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  • Hard Disk Not Counting Reallocated Sectors

    - by MetaNova
    I have a drive that is reporting that the current pending sectors is "45". I have used badblocks to identify the sectors and I have been trying to write zeros to them with dd. From what I understand, when I attempt writing data directly to the bad sectors, it should trigger a reallocation, reducing current pending sectors by one and increasing the reallocated sector count. However, on this disk both Reallocated_Sector_Ct and Reallocated_Event_Count raw values are 0, and dd fails with I/O errors when I attempt to write zeros to the bad sectors. dd works fine, however, when I write to a good sector. # dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb bs=512 count=1 seek=217152 dd: error writing ‘/dev/sdb’: Input/output error Does this mean that my drive, in some way, has no spare sectors to be used for reallocation? Is my drive just in general a terrible person? (The drive isn't actually mine, I'm helping a friend out. They might have just gotten a cheap drive or something.) In case it is relevant, here is the output of smartctl -i : Model Family: Western Digital Caviar Green (AF) Device Model: WDC WD15EARS-00Z5B1 Serial Number: WD-WMAVU3027748 LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 25998d213 Firmware Version: 80.00A80 User Capacity: 1,500,301,910,016 bytes [1.50 TB] Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show] ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated) SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s Local Time is: Fri Oct 18 17:47:29 2013 CDT SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability. SMART support is: Enabled UPDATE: I have run shred on the disk, which has caused Current_Pending_Sector to go to zero. However, Reallocated_Sector_Ct and Reallocated_Event_Count are still zero, and dd is now able to write data to the sectors it was previously unable to. This leads me with several other questions: Why aren't the reallocations being recored by the disk? I'm assuming the reallocation took place as I can now write data directly to the sector and couldn't before. Why did shred cause reallocation and not dd? Does the fact that shred writes random data instead of just zeros make a difference?

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  • Additional Hard Drives for Servers

    - by Abs
    Hello all, I am developing a web app where I will have to save lots of files and I am just trying to work out the directory structure and where things should be saved to. I have had a look at the dedicated server I want to buy and for storage it shows this: 2x 1TB SATA in RAID1 The space is enough but I am guessing this will not be on one hard drive? I will have to save files on one hard drive and when that fills up, I have to use the other? For the Fedora distro - what is the path for the second drive? Is there a primary drive where I will be able to setup my webroot? I am sorry, this is all new to me. It would be great to links and advice on how things actually work when it comes to additional hard drives etc. Thanks all

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  • Cloning to a smaller hard drive with DDRescue

    - by krebshack
    I am currently working with a 700 GB Seagate hard drive that's beginning to fail. I'll call this "SDB" from now on. I'd like to clone it while I'm still able to. However, the only hard drive that I have available is a 500 GB WD hard drive. I'll call this "SDC" from now on. The partition scheme on SDB is as follows: 9.77 GB is allocated to a recovery partition and the remaining 688.87 GB is allocated to a Windows partition. Both are formatted using NTFS. There is no partition scheme on SDC. I know how to clone one hard drive to another using DDRescue but I've only done it using hard drives that are the same size. For your reference, I'll normally use the command "ddrescue -v -r 3 /dev/sdb /dev/sdc example.log". I'd like to know if it's possible to do this with DDRescue. I've read the manual from GNU (http://www.gnu.org/software/ddrescue/manual/ddrescue_manual.html) and I haven't seen anything indicating that it is possible. I'm just looking for some confirmation that this is a correct impression. If it's not possible, then it would be helpful if any of y'all would be able to make some work around suggestions. But please don't feel obligated to do that. I don't want to have my one thread bogged down with two many questions.

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  • Change drive letter of DVD drive

    - by NickC
    I am trying to use a Drive Maps GPO on Server 2012 - User Configuration - Preferences - Windows Settings - Drive Maps. Problem is I want to map a drive to D: but this is automatically assigned to the DVD drive. Question is can I prevent D: being used as the next drive letter when Windows 8 boots up? I seem to recall in early version of Windows, or maybe it was Novell, a first_drive environment variable for this purpose.

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  • hard drive sectors vs. tracks

    - by Phenom
    In one rotation, how many sectors are passed over and how many tracks are passed over? If you know the average value of sectors per track for a hard drive, how do you use this to estimate the number of cylinders? Do all modern hard drives have 63 sectors per track? Are there any hard drives that have more than this?

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  • Repair corrupt hard disk on Mac without install CD

    - by Sarah
    The hard disk of my late 2009 MacBook Pro appears to have become corrupted. I am traveling and do not have my install CD (and won't for several weeks, nor will I be anywhere near an Apple store). The hard disk is not the original, which failed in June 2011. It's some Hitachi replacement installed by IT. History: I was typing an email this afternoon, my computer suddenly started making soft clicking sounds and then froze. I was not moving around. I rebooted, which took a while. I heard more clicking sounds and the computer froze at least once again. It's now kind of working, with mdworker sucking up one CPU. There are no awkward hard drive sounds when I run Chrome or play music. However, when I launched Stickies, I found no trace of my saved Stickies. I ran a live disk verification from within Disk Utility, and it reported Problem: As reported, I don't have access to an installation disc and am nowhere near an area where I can get one for at least two weeks. I have the option of asking someone to go to some trouble and expense to get one for me, but I'm not sure it's worth it: I've read that I can use fsck from single-user mode to repair the disk. Should I just try this? Is it risky? I'm concerned that the clicky sound portends imminent (mechanical) hard drive failure, so it's not worth doing a silly repair. This hard disk is backed up, but I definitely won't be able to access the backup while traveling. I'd like to maximize the probability that I can keep using my computer (and all its current files) while traveling. Update I bit the bullet and ran fsck -fy from single-user mode. It only needed one pass (modification) to reach the "okay" stage. However, rebooting took nearly 5 min and involved several rounds of scratchy sounds and a few bad clicks. I'm now back to kind of using my computer (the same files are missing as before). When I ran live disk verification from Disk Utility this time, however, it reported that the volume appears to be OK. Am I right to infer from the scratchy sounds, however, that my hard drive is still rapidly on its way out? Is there anything else I can do to increase its functionality over the next few weeks?

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  • What to do with old hard drives?

    - by caliban
    I have over 100+ old hard drives, ranging from 100MB Quantums to 200GB WDs, most of them PATA, some SATA. Most still working. The squirrel mentality runs in my family - hoard everything, discard nothing. Thus, and this is a relevant question - any suggestions on how to put these drives to use (anything) instead of them just being deadweights and space takers around the office? Hopeful objectives and suggestions to keep in mind when you post an answer : Should showcase your geekiness, or plain fun, or serve a social purpose, or benefit the community. You do not need to limit your answer to only one hard drive - if your project needs all 100++, bring it on! Your answer need not be limited to one project per hard drive - if one hard drive can be used for multiple projects, bring it on! If additional accessories need be purchased, make sure they are common. Don't tell me to get a moon rock or something. The projects you suggested should serve a utility, and not just for decoration purposes.

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  • Computer not finding hard drives on boot -sometimes-

    - by todd.pund
    Computer specs: Mobo: Gigabyte ultradurable 3 - GA-970A-UD3 Processor: First gen I7 3.2GHZ Ram: 8GB Kingston DDR3 1066 Video Card: EVGA NVidia GTX 460 1GB Hard Drive: 500MB 7200rpm x2 (can't remember brand, sorry I'm at work.) Last week my developer preview for Windows 8 ran out so I put my copy of windows 7 back on the computer. The computer at that point started suffering from frequent freezing and crashing. When I rebooted the computer sometimes it wouldn't find the system HD at all. When I looked at the post screen it seemed to show that it wasn't finding either of the HDs. Then yesterday when turning on the computer I just got GRUB as a message (not a GRUB prompt, just GRUB) I haven't had a dual boot of Linux for at least a year. I loaded windows 7 recovery console from the disk and ran: bootrec /fixboot bootrec /fixmbr Which did not help. At that point I just installed Ubuntu 13.04 over the windows 7 install and still received the GRUB post. I went into the BIOS and switched the Hard Drive priorities and then it loaded into Ubuntu fine. For several days everything was just hunky dory until I installed the Ubuntu version of Steam, install Portal and tried to run it. At that point the computer froze and after hard rebooting couldn't find the hard disks again. Then after restarting the system it loaded up fine again and no issues since. (I have not tried to launch portal again). My next thought is to remove the system hard drive and try to use the secondary as the master to see if the primary HD is bad. I'm sorry if this has been confusing, I'll answer any questions I can. Any thoughts?

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  • External Hard Drive needs format problem

    - by Saher
    I recently bought a new ADATA external Classic hard drive 500GB. I have transferred around 29GB of data on it till I install my new windows 7 operating system. After some work with the hard drive (copying / deleting ... files) . I closed it for some reason and it couldn't open again asking me to format. I don't want to format the hard drive, I have important data I need...Is there a way I can retrieve my data. Is Recover My Files program from GetData a right choice??? part 2 of my question: why might such thing happen (require format to open), is it the hard drive problem or is it just a corrupted file or folder...??? Thanks,

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  • several hard drives and partitions

    - by Tim
    If there are two physically separate hard drives, should they be treated as two pre-defined partitions? If yes: should they be treated as two primary partitions (including one or two of them can become extended partition(s) and be further subdivided into logical partitions)? Or they (or one part of each) can be treated as two logical partitions of a extended partition? Thanks! I intended to ask if there can be a primary/logical partition that are partially on both hard drives? And if there can be a logical partition on a hard drive and another logical partition on another hard, and the two logical partitions belong to the same extended partition? I guess the answers to both questions are no?

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  • Super slow Western Digial External hard drive

    - by shinokada
    I have 2TB of WD external hard drive. I use windows Vista 32x. on DELL laptop Latitude D630 and connect through USB cable. When I transfer from my C drive to external hard drive it transfer only 3KB/sec. It take 30min to transfer 6MB. It is useless at the moment. Can anyone help me how to speed up please. Thanks in advance.

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  • Backup folder on sometimes attached external usb harddrive

    - by ctrler
    My girlfriend no longer has space her laptops drive to store her photos. The drive she has now is 750GB, so to go to a bigger drive would be expensive, as there isn't many 1.5tb 2.5 inch 9.5mm hdd on the market (as of now, there is only one). Because of that, I am thinking of moving her pictures to a cheap external usb hdd. As of now, I'm automatically backing up her important folders (My Documents, Pictures, etc.) using Windows 7 default backup software to a network drive. My problem is that I don't know of a good solution to automatically backup a folder residing on an usb disk. The usb disk won't be attached to the computer all the time, so I can't just treat it as a normal backup folder. Sometimes the backup would run and the folder would not be there! Anyone knows any software or methodology to backup folders on external usb hard drives that are not always present? Thanks

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  • My external HD turned to RAW - How to recover my data?

    - by Matan Eldan
    I have an external HD (WD MyBook Essentials) with all of my backups (1TB) for some unknown reason, when I try to connect the drive (Tried several interfaces: eSATA/plugged it into my PC/USB) I get this message: "You need to format the disk in drive M: before you can use it" I've looked in disk management at the drive, and its listed in there - with the same full capacity. The file system under disk management now says RAW and that its healthy

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  • Which hard drive to buy?

    - by caymansoftware
    I have an HP fh607av laptop (dv7 cnd85123hk) and I'd like to replace the hard drive. Which hard drive can I buy? I've never bought or installed a hard drive before (but would like to try). Links would be appreciated!

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  • One USB flash drive to rule them all

    - by Chris
    Yesterday I purchased a 32GB USB flash drive. I have a myrid of systems in my home, and would like to have one flash drive with setup files for all the various systems throughout the house. I kept the Fat 32 filesystem on the drive, as I figured that is probably the most universal. I then made the partition bootable using fdisk. I then copied the Windows 7 setup files to the drive. I then installed grub 2 (1.98) onto the drive using backtrack 5. I was then able to load the windows 7 setup / install from the flash drive on an older BIOS type motherboard. Now I would like to know how to get this to work on my MacBook Pro 8,2 with still retaining support for legacy computers. Is this possible, or is this just a pipe dream. I plan on getting OS X on the drive, gparted, and OS X86 on the drive when all is said and done. I've done various google searches but really haven't found a guide on how to setup a swiss army usb flash drive.

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  • DVD-drive detected by BIOS and UEFI but not by Ubuntu 12.04

    - by user97591
    I have build a new tower containing; Asrock Z77 extreme4 (motherboard) Core i7 (processor) Hitachi LGE-DMGH 12 L (B) GH15F SATA (SATA DVD-drive) Problem is; BIOS and UEFI has no problems detecting the DVD-drive but it is not detected by Ubuntu 12.04. It is not present in /etc/fstab or /etc/mtab. Below is the contents of fstab and mtab. Thanks for all your help. fstab: # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> proc /proc proc nodev,noexec,nosuid 0 0 # / was on /dev/sda1 during installation UUID=f007bc60-da4c-4f36-99a7-77083c5f3654 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1 # swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation UUID=5d59949c-aed9-442a-877d-5abf1ccaadc3 none swap sw 0 0 mtab: /dev/sda1 / ext4 rw,errors=remount-ro 0 0 proc /proc proc rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev 0 0 sysfs /sys sysfs rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev 0 0 none /sys/fs/fuse/connections fusectl rw 0 0 none /sys/kernel/debug debugfs rw 0 0 none /sys/kernel/security securityfs rw 0 0 udev /dev devtmpfs rw,mode=0755 0 0 devpts /dev/pts devpts rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=0620 0 0 tmpfs /run tmpfs rw,noexec,nosuid,size=10%,mode=0755 0 0 none /run/lock tmpfs rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=5242880 0 0 none /run/shm tmpfs rw,nosuid,nodev 0 0 binfmt_misc /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc binfmt_misc rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev 0 0 gvfs-fuse-daemon /home/tom/.gvfs fuse.gvfs-fuse-daemon rw,nosuid,nodev,user=tom 0 0

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  • External drive hanging, load average through the roof

    - by Paul Tomblin
    I have an external USB drive, and I run an hourly rsync to it as a backup. This has been working fine for years. This weekend, I got two new 2Tb internal drives, and decided it was time to re-install Ubuntu from scratch to clear out all the old cruft. About once a day since the re-install, the backup script hangs hard, usually in the "rm -rf" I do before the rsync. By the time I notice the problem, my load average is in the stratosphere and climbing fast (one time, it was over 150), but anything that doesn't touch the drive seems to be running fine. One thing that I find suspicious is that something, I don't know what, is doing a "smartctl" and a "hdparm" command on the USB drive. I'm pretty sure smartctl isn't supposed to run on external drives. I can't figure out what's doing it, either. Here's part of ps auwwfx when it's hung: root 7310 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 20:15 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 7808 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 20:15 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 8427 0.0 0.0 4248 356 ? D 20:20 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 8925 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 20:20 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 9529 0.0 0.0 4248 356 ? D 20:25 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 10026 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 20:25 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 10655 0.0 0.0 4248 356 ? D 20:30 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 11151 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 20:30 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 11774 0.0 0.0 4248 356 ? D 20:35 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 12271 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 20:35 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 12878 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 20:40 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 13374 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 20:40 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 14011 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 20:45 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 14507 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 20:45 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 15116 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 20:50 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 15612 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 20:50 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 16223 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 20:55 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 16734 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 20:55 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 17345 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 21:00 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 17842 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 21:00 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 18463 0.0 0.0 4248 352 ? D 21:05 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 18960 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 21:05 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 19598 0.0 0.0 4248 356 ? D 21:10 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 20096 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 21:10 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 21280 0.0 0.0 4244 356 ? D 21:15 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 21784 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 21:15 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 22414 0.0 0.0 4244 356 ? D 21:20 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 22912 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 21:20 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 23541 0.0 0.0 4244 356 ? D 21:25 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 24038 0.0 0.0 17372 1632 ? D 21:25 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd root 24658 0.0 0.0 4244 356 ? D 21:30 0:00 /sbin/hdparm -C /dev/sdd root 25157 0.0 0.0 17372 1628 ? D 21:30 0:00 /usr/sbin/smartctl -a -n standby -A -i /dev/sdd Why is this happening, and how can I stop it?

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  • Splitting a drive which has layout as mirrored and type as dynamic

    - by shiva
    I have a C drive/volume in my server with layout = mirror and type =dynamic and status as healthy(boot,pagefile,crashdump). I have some questions regarding this configuration: I think it is a raid configuration.Please correct me if I am wrong. I read that, mirroring is nothing but raid-1 configuration. All my software and OS is in this drive. I want my software to be in a separate drive, but I am not sure if I can create a separate drive from the above mentioned c drive. I want to know: a. If I can do it and how ?(using disk management) b. If this is a right approach ?

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  • Windows 8.1 installation: Which drive is the F drive?

    - by sammyg
    I am doing a clean install of Windows 8.1 on an old PC. It was purchased as download from Microsoft Store and written to and booted from a USB flash drive. It went through all of these steps: Copying Windows Files Getting files ready for installation Installing features Installing updates Then at "Getting finished" I am stuck at this stupid dialog box. Please unplug the following external drive and click OK to restart your computer and finish installing Windows. F: How do I tell what physical drive this is? Can I drop to command prompt during installation? And is it safe to unplug it while powered on? There is no external hard drive connected, none that I can see. There is no USB or FireWire drive connected externally. I think it sees one of the internal drives as external... in some weird way?!

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  • Writing to external drive runs out of space prematurely

    - by steve
    I have a USB 2.0, 500 GB HDD. I am writing a bunch of data to it, that I previously recovered from the drive. I have formatted the drive in exFAT, since the drive will be used with Windows and OSX. At first, I tried using Windows explorer to move the files over to the drive (about 160 GiB worth) but after copying about 30% of the data (according to TeraCopy), Windows Explorer reported the drive as out of space, and that it was completely full. WinDirStat only showed the size of data that had been copied over... Where did this extra space go? Why is there a 300+ GiB discrepancy between the usage reported by the files and what Explorer sees?

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  • My new Xbox 360 drive doesn't show up

    - by RobbieGee
    I bought an Xbox 360 Arcade version a while ago and today I got a 120GB drive from a shop that had a closedown sale. I put the drive on the side as per the picture on the back side of the drive. When I go to settings and look at memory, it only finds the built in memory chip, not the harddrive. Am I doing it correct? I have almost never used my Xbox so I'm not sure if there's anything more to it. I don't think I fitted the drive wrong either, it seems pretty much impossible to do it wrong. The box came with only the drive, it doesn't have any transfer kit or the likes.

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  • Drive still usable if Seatools reports errors?

    - by Rob
    I have a Seagate 3TB Expansion Desktop drive that was part of a Linux RAID 6 array that failed. I eventually did a zero fill both through Seagate DiscWizard and via Linux dd, neither reported errors. When I ran Seatools now, I got: Short DST - Started 5/31/2014 10:04:36 PM Short DST - Pass 5/31/2014 10:05:37 PM Long Generic - Started 5/31/2014 10:15:19 PM Bad LBA: 518242762 Not Repaired (whole bunch of bad LBAs ommited) Bad LBA: 518715255 Not Repaired Long Generic Aborted 6/1/2014 3:12:18 AM i.e. the short test passed, the long test failed. Unfortunately, the drive is out of warranty, so I can't just RMA it. But I hate tossing a drive that can still be used. So, my questions are: If the zero fill succeeded, and the short test passed, can I still use the whole drive? if not, since I'm using LVM on top of RAID, is there a way to tell either of these to just skip the bad area? If not the above, can I just create partitions before and after the part of the drive with the bad LBAs?

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  • Problems with making a bootable USB Drive on a Mac

    - by Jason
    I am following this http://www.ubuntu.com/download/help/create-a-usb-stick-on-mac-osx to create a Bootable USB Drive for me Mac and this is the output I get on step 8. new-host:~ Jason$ sudo dd if=/Users/Jason/Desktop/ubuntu-12.04-desktop-amd64.dmg of=/dev/rdisk1s2 bs=1m dd: /dev/rdisk1s2: Invalid argument 691+1 records in 691+0 records out 724566016 bytes transferred in 164.544659 secs (4403461 bytes/sec) What should I do?

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