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  • How to get ~/foo from /home/user1/foo?

    - by Claudius
    The Bash prompt supports the \w escape sequence, documented as \w the current working directory, with $HOME abbreviated with a tilde (uses the value of the PROMPT_DIRTRIM variable) Is there any way to get a similar abbreviation for an arbitrary string? That is, is there a general command that does something like the following, provided that HOME=/home/user1 /home/user1 ? ~ /home/user1/a/1 ? ~/a/1 /home/user2/b/2 ? ~user2/b/2 /root ? ~root Sure, I could try something ugly with sed, but that is unlikely to give me the result I want in any case. :-) The movitation behind this is that I would like to keep the titles in the tabs of my terminals as short as possible, hence abbreviate working directories where possible.

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  • NRPE and the $USER1$ variable

    - by timbrigham
    I have NRPE daemons running on all of my remote Linux boxes. I have a couple configurations in place and I'm trying to standardize the paths in my nrpe.cfg. The changes are deployed via Puppet. I would like to use the following syntax: command[mycommand]=$USER1$/check_tcp .. etc. The $USER1$ variable is not available in my NRPE setup. I could write Puppet templates for all the variants but I would much prefer to manage this through a native method. Is there anything available to do so? If not does anyone have a sample Puppet config that will address this?

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  • Started openoffice as user1, can user2 access it?

    - by uswaretech
    I am starting openoffice in headless mode via Xvfb, User1[who started the sofice command] can access it, but user 2 cannot. According to this forum thread, this is standard behaviour. http://user.services.openoffice.org/en/forum/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=4767&start=0&hilit=jodconverter#p67725 How can I give other user access to sofice running on a port.

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  • Can connect to Samba, but access denied to homes

    - by user893730
    I can connect to the samba server using both IP address and server name, and I can see the home folder name, but can't connect to it smb.cnf [global] workgroup = WORKGROUP server string = Venus wins support = no read only = no browsable = yes create mode = 0777 directory mode = 0777 case sensitive = no dns proxy = no interfaces = 127.0.0.1/8 eth0 bind interfaces only = yes log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m max log size = 1000 syslog = 0 security = user encrypt passwords = true passdb backend = smbpasswd obey pam restrictions = yes unix password sync = no passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* . pam password change = no [homes] comment = User Directories path = /data/localdevs/%u public = no browsable = yes writable = yes the /etc/samba folder has the following files in it lmhosts smb.conf smb.conf.orig smbusers The output of "sudo pdbedit -L" is user1:500: ls -abl /data/localdevs/ drwxr-xr-x. 4 user1 user1 4096 Jul 24 17:35 user1 These are what samba logs are showing when I get the access denied to user1's home directory [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599216, 3] smbd/process.c:1489(process_smb) Transaction 24 of length 90 (0 toread) [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599350, 3] smbd/process.c:1298(switch_message) switch message SMBntcreateX (pid 2440) conn 0x7f6758780c00 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599373, 4] smbd/uid.c:257(change_to_user) change_to_user: Skipping user change - already user [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599412, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599485, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599508, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599552, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599581, 3] smbd/dosmode.c:166(unix_mode) unix_mode(.) returning 0766 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599643, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599668, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599707, 4] smbd/open.c:1990(open_file_ntcreate) calling open_file with flags=0x0 flags2=0x0 mode=0766, access_mask = 0x81, open_access_mask = 0x81 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599806, 3] smbd/open.c:467(open_file) Error opening file . (NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED) (local_flags=0) (flags=0) [2012/07/24 20:27:08.599838, 3] smbd/error.c:80(error_packet_set) error packet at smbd/error.c(160) cmd=162 (SMBntcreateX) NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604075, 3] smbd/process.c:1489(process_smb) Transaction 25 of length 90 (0 toread) [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604193, 3] smbd/process.c:1298(switch_message) switch message SMBntcreateX (pid 2440) conn 0x7f6758780c00 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604216, 4] smbd/uid.c:257(change_to_user) change_to_user: Skipping user change - already user [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604268, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604336, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604395, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604419, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604442, 3] smbd/dosmode.c:166(unix_mode) unix_mode(.) returning 0766 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604532, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604554, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604583, 4] smbd/open.c:1990(open_file_ntcreate) calling open_file with flags=0x0 flags2=0x0 mode=0766, access_mask = 0x81, open_access_mask = 0x81 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604679, 3] smbd/open.c:467(open_file) Error opening file . (NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED) (local_flags=0) (flags=0) [2012/07/24 20:27:08.604705, 3] smbd/error.c:80(error_packet_set) error packet at smbd/error.c(160) cmd=162 (SMBntcreateX) NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED [2012/07/24 20:27:08.606977, 3] smbd/process.c:1489(process_smb) Transaction 26 of length 80 (0 toread) [2012/07/24 20:27:08.607096, 3] smbd/process.c:1298(switch_message) switch message SMBtrans2 (pid 2440) conn 0x7f6758780c00 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.607119, 4] smbd/uid.c:257(change_to_user) change_to_user: Skipping user change - already user [2012/07/24 20:27:08.607139, 3] smbd/trans2.c:5100(call_trans2qfilepathinfo) call_trans2qfilepathinfo: TRANSACT2_QPATHINFO: level = 1004 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.607162, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.607184, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.607208, 3] smbd/trans2.c:5226(call_trans2qfilepathinfo) call_trans2qfilepathinfo . (fnum = -1) level=1004 call=5 total_data=0 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608306, 3] smbd/process.c:1489(process_smb) Transaction 27 of length 80 (0 toread) [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608362, 3] smbd/process.c:1298(switch_message) switch message SMBtrans2 (pid 2440) conn 0x7f6758780c00 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608383, 4] smbd/uid.c:257(change_to_user) change_to_user: Skipping user change - already user [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608403, 3] smbd/trans2.c:5100(call_trans2qfilepathinfo) call_trans2qfilepathinfo: TRANSACT2_QPATHINFO: level = 1005 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608439, 3] smbd/vfs.c:881(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name [.] [/data/localdevs/user1] [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608461, 3] smbd/vfs.c:1038(check_reduced_name) check_reduced_name: . reduced to /data/localdevs/user1 [2012/07/24 20:27:08.608484, 3] smbd/trans2.c:5226(call_trans2qfilepathinfo) call_trans2qfilepathinfo . (fnum = -1) level=1005 call=5 total_data=0

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  • Dovecot: doveadm move command syntax

    - by vincent
    I want to transfer an email from [email protected] to put it in a folder of another user: [email protected] For that, it seems to me appropriate to use 'doveadm move' command, but I can not get the right result. Can you help me? syntax: doveadm move [-u |-A] [-S ] [user ] my attempts: doveadm move -u [email protected] DIRECTORY_2 mailbox [email protected]:'DIRECTORY_1' all return: Error: Syncing mailbox [email protected]:DOSSIER_1 failed: Mailbox doesn't exist: [email protected]:DOSSIER_1 doveadm -u [email protected] DIRECTORY_2 mailbox sdbox:/complete/path/[email protected]/mailboxes/DIRECTORY_1 all return: Error: Syncing mailbox sdbox:/complete/path/[email protected]/mailboxes/DIRECTORY_1 failed: Mailbox doesn't exist: sdbox:/complete/path/[email protected]/mailboxes/DIRECTORY_1 doveadm move -u [email protected] DIRECTORY_2 mailbox [email protected] 'DIRECTORY_2' all return: Fatal: Unknown argument DIRECTORY_2 some details: directory exists the following command works (in case 'DIRECTORY_1' and 'DIRECTORY_2' are in the [email protected] user): doveadm move -u [email protected] DIRECTORY_2 mailbox 'DIRECTORY_1' ALL my problem is that I can not put another user destination

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  • Best way to handle Many-to-Many relationships in PHP MySQL

    - by Jayrox
    I am looking for the best way to handle a database of many-to-many relationships in PHP and MySQL. Right now I have 2 tables: Users (id, user_name, first_name, last_name) Connections (id_1, id_2) In the User table id is auto incremented on add and user_name is unique, but can be changed. Unfortunately, I don't have control over the user_name and its ability to be changed, but I must account for it. The Connections table is obviously, user1 and user2's id. The connection table needs to account for these possible relations: user1 --> user2 (user 1 friends with user 2 but not user2 friends with user1) user2 --> user1 (user 2 friends with user 1 but not user1 friends with user2) user1 <--> user2 (user 1 and user 2 mutually friends) user1 <-!-> user2 (user 1 and user 2 not friends) That part is not the problem, The problem I am having with is keeping these relations unique when and if they change in batches. Possible solution 1: delete all of user 1's relations and readd them with the updated list. I think this might be too slow for my needs. Solution 2? Anyone else encounter this problem? How should I best handle this? update: distinguishing relationships: i handle relationships like this: user1, user2 user1, user3 user2, user1 in that example the following is true: user1 follows user2 and user3 user2 only follows user1 but doesn't follow user3 user3 doesn't follow either user1 or user2

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  • please help me in this query

    - by testkhan
    I have three tables (user, friends, posts) and two users (user1 and user2). When user1 adds user2 as friend then user1 can see the posts of user2 just like on Facebook. But only the posts after the date when user1 added user2 as friend. My query is like this: $sql = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM posts p JOIN friends f ON p.currentuserid = f.friendid AND p.time >= f.friend_since OR p.currentuserid='user1id' WHERE f.myid='user1id' ORDER BY p.postid DESC LIMIT 20"); it is working all the way fine but with a little problem.....!! it displays user2, user3 (all the users as friends of user1) posts for single time but shows user1 posts multiple.......i.e user2. hi user1. userssfsfsfsfsdf user1. userssfsfsfsfsdf user3. dddddddd user1. sdfsdsdfsdsfsf user1. sdfsdsdfsdsfsf but i in database it is single entry/post why it is happening........!! How can I fix it?

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  • Is it possible to use SELinux MCS permissions with Samba?

    - by Yuri
    Created a user1: adduser --shell /sbin/nologin --no-create-home user1 passwd user1 smbpasswd -a user1 smbpasswd -e user1 semanage login -a -s "unconfined_u" -r "s0-s0:c0" user1 Added a category c0 for the folder ./123 inside the Samba share chcat s0:c0 /share/123/ After that the user1 can't go into this folder: type=AVC msg=audit(1332693158.129:48): avc: denied { read } for pid=1122 comm="smbd" name="123" dev=sda1 ino=786438 scontext=system_u:system_r:smbd_t:s0 tcontext=unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0:c0 tclass=dir But if remove the c0 category: restorecon -v /share/123/ user1 opens folder with no problem. Is I'm doing something wrong or Samba doesn't support SELinux MCS? Have installed on CentOS 6.2 are: samba3.i686 3.6.3-44.el6 @sernet-samba selinux-policy.noarch 3.7.19-126.el6_2.10 @updates selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 3.7.19-126.el6_2.10 @updates

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  • Can the public ssh key from my local machine be used to access two different users on a remote serve

    - by Nick
    I have an new ubuntu (hardy 8.04) server, it has two users, User1 and User2. User1 is listed in sudoers. I appended my public ssh key (my local machine's public key local/Users/nick/.ssh/id_rsa.pub) to authorized_keys in remote_server/home/user1/.ssh/authorized_keys, changed the permissions on user1/.ssh/ to 700 and user1/.ssh/authorized_keys to 600 and both file and folder are owned my User1. Then added I User1 to sshd_config (AllowUsers User1). This works and I can login into User1 debug1: Offering public key: /Users/nick/.ssh/id_rsa debug1: Server accepts key: pkalg ssh-rsa blen 277 debug1: Authentication succeeded (publickey). debug1: channel 0: new [client-session] debug1: Entering interactive session. Last login: Mon Mar 15 09:51:01 2010 from ..*.* I then copied the authorized_keys file remote_server/home/user1/.ssh/authorized_keys to remote_server/home/user2/.shh/authorized_keys and changed the permissions and ownership and added User2 to AllowUsers in sshd_config (AllowUsers User1 User2). Now when I try to login to User2 it will not authenticate the same public key. debug1: Offering public key: /Users/nick/.ssh/id_rsa debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey debug1: Trying private key: /Users/nick/.ssh/identity debug1: Trying private key: /Users/nick/.ssh/id_dsa debug1: No more authentication methods to try. Permission denied (publickey). Am I missing something fundamental about the way ssh works? Thanks in advance, Nick

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  • Is There A Security Risk With Users That Are Also Groups?

    - by Rob P.
    I know a little about users and groups; in the past I might have had a group like 'DBAS' or 'ADMINS' and I'd add individual users to each group... But I was surprised to learn I could add users to other users - as if they were groups. For example if my /etc/group contained the following: user1:x:12501: user2:x:12502:user1 admin:x:123:user2,jim,bob Since user2 is a member of the admin group, and user1 is a member of user2 - is user1 effectively an admin? If the admin group is in the sudoers file, can user1 use it as well? I've tried to simulate this and I haven't been able to do so as user1...but I'm not sure it's impossible. EDIT: SORRY - updated error in question.

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  • SQL Server 2008 - Login failed for user 'user1' The user is not associated with a trusted SQL Server connection

    - by difek
    I have installed SQL Server 2008 R2 on Windows XP. In installation process I selected 'SQL Server and Windows Authentication Mode' When I click right button of the mouse in SQL Server Management Studio on Server - Security tab 'SQL server and Windows Authentication Mode' is selected. But when I click on my Database - Properties - View connection properties Authentication Method is set on Windows Authentication. To my database was added one user1 with password user1. But I can't log in to my database from C# (Visual Studio 2008) because error occurs: Login failed for user 'user1' The user is not associated with a trusted SQL Server connection What isn't right ? When I get: string connectionStr = @"Data Source=rmzcmp\SQLExpress;Initial Catalog=ResourcesTmp;Integrated Security=True"; I have following error: {"Cannot open database \"ResourcesTmp\" requested by the login. The login failed.\r\nLogin failed for user 'RMZCMP\rm'."} rm is my original user name on which I log in to my computer. When I get rm I have error: {"Login failed for user 'rm'. The user is not associated with a trusted SQL Server connection."} again. Regards

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  • Can't create directory named "mysql" in subversion repository

    - by High Ball
    I have a particular problem with subversion. Environment: subversion (1.6.12dfsg-6), apache2 (2.2.16-6+squeeze7) + mod dav_svn. I can't create a directory named "mysql" or "testmysql" or add and commit a file named "mysql.txt" in my repository. There are many references to "subversion PROPSET 403 forbidden" problems in google and so on. But I can use all functions of subversion. I can also create a directory named "hugo" or "test". My repository works properly. Only "mysql" doesn't work. The following errors occur: The server encountered an unexpected return value (403 Forbidden) in response to the request for MKCOL »/svn/repository/!svn/wrk/8123484e-8890-412d-92ed-62ceabcd4189 /etc/mysql" returned /var/log/apache2/access.log 192.168.178.200 - - [time] "OPTIONS /svn/repository/etc HTTP/1.1" 401 6156 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "OPTIONS /svn/repository/etc HTTP/1.1" 200 1028 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "MKACTIVITY /svn/repository/!svn/act/6564e2e2-19be-4a09-bcb6-61a1cfb097e8 HTTP/1.1" 201 676 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "PROPFIND /svn/repository/etc HTTP/1.1" 207 676 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "CHECKOUT /svn/repository/!svn/vcc/default HTTP/1.1" 201 692 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "PROPPATCH /svn/repository/!svn/wbl/6564e2e2-19be-4a09-bcb6-61a1cfb097e8/157 HTTP/1.1" 207 580 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "PROPFIND /svn/repository/etc HTTP/1.1" 207 564 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "CHECKOUT /svn/repository/!svn/ver/157/etc HTTP/1.1" 201 692 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "MKCOL /svn/repository/!svn/wrk/6564e2e2-19be-4a09-bcb6-61a1cfb097e8/etc/mysql HTTP/1.1" 403 596 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" 192.168.178.200 - user1 [time] "DELETE /svn/repository/!svn/act/6564e2e2-19be-4a09-bcb6-61a1cfb097e8 HTTP/1.1" 204 165 "-" "SVN/1.6.12 (r955767) neon/0.29.3" Has anyone seen this before? Thanks for any advice.

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  • Merge entries in CakePHP

    - by Andrea
    Let's say I have a Model, for example User, and I want to merge two instances of this Model, say merge User2 into User1. Explicitly this is what I mean: If a field is already filled in User1, it should remain the same If a field is missing in User1 but is present in User2, it should be copied If SomeModel BelongsTo User, every instance of SomeModel pointing to User2 should be modified to point to User1 Same if SomeModel HasAndBelongsToMany User If SomeModel HasMany User, and SomeModel1 Has User2 but no other instance Has User1, it should be modified so that SomeModel1 has User1 instead If SomeModel HasMany User, SomeModel1 Has User1 and SomeModel2 Has User2... well, I'm not sure here, I guess the only solution is to discard SomeModel2, since User1 can BelongTo only one SomeModel. Finally User2 should be removed. Is there a way to automate this? Maybe a Behaviour? If not, I may consider creating it, since I will need it a lot.

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  • Can the same ssh key be used to access two different users on the same server?

    - by Nick
    I have an new ubuntu (hardy 8.04) server, it has two users, User1 and User2. User1 is listed in sudoers. I appended my public ssh key to authorized_keys in /home/user1/.ssh/authorized_keys, changed the permissions on user1/.ssh/ to 700 and user1/.ssh/authorized_keys to 600 and both file and folder are owned my User1. Then added I User1 to sshd_config (AllowUsers User1). This works and I can login into User1 debug1: Offering public key: /Users/nick/.ssh/id_rsa debug1: Server accepts key: pkalg ssh-rsa blen 277 debug1: Authentication succeeded (publickey). debug1: channel 0: new [client-session] debug1: Entering interactive session. Last login: Mon Mar 15 09:51:01 2010 from 86.141.61.197 I then copied the authorized_keys file to /home/user2/.shh/ and changed the permissions and ownership and added User2 to AllowUsers in sshd_config (AllowUsers User1 User2). Now when I try to login to User2 it will not authenticate the same public key. debug1: Offering public key: /Users/nick/.ssh/id_rsa debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey debug1: Trying private key: /Users/nick/.ssh/identity debug1: Trying private key: /Users/nick/.ssh/id_dsa debug1: No more authentication methods to try. Permission denied (publickey). Am I missing something fundamental about the way ssh works? Thanks in advance, Nick

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  • How to redirect Sub domain as attribute in page with .htaccess

    - by rkaartikeyan
    I want like this Ex: http://user1.mysite.com or http://user2.mysite.com if anyone enter URL Like these on browsers it should go as bellow http://mysite.com/user.php?userName=user1 How can i solve this with .htaccess With help of Prix i solved this Issue RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\.mysite\.com [NC] RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(.*)\.mysite\.com RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://mysite.com/user.php?userName=%1 [R=301] Its working fine :) http://user1.mysite.com http://mysite.com/user.php?userName=user1 -> This one is working fine with Prix Code Now i want Like Bellow. I have tried lot but not working. So again i don't have anyway rather than ask here. I want like this http://user1.mysite.com/inbox/ http://mysite.com/inbox.php?userName=user1 And also Like this http://user1.mysite.com/message/1 http://mysite.com/view-message.php?userName=user1&messageID=1

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  • Failed to su after making a chroot jail

    - by arepo21
    On a 64 bit CentOS host I am using script make_chroot_jail.sh to put a user in a jail, not permitting it to see anything expect it's home at /home/jail/home/user1. I did it typing this: sudo ./make_chroot_jail.sh user1 after, when trying to connect to user1 first i was getting an error like: /bin/su: user guest does not exist i have fixed this by copying some missed libraries: sudo cp /lib64/libnss_compat.so.2 /lib64/libnss_files.so.2 /lib64/libnss_dns.so.2 /lib64/libxcrypt.so.2 /home/jail/lib64/ sudo cp -r /lib64/security/ /home/jail/lib64/ But now, when trying to connect to user1 typing su user1 and then typing it's password, i am getting this error: could not open session So the question is how to connect to user1 in this situation? P.S. Here are the permissions of some files, this might be helpful in order to provide a solution: -rwsr-xr-x 1 root root /home/jail/bin/su drwxr-xr-x 4 root root /home/jail/etc -rw-r--r-- 1 root root /home/jail/etc/pam.d/su -rw-r--r-- 1 root root /home/jail/etc/passwd -rw------- 1 root root /home/jail/etc/shadow UPDATE1 After some modifications i managed to connect to user1, but the session closes immediately! I guess this a PAM issue, however cant find a way to fix it. Here the log entry for close action from /val/log/secure: Oct 6 15:19:42 localhost su: pam_unix(su:session): session closed for user user1 What makes the session to exit immediately after launching?

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  • Unable to receive any emails using postfix, dovecot, mysql, and virtual domain/mailboxes

    - by stkdev248
    I have been working on configuring my mail server for the last couple of weeks using postfix, dovecot, and mysql. I have one virtual domain and a few virtual mailboxes. Using squirrelmail I have been able to log into my accounts and send emails out (e.g. I can send to googlemail just fine), however I am not able to receive any emails--not from the outside world nor from within my own network. I am able to telnet in using localhost, my private ip, and my public ip on port 25 without any problems (I've tried it from the server itself and from another computer on my network). This is what I get in my logs when I send an email from my googlemail account to my mail server: mail.log Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/qmgr[1721]: BE01B520538: from=, size=733, nrcpt=1 (queue active) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3371]: 78BC0520510: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=45421, delays=45421/0/0/0.13, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3391]: 8261B520534: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=38036, delays=38036/0.06/0/0.12, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3378]: 63927520532: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=38105, delays=38105/0.02/0/0.17, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3375]: 07F65520522: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=39467, delays=39467/0.01/0/0.17, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3381]: EEDE9520527: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=38361, delays=38360/0.04/0/0.15, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3379]: 67DFF520517: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=40475, delays=40475/0.03/0/0.16, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3387]: 3C7A052052E: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=38259, delays=38259/0.05/0/0.13, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:06 server1 postfix/pipe[3394]: BE01B520538: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=37682, delays=37682/0.07/0/0.11, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:36:07 server1 postfix/pipe[3384]: 3C7A052052E: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=38261, delays=38259/0.04/0/1.3, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:39:23 server1 postfix/anvil[3368]: statistics: max connection rate 1/60s for (smtp:209.85.213.169) at Apr 14 07:35:32 Apr 14 07:39:23 server1 postfix/anvil[3368]: statistics: max connection count 1 for (smtp:209.85.213.169) at Apr 14 07:35:32 Apr 14 07:39:23 server1 postfix/anvil[3368]: statistics: max cache size 1 at Apr 14 07:35:32 Apr 14 07:41:06 server1 postfix/qmgr[1721]: ED6005203B7: from=, size=1463, nrcpt=1 (queue active) Apr 14 07:41:06 server1 postfix/pipe[4594]: ED6005203B7: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=334, delays=334/0.01/0/0.13, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) Apr 14 07:51:06 server1 postfix/qmgr[1721]: ED6005203B7: from=, size=1463, nrcpt=1 (queue active) Apr 14 07:51:06 server1 postfix/pipe[4604]: ED6005203B7: to=, relay=dovecot, delay=933, delays=933/0.02/0/0.12, dsn=4.3.0, status=deferred (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ) mail-dovecot-log (the log I set for debugging): Apr 14 07:28:26 auth: Info: mysql(127.0.0.1): Connected to database postfixadmin Apr 14 07:28:26 auth: Debug: sql([email protected],127.0.0.1): query: SELECT password FROM mailbox WHERE username = '[email protected]' Apr 14 07:28:26 auth: Debug: client out: OK 1 [email protected] Apr 14 07:28:26 auth: Debug: master in: REQUEST 1809973249 3356 1 7cfb822db820fc5da67d0776b107cb3f Apr 14 07:28:26 auth: Debug: sql([email protected],127.0.0.1): SELECT '/home/vmail/mydomain.com/some.user1' as home, 5000 AS uid, 5000 AS gid FROM mailbox WHERE username = '[email protected]' Apr 14 07:28:26 auth: Debug: master out: USER 1809973249 [email protected] home=/home/vmail/mydomain.com/some.user1 uid=5000 gid=5000 Apr 14 07:28:26 imap-login: Info: Login: user=, method=PLAIN, rip=127.0.0.1, lip=127.0.0.1, mpid=3360, secured Apr 14 07:28:26 imap([email protected]): Debug: Effective uid=5000, gid=5000, home=/home/vmail/mydomain.com/some.user1 Apr 14 07:28:26 imap([email protected]): Debug: maildir++: root=/home/vmail/mydomain.com/some.user1/Maildir, index=/home/vmail/mydomain.com/some.user1/Maildir/indexes, control=, inbox=/home/vmail/mydomain.com/some.user1/Maildir Apr 14 07:48:31 imap([email protected]): Info: Disconnected: Logged out bytes=85/681 From the output above I'm pretty sure that my problems all stem from (temporary failure. Command output: Can't open log file /var/log/mail-dovecot.log: Permission denied ), but I have no idea why I'm getting that error. I've have the permissions to that log set just like the other mail logs: [email protected]:~# ls -l /var/log/mail* -rw-r----- 1 syslog adm 196653 2012-04-14 07:58 /var/log/mail-dovecot.log -rw-r----- 1 syslog adm 62778 2012-04-13 21:04 /var/log/mail.err -rw-r----- 1 syslog adm 497767 2012-04-14 08:01 /var/log/mail.log Does anyone have any idea what I may be doing wrong? Here are my main.cf and master.cf files: main.cf: # See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version # Debian specific: Specifying a file name will cause the first # line of that file to be used as the name. The Debian default # is /etc/mailname. #myorigin = /etc/mailname smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu) biff = no # appending .domain is the MUA's job. append_dot_mydomain = no # Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings #delay_warning_time = 4h readme_directory = no # TLS parameters smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key smtpd_use_tls=yes smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache # See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for # information on enabling SSL in the smtp client. myhostname = server1.mydomain.com alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases myorigin = /etc/mailname mydestination = relayhost = mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::ffff:127.0.0.0]/104 [::1]/128 mailbox_command = procmail -a "$EXTENSION" mailbox_size_limit = 0 recipient_delimiter = + inet_interfaces = all # Virtual Configs virtual_uid_maps = static:5000 virtual_gid_maps = static:5000 virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail virtual_mailbox_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_virtual_mailbox_domains.cf virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_virtual_mailbox_maps.cf virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_virtual_alias_maps.cf relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_relay_domains.cf smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_non_fqdn_hostname, reject_non_fqdn_sender, reject_non_fqdn_recipient, reject_unauth_destination, reject_unauth_pipelining, reject_invalid_hostname smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous virtual_transport=dovecot dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1 master.cf: # # Postfix master process configuration file. For details on the format # of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master"). # # Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file. # # ========================================================================== # service type private unpriv chroot wakeup maxproc command + args # (yes) (yes) (yes) (never) (100) # ========================================================================== smtp inet n - - - - smtpd #smtp inet n - - - 1 postscreen #smtpd pass - - - - - smtpd #dnsblog unix - - - - 0 dnsblog #tlsproxy unix - - - - 0 tlsproxy #submission inet n - - - - smtpd # -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt # -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes # -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject # -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING #smtps inet n - - - - smtpd # -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes # -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes # -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject # -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING #628 inet n - - - - qmqpd pickup fifo n - - 60 1 pickup cleanup unix n - - - 0 cleanup qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 qmgr #qmgr fifo n - - 300 1 oqmgr tlsmgr unix - - - 1000? 1 tlsmgr rewrite unix - - - - - trivial-rewrite bounce unix - - - - 0 bounce defer unix - - - - 0 bounce trace unix - - - - 0 bounce verify unix - - - - 1 verify flush unix n - - 1000? 0 flush proxymap unix - - n - - proxymap proxywrite unix - - n - 1 proxymap smtp unix - - - - - smtp # When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops relay unix - - - - - smtp -o smtp_fallback_relay= # -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5 showq unix n - - - - showq error unix - - - - - error retry unix - - - - - error discard unix - - - - - discard local unix - n n - - local virtual unix - n n - - virtual lmtp unix - - - - - lmtp anvil unix - - - - 1 anvil scache unix - - - - 1 scache # # ==================================================================== # Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual # pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants. # # Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery # agent. See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient} # and other message envelope options. # ==================================================================== # # maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details. # Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1 # maildrop unix - n n - - pipe flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient} # # ==================================================================== # # Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry. # # Specify in cyrus.conf: # lmtp cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4 # # Specify in main.cf one or more of the following: # mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost # virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost # # ==================================================================== # # Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux) # Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1 # #cyrus unix - n n - - pipe # user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user} # # ==================================================================== # Old example of delivery via Cyrus. # #old-cyrus unix - n n - - pipe # flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user} # # ==================================================================== # # See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details. # uucp unix - n n - - pipe flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient) # # Other external delivery methods. # ifmail unix - n n - - pipe flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient) bsmtp unix - n n - - pipe flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient scalemail-backend unix - n n - 2 pipe flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension} mailman unix - n n - - pipe flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py ${nexthop} ${user} dovecot unix - n n - - pipe flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -d ${recipient}

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  • How to Kill and Alternate X session via cli

    - by L. D. James
    Can someone tell me how to remove dormant X sessions. This question is similar to Logging out other users from the command line, but more specific to controlling X displays which I find hard to kill. I used the command "who -u" to get the session of the other screens: $ who -u Which gave me: user1 :0 2014-08-18 12:08 ? 2891 (:0) user1 pts/26 2014-08-18 16:11 17:18 3984 (:0) user2 :1 2014-08-18 18:21 ? 25745 (:1) user1 pts/27 2014-08-18 23:10 00:27 3984 (:0) user1 pts/32 2014-08-18 23:10 10:42 3984 (:0) user1 pts/46 2014-08-18 23:14 00:04 3984 (:0) user1 pts/48 2014-08-19 04:10 . 3984 (:0) The kill -9 25745 doesn't appear to do anything. I have a workshop where a number of users will use the computer under their own login. After the workshop is over there are a number of logins that are left open. I would prefer to kill the open sessions rather than try to log into each users' screen. Again, this question isn't just about logging users' out. I'm hoping to get clarity also for killing/removing stuck processes that are hard to kill. New Info While still pondering how to kill the process I wrote the following script, which did it: #!/bin/bash results=1 while [[ $results > 0 ]] do sudo kill -9 25745 results=$? echo -ne "Response:$results..." sleep 20 done After a graceful waiting period, if there isn't a better answer I'll mark this as answered with this resolution. This may resolve the problem with other stuck processes I have had in the past.

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  • control a bash script with variables from an external file

    - by perler
    I would like to control a bash script like this: #!/bin/sh USER1=_parsefromfile_ HOST1=_parsefromfile_ PW1=_parsefromfile_ USER2=_parsefromfile_ HOST2=_parsefromfile_ PW2=_parsefromfile_ imapsync \ --buffersize 8192000 --nosyncacls --subscribe --syncinternaldates --IgnoreSizeErrors \ --host1 $HOST1 --user1 $USER1 --password1 $PW1 --ssl1 --port1 993 --noauthmd5 \ --host2 $HOST2 --user2 $USER2 --password2 $PW2 --ssl2 --port2 993 --noauthmd5 --allowsizemismatch with parameters from a control file like this: host1 user1 password1 host2 user2 password2 anotherhost1 anotheruser1 anotherpassword1 anotherhost2 anotheruser2 anotherpassword2 where each line represents one run of the script with the parameters extracted and made into variables. what would be the most elegant way of doing this? PAT

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  • Config postGreSQL pg_hba.conf restric role access

    - by Mathias
    Hello postgre experts. I am completely new to the game but need the following: I Create a new role with login. Let's say: User1 I then create a Database 'User1Database' and set User1 as the owner. User1 has no rights to do anything except for access. Now when I connect using User1 it somehow has access to all databases. I then learned I neeed to write something in here. User1 should have global access to User1Database and absolutely no access to anything else. What lines do I need to add to my pg_hba file? Currently it looks like this: # IPv4 local connections: host all all 127.0.0.1/32 md5 # IPv6 local connections: host all all ::1/128 md5 host all all 0.0.0.0/0 md5 Hope someone can write me the exact lines and explain them to me.

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  • Groups and Symlinks, is this safe?

    - by sjohns
    Hi, Im trying to serve similar content over two websites, but don't want to have 2 of each file, especially when they are growing. The basics, im running CentOS, with cPanel. Is it safe to do the following, I have folder downloads1 in /home/user1/www/downloads1/ i have user2, can i make a group - groupadd sharedfiles add both users to the group: useradd -g sharedfiles user1 useradd -g sharedfiles user2 then chown -r -v user1:sharedfiles downloads1/ User 2 i want to have /home/user2/www/downloads1 but i want it to be a symlink like ln "downloads1" "/home/user1/www/downloads1/" lrwxrwxrwx 1 user2 sharedfiles 11 May 9 14:20 downloads1 -> /home/user1/www/downloads1/ Is this a safe practice? Or is there a better way to do this if I want them both to be able to share the files for distribution over apache. Is there any drawbacks to this? Thanks in advance for any light shed on this. I'm not 100% sure weather this should have gone here or on serverfault.

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  • Groups and Symlinks, is this safe?

    - by sjohns
    Hi, Im trying to serve similar content over two websites, but don't want to have 2 of each file, especially when they are growing. The basics, im running CentOS, with cPanel. Is it safe to do the following, I have folder downloads1 in /home/user1/www/downloads1/ i have user2, can i make a group - groupadd sharedfiles add both users to the group: useradd -g sharedfiles user1 useradd -g sharedfiles user2 then chown -r -v user1:sharedfiles downloads1/ User 2 i want to have /home/user2/www/downloads1 but i want it to be a symlink like ln "downloads1" "/home/user1/www/downloads1/" lrwxrwxrwx 1 user2 sharedfiles 11 May 9 14:20 downloads1 -> /home/user1/www/downloads1/ Is this a safe practice? Or is there a better way to do this if I want them both to be able to share the files for distribution over apache. Is there any drawbacks to this? Thanks in advance for any light shed on this. I'm not 100% sure weather this should have gone here or on serverfault.

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  • ubuntu 11, maximum resolution is a low 1024 x 768

    - by djturbojp7
    I just installed ubuntu 11 and the maximum resolution that it will let me set it at is 1024 x 768. My graphics are onboard, its the intel 82845g. Trying to increase the resolution and support the video more smoothly. UPDATE: [email protected]:~$ xrandr | grep maximum Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 1024 x 768, maximum 2048 x 2048 [email protected]:~$ gtf 1280 1024 59.9 # 1280x1024 @ 59.90 Hz (GTF) hsync: 63.49 kHz; pclk: 108.70 MHz Modeline "1280x1024_59.90" 108.70 1280 1360 1496 1712 1024 1025 1028 1060 -HSync +Vsync [email protected]:~$ xrandr --newmode "1280x1024_59.90" 108.70 1280 1360 1496 1712 1024 1025 1028 1060 -HSync +Vsync X Error of failed request: BadName (named color or font does not exist) Major opcode of failed request: 149 (RANDR) Minor opcode of failed request: 16 (RRCreateMode) Serial number of failed request: 20 Current serial number in output stream: 20 [email protected]:~$

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  • When using ssh with priv/pub keys, how to connect to the destination using a user different from the origin machine?

    - by lpacheco
    I need to connect to hostB using user2 from hostA where I´m connected using user1. I've run ssh-keygen -t rsa on hostA and copied the public key generated in ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub to the ~/.ssh/authorized_keys of user2 in hostB. Then I tried to connect from hostA to hostB using the command: [email protected]> ssh [email protected] I still get a request for password: [email protected]'s password: If I try to connect using the same user on both hosts, it works correctly: [email protected]> ssh [email protected] Enter passphrase for key '/home/user1/.ssh/id_rsa': What am I missing?

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  • Server 2012r2 VPN DNS

    - by Tyron Gower
    Have an issue where onsite clients cannot resolve VPNusers. but VPN users can resolve onsite machines. example. USER! uses LAPTOP1 USER1 connects to VPN gets internal IP address of 10.243.0.200 USER1 pings SERVER1 - resolve to ip and gets reply USER1 RDP into SERVER1 (inside VPN) USER1 pings LAPTOP1 from SERVER1 resolves to ip address last assigned by DHCP (10.243.0.139) ping fails USER1 pings 10.243.0.200 from SERVER1 gets reply. Running Server 2012r2 It is a domain controller, DNS and VPN server. VPN is just configured with basic default settings. All VPN users have static IP setup in AD. Not sure where to go from here.

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