sd$i`\", NAME=\"asm-disk$i\", OWNER=\"grid\", GROUP=\"asmadmin\", MODE=\"0660\"" >> /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules > done [[email protected] dev]# [[email protected] dev]# cat /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB09cadb31-cfbea255", NAME="asm-diskb", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB5f097069-59efb82f", NAME="asm-diskc", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB4e1a81c0-20478bc4", NAME="asm-diskd", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBdcce9285-b13c5a27", NAME="asm-diske", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" KERNEL=="sd*", BUS=="scsi", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB82effe1a-dbca7dff", NAME="asm-diskf", OWNER="grid", GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660" [[email protected] dev]# [[email protected] dev]# /sbin/start_udev Starting udev: [ OK ] [[email protected] dev]# ls -l asm* brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskb brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskc brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 48 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskd brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 64 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diske brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 80 Jun 30 09:34 asm-diskf

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  • ??11.2 RAC??OCR?Votedisk??ASM Diskgroup?????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????Oracle Allstarts??????????ocr?votedisk?ASM diskgroup??11gR2 RAC cluster?????????,????«?11gR2 RAC???ASM DISK Path????»??????,??????CRS??????11.2??ASM???????, ????????????”crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs “; ?????????,??ASM????ocr?????votedisk?????,??11.2????ocr?votedisk???ASM?,?ASM???????ocr?votedisk,?????ocr?votedisk????????cluter??????;???????????CRS????,?????diskgroup??????????,?????????????????? ??:?????????????????ASM LUN DISK,???OCR?????,????????4??????????,???????$GI_HOME,?????????;????votedisk?? ????: ??dd????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup header,??diskgroup corruption: 1. ??votedisk? ocr?? [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE a853d6204bbc4feabfd8c73d4c3b3001 (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE a5b37704c3574f0fbf21d1d9f58c4a6b (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 36e5c51ff0294fc3bf2a042266650331 (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE af337d1512824fe4bf6ad45283517aaa (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3c4a349e2e304ff6bf64b2b1c9d9cf5d (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ ocrconfig -showbackup PROT-26: Oracle Cluster Registry backup locations were retrieved from a local copy vrh1 2012/08/09 01:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 21:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup01.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 17:59:55 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup02.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/day.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/week.ocr PROT-25: Manual backups for the Oracle Cluster Registry are not available 2. ??????????clusterware ,OHASD crsctl stop has -f 3. GetAsmDH.sh ==> GetAsmDH.sh?ASM disk header????? ????????,????????asm header [[email protected] ~]$ ./GetAsmDH.sh ############################################ 1) Collecting Information About the Disks: ############################################ SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 03:28:13 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. SQL> Connected. SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> 1 0 /dev/asm-diske 1 1 /dev/asm-diskd 2 0 /dev/asm-diskb 2 1 /dev/asm-diskc 2 2 /dev/asm-diskf 3 0 /dev/asm-diskh 3 1 /dev/asm-diskg 3 2 /dev/asm-diski 3 3 /dev/asm-diskj 3 4 /dev/asm-diskk SQL> SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asmdisks.lst ############################################ 2) Generating asm_diskh.sh script. ############################################ -rwx------ 1 grid oinstall 666 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asm_diskh.sh ############################################ 3) Executing asm_diskh.sh script to generate dd dumps. ############################################ -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ############################################ 4) Compressing dd dumps in the next format: (asm_dd_header_all_.tar) ############################################ /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ./GetAsmDH.sh: line 81: compress: command not found ls: /tmp/HC/*.Z: No such file or directory [[email protected] ~]$ 4. ??dd ?? ??ocr?votedisk??diskgroup [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskh bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00423853 seconds, 247 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskg bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0045179 seconds, 232 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diski bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00469976 seconds, 223 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskj bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00344262 seconds, 305 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskk bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0053518 seconds, 196 MB/s 5. ????????????HAS [[email protected] ~]# crsctl start has CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. ????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup??,??CSS???????,???????: alertvrh1.log [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:41.207 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:56.240 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:11.284 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:26.305 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:41.328 ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/dev/asm*) 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDDiscThread: using discovery string /dev/asm* for initial discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Discovery with str:/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]UFS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskc: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskd: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diske: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskg: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diski: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskk: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]OSS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xdf22a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf412a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf3a680 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf93da0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds ?????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup?????: 1. ?-excl -nocrs ????cluster,??????ASM?? ????CRS [[email protected] vrh1]# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2681: Clean of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' succeeded 2.???ocr?votedisk??diskgroup,??compatible.asm???11.2: [[email protected] vrh1]# su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 04:16:58 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> create diskgroup systemdg high redundancy disk '/dev/asm-diskh','/dev/asm-diskg','/dev/asm-diski','/dev/asm-diskj','/dev/asm-diskk' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '11.2', 'compatible.asm' = '11.2'; 3.?ocr backup???ocr??ocrcheck??: [[email protected] ~]# ocrconfig -restore /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr [[email protected] ~]# ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 3180 Available space (kbytes) : 258940 ID : 1238458014 Device/File Name : +systemdg Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded 4. ????votedisk ,??????????: [[email protected] ~]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 2e4e0fe285924f86bf5473d00dcc0388. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 4fa54bb0cc5c4fafbf1a9be5479bf389. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file a109ead9ea4e4f28bfe233188623616a. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 042c9fbd71b54f5abfcd3ab3408f3cf3. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 7b5a8cd24f954fafbf835ad78615763f. Failed to replace voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4000: Command Replace failed, or completed with errors. ????????ASM???,???ASM: SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/asm*'; System altered. SQL> create spfile from memory; File created. SQL> startup force mount; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string /g01/11.2.0/grid/dbs/spfile+AS M1.ora [[email protected] trace]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4256: Updating the profile Successful addition of voting disk 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a. Successful addition of voting disk 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840. Successful addition of voting disk 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce. Successful addition of voting disk 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5. Successful addition of voting disk 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f. Successfully replaced voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4256: Updating the profile CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced 5. ??has??,??cluster????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check crs CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online CRS-4533: Event Manager is online [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840 (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5 (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stat res -t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.BACKUPDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.DATA.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LISTENER.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LSN_MACLEAN.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.SYSTEMDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.asm ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 Started ora.gsd OFFLINE OFFLINE vrh1 ora.net1.network ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.ons ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cluster Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr http://www.askmaclean.com 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.cvu 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.oc4j 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.scan1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vprod.db 1 ONLINE OFFLINE 2 ONLINE OFFLINE ora.vrh1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vrh2.vip 1 ONLINE INTERMEDIATE vrh1 FAILED OVER

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  • ??11.2 RAC??OCR?Votedisk??ASM Diskgroup?????

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ????????Oracle Allstarts??????????ocr?votedisk?ASM diskgroup??11gR2 RAC cluster?????????,????«?11gR2 RAC???ASM DISK Path????»??????,??????CRS??????11.2??ASM???????, ????????????”crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs “; ?????????,??ASM????ocr?????votedisk?????,??11.2????ocr?votedisk???ASM?,?ASM???????ocr?votedisk,?????ocr?votedisk????????cluter??????;???????????CRS????,?????diskgroup??????????,?????????????????? ??:?????????????????ASM LUN DISK,???OCR?????,????????4??????????,???????$GI_HOME,?????????;????votedisk?? ????: ??dd????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup header,??diskgroup corruption: 1. ??votedisk? ocr?? [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE a853d6204bbc4feabfd8c73d4c3b3001 (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE a5b37704c3574f0fbf21d1d9f58c4a6b (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 36e5c51ff0294fc3bf2a042266650331 (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE af337d1512824fe4bf6ad45283517aaa (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3c4a349e2e304ff6bf64b2b1c9d9cf5d (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ ocrconfig -showbackup PROT-26: Oracle Cluster Registry backup locations were retrieved from a local copy vrh1 2012/08/09 01:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 21:59:56 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup01.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 17:59:55 /g01/11.2.0/maclean/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup02.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/day.ocr vrh1 2012/08/08 05:59:54 /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/week.ocr PROT-25: Manual backups for the Oracle Cluster Registry are not available 2. ??????????clusterware ,OHASD crsctl stop has -f 3. GetAsmDH.sh ==> GetAsmDH.sh?ASM disk header????? ????????,????????asm header [[email protected] ~]$ ./GetAsmDH.sh ############################################ 1) Collecting Information About the Disks: ############################################ SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 03:28:13 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. SQL> Connected. SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> SQL> 1 0 /dev/asm-diske 1 1 /dev/asm-diskd 2 0 /dev/asm-diskb 2 1 /dev/asm-diskc 2 2 /dev/asm-diskf 3 0 /dev/asm-diskh 3 1 /dev/asm-diskg 3 2 /dev/asm-diski 3 3 /dev/asm-diskj 3 4 /dev/asm-diskk SQL> SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asmdisks.lst ############################################ 2) Generating asm_diskh.sh script. ############################################ -rwx------ 1 grid oinstall 666 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/asm_diskh.sh ############################################ 3) Executing asm_diskh.sh script to generate dd dumps. ############################################ -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd -rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 1048576 Aug 9 03:28 /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ############################################ 4) Compressing dd dumps in the next format: (asm_dd_header_all_.tar) ############################################ /tmp/HC/dsk_1_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_1_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_2_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_0.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_1.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_2.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_3.dd /tmp/HC/dsk_3_4.dd ./GetAsmDH.sh: line 81: compress: command not found ls: /tmp/HC/*.Z: No such file or directory [[email protected] ~]$ 4. ??dd ?? ??ocr?votedisk??diskgroup [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskh bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00423853 seconds, 247 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskg bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0045179 seconds, 232 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diski bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00469976 seconds, 223 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskj bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.00344262 seconds, 305 MB/s [[email protected] ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/asm-diskk bs=1024k count=1 1+0 records in 1+0 records out 1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 0.0053518 seconds, 196 MB/s 5. ????????????HAS [[email protected] ~]# crsctl start has CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. ????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup??,??CSS???????,???????: alertvrh1.log [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:41.207 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:35:56.240 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:11.284 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:26.305 [cssd(5162)]CRS-1714:Unable to discover any voting files, retrying discovery in 15 seconds; Details at (:CSSNM00070:) in /g01/11.2.0/grid/log/vrh1/cssd/ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:36:41.328 ocssd.log 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmReadDiscoveryProfile: voting file discovery string(/dev/asm*) 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDDiscThread: using discovery string /dev/asm* for initial discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Discovery with str:/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.662: [ SKGFD][1078700352]UFS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskc: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskd: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diske: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskg: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diski: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Fetching UFS disk :/dev/asm-diskk: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]OSS discovery with :/dev/asm*: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xdf22a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskf: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.665: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf412a0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskb: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf3a680 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskj: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.666: [ SKGFD][1078700352]Handle 0xf93da0 from lib :UFS:: for disk :/dev/asm-diskh: 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvDiskVerify: Successful discovery of 0 disks 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Completing initial voting file discovery 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352]clssnmvFindInitialConfigs: No voting files found 2012-08-09 03:40:26.667: [ CSSD][1078700352](:CSSNM00070:)clssnmCompleteInitVFDiscovery: Voting file not found. Retrying discovery in 15 seconds ?????ocr?votedisk??diskgroup?????: 1. ?-excl -nocrs ????cluster,??????ASM?? ????CRS [[email protected] vrh1]# crsctl start crs -excl -nocrs CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started. CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2679: Attempting to clean 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' CRS-2681: Clean of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'vrh1' succeeded CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'vrh1' succeeded 2.???ocr?votedisk??diskgroup,??compatible.asm???11.2: [[email protected] vrh1]# su - grid [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Aug 9 04:16:58 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options SQL> create diskgroup systemdg high redundancy disk '/dev/asm-diskh','/dev/asm-diskg','/dev/asm-diski','/dev/asm-diskj','/dev/asm-diskk' ATTRIBUTE 'compatible.rdbms' = '11.2', 'compatible.asm' = '11.2'; 3.?ocr backup???ocr??ocrcheck??: [[email protected] ~]# ocrconfig -restore /g01/11.2.0/grid/cdata/vrh-cluster/backup00.ocr [[email protected] ~]# ocrcheck Status of Oracle Cluster Registry is as follows : Version : 3 Total space (kbytes) : 262120 Used space (kbytes) : 3180 Available space (kbytes) : 258940 ID : 1238458014 Device/File Name : +systemdg Device/File integrity check succeeded Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Device/File not configured Cluster registry integrity check succeeded Logical corruption check succeeded 4. ????votedisk ,??????????: [[email protected] ~]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 2e4e0fe285924f86bf5473d00dcc0388. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 4fa54bb0cc5c4fafbf1a9be5479bf389. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file a109ead9ea4e4f28bfe233188623616a. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 042c9fbd71b54f5abfcd3ab3408f3cf3. CRS-4602: Failed 27 to add voting file 7b5a8cd24f954fafbf835ad78615763f. Failed to replace voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4000: Command Replace failed, or completed with errors. ????????ASM???,???ASM: SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring='/dev/asm*'; System altered. SQL> create spfile from memory; File created. SQL> startup force mount; ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for ASM instance ASM instance started Total System Global Area 283930624 bytes Fixed Size 2227664 bytes Variable Size 256537136 bytes ASM Cache 25165824 bytes ASM diskgroups mounted SQL> show parameter spfile NAME TYPE VALUE ------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------ spfile string /g01/11.2.0/grid/dbs/spfile+AS M1.ora [[email protected] trace]$ crsctl replace votedisk +SYSTEMDG CRS-4256: Updating the profile Successful addition of voting disk 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a. Successful addition of voting disk 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840. Successful addition of voting disk 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce. Successful addition of voting disk 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5. Successful addition of voting disk 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f. Successfully replaced voting disk group with +SYSTEMDG. CRS-4256: Updating the profile CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced 5. ??has??,??cluster????: [[email protected] ~]# crsctl check crs CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Services is online CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Services is online CRS-4533: Event Manager is online [[email protected] ~]# crsctl query css votedisk ## STATE File Universal Id File Name Disk group -- ----- ----------------- --------- --------- 1. ONLINE 85edc0e82d274f78bfc58cdc73b8c68a (/dev/asm-diskh) [SYSTEMDG] 2. ONLINE 201ffffc8ba44faabfe2efec2aa75840 (/dev/asm-diskg) [SYSTEMDG] 3. ONLINE 6f2a25c589964faabf6980f7c5f621ce (/dev/asm-diski) [SYSTEMDG] 4. ONLINE 93eb315648454f25bf3717df1a2c73d5 (/dev/asm-diskj) [SYSTEMDG] 5. ONLINE 3737240678964f88bfbfbd31d8b3829f (/dev/asm-diskk) [SYSTEMDG] Located 5 voting disk(s). [[email protected] ~]# crsctl stat res -t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.BACKUPDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.DATA.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LISTENER.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.LSN_MACLEAN.lsnr ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.SYSTEMDG.dg ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.asm ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 Started ora.gsd OFFLINE OFFLINE vrh1 ora.net1.network ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.ons ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cluster Resources -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr http://www.askmaclean.com 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.cvu 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.oc4j 1 OFFLINE OFFLINE ora.scan1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vprod.db 1 ONLINE OFFLINE 2 ONLINE OFFLINE ora.vrh1.vip 1 ONLINE ONLINE vrh1 ora.vrh2.vip 1 ONLINE INTERMEDIATE vrh1 FAILED OVER

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  • Buffer cache spillover: only buffers

    - by Liu Maclean(???)
    ?????? (?database open)????recovery?redo??,??????????????????: > Buffer cache spillover: only 32768 of 117227 buffers available$ ????crash recovery?redo apply??????buffer cache,??buffer cache???recovery buffer? ?????recovery buffer,????????age out????????redo change??????????? ????????????recovery(???crash recovery??instance recovery),?????buffer cache ??????????????(recovery)???? ??????(lock claim phase),?????????buffer cache ??spillover??????(???swap)??????????????????,oracle???????redo change???????????buffer cache????????recovery buffer????????,???????????????????? ?????????????(spillover recovery)??????????????(?????????,?????????redo apply),???????????? ??????,??crash recovery???? buffer cache??????????; ?????????, ?????????????buffer cache????????,?????????????????????????,?????????????????db_cache_size???????,??alter database open??????(Buffer cache spillover: only 32768 of 117227 buffers available$),?????????????????? ????????buffer cache spillover,?????????10???????????????,????????alert.log 30??????????,?????spillover???hang,?????????OTN Ask Maclean

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  • Macports sudo expands ~ to /var/root in python

    - by calavera
    This might be a bit dev-heavy for the site... but here goes. I installed the macports version of sudo. All is well, except for one thing. Using python 2.6 to expand ~ to the user's home directory results in a different output than the version of sudo that comes with Snow Leopard. For example consider the following python code: #expand_home_dir.py import os os.path.expanduser('~') Below are 3 different calls of the code listed above. The first call using sudo is using the Macports version because my $PATH begins with /opt/local/bin: robert$ python2.6 expand_home_dir.py /Users/robert robert$ sudo python2.6 expand_home_dir.py /var/root robert$ /usr/bin/sudo python2.6 expand_home_dir.py /Users/robert Any idea why this is happening?

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  • Webinar: NoSQL - Data Center Centric Application Enablement

    - by Charles Lamb
    NoSQL - Data Center Centric Application Enablement AUGUST 6 WEBINAR About the Webinar The growth of Datacenter infrastructure is trending out of bounds, along with the pace in user activity and data generation in this digital era. However, the nature of the typical application deployment within the data center is changing to accommodate new business needs. Those changes introduce complexities in application deployment architecture and design, which cascade into requirements for a new generation of database technology (NoSQL) destined to ease that complexity. This webcast will discuss the modern data centers data centric application, the complexities that must be dealt with and common architectures found to describe and prescribe new data center aware services. Well look at the practical issues in implementation and overview current state of art in NoSQL database technology solving the problems of data center awareness in application development. REGISTER NOW>> MORE INFORMATION >> NOTE! All attendees will be entered to win a guest pass to the NoSQL Now! 2013 Conference & Expo. About the Speaker Robert Greene, Oracle NoSQL Product Management Robert GreeneRobert Greene is a principle product manager / strategist for Oracle’s NoSQL Database technology. Prior to Oracle he was the V.P. Technology for a NoSQL Database company, Versant Corporation, where he set the strategy for alignment with Big Data technology trends resulting in the acquisition of the company by Actian Corp in 2012. Robert has been an active member of both commercial and open source initiatives in the NoSQL and Object Relational Mapping spaces for the past 18 years, developing software, leading project teams, authoring articles and presenting at major conferences on these topics. In his previous life, Robert was an electronic engineer developing first generation wireless, spread spectrum based security systems.

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