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  • Is it easier to write filesystem drivers in userspace than in kernel space?

    - by Jack
    I will use the Linux NTFS driver as an example. The Linux kernel NTFS driver only has very limited write support in the kernel, and after 5 years it is still considered experimental. The same development team creates the ntfsmount userspace driver, which has almost perfect write support. Likewise, the NTFS-3G project which is written by a different team also has almost perfect write support. Why has the kernel drive taken so much longer? Is it much harder to develop for? Saying that there already exists a decent userspace application is not a reason why the kernel driver is not compelte. NOTE: Do not migrate this to superuser.com. I want a programing heavy answer, from a programming perspective, not a practical use answer. If the question is not appropriate for SO, please advise me as to why so I can edit it so it is.

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  • Linux - Programmatically write to a proc file

    - by Zach
    I have found several examples online where we can create a proc file, assign read and write methods that are called every time the proc file is opened for read or written to. However, I can't seem to find any documentation on how to programatically write to a proc file. Ideally, I would like to add a timestamp with other user details every time the proc file is opened for read or for write. Again, I've found where I can add the read and write functions that are triggered when the proc file is opened, but I can't find documentation on how to actually write to a proc file programatically. This would be different from a regular IO read/write, correct?

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  • Easy software installation on Linux(Ubuntu/ Linux mint)

    - by Aash Maharoon
    When a software is installed, it has to be done with the terminal and coding. There are some steps to do which can be difficult for a new user(comes from windows OS). In Windows OS, we can set paths for installation directory, uninstall easily and installation GUI application comes with the software which is very easy to do with using mouse only. I am new to Linux and love to use it. Is there any methodologies or softwares which can be very user friendly for application installation with GUI support ? or only the terminal should be used ?

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  • Will final version of 12.04 use the power management changes found in kernel 3.3

    - by Luis Alvarado
    I have seen in some version of Ubuntu that instead of making a huge change to update to the latest kernel, they take some of the good stuff out of it, for the sake of stability and put it on a previous version. In this case, kernel 3.3 has seen some very good power management enhancements that are not all found in the kernel 3.2. My question then is: Will this updates in 3.3 be somehow pulled into the 3.2 kernel used for Ubuntu 12.04?

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  • Error while removing the new kernel 2.6.37

    - by Tarek
    Hi! I tried to install the new kernel but something went wrong and I'm trying to remove it now. The error massege is: [email protected]:~$ sudo apt-get install -f Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages will be REMOVED: linux-image-2.6.37-020637-generic 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 9 not upgraded. 1 not fully installed or removed. After this operation, 111MB disk space will be freed. Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y (Reading database ... 188780 files and directories currently installed.) Removing linux-image-2.6.37-020637-generic ... Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d . run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 2.6.37-020637-generic /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.37-020637-generic run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 2.6.37-020637-generic /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.37-020637-generic /etc/default/grub: 33: Syntax error: EOF in backquote substitution run-parts: /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub exited with return code 2 Failed to process /etc/kernel/postrm.d at /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-2.6.37-020637-generic.postrm line 328. dpkg: error processing linux-image-2.6.37-020637-generic (--remove): subprocess installed post-removal script returned error exit status 1 Errors were encountered while processing: linux-image-2.6.37-020637-generic E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1) The previous unsloved error is on this bug. This is my grub configuration file: # If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update # /boot/grub/grub.cfg. GRUB_DEFAULT=0 #GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=0 GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true GRUB_TIMEOUT=10 GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian` RUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash nomodeset video=uvesafb:mode_option=1024x768-24,mtrr=3,scroll=ywrap" video=uvesafb:mode_option=>>1024x768-24<<,mtrr=3,scroll=ywrap" GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=" vga=792 splash" # Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs # This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains # the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...) #GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef" # Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only) #GRUB_TERMINAL=console # The resolution used on graphical terminal # note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE # you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo' GRUB_GFXMODE=1024x768-24 # Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux #GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true # Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries #GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_RECOVERY="true" # Uncomment to get a beep at grub start #GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1" thank you for answering.

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  • pae kernel required for my cpu [closed]

    - by Edward Meyer
    Possible Duplicate: How can I install 12.04 on a non-PAE CPU? (error “Kernel requires features not present on the CPU: PAE”) Virtualbox install 12.04 guest: “pae not present” After loading ubuntu-12.04.1-desktop-i386.iso into my Oracle VM, the hard drive would not boot because the version for my cpu require the pae kernel. How do I insert the pae kernel or download a copy of ubuntu with the pae kernel?

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  • When is a Kernel update due for 11.10?

    - by Mysterio
    Thanks to Phoronix there seems to be a fix for the power regression/overheating bug in the Linux Kernel 3.0.1 bouncing around on the Internet. However this supposed fix which I read has been patched to the Kernel in a testing phase is not newbie-friendly (if you know what I mean). So I am guessing it will be included in the kernel update for 11.10. If it will please when is it due? Linked Question: Kernel patch that solves battery issues when for ubuntu ?

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  • Change kernel used by Ubuntu Server on boot

    - by Tim Fountain
    I have a VPS running Ubuntu server 12.04. A while ago, my host installed an alternative kernel (one of Amazon's EC2 kernels) to fix a boot issue I was having. Now, 2 Ubuntu releases later, this kernel (2.6.31-302-ec2) is still being used even though later (3.2.xx) kernels have been installed. How can I make the server use the most recent installed kernel, preferably without just uninstalling the EC2 kernel just in case doing so causes issues?

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  • Frequent Kernel Panic on CentOS 6.5

    - by Manuel Sopena Ballesteros
    I have a webserver with the configuration below: VMWare ESXi environemt CPanel installed CentOS release 6.5 (Final) 4 CPUs 2G RAM 2x VM disks 100G each LVM system My issue is I am getting kernel panic quite frequently. These is a list of some processes blocked I could see from the console: mysqld queueprocd httpd suphp vmtoolsd loop0 auditd this is my sar logs Linux 2.6.32-431.3.1.el6.x86_64 (test01) 08/22/2014 _x86_64_ (4 CPU) 12:00:01 AM CPU %user %nice %system %iowait %steal %idle 12:10:01 AM all 26.86 0.01 0.98 0.57 0.00 71.57 12:20:01 AM all 1.78 0.02 1.03 0.08 0.00 97.09 12:30:01 AM all 26.34 0.02 0.85 0.05 0.00 72.74 12:40:01 AM all 27.12 0.01 1.11 1.22 0.00 70.54 12:50:01 AM all 1.59 0.02 0.94 0.13 0.00 97.32 01:00:01 AM all 26.10 0.01 0.77 0.04 0.00 73.07 01:10:01 AM all 27.51 0.01 1.16 0.14 0.00 71.18 01:20:01 AM all 1.80 0.07 1.06 0.08 0.00 96.99 01:30:01 AM all 26.19 0.01 0.78 0.05 0.00 72.96 01:40:01 AM all 26.62 0.02 0.87 0.05 0.00 72.45 01:50:02 AM all 1.35 0.01 0.87 0.02 0.00 97.75 02:00:01 AM all 26.11 0.02 0.69 0.02 0.00 73.17 02:10:01 AM all 26.73 0.02 0.89 0.14 0.00 72.21 02:20:01 AM all 1.45 0.01 0.92 0.04 0.00 97.58 02:30:01 AM all 26.59 0.01 1.06 0.03 0.00 72.31 02:40:01 AM all 26.27 0.01 0.72 0.05 0.00 72.95 02:50:01 AM all 0.86 0.01 0.50 0.09 0.00 98.53 03:00:01 AM all 25.61 0.02 0.39 0.03 0.00 73.96 03:10:01 AM all 26.30 0.08 0.66 0.14 0.00 72.82 03:20:01 AM all 0.81 0.01 0.51 0.04 0.00 98.63 03:30:02 AM all 26.15 0.02 0.53 0.07 0.00 73.24 03:40:01 AM all 26.06 0.01 0.47 0.04 0.00 73.42 03:50:01 AM all 0.96 0.02 0.51 0.03 0.00 98.48 Average: all 17.69 0.02 0.79 0.14 0.00 81.36 06:58:14 AM LINUX RESTART 07:00:01 AM CPU %user %nice %system %iowait %steal %idle 07:10:01 AM all 1.04 0.02 0.57 0.95 0.00 97.42 07:20:02 AM all 0.66 0.01 0.39 0.06 0.00 98.87 07:30:01 AM all 25.71 0.01 0.45 0.16 0.00 73.67 07:40:01 AM all 25.88 0.01 0.35 0.08 0.00 73.68 As you can see the server became unresponsive at 03.50 AM and I had to reset the VM at 06.58 AM to fix it. sar -d 03:00:01 PM dev8-16 0.16 0.01 3.37 20.78 0.00 12.40 9.29 0.15 03:00:01 PM dev8-0 4.08 5.72 77.50 20.38 0.06 15.15 3.13 1.28 03:00:01 PM dev253-0 10.37 5.74 80.87 8.35 0.13 12.52 1.24 1.29 03:00:01 PM dev253-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 03:10:01 PM dev8-16 0.27 0.17 3.17 12.22 0.00 11.49 7.95 0.22 03:10:01 PM dev8-0 6.37 18.98 136.19 24.34 0.05 7.25 2.18 1.39 03:10:01 PM dev253-0 17.91 19.15 137.94 8.77 0.13 7.11 0.78 1.41 03:10:01 PM dev253-1 0.18 0.00 1.41 8.00 0.00 9.09 0.52 0.01 03:10:01 PM DEV tps rd_sec/s wr_sec/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await svctm %util 03:20:01 PM dev8-16 0.17 0.23 2.04 13.39 0.00 6.07 5.29 0.09 03:20:01 PM dev8-0 3.83 18.57 78.45 25.35 0.05 13.25 2.73 1.05 03:20:01 PM dev253-0 10.30 18.80 80.49 9.64 0.14 13.89 1.03 1.06 03:20:01 PM dev253-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 03:30:01 PM dev8-16 0.26 0.16 4.59 18.56 0.00 6.44 5.54 0.14 03:30:01 PM dev8-0 5.97 24.07 117.83 23.77 0.05 8.53 2.13 1.27 03:30:01 PM dev253-0 15.90 24.23 122.42 9.22 0.12 7.71 0.81 1.29 03:30:01 PM dev253-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 03:40:01 PM dev8-16 0.20 0.00 2.32 11.44 0.00 8.35 5.90 0.12 03:40:01 PM dev8-0 4.39 19.58 77.94 22.24 0.06 12.87 2.12 0.93 03:40:01 PM dev253-0 10.25 19.58 80.25 9.74 0.12 11.63 0.91 0.94 03:40:01 PM dev253-1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 03:50:01 PM dev8-16 0.23 0.50 2.32 12.44 0.00 6.27 5.13 0.12 03:50:01 PM dev8-0 5.09 9.00 95.04 20.45 0.04 7.36 2.10 1.07 03:50:01 PM dev253-0 12.47 9.50 96.82 8.53 0.08 6.76 0.87 1.08 03:50:01 PM dev253-1 0.07 0.00 0.54 8.00 0.00 14.10 0.40 0.00 04:00:01 PM dev8-16 0.21 0.00 2.04 9.89 0.00 7.00 5.87 0.12 04:00:01 PM dev8-0 4.68 1.64 94.70 20.57 0.05 10.71 2.41 1.13 04:00:01 PM dev253-0 12.27 1.64 96.74 8.02 0.12 9.95 0.93 1.14 sar -q 01:00:01 AM 6 205 2.02 1.32 0.81 01:10:01 AM 3 187 0.08 0.72 0.86 01:20:01 AM 2 187 0.04 0.18 0.49 01:30:01 AM 4 205 2.04 1.34 0.82 01:40:01 AM 2 185 0.02 0.68 0.83 01:50:02 AM 1 185 0.08 0.15 0.45 02:00:01 AM 5 202 2.02 1.30 0.78 02:10:01 AM 4 185 0.11 0.72 0.84 02:20:01 AM 1 183 0.17 0.15 0.45 02:30:01 AM 5 206 2.03 1.32 0.79 02:40:01 AM 2 184 0.08 0.70 0.83 02:50:01 AM 1 183 0.00 0.10 0.43 03:00:01 AM 7 205 2.03 1.32 0.78 03:10:01 AM 2 194 0.34 0.73 0.83 03:20:01 AM 1 184 0.00 0.13 0.44 03:30:02 AM 4 201 2.04 1.32 0.78 03:40:01 AM 2 193 0.06 0.67 0.81 03:50:01 AM 1 183 0.06 0.12 0.43 Average: 3 192 0.68 0.70 0.69 06:58:14 AM LINUX RESTART 07:00:01 AM runq-sz plist-sz ldavg-1 ldavg-5 ldavg-15 07:10:01 AM 2 181 0.00 0.09 0.11 07:20:02 AM 1 179 0.00 0.00 0.04 07:30:01 AM 4 197 2.12 1.33 0.58 sar -r Linux 2.6.32-431.3.1.el6.x86_64 (test01) 08/22/2014 _x86_64_ (4 CPU) 12:00:01 AM kbmemfree kbmemused %memused kbbuffers kbcached kbcommit %commit 12:10:01 AM 227484 1694468 88.16 117444 917004 635308 10.50 12:20:01 AM 219692 1702260 88.57 119556 920540 630940 10.43 12:30:01 AM 196248 1725704 89.79 121376 923592 695048 11.49 12:40:01 AM 127524 1794428 93.36 125004 1016196 633048 10.46 12:50:01 AM 127156 1794796 93.38 128212 1014536 624992 10.33 01:00:01 AM 110764 1811188 94.24 129964 1001608 700016 11.57 01:10:01 AM 160560 1761392 91.65 132260 973472 628640 10.39 01:20:01 AM 133076 1788876 93.08 134144 982608 655524 10.83 01:30:01 AM 121512 1800440 93.68 135548 985676 700500 11.58 01:40:01 AM 140640 1781312 92.68 137220 988576 628280 10.38 01:50:02 AM 139160 1782792 92.76 138688 990672 625224 10.33 02:00:01 AM 106112 1815840 94.48 139940 993976 700360 11.57 02:10:01 AM 155400 1766552 91.91 142112 971864 625656 10.34 02:20:01 AM 154056 1767896 91.98 143732 975556 621352 10.27 02:30:01 AM 110856 1811096 94.23 145032 978288 709360 11.72 02:40:01 AM 140200 1781752 92.71 146568 980656 624872 10.33 02:50:01 AM 137600 1784352 92.84 148940 984484 621948 10.28 03:00:01 AM 105032 1816920 94.54 150208 985736 706060 11.67 03:10:01 AM 168996 1752956 91.21 154708 941500 656312 10.85 03:20:01 AM 169408 1752544 91.19 156096 944100 621780 10.28 03:30:02 AM 132360 1789592 93.11 157724 951612 701296 11.59 03:40:01 AM 159012 1762940 91.73 158940 942560 656292 10.85 03:50:01 AM 163192 1758760 91.51 160312 944576 624544 10.32 Average: 148089 1773863 92.29 140162 969973 653363 10.80 06:58:14 AM LINUX RESTART 07:00:01 AM kbmemfree kbmemused %memused kbbuffers kbcached kbcommit %commit 07:10:01 AM 1016628 905324 47.10 85568 447556 600932 9.93 07:20:02 AM 1009996 911956 47.45 87616 451200 596156 9.85 07:30:01 AM 961128 960824 49.99 89164 464332 658912 10.89 07:40:01 AM 973376 948576 49.35 90880 473084 600176 9.92 dmesg does not show any relevant information. I don't see any bottleneck in sar, any idea what can I check next? thank you very much

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  • Trying to make a custom Arch-based Linux distro with larch

    - by strangeronyourtrain
    I'm all set up with a spiffy Arch installation in a virtual machine, and now I want to turn it into a live ISO. When I heard about larch, I thought it would be the perfect tool to turn my existing installation into something I could distribute. However, I can't get larch to install properly. I followed the installation instructions on the website, which said to download and run the larch-setup script. When I run it, though, it installs the larch profiles and libraries but doesn't install the executable programs. Here's a screenshot of the errors I get when larch-setup tries to install the executables. I'd greatly appreciate any clues to what is going wrong here, or suggestions for alternative ways to turn my customized Arch installation into an ISO! Thanks!

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  • how to compute differences between two binaries (i.e., two executables) in linux

    - by Indranil
    In Linux is there any way to compute the differences between two binaries (i.e., two executables)? Let me be more specific: I want to know how to compute the delta (delta difference) between two versions of an executable or application or software in Linux. For example if I have to download and install only the updated part (the delta difference between the latest version and the old version) of an existing application or binary how do I do that in Linux.

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  • usb mouse/keyboard doesn't work with 3.11.0-12-generic kernel

    - by x-yuri
    I can't use my usb keyboard/mouse after upgrade from raring to saucy. The keyboard works in grub menu and if I boot with the previous kernel version (3.8.0-31-generic). My new kernel version is 3.11.0-12-generic. I've got Mad Catz R.A.T.7 wired USB mouse, Canyon CNL-MBMSO02 wired usb mouse and Logitech diNovo Edge wireless keyboard, connected to computer through Logitech Unifying Receiver. Using PS/2 keyboard I've managed to get some information. dmesg says: [ 0.166273] ACPI: bus type USB registered [ 0.166273] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs [ 0.166273] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub [ 0.166273] usbcore: registered new device driver usb ... [ 3.534226] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver [ 3.534228] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver [ 3.534291] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.534299] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: EHCI Host Controller [ 3.534304] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1 [ 3.534315] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: debug port 1 [ 3.538218] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: cache line size of 64 is not supported [ 3.538231] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: irq 18, io mem 0xd3325400 [ 3.548017] ehci-pci 0000:00:1a.7: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 [ 3.548042] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002 [ 3.548045] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.548048] usb usb1: Product: EHCI Host Controller [ 3.548050] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic ehci_hcd [ 3.548053] usb usb1: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1a.7 [ 3.548155] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.548159] hub 1-0:1.0: 6 ports detected [ 3.548311] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.548319] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: EHCI Host Controller [ 3.548323] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 2 [ 3.548333] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: debug port 1 [ 3.552228] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: cache line size of 64 is not supported [ 3.552239] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: irq 23, io mem 0xd3325000 [ 3.564014] ehci-pci 0000:00:1d.7: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00 [ 3.564044] usb usb2: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002 [ 3.564047] usb usb2: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.564050] usb usb2: Product: EHCI Host Controller [ 3.564052] usb usb2: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic ehci_hcd [ 3.564056] usb usb2: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1d.7 [ 3.564163] hub 2-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.564167] hub 2-0:1.0: 6 ports detected [ 3.564274] ehci-platform: EHCI generic platform driver [ 3.564280] ohci_hcd: USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver [ 3.564281] ohci-platform: OHCI generic platform driver [ 3.564287] uhci_hcd: USB Universal Host Controller Interface driver [ 3.564345] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.0: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.564347] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.0: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.564352] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 3 [ 3.564378] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.0: irq 16, io base 0x0000f0c0 [ 3.564402] usb usb3: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001 [ 3.564404] usb usb3: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.564406] usb usb3: Product: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.564408] usb usb3: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic uhci_hcd [ 3.564410] usb usb3: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1a.0 [ 3.564478] hub 3-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.564482] hub 3-0:1.0: 2 ports detected [ 3.564589] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.1: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.564592] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.1: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.564597] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.1: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 4 [ 3.564623] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.1: irq 21, io base 0x0000f0a0 [ 3.564647] usb usb4: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001 [ 3.564649] usb usb4: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.564651] usb usb4: Product: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.564653] usb usb4: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic uhci_hcd [ 3.564654] usb usb4: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1a.1 [ 3.564727] hub 4-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.564730] hub 4-0:1.0: 2 ports detected [ 3.564834] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.2: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.564837] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.2: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.564843] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.2: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 5 [ 3.564863] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1a.2: irq 18, io base 0x0000f080 [ 3.564885] usb usb5: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001 [ 3.564887] usb usb5: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.564889] usb usb5: Product: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.564891] usb usb5: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic uhci_hcd [ 3.564892] usb usb5: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1a.2 [ 3.564962] hub 5-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.564966] hub 5-0:1.0: 2 ports detected [ 3.565073] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.0: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.565076] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.0: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.565081] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.0: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 6 [ 3.565101] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.0: irq 23, io base 0x0000f060 [ 3.565124] usb usb6: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001 [ 3.565127] usb usb6: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.565128] usb usb6: Product: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.565130] usb usb6: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic uhci_hcd [ 3.565132] usb usb6: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1d.0 [ 3.565195] hub 6-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.565198] hub 6-0:1.0: 2 ports detected [ 3.565303] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.1: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.565306] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.1: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.565310] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.1: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 7 [ 3.565329] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.1: irq 19, io base 0x0000f040 [ 3.565352] usb usb7: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001 [ 3.565354] usb usb7: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.565356] usb usb7: Product: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.565358] usb usb7: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic uhci_hcd [ 3.565359] usb usb7: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1d.1 [ 3.565424] hub 7-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.565427] hub 7-0:1.0: 2 ports detected [ 3.565534] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.2: setting latency timer to 64 [ 3.565537] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.2: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.565541] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.2: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 8 [ 3.565560] uhci_hcd 0000:00:1d.2: irq 18, io base 0x0000f020 [ 3.565584] usb usb8: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0001 [ 3.565587] usb usb8: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1 [ 3.565588] usb usb8: Product: UHCI Host Controller [ 3.565590] usb usb8: Manufacturer: Linux 3.11.0-12-generic uhci_hcd [ 3.565592] usb usb8: SerialNumber: 0000:00:1d.2 [ 3.565658] hub 8-0:1.0: USB hub found [ 3.565661] hub 8-0:1.0: 2 ports detected ... [ 4.120014] usb 2-3: new high-speed USB device number 2 using ehci-pci ... [ 4.468908] usb 2-3: New USB device found, idVendor=046d, idProduct=0825 [ 4.468912] usb 2-3: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=0, SerialNumber=2 [ 4.468914] usb 2-3: SerialNumber: AF582E10 ... [ 5.284019] usb 5-2: new full-speed USB device number 2 using uhci_hcd [ 5.465903] usb 5-2: New USB device found, idVendor=046d, idProduct=0b04 [ 5.465908] usb 5-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=0 [ 5.465911] usb 5-2: Product: Logitech BT Mini-Receiver [ 5.465914] usb 5-2: Manufacturer: Logitech [ 5.468948] hub 5-2:1.0: USB hub found [ 5.470898] hub 5-2:1.0: 3 ports detected [ 5.476096] Switched to clocksource tsc [ 5.712099] usb 7-2: new full-speed USB device number 2 using uhci_hcd [ 5.896366] usb 7-2: New USB device found, idVendor=046d, idProduct=c52b [ 5.896370] usb 7-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=0 [ 5.896372] usb 7-2: Product: USB Receiver [ 5.896374] usb 7-2: Manufacturer: Logitech [ 6.140016] usb 8-1: new full-speed USB device number 2 using uhci_hcd [ 6.324597] usb 8-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0738, idProduct=1708 [ 6.324603] usb 8-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=0 [ 6.324605] usb 8-1: Product: Mad Catz R.A.T.7 Mouse [ 6.324608] usb 8-1: Manufacturer: Mad Catz [ 6.564012] usb 8-2: new low-speed USB device number 3 using uhci_hcd [ 6.746602] usb 8-2: New USB device found, idVendor=1d57, idProduct=0010 [ 6.746608] usb 8-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=0 [ 6.746610] usb 8-2: Product: usb mouse with wheel [ 6.746613] usb 8-2: Manufacturer: HID-Compliant Mouse [ 7.337898] usb 5-2.2: new full-speed USB device number 3 using uhci_hcd [ 7.490902] usb 5-2.2: New USB device found, idVendor=046d, idProduct=c713 [ 7.490907] usb 5-2.2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3 [ 7.490910] usb 5-2.2: Product: Logitech BT Mini-Receiver [ 7.490913] usb 5-2.2: Manufacturer: Logitech [ 7.490915] usb 5-2.2: SerialNumber: 001F203BD6A7 [ 7.569898] usb 5-2.3: new full-speed USB device number 4 using uhci_hcd [ 7.722901] usb 5-2.3: New USB device found, idVendor=046d, idProduct=c714 [ 7.722906] usb 5-2.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3 [ 7.722909] usb 5-2.3: Product: Logitech BT Mini-Receiver [ 7.722911] usb 5-2.3: Manufacturer: Logitech [ 7.722913] usb 5-2.3: SerialNumber: 001F203BD6A7 lsusb (more output): Bus 002 Device 002: ID 046d:0825 Logitech, Inc. Webcam C270 Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 008 Device 003: ID 1d57:0010 Xenta Bus 008 Device 002: ID 0738:1708 Mad Catz, Inc. Bus 008 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 007 Device 002: ID 046d:c52b Logitech, Inc. Unifying Receiver Bus 007 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 006 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 005 Device 004: ID 046d:c714 Logitech, Inc. diNovo Edge Keyboard Bus 005 Device 003: ID 046d:c713 Logitech, Inc. Bus 005 Device 002: ID 046d:0b04 Logitech, Inc. Bus 005 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0001 Linux Foundation 1.1 root hub More background. Before that I had a problem with logging in to GNOME. During which I upgraded all the packages at one point (apt-get upgrade) and it stopped booting at all (it didn't get to login screen). Then I fixed PATH issue and now I've got this usb-not-working issue. I tried reinstalling kernel, to no effect. Is there anything else I can do to fix or diagnose the problem?

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  • How can I remove old kernels/install new ones when /boot is full?

    - by Marcel
    I know this question is asked many times before, however with me it is just a bit different I guess. # df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda3 224G 5.2G 208G 3% / udev 1.9G 4.0K 1.9G 1% /dev tmpfs 777M 260K 777M 1% /run none 5.0M 0 5.0M 0% /run/lock none 1.9G 0 1.9G 0% /run/shm /dev/sda2 90M 88M 0 100% /boot /dev/sda6 1.9G 514M 1.3G 29% /tmp My boot partition is full. Current Kernel: # uname -r 3.2.0-35-generic All Kernels: # dpkg --list | grep linux-image ii linux-image-3.2.0-32-generic 3.2.0-32.51 Linux kernel image for version 3.2.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP ii linux-image-3.2.0-34-generic 3.2.0-34.53 Linux kernel image for version 3.2.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP ii linux-image-3.2.0-35-generic 3.2.0-35.55 Linux kernel image for version 3.2.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP iF linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic 3.2.0-37.58 Linux kernel image for version 3.2.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP iF linux-image-3.2.0-38-generic 3.2.0-38.60 Linux kernel image for version 3.2.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP iU linux-image-generic 3.2.0.37.45 Generic Linux kernel image So I thought of removing the 3.2.0.32-generic kernel with: # sudo apt-get purge linux-image-3.2.0-32-generic Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done You might want to run 'apt-get -f install' to correct these: The following packages have unmet dependencies: linux-generic : Depends: linux-headers-generic (= 3.2.0.37.45) but 3.2.0.38.46 is to be installed E: Unmet dependencies. Try 'apt-get -f install' with no packages (or specify a solution). No success. When I try apt-get -f install it also fails: # apt-get -f install Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Correcting dependencies... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: linux-headers-3.2.0-34 linux-headers-3.2.0-35 linux-headers-3.2.0-34-generic linux-headers-3.2.0-35-generic Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following extra packages will be installed: linux-generic linux-image-generic The following packages will be upgraded: linux-generic linux-image-generic 2 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 9 not upgraded. 5 not fully installed or removed. Need to get 0 B/4,334 B of archives. After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y Setting up initramfs-tools (0.99ubuntu13.1) ... update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated) Setting up linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic (3.2.0-37.58) ... Running depmod. update-initramfs: deferring update (hook will be called later) The link /initrd.img is a dangling linkto /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-38-generic Examining /etc/kernel/postinst.d. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 3.2.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-37-generic update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-37-generic gzip: stdout: No space left on device E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1 update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-37-generic with 1. run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1 Failed to process /etc/kernel/postinst.d at /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic.postinst line 1010. dpkg: error processing linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic (--configure): subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 2 Setting up linux-image-3.2.0-38-generic (3.2.0-38.60) ... Running depmod. update-initramfs: deferring update (hook will be called later) The link /initrd.img is a dangling linkto /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-37-generic Examining /etc/kernel/postinst.d. run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 3.2.0-38-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-38-generic update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-38-generic gzip: stdout: No space left on device E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1 update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-38-generic with 1. run-parts: /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools exited with return code 1 Failed to process /etc/kernel/postinst.d at /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-3.2.0-38-generic.postinst line 1010. dpkg: error processing linux-image-3.2.0-38-generic (--configure): subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 2 dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of linux-image-generic: linux-image-generic depends on linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic; however: Package linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic is not configured yet. dpkg: error processing linux-image-generic (--configure): dependency problems - leaving unconfigured dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of linux-generic: linux-generic depends on linux-image-generic (= 3.2.0.37.45); however: Package linux-image-generic is not configured yet. linux-generic depends on linux-headers-generic (= 3.2.0.37.45); however: Version of linux-headers-generic on system is 3.2.0.38.46. dpkg: error processing linux-generic (--configure): dependency problems - leaving unconfigured Processing triggers for initramfs-tools ... No apport report written because the error message indicates its a followup error from a previous failure. No apport report written because MaxReports is reached already update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-35-generic gzip: stdout: No space left on device E: mkinitramfs failure cpio 141 gzip 1 update-initramfs: failed for /boot/initrd.img-3.2.0-35-generic with 1. dpkg: error processing initramfs-tools (--configure): subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 1 No apport report written because MaxReports is reached already Errors were encountered while processing: linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic linux-image-3.2.0-38-generic linux-image-generic linux-generic initramfs-tools E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1) Any help would really be appreciated. Update: I did: sudo rm /boot/*-3.2.0-32-generic /boot/*-3.2.0-34-generic After that the following problem with apt-get -f install: [email protected]:/# apt-get -f install Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Correcting dependencies... Done The following extra packages will be installed: linux-generic The following packages will be upgraded: linux-generic 1 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 9 not upgraded. 1 not fully installed or removed. Need to get 0 B/1,722 B of archives. After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of linux-generic: linux-generic depends on linux-image-generic (= 3.2.0.37.45); however: Version of linux-image-generic on system is 3.2.0.38.46. linux-generic depends on linux-headers-generic (= 3.2.0.37.45); however: Version of linux-headers-generic on system is 3.2.0.38.46. dpkg: error processing linux-generic (--configure): dependency problems - leaving unconfigured No apport report written because the error message indicates its a followup error from a previous failure. Errors were encountered while processing: linux-generic E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)

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  • PPP kernel module fails to load

    - by Harel
    I am trying to deal with a problem on a server I don't normally deal with. Out of the blue a script using ppp started failing saying that the ppp kernel module is not loaded. When I try to modprobe it it complains about files missing. Note below that the kernel version the server thinks it at, does not match the kernel version directory in /lib/modules. I'm not sure how this could have happened. Could the other maintainers of the server botched a kernel upgrade? My question is how can I fix this discrepancy. Can I simply rename the lib directory and hope for the best? I don't want to break stuff for the people who actually maintain the server but I do need to fix the PPP issue. $ sudo /sbin/modprobe -v ppp FATAL: Could not load /lib/modules/2.6.35.4-rscloud/modules.dep: No such file or directory $ cat /proc/version Linux version 2.6.35.4-rscloud ([email protected]) (gcc version 4.4.3 (Ubuntu 4.4.3-4ubuntu5) ) #8 SMP Mon Sep 20 15:54:33 UTC 2010 $ ls /lib/modules/ 2.6.33.5-rscloud

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  • (manually configured) kernel update leaves wireless in a mess

    - by Mala
    I recently upgraded my kernel from 2.6.31-gentoo-r6 to 2.6.32-gentoo-r7. In both cases, I configured everything manually. However, since the upgrade, my wireless card appears to be on the fritz. It will connect to networks just fine, and remain connected, but can only access the internet (and other hosts on the network) for about 3 seconds after connecting. Reconnecting to the network appears to fix the problem... for another 3 seconds or so. The problem is "solved" by booting into the older kernel. The relevant lspci entry is 02:00.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation PRO/Wireless 5300 AGN [Shiloh] Network Connection I'm pretty sure I have the correct drivers enabled in the kernel Device Drivers ---> Network device support ---> Wireless LAN (IEEE 802.11) ---> <*> Intel Wireless Wifi [*] Enable LED support in iwlagn and iwl3945 drivers [*] Enable Spectrum Measurement in iwlagn driver [*] Enable full debugging output in iwlagn and iwl3945 drivers <*> Intel Wireless WiFi Next Gen AGN (iwlagn) [*] Intel Wireless WiFi 4965AGN [*] Intel Wireless WiFi 5000AGN; Intel WiFi Link 1000, 6000, and 6050 Series I tried with the other intel drivers enabled as well (iwl3945) and no difference. Is there something stupid I'm missing? Is there something I have to recompile after upgrading the kernel (a la nvidia)? Thanks Mala

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  • Kernel won't update automatically

    - by Bucic
    My current kernel is 3.2.0-26 (my main computer) while on another of my Ubuntu computers, with which I didn't fiddle with unofficial updates, it's 3.2.0-30. Yet the Update manager on my main computer doesn't show available kernel updates. It shows other updates though. I suspect is due to the fact that in the past I installed multiple mainline kernel versions (not recommended versions), up to 3.5* series. What I'm after: Either: Fix automatic kernel updates. Or: Learn about a way to check for the latest official ubuntu kernel version and get it manually (I know how to install kernels from debs) What I have already tried: Uninstalled unused kernels including "the generic one without a number".

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  • Virtualbox Kernel driver not installed

    - by Cyndi
    I tried to use my Virtual Box and this is the error I received - (I just updated to the new Ubuntu also) and I am VERY new at this Linux OS :) Kernel driver not installed (rc=-1908) The VirtualBox Linux kernel driver (vboxdrv) is either not loaded or there is a permission problem with /dev/vboxdrv. Please reinstall the kernel module by executing '/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup' as root. Users of Ubuntu, Fedora or Mandriva should install the DKMS package first. This package keeps track of Linux kernel changes and recompiles the vboxdrv kernel module if necessary.

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  • What does a linux device need to be seen by Hal?

    - by Jaime Soriano
    I'm trying to learn about device drivers on Linux Kernel, for that I've created three modules with: A bus type A device driver A fake device that does nothing now, only is registered Everything works fine, I can load the bus, the driver and the module that creates the device. Everything appears on sysfs, including the link between the device and the device driver that indicates that they are binded. And when the driver and device are loaded, I can see using udevadm monitor that also some events are provoked: KERNEL[1275564332.144997] add /module/bustest_driver (module) KERNEL[1275564332.145289] add /bus/bustest/drivers/bustest_example (drivers) UDEV [1275564332.157428] add /module/bustest_driver (module) UDEV [1275564332.157483] add /bus/bustest/drivers/bustest_example (drivers) KERNEL[1275564337.656650] add /module/bustest_device (module) KERNEL[1275564337.656817] add /devices/bustest_device (bustest) UDEV [1275564337.658294] add /module/bustest_device (module) UDEV [1275564337.664707] add /devices/bustest_device (bustest) But after everything, the device doesn't appear on hal. What else need a device to be seen by hal?

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  • Changing MAC address on the Fly on old kernel 2.6.x

    - by shaiss
    I'm doing some research on old kernels and running the following on 2.6.7 or 2.6.8 gives a resource busy error. But on 2.6.28 the command works as expected. How would I determine which kernel allowed this command to change the mac address on the fly? ip link set dev addr You can see some screenshots below. Thank you!

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  • Oracle Virtualbox on statically compiled kernel

    - by aking1012
    I can't seem to find any documentation on the subject. I'm working on putting together a linux install for a fairly "dirty" environment. Best practice there would be a statically compiled kernel with no module support. I can already do the customizations to strip out unnecessary drivers/etc to get the performance and disable module support. Does anyone have a link or any ideas on how to get the Oracle Virtualbox module (not the OSE one, I need USB passthrough) compiled in?

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  • Ultra Low Latency Linux Distribution or Kernel

    - by Zanler
    I'd like to know if there are any linux distributions that are focused on low latency networking. The area I'm working in is algorithmic trading, and extremely low latency comms between machines is a must. The current h/w we're using is 10g ethernet, we're looking into things like infiniband RDMA and Voltaire VMA I've googled around, and have only been able to find tidbtits of kernel patches, command line options and hardware suggestions. I'm looking for a complete solution, specially built kernel, kernel bypass features, essentially all the goodies rolled up into one package - does such a thing even exist? I ask as a lot of this stuff seems to be a black art, people keep secret what they know works etc.

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  • Kernel appears to have no modules

    - by George Reith
    Useful info: OS: CentOS 5.8 final Kernel: 2.6.32-042stab056.8 My kernel came prebuilt with the server, I don't know anything about kernels and not a lot about linux however as far as I do know I should have some modules loaded by the kernel. I came across this problem because I am unable to run iscsi as it is expecting certain modules to be loaded. lsmod returns nothing. depmod -a returns: WARNING: Couldn't open directory /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab056.8: No such file or directory FATAL: Could not open /lib/modules/2.6.32-042stab056.8/modules.dep.temp for writing: No such file or directory I have rebooted and nothing has changed. Does anyone know why this is happening?

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  • linux kernel option to set sata disk to udma/133 1.5gbps

    - by John Doe
    hi, i try to speed up boot time of my linux server box which uses removable HDD rack's the current boot time is around 2 min's but if i connect the hdd's directly to the mainboard its about 2 sec's the problem is that ahci's kernel implementation causes a timeout of around 30 seconds for each disk during boot which originates from the hdd-rack after the timeout the kernel prints that the disk is limited with speed to 1.5gbps and udma/133 is used so the question i have is: how can i set this in grub as a boot option so the kernel doesnt have to wait for a timeout and just hardcoded limits the speed of the disks? i read about a few options like pci=nomsi or such, which dont work thats why im asking for limiting precisely the disks during boot thx

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  • Oracle Database Smart Flash Cache: Only on Oracle Linux and Oracle Solaris

    - by sergio.leunissen
    Oracle Database Smart Flash Cache is a feature that was first introduced with Oracle Database 11g Release 2. Only available on Oracle Linux and Oracle Solaris, this feature increases the size of the database buffer cache without having to add RAM to the system. In effect, it acts as a second level cache on flash memory and will especially benefit read-intensive database applications. The Oracle Database Smart Flash Cache white paper concludes: Available at no additional cost, Database Smart Flash Cache on Oracle Solaris and Oracle Linux has the potential to offer considerable benefit to users of Oracle Database 11g Release 2 with disk-bound read-mostly or read-only workloads, through the simple addition of flash storage such as the Sun Storage F5100 Flash Array or the Sun Flash Accelerator F20 PCIe Card. Read the white paper.

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